This webpage was created and is maintained by David Palmquist, with considerable help from fellow researchers.

It is now in two parts, Part 1 running from 1891 to the end of 1945, and Part 2 from 1946 with Ellington's death in 1974.

Please go here for navigation tips and for technical details.

Last updated 2022-11-25



Useful references:


http://Ellingtonweb.Ca
 
Ellington on CD
  The Dooji Collection
(Ellington record labels)
TDWAW
home page


The Duke – Where and When

A Chronicle of Duke Ellington's
Working Life and Travels

Part 2   1946 to 1974

Click here for Part 1 (1891 - 1945) on the Canadian server
or
Click here for Part 1 (1891 - 1945) on the DESUK server


1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974


1946


Date of event Ending date
(if different)
City/
Other place
Venue Event/People Primary Reference New
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reference
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Date added
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January 1946

1946 00 00...Peripheral event
Pacific Press Syndicate wirestory:

'Don't miss the swell article in the magazine "Seventeen" on Duke Ellington.'

The wirestory was published in June, suggesting the story about Duke was in an April, May or June edition. The Internet Archive, at the time of writing, does not have copies of this magazine's editions before 1950.
Pacific Press Syndicate wirestory
The Mississippi Enterprise, Jackson, Miss.
1946-06-22 p.1.
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1946 01 00
...Peripheral event
Edingburg Daily Courier

'ESQUIRE AGAIN TOPS
ESQUIRE’S JAZZ AWARDS
The inimitable Duke Ellington has been chosen for the second consecutive year as the top arranger and his band as the top jazz band in Esquire's 1946 All-American Jazz Selections.
     And the jazz stylists Benny Goodman, Louis Armstrong, Red Norvo and Coleman Hawkins have been picked for the third consecutive year as the top stylists In the jazz world ...three-time winners of one of jazz’s most coveted awards, the 1946 Gold "Esky Statuette, signifying All-American rating...

The award winners named in The Birmingham News and The Call and Post:
  • Gold Esky awards:
    • Cootie Williams, trumpet
    • Bill Harris, trombone
    • Coleman Hawkins, tenor saxophone
    • Benny Goodman, clarinet
    • King Cole, piano
    • Oscar Moore, guitar
    • Dave Tough, drums
    • Chubby Jackson, string bass
    • Red Norvo, vlbraharp
    • Duke Ellington, arranger
    • Duke Ellington, band
    • Louis Armstrong, male vocalist
    • Ella Fitzgerald and Mildred Bailey tied, female vocalist'
  • Silver Esky:
    • Charlie Shavers, trumpet
    • Vic Dickenson, trombonme
    • Johnny Hodges, alto
    • Don Byas, tenor
    • Barney Bigard, clarinet
    • Teddy Wilson, piano
    • Gene Krupa, drums; Slam Stewart, string bass
    • Stuff Smith, violin
    • King Cole and Billie Holiday, vocalists
    • Billy Strayhorn, arranger
    • Woody Herman, band.
  • Bronze Award All-American New Stars:
    • Pete Condoli, trumpet
    • J.H.Johnson, trombone
    • Charlie Parker, alto
    • Charlie Ventura, tenor
    • Jimmy Hamilton, clarinet
    • Errol Garner, piano
    • Bill de Arango, guitar
    • J.C. Heard, drums
    • Junior Raglin, string bass
    • Ray Perry violin
    • Billy Eckstine and Frances Wanye, vocalists
    • Ralph Burns, arranger
    • Woody Herman, band.


Since this is peripheral information, no attempt has been made to reconcile lists published in the various newspaper reports of the awards.

Various winners played a recording session on January 10 and on January 16 played a concert, one hour of which was aired nationally.
  • St. Louis Star-Times, St. Louis, Mo.
    1946-01-02 p.10
  • The Edinburg Daily Courier, Edinburg, Ind.
    1946-01-05 p.3
  • The Birmingham News, Birmingham, Ala.
    1946-01-08 p.11
  • The Call and Post, Cleveland, Ohio
    1946-01-12 p.6-B
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1946 01 00...Business event
The Daily Bulletin 1945-12-27:

'NEW YORK, Dec. 27 (ANP)– A formal request that he be released from his contract with Victor records was made by Duke Ellington who charged dissatisfaction with the way he has been handled by that firm as well as with the tunes assigned him to record.
     However, it is not thought likely that Victor will release the noted orchestra leader. His contract is understood to extend until next November and the company states his is obligated, under contractual terms, to remain on the label until March, 1947. His contract calls for 24 sides annually and he has already waxed 39 this year.
     The Duke is also irked over reprots that Victor was about to let him go, although the company denies any knowledge of the rumor.'

Down Beat 1946-01-14:

'TD, Duke Both Re-sign At Victor
     New York—It is..almost a pleasure to report that this issue’s item about RCA-Victor concerns a bandleader who re-signed with the record firm, instead of one who withdrew. Of late all important news emanating from there has been to the effect that more talent had been dropped from their disc roster...
     Now however, comes the news that Tommy Dorsey signed a three year renewal of his waxing contract, thereby indicating that the firm, recently immersed in the hot water of production difficulties, is beginning to dry out. TD’s signature on the contract and he’s noted for never signing anything except at top terms,  is the tipoff that RCA-Victor can now guarantee the artists enough production and distribution to make the deal pay heavy scratch, or simply guarantee sufficient dough so the talent doesn’t have to worry about the distribution end.
     Ellington, previously reported tiffing with the firm, also recently inked a new contract running till March 1947.'

  • The Daily Bulletin combined
    with The Ohio Express, Dayton, Ohio
    1945-12-27
  • Down Beat 1946-01-14 p.8
    courtesy S. Lasker
...SLNew
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2022-01-10
updated
2022-01-14
1946 01 01
Tuesday
.Philadelphia, Penn.Academy of MusicSwing concert

Greer, Guy and Hardwick celebrated their 22nd anniversary with the band during the concert.

The Call and Post reported a near capacity audience and a 15-piece orchestra "at high form."

Titles listed in the programme:
  • The National Anthem
  • Caravan
  • In A Mellow Tone
  • Solid, Old Man
  • Sono
  • Rugged Romeo
  • Cerce [sic]
  • Air Conditioned Jungle
  • Excerpts from Black, Brown and Beige and Perfume Suite
  • Bugle Break Extended
  • Take The "A" Train
  • A Tonal Group
    • a. Fugue
    • b. Rhapsoditti
    • c. Concerto for Jam Band
  • Bassist and Me
  • Group
    • a. Diminuendo In Blue
    • b. Transblucency
    • c. Crescendo In Blue
  • Magenta Haze
  • Hometown
  • Suburbanite
  • Songs featuring Albert Hibbler, vocalist
  • Riffin' Drill

The Call and Post review confirms Perfume Suite (Naivete and Sophistication) and Blues (from BB&B) were performed, as well as Creole Love Call.

Personnel named in the programme:
  • Hardwick
  • Hodges
  • Sears
  • Hamilton
  • Carney
  • Brown
  • Jones
  • de Paris
  • Jordon [sic]
  • Anderson
  • Hemphill
  • F. Williams
  • Pettiford
  • Guy
  • Greer
  • Ellington
  • Hibbler
The Call and Post review confirms Brown, Jordan, Hamilton, Carney, Greer and Pettiford played, as well as Sherrill and Davis, who the programme did not list.
  • Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Penn.
    • 1945-12-16 p.18-D
    • 1945-12-23 p.11
    • 1945-12-30 p.11
  • The Baltimore Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
    1946-01-05 p.17
  • The Call and Post, Cleveland, Ohio
    1946-01-12 p.6-B
  • Stratemann, p.264 citing Down Beat, 1946-01-15
  • Programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2, box 10, folder 19
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1946 01 02
Wednesday
...activities not documented......
1946 01 03
Thursday
...activities not documented......
1946 01 04
Friday
.New York, N.Y.Carnegie Hall
(Main Hall)
Concert 8:45 p.m.

Down Beat 1946-01-28:

p.3
'Speaking from a commercial viewpoint, Ellington’s fourth annual concert at Carnegie Hall January 4 was a tremdous success. Sold out to the last chair, including the too many rows which cluttered up the stage, leaving merely enough room for the band, this presentation was poorly staged. Scheduled to being at 8:45, a half-hour delay seemed an endless wait, and for the most part, the concert dragged for the balance of the evening...'

p.15
'The Chamber Hall at Carnegie, piped for sound (where you can listen but not see) with a capacity of 300, was two-thirds filled the night of the Ellington concert. Tickets sold for a dollar a seat.'


While Stratemann says the concert was panned in Down Beat and by Barry Ulanov in Metronome, Down Beat's review included:

'...Although several noted men...are no longer with him, ...replacements in the various sections are capable, some even more outstanding. ...The trumpet section, nevertheless, is nothing short of sensational...this concert was not without its moments of musical thrills, if not up to the past Ellington performances. In the vocal department, Albert Hibbler deserves the honors, with equally attractive and beautifully gowned Joya Sherrill and Kay Davis very impressionistic in their solo spots...Summing it all up, many perennial Ellington followers may have found his latest concert at Carnegie lacking, but it goes without saying that any performance by him is well worth attending, and any attempt to present a popular band in concert cannot be surpassed by the wealth of Ellington offerings.'

.
Personnel:
  • Hemphill
  • Jordan
  • Anderson
  • F. Williams
  • Brown
  • de Paris
  • Jones
  • Hamilton
  • Hardwick
  • Hodges
  • Sears
  • Carney
  • Ellington
  • Guy
  • Pettiford
  • Al Lucas
  • Greer
  • Hibbler
  • Sherrill
  • Davis


Titles recorded:
  • Star Spangled Banner
  • Caravan
  • In A Mellow Tone
  • Solid, Old Man
  • Come Sunday
  • Light
  • The Blues
  • Rugged Romeo
  • Sono
  • Air Conditioned Jungle
  • Dancers In Love
  • Coloratura
  • Frankie And Johnny / Metronome All Out
  • Take The "A" Train
  • A TONAL GROUP Rhapsoditti (Mellow Ditty) / Fugueaditti / Jam-A-Ditty
  • Pitter Panther Patter
  • Diminuendo in Blue / Transblucency / Crescendo In Blue
  • Magenta Haze
  • Suburbanite
  • My Little Brown Book
  • Nobody Knows The Trouble I've Seen
  • Fat And Forty
  • I'm Just A Lucky So And So
  • Riff 'n' Drill
  • PM, New York, N.Y., 1946-01-04 p.20
  • Stratemann p.264 citing
  • Down Beat 1946-01-28 p.15
  • Photo, Vail I, p.284
  • Programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2, box 10, folder 20
  • Girvan:
      Ellingtonia.com
New Desor
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2015-12-03
2016-01-16
2017-04-20
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2022-02-09
2022-02-09
1946 01 05
Saturday
.Hampton, Va.Ogden Hall
Hampton Institute
Sold out fundraising concert, 8:15 p.m., to benefit United Negro College Fund, Inc.
  • Titles listed in the programme:
    • National Anthem
    • Caravan
    • In A Mellow Tone
    • Solid, Old Man
    • Sono
    • Rugged Romeo
    • Cerce
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
    • Excerpts from Black, Brown and Beige and Perfume Suite
    • Bugle Break Extended
    • Take the A Train
    • A Tonal Group a.Fugue b.Rhapsadittii [sic] c.Concerto for Jam Band
    • Bassist and Me
    • Group a.Diminuendo in Blue b.Transblucency c.Crescendo in Blue
    • Magenta Haze
    • Hometown
    • Suburbanite
    • Songs featuring Albert Hibbler
    • Riffin' Drill
  • Personnel named in the programme and/or the Afro-American report:
    Hardwick, Hodges, Sears, Hamilton, Carney, Brown, Jones, de Paris, Jordan, Anderson, Hemphill, Williams, Pettiford, Guy, Greer, Ellington, Sherrill, Davis and Hibbler

  • It isn't clear why The Omaha Guide wrote its January 5 announcement in past tense:

    'Duke Ellington brought his famous orchestra to Hampton Institute on this weekend, appearing in Ogden Hall Saturday evening January 5th…The concert was sponsored by the local committee…'

  • Afro-American, January 19:

    'Hampton Students Honor Ellington
         HAMPTON INSTITUTE, Va.–Duke Ellington became an honorary member of the Omicron Social Club of Hampton Institute last Saturday night during a formal dinner given for the Duke and his performers following their concert in Ogden Hall earlier in the evening.
         The scroll of membership ... was presented to the Duke by Clarence Cooper of Washington, N.C., head of the Omicrons, in the presence of over 100 students and officials of Hampton Institute, who gathered at the dinner to honor the Ellington players.
    Ogden Hall Sold Out
         Ogden Hall was sold out for the Ellington concert, with standing room only for belated devotees of the Duke who had not been able to secure tickets beforehand.
         In addition to welcoming such well-known popular favorites as "-Take The A Train," "Things Ain’t What They Used to Be,” "Blue Skies," and others, the audience was also effectively introduced to excerpts from the Duke's "Black. Brown, and Beige," with Joya Sherrill singing the blues theme, a matchless tonal group with Kay Davis vocalizing "Transbluency," and other Ellingtonia which proved as intriguing as the better-known items. "Magenta Haze," featuring the inimitable Johnny Hodges, was ono of these.
         A1 Hibbler sang "My Little Brown Book," "I Got It Bad," and "Fat and Forty," during the concert, which also featured William Anderson, trumpeter; Harry Carney, baritone sax; Lawrence Brown, trombone; Jimmy Hamilton. clarinet; Oscar Pettiford, string bass; Taft Jordan trumpet and Al Sears tenor sax. in addition to the Duke himseLf at the piano.'

  • A shorter report was printed in The New York Age on January 19.
  • Palmquist note:

    Both reports say the event occurred "last Saturday night," which some researchers interpreted to mean the event was postponed to January 12. My understanding is that black press weeklies were dated the Saturday following the date they were published and on newstands, typically a Monday or Tuesday. Their stories would have been submitted by deadline, which may have been as early as the preceding Saturday. If that were so, "last Saturday" referred to January 5, not January 19.

  • Programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 21 United Negro College Fund, Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia, January 5, 1946
  • The Baltimore Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
  • The New York Age, New York, N.Y.
    • 1945-12-01 p. 11
    • 1945-12-29 p.11
    • 1946-01-19 p.7
  • Detroit Tribune, Detroit, Mich.
    • 1945-12-22 p.13
  • The Carolinian, Raleigh, N.C.
    • 1945-12-22 p.6
  • Daily Press, Newport News, Va.:
    • 1945-12-23 p.2D
    • 1945-12-30 p.7
    • 1946-01-05
      Saturday morning edition, p.7
  • Richmond News Leader, Richmond, Va.
    • 1946-01-03 p.14
  • Arkansas State Press, Little Rock, Ark.
    • 1946-01-04 p.8
  • The Omaha Guide, Omaha Nebr.
    • 1946-01-05 p.3
  • Email Götting-Palmquist 2022-01-00
  • Webmail query Palmquist-Harvey Library, Hampton Univerity 2022-01-13
  • Email Palmquist-A. Perez Gasco 2022-01-13, reply 2022-01-14
  • Email A. Perez Gasco-Carl Hällström & Rick Steiger 2009-09-01
...djpAdded
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1946 01 05
1946 01 12
Saturday
.Hampton, Va.Hampton InstituteAfter the concert, Ellington and his orchestra were honoured at a formal dinner under the auspices of Hampton's undergraduates' men's club, the Omicron Social Club, attended by 100 or so students and officials. Duke was made an honorary member of the club and was given a Scroll of Membership by club president Clarence Cooper.
  • The Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
    1946-01-19 p.10
    courtesy A. Perez Gasco
  • The New York Age, New York, N.Y.
    1946-01-19 p.7
...Agustěn Perez Gasco 09 and djp (2013)Added
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1946 01 06
Sunday
...activities not documented......
1946 01 07
Monday
...activities not documented......
1946 01 08
Tuesday
.Richmond, Va.Mosque Theater
6 N.Laurel St.
8:45 p.m. segregated concert, Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra, sponsored by Samis Grotto.
Tickets: $3.00, $2.10, $1,80
Special Section Reserved for Colored Patrons

Tickets went on sale previous week.

'Duke Ellington Here Tonight For Concert
   Duke Ellington, who has just been awarded the Esquire prize for both the best arranger and the top band of the year, will be in Richmond tonight for a concert at the Mosque at 8:45 o'clock.
   Playing an all-Ellington program, he will feature excerpts from his famous "Black, Brown and Beige" and "Perfume" suites. He will also do a tonal group including fugue, rhapsaditti, and concerto for jam band, and a group of blues studies, including Diminuendo in Blue, Transbluecency [sic], and Crescendo in Blue.
   Other numbers will be "Caravan;" "In a Mellow [sic] Tone;" "Solid, Old Man;" "Sono;" "Rugged Romeo;" "Circe;" "Air Conditioned Jungle;" "Bugle Break Extended;" "Take the A Train;" "Bassist and Me;" "Magenta Haze;" "Hometown;" "Suburbanite;" and "Riffin' Drill."
   Appearing with the Duke will be Taft Jordan, trumpeter; Harry Carney, baritone sax; Lawrence Brown, trombone; Jimmy Hamilton, clarinet; Oscar Pettiford, string bass; Johnny Hodges, alto sax; Al Sears, tenor sax, and Albert Hibbler, vocalist. The Duke himself will be at the piano.'

Local reviews:

Richmond News Leader
(J.W.H):

'   ...a splendid Duke Ellington program...The Duke went half hour beyond the usual, but nobody noticed.
   Pre-eminent in his musical discretion as to the correct approach to popular music, Ellington and his band demonstrated once again that this class of music ...is worthy competition for the classical variety.
   Emphasis in reviewing last night's show should be placed not so much on what was played but on how it was executed. This was with extreme sensitivity, vigor, humor, pathos and perception, each at the precise moment for greatest effect.
SHOWS ORIGINALITY
   Perhaps the most unusual feature concerning the score was its originality. An all-Ellington program in the popular field is to be compared with an all-Beethoven evening in the classics. There is enough varied artistry in each to provide selection of an evening's absorbing entertainment.
   Aside from Ellington's general excellence last night, the standout of the show was Albert, etc. (who has four first names) Hibler [sic], blind vocalist, who was scheduled for one number, but was yelled, screamed, whistled and pleaded back for four more. His titles were "My Little Brown Book;" "Every Hour on the Hour;" "I Ain't Got Nuthin’ But the Blues;" "Inside Out and Outside In," and “I Guess I'm Just a Lucky So-and-So."
   Hibler sings with a highly involved African intonation which is an admirable vehicle for tense and often obvious emotional expression.
   Ellington, to return to the genius of the concert, is the most competent yet unostentatious band leader I have ever seen in action. He is doubly to be appreciated for his generous highlighting of each individual in his group, three-fourths of them are rated in the nation's top ranks for the instruments they handle and the Duke very wisely brings them to the front in numbers that illuminate each to his own best advantage.
HODGES PRAISED
   All points considered, last night's best instrumental performance was turned in by Johnny Hodges, tenor [sic] saxophonist, on "Magenta Haze," the most touching saxophone solo to be heard in Richmond in a long while.
   Top honors for composition go to Ellington's tone poem, "Black, Brown and Beige," two selections from which were in many passages exquisite, intricate, sometimes lugubrious and frequently lyrical. The leader explained that the work was an effort on his part to trace American Negro history in impressionistic style quasi-impressionistic, I should say. Concealed within this piece were interesting contrapuntal medleys of spirituals, work songs and romantic laments, all carefully and satisfactorily woven into a well-integrated whole.
     I don't know why it should have happened this way, but mention of the curtain-raiser, "Caravan," comes last in this notice. Done in Latin style,

Richmond News-Leader (cont'd)

'"Caravan" set a high standard for catchy rhythm and change of pace that was rarely excelled on the program that followed.
   All in all, it was the most pleasing popular concert I've ever attended. I doubt that I'll hear a better one for a long time to come.'


Richmond Times-Dispatch
(Chauncey Durden):

'Duke Ellington, the Brown Bach of Jazz, brought his instrumentalists, his singers, his own compositions and arrangements to the Mosque last night and a large appreciative audience heard two hours of the finest jazz, or swing, whichever term one prefers, played today. Ellington still is far out in front of the rest of the jazz field, just as he was 20 years ago.
   From the first number, a new arrangement of his and Juan Tizol's long familiar "Caravan," until he brought the curtain down with a hot arrangement of "Blue Skies," Ellington and his jazzmen had the audience, longhairs and hepcats alike, sitting on the edge of their seats.
   The Duke went a bit "arty" at times with his more pretentious compositions–excerpts from his "Black, Brown and Beige” and "Perfume" suites, a tonal group, and a group of blues studies–but as always he showed off the talents of his individual instrumentalists. Trumpeter Bill Anderson, Trombonist Laurence [sic] Brown, Trumpeter Taft Jordan, Clarinetist Jimmy Hamilton, Bassist Oscar Pettiford, Tenor Saxman Al Sears, Baritone Saxman Johnny [sic] Carney and Alto Saxman Johnny Hodges all had their moments at the microphone.
   Hodges, rated by his fellow jazzmen ns the greatest alto saxman in the business, stopped the concert with his rendition of "Magenta Haze.” Hodges' playing brought the adolescent mating calls, usually reserved for crooners, from the balconies.
   A1 Hibbler, the blind vocalist, did not make his appearance until after intermission, but when the band leader led the singer onto the stage he took complete charge of the show. Hibbler sang a series of three numbers. Including "My Little Brown Book" and “I Ain't Got Nothing But the Blues," and then was called back for two encores.
   Several favorite performers ... were missing last night, ... are no longer with the duke. But the Ellington music goes on, sounding as good as ever.
   The subtle arrangements and the tonal effects for which Ellington has long been famous have lost none of their appeal. If there was one fault to be found with last night's concert it was that Ellington leaned a little too far to the side of what some critics call art in jazz. Most disciples of le hot jazz prefer the redhot gal who struts in such Ellington numbers as "Solid, Old Man” or "Rugged Romeo,” or in the band's jamming of "Frankie and Johnnie." But if any jazzman can make a lady of the jazz gal, and in the doing not destroy her vitality and bounce. Duke Ellington is the man to do it.'

  • Richmond News Leader, Richmond, Va.
    • 1945-12-28 p.13
    • 1946-01-08 p.14
  • Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Va.
    • 1946-01-06 pp.D-8, D-9
    • 1946-01-08 p.7
    • 1946-01-09 p.9
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1946 01 09
Wednesday
.Baltimore, Md.5th Regiment Armory

THE BAND YOU HAVE BEEN WAITING FOR
DUKE ELLINGTON
IN PERSON
and ORCHESTRA
WILL BE HERE
Wednesday, Jan. 9th
5th Regiment Armory
ADMISSION: Pre-Date $1.25  At the Door $1.60
GET YOUR TICKETS EARLY AT
FREE STATE MUSIC STORES

The Baltimore Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
1946-01-05 p.17
....New
added
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1946 01 10
Thursday
.New York, N.Y.RCA Victor studio #1, 153 E. 24 St.RCA-Victor recording session
"Esquire All-American 1946 Award Winners"
  • The session was called for 8:30 p.m., began at 8:45 and lasted until 2:30 a.m.
  • Esquire's Gold Esky, Silver and New award winners are listed at 1946 01 00 above.
  • Musicians participating in this session: Louis Armstrong, vocal and solo trumpet; Ellington, piano; Charlie Shavers, trumpet; Hamilton, clarinet; Hodges, alto sax; Don Byas, tenor sax; Strayhorn, piano; Remo Palmieri, guitar; Greer, drums; Chubby Jackson, bass; Neil Hefti, trumpet; Red Norvo, vibraharp. The recordings used various combinations of these musicians – the record labels name those playing on each title.
  • Leonard Feather composed three of the four band titles. Steven Lasker:The band, with Feather on piano, played a rehearsal take of Long Long Journey. Ellington arrived as they were listening to a playback of that take. Then, with Ellington on piano, the band recorded the master take of Long Long Journey. This was the only title Ellington recorded with the band. Armstrong is heard on Long Long Journey and Snafu but not the other two band titles. After Long Long Journey was complete, Ellington and Strayhorn worked up and recorded two duets on one piano before the remaining band recordings were made.
  1. Award winners:
    • Long Long Journey
  2. Ellington and Strayhorn on one piano:
    • Pianistically Allied
      (later renamed Tonk)
    • Drawing Room Blues
  3. Award winners again:
    • Snafu
    • The One That
      Got Away
    • Gone With The Wind
Lasker:
  • [Here's an] interesting essay on "Tonk," the card game popular with Ellingtonians https://www.pagat.com/rummy/tonk.html'
  • Tonk and Drawing Room Blues are 10-inch masters. The first title was typed on the sheet as Pianistically Allied; this was crossed out and "Tonk" handwritten next to it, the change dated 4/6/48. These were recorded midway through a session by the Esquire All-American 1946 Award Winners, which resulted in four masters released in a 2-pocket album, catalog number HJ-8, consisting of two 12-inch discs, Long Long Journey/Snafu (Victor 40-001) and The One that Got Away/Gone with the Wind (Victor 40-0002).
  • Leonard Feather supervised the Esquire session for Victor, wrote three of the four tunes, and wrote an essay for the album. He notes that the date was called for 8:30 and began at 8:45. The first title recorded was Long Long Journey [D6VC-5020].
  • While listening to playback [of a rehearsal take], Duke arrived.

    'He sat at the piano and worked out a couple of unexpected chord changes with the bass and guitar. Louis got a big kick out of singing the blues; it was his first blues recording for public release in almost six years. The second take on this number came out okay, which was fast work, considering that on dates of this kind it's not unusual to cut six or seven masters before an acceptable one is made. After the first tune was completed and the musicians were killing time with coffee, sandwiches, and photographers, Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn sat down at the piano to noodle around for their own amusement. '

    Their duets, Tonk [D6VB-1518] and Drawing Room Blues [D6VB-1519], were played on a single piano between 11:00 or 11:10 and 12:00 p.m. Feather's notes continue....

    'It was after eleven [recte midnight] when we started work on Snafu [D6VC-5021]" [....] "The One that Got Away [D6VC-5022] took longer to make than any of the other sides on the date....Red Norvo, just through after a hard day's work at the Paramount Theater, arrived in time to make this one [...] By the time we made this one [Gone with the Wind, D6VC-5023] (which was okay on the first master) it was 2:45 a.m.. Hodges and Greer and the other Ellingtonians had to leave very shortly for Pittsburgh, where they were to play a date the next evening. '

  • The file sheet for the piano duets show "A&R Rep: Mr. S. [Steve] H. Sholes"\
  • Benny Aasland:
    The Wax Works of Duke Ellington, 1954
  • Jorgen Grunnet Jepsen, Discography of Duke Ellington, Vol. 2 1937-47
  • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
  • Timner  (fifth edition unless otherwise noted)
    and Timner corrections -4/33
  • Vail I p. 284
  • Lush Life photo
  • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
  • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
  • S. Lasker/O. Keepnews, The Duke Ellington Centennial Edition, RCA Victor CD box set 09026-63386-2
  • E. Lambert: Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide, p.129
  • Emails Lasker-Palmquist
    • 2014-10-14 (session time)
    • 2017-01-24 (address)
    • 2021-12-05
    • 2022-01-12
    • 2022-01-15
    • 2022-01-16
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1946 01 11
Friday
.Newark, N.J.Mosque Theatre
1020 Broad St.
Daily News:

'Duke Ellington repeats his recent sellout Carnegie Hall concert at Newark's Mosque Theatre tonight. He'll offer the same musical routine.'

Daily News, New York, N.Y.
1946-01-11 p.31
....New
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1946 01 12
Saturday
...activities not documented

(See comments at 1945 01 05 above concerning a concert at Hampton Institute)
......
1946 01 13
Sunday
.Boston, Mass.Symphony Hall.
..DEMS..Added
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1946 01 14
Monday
...activities not documented......
circa
1946 01 00
...Personnel change
1. Bernard Flood, trumpet, joined the band in time to play the Esquire All-American broadcast.

2. Lambert reports that, at the beginning of 1946, the band consisted of:
Trumpets:
Sheldon Hemphill
Taft Jordan
Cat Anderson
Francis Williams
Bernard Flood
Trombones:
Lawrence Brown
Wilbur De Paris
Claude Jones (valve trombone)
Reeds:
Otto Hardwick
Al Sears
Johnny Hodges
Jimmy Hamilton
Harry Carney
Rhythm:
Duke Ellington
Fred Guy
Oscar Pettiford
Sonny Greer
Billy Strayhorn (deputy pianist)
Vocal:
Kay Davis
Al Hibbler
Missing from his list are Bernard Flood and Joya Sherrill.
  • 1.: New Desor vol.2
  • 2. Eddy Lambert: Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide, p.128
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1946 01 15
Tuesday
... Peripheral event
Ellington's first biography, Duke Ellington by Barry Ulanov, was released.
Ellington and biographer Ulanov
Duke Ellington and Barry Ulanov
Click to see article and photos


  • Ebony's January edition (vol. 1. no. 3) cover story was about Duke Ellington. The magazine touted Ulanov's biography "which will be in the book stalls this month" and as well as the Victor release of its "Black, Brown and Beige" album.
  • Ebony included several candid photos of Ellington.
  • Ulanov's book was widely publicized, generating many newspaper articles about Duke.
  • In February, The Manitoban printed a lengthy and comprehensive article about Ellington which ends with a referral to the Ulanov book.
  • The New York Sun published a book review in March.
  • In October, the Madison Free Library listed it as a new book.
  • Duke Ellington was one of seven musical biographies shown in Libary Notes in the Nashua Telegraph.
  • "Two Decades With The Duke"
    Ebony 1946-01-00
    Courtesy S. Lasker 2022-02-06
  • "Twisting Dials"
    Zanesville (Ohio) News, Zanesville, Ohio
    1946-01-20, p.7
  • New York Sun, New York, N.Y.
    1946-03-09 p.4
  • "Duke Ellington Arranger-Composer-Conductor"
    The Manitoban, University of Manitoba Student Union
    Winnipeg, Man. 1946-02-12 p.3
  • Wisconsin State Journal, Madison, Wisc.
    1946-10-15 p.20
  • Nashua Telegraph, Nashua, N.H.
    1946-12-19, p.13
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1946 01 15
Tuesday
.New York, N.Y..RCA Victor Metronome recording session
Strayhorn was present and was photographed with Oliver and Ellington.

  • 12:45 a.m. – Metronome All Stars, conducted by Sy Oliver
    Johnny Hodges, Harry Carney, Cootie Wiliams, Rex Stewart, Harry Edison, Pete Candoli, Neal Hefti, Sonny Berman, Tommy Dorsey, Will Bradley, Bill Harris, J.C. Higginbotham, Buddy de Franco, Hermie Fields, Flip Phillips, George Auld, Teddy Wilson, Tiny Grimes, Billy Bauer, Chubby Jackson, Dave Tough
    • Title recorded:
      Look Out
  • 3:15 a.m. – Metronome All Stars, conducted by Duke Ellington
    Hodges, Carney, Edison, Candoli, Hefti, Berman, Dorsey, Harris, Higginbotham, de Franco, Fields, Phillips, Auld, Wilson, Red Norvo, Grimes, Bauer, Jackson, Tough
    • Title recorded:
      Metronome All Out
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1946 01 16
Wednesday
.New York, N.Y.Ritz TheatreThird Annual Esquire All-American Jazz Concert
Recorded national one-hour broadcast at 9 p.m. EST

The Ellington orchestra, Woody Herman's band and the King Cole Trio were featured, with 12 soloists selected from the 1946 Esquire Gold award winners. Orson Wells was the m.c. and Leonard Feather was to provide over-all direction.
  1. Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Bernard Flood, Brown, de Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Hardwick, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer
    • Titles recorded:
      • Take The “A” Train (theme)
      • Take The "A" Train
      • Honeysuckle Rose
      • Jam-A-Ditty
    • Esquire Swank
  2. Duke Ellington and His Orchestra with Francis Wayne
    • Title recorded:
      • I'm Checkin' Out Go'ombye
  3. Duke Ellington and His Orchestra with Woody Herman's orchestra
    As above plus Sonny Berman, Muzzy Marcellino,Conrad Gozzo, Bill Harris, Ed Kiefer, Ralph Pfeffner, Woody Herman, John LaPorta, Sam Marowitz, Mickey Folus, Flip Phillips Sam Rubinowitch, Tony Aless, Billy Bauer,Red Norvo, Chubby Jackson, Don Lamond
    • Title recorded:
      • C-Jam Blues
Esquire Swank and C-Jam Blues were released on V-Discs.


Mike Thompson, The Manitoban:

'... some of the best jazz music ever broadcast on any program. Duke Ellington, the best of them all, was there, as was Woody Herman whose band has made an astonishing rise from both a financial and musical point of view. The famous King Cole Trio ... was also featured. They, however, were on the short end of the musical proceedings of the concert, playing only two numbers.
     The program opened with the resounding strains of the Duke's "A" Train...in a new arrangement. Some good trumpet was featured, probably Taft Jordan , who is now Duke's first trumpet. Herman followed with his frantic, screaming arrangement of Caldonia ... here, briefly , is the substance of what followed.
      Ellington 's great band was featured again in another of the Duke's originals ( in all senses of the word) called Jamadiddy [sic]. One noted the beautiful blending of muted brass and low-voiced reeds, a facet of the Duke’s arrangements that amounts almost to a trademark. More Herman, then Frances Wayne singing Happiness Is Just a Thing Called Joe ... Somewhere in the program Herman featured a trio of men from his band, namely Red Norvo...on vibes ; Chubby Jackson, phenomenal, portly five string bassist; Ralph Burns, youthful pianist, in ...Jackson Fiddles While Ralph Burns... Ellington then swung his way through a jump number, the title of which escapes me for the moment, composed by his youthful protege, Billy "Swee'Pea" Strayhorn. This composition unrolled a vast panorama of great individual and collective talent Lhat has put Ellington's band where it is today. Featured in lengthy solo spots were slight, stooping Johnny Hodges: Taft Jordon, erstwhile Armstrong imitator: Lawrence Brown, clerical abstemious trombonist, and others of lesser repute. King Cole made his debut about then playing his famous rendition of Sweet Lorraine...An interesting part of this program was the M.C., Orson Welles,self-styled genius and jazz, enthusiast. His relevant and entertaining remarks filled in admirably that hole-in-the-program, between-numbers lull. His remarks, made over an obligatto of low, muted jazz proved very enlightening.
     Duke Ellington then introduced his young, solemn-visaged clarinetist, Jimmy Hamilton, who performed with dextrous ease several interesting and quite listenable choruses of Honeysuckle Rose, the old kickaround. Woody Herman replied in kind , featuring Bill Harris ... in a number which sounded like Mean to Me... King Cole again entered the picture, playing After You've Gone , spotting the splashchord guitar of Oscar Moore... Francis Wayne sang again; this time it was I'm Gonna Leave You, Goodby (or words to that effect) with Duke's band. It is to be noted in passing how well Duke's men play shortly after joining his band. This is true of Al Sears, short, owlish tenorman, the aforementioned Jimmy Hamilton and Taft Jordan, bassist Junior Raglan who has now departed, double High C trumpet specialist Cat Anderson and others.
     Leonard Feather, British-born composer and jazz critic , mentor of Esquire’s jazz page, was then called upon to present the Eskie awards to various musicians, which he did: Duke got one, as did Herman and Cole Even master of ceremonies, Welles, was presented with one - quite a philanthropic event. As a hell-for-leather finale , both bands massed and played Duke's C Jam Blues, frequently interspersed with wild imaginative sobs by almost everyone...
                             — MIKE THOMPSON'

Ulanov's less than favourable review is reprinted in Vail I.
  • Metronome, 1946-01-00
  • Coe College Cosmos, 1946-01-09, p.3
  • Daily Press, Newport News, Va.
    1946-01-13 p.6B
  • Radio log, Wisconsin State Journal, 1946-01-16, p.15
  • Times Herald, Olean N.Y.
    1946-01-16 p.8
  • The Manitoban, University of Manitoba
    Winnipeg, Man.
    1946-01-29 p.3
  • Girvan:
      Ellingtonia.com
  • Benny Aasland:
    The Wax Works of Duke Ellington, 1954
  • Jepsen 2
  • Nielsen
  • Timner
  • Vail I
  • Stratemann, p.265
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  • Timner corrections -4/20
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1946 01 17
Thursday
.Pittsburgh, Penn.Savoy Ballroom on the Hill Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Jan. 19:

'Harry Hendel has booked the Jimmy Lunceford band at his Savoy Ballroom on the Hill for a one-night dance ... Incedentally, Duke Ellington drew a big crowd there on Thursday.'

The Drama Desk,
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Pittsburgh, Penn.
1946-01-19 p.11.
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1946 01 17
Thursday
... Peripheral event
Beginning of "National Duke Ellington Week" publicity.
  • "Twisting Dials,"
    Zanesville (Ohio) News, Zanesville, Ohio
    1946-01-20, p.7
  • The Binghamton Press, Binghamton, N.Y.
    1946-01-21 p.17
  • Evening Observer, Dunkirk,. N.Y.
    1946-01-22 p.6
...djpNew
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1946 01 18
Friday
...activities not documented......
1946 01 19
Saturday
.Detroit, Mich.Masonic Temple AuditoriumDuke Ellington and Orchestra JAZZ CONCERT
Tickets $3.00 $2.40 $1.80 $1.20

Detroit Times:

'We spotted...Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Parker Jr. dining on Thirds avenu Saturday evening . . . before the Duke Ellington concert. '

  • Detroit Free Press, Detroit, Mich.
    • 1946-01-17 p.17
    • 1946-01-18 p.19
    • 1946-01-19 p.7
  • The Detroit News, Detroit, Mich.
    • 1946-01-13 p.26 pt, 2 p.6
    • 1946-01-16 p.24
    • 1946-01-17 pp.29, 36
    • 1946-01-18 p.26
  • The Detroit Times, Detroit, Mich.
    • 1946-01-03 p.C-9
    • 1946-01-21 p.6-C
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1946 01 20
Sunday
.Chicago, Ill.Civic Opera HouseTwo concerts, 3:00 and 8:30 p.m. sponsored by Down Beat to present Ellington, Hodges, Carney and Brown with awards from its ninth annual musicians poll.
  • Stratemann reports Ellington got $10,000 of the $19,800 ticket sales.
  • Down Beat reported the venue's capacity was 3,600, but close to 3,700 managed to jam into the place for each concert and about 3,000 more were turned away (100 seats were reportedly placed in the orchestra pit.)
  • AFRS used parts of these concerts on its Date With The Duke #33 transcription but not in its Treasury series.
  • Exactly what was performed in each concert will likely never be known. The programme, printed in advance, was not apparently followed exactly, and the discographies only show what was recorded in-house or from part of the second concert that was aired.
    Steven Lasker:

    '1946 01 20. [The] Concert program corresponds to Chicago Civic Opera House concert as listed in the New Desor except after Circe (composer Ellington) we have Excerpts from Perfume Suite; Bugle Break Extended (Mercer Ellington, Strayhorn and Duke Ellington); INTERMISSION; Take the "A" Train and so on until Pitter Panther Patter, listed in the program as "Bassist and Me" (Ellington); Suburbanite, Al Sears, tenor sax (Ellington); Songs featuring Albert Hibbler; Riffin' Drill, Lawrence Brown, trombone (Ellington). Orange cover, 1940s b&w photo of Duke at piano, same photo as found on programs three, four and five, which all have a blue cover.'

    Palmquist note:

    Programmes for the concerts throughout the early part of the year are similar, although not identical.


    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Personnel named in the discographies and the programme:
    • Hardwick
    • Hodges
    • Sears
    • Hamilton
    • Carney
    • Brown
    • C.Jones
    • de Paris
    • Jordan
    • Anderson
    • Hemphill
    • F.Williams
    • Pettiford
    • Guy
    • Greer
    • Ellington
    • Hibbler (Timner V omits him in the second concert because his segment was not in the broadcast nor among the tunes recorded on site.)
    Personnel not named in the programme:
    • Bernard Flood (new sideman)
    • Kay Davis (vocal)
    The programme shows Ellington as composer of "Bugle Break Extended" but lists Mercer Ellington and Billy Strayhorn where it shows the soloists for the other selections. There is no indication in Down Beat's review nor the discographies that Mercer or Strayhorn performed.

    Titles listed in the programme:
    • The National Anthem
    • Caravan
    • In A Mellow Tone
    • Solid, Old Man
    • Sono
    • Rugged Romeo
    • Circe
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
    • Excerpts from Black, Brown and Beige and Perfume Suite
    • Bugle Break Extended
    • Take The "A" Train
    • A TONAL GROUP
      • A. Fugue
      • B. Rhapsoditti
      • C. Concerto for Jazz Band
    • Bassist and Me
    • GROUP
      • A. Diminuendo In Blue
      • B. Transblucency
      • C. Crescendo In Blue
    • Magenta Haze
    • Hometown
    • Suburbanite
    • Songs featuring Albert Hibbler
    • Riffin' Drill
    As usual, the programme says: PROGRAM MAY BE ALTERED OR CHANGED BY MR. ELLINGTON ACCORDING TO REQUEST NUMBERS RECEIVED. The discographies confirm some variations in what was performed. They use alternate titles and have some differences in what they say was performed:
    • Star Spangled Banner
      (1)(2)(7)
    • Caravan
      (1)(2)(7)
    • In A Mellow Tone
      (1)(2)(7)
    • Solid Old Man
      (1)(2)(7)
    • Come Sunday [Black, Brown and Beige]
      (1)
    • Light [Black, Brown and Beige]
      (1)
    • Rugged Romeo
      (1)(2)(7)
    • Sono
      (1)(2)(7)
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
      (1)(2)(7)
    • Circe
      (1)(2)(7)
    • Dancers In Love [Perfume Suite]
      (2)(7)
    • Coloratura [Perfume Suite]
      (2)(7)
    • Bugle Break Extended
    • Frankie and Johnny / Metronome All Out (1)(4)
    • Take The "A" Train
      (1) (5) (6)(7)
    • A TONAL GROUP Rhapsoditti (Mellow Ditty) / Fugueaditti / Jam-A-Ditty (1)(2)(5 and 6 - Jam-A-Ditty only)(7)
    • Magenta Haze (1)(2)(5)(6)(7)
    • Diminuendo In Blue / Transblucency / Crescendo In Blue
      (1)(2)(5)(6)(7)
    • Pitter Panther Patter ["Bassist and Me"]
      (1)(2)(5)(6)(7)
    • Suburbanite
      (1)(2)(6)(7)
    • ["Songs featuring Albert Hibbler"]
      • My Little Brown Book
        (2)(7)
      • Every Hour on the Hou
        r(2)(7)
      • I Ain't Got Nothin' But The Blues
        (2)(7)
      • Fat and Forty
        (2)(7)
    • Blue Skies
      (2)(7)
    • Riffin' Drill

    Notes:
    • (1) Listed in New Desor and, at the time of writing, Girvan in the afternoon programme recordings.
    • (2) Listed in Nielsen
    • (3) Nielsen and Timner list Black, Brown and Beige as Spritual Theme, Work Song and The Blues.
    • (4) Nielsen and Timner list Frankie and Johnny but not Metronome All Out
    • (5) Also listed in New Desor and, at the time of writing, Girvan in the evening programme recordings
    • (6) Also listed in Nielsen in the evening programme recordings
    • (7) Listed in Timner V
    The discographies differ in varying the names of the songs to what was actually recorded. Some differences were explained by Sjef Hoefsmit:

    'The titles and sequence of the afternoon concert are from John Steiner, who recorded the first concert with a mike suspended from a line he dangled from the attic above the stage. His friend stayed for the second concert and only recorded those titles marked with an asterisk. Part of the second concert was broadcast ... through WENR. The recording of this broadcast has been used for the AFRS in Europe AFRS "DWD" 38. It seems that "Take the 'A' Train" on DETS 33 is taken from a different source to open the broadcast.'

    For a fuller understanding of how the discographies came up with their lists, read the DEMS bulletins listed to the right.
Down Beat photos
Ellington's Down Beat award winners
Click to Enlarge

  • Printed programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2, box 10, folder 22 "Down Beat Concert, Civic Opera House, Chicago, Illinois, January 20, 1946"
  • Down Beat review, 1946-02-11 pp.1, 12, 13
    (courtesy S. Lasker)
  • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
  • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
  • Timner and Timner corrections
  • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
  • Stratemann, p.265 citing
    • Variety 1946-01-23, p.34
    • Down Beat 1946-05-15
  • Email, Lasker-Palmquist
    • 2016 04 05
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    • 2022-01-12
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1946 01 21
Monday
.Chicago, Ill.Millionaire's Club.
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Tuesday
.Rochester, Minn.Mayo Civic AuditoriumPublic dance
The Jan. 16 announcement said the Ellington orchestra was 26 musicians, including 3 girl vocalists.
  • Albert Lea Evening Tribune
    • 1946-01-16 p.5
    • 1946-01-18,p.5
  • The Republican-Herald, Winnona, Minn.
    1946-01-15 p.4
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Circa
1946 01 23
Wednesday
...Peripheral event
Variety reported Billy Strayhorn became a member of the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP)
Variety 1946-01-30 p.43...djpNew
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1946 01 23
Wednesday
.Minneapolis, Minn.Minneapolis AuditioriumConcert
Variety reported the audience nubmbered about 5,000.

The back page of the programme listed Ellington records available, describing him as "Exclusive RCA Victor Recording Artist."
Titles listed in the programme:
  • National Anthem
  • Caravan
  • In a Mellow Tone
  • Solid, Old Man
  • Sono
  • Rugged Romeo
  • Circe
  • Air Conditioned Jungle
  • Excerpts from Black, Brown and Beige and Perfume Suite
  • Bugle Break Extended
  • Take the A Train
  • A Tonal Group
      A. Fugue
    • B. Rhapsoditti
    • C. Concerto for Jam Band
  • Bassist and Me
  • Group:
    • A. Diminuendo in Blue
    • B. Transblucency
    • C. Crescendo in Blue
  • Magenta Haze
  • Hometown
  • Suburbanite
  • Songs featuring Albert Hibbler, Vocalist
  • Riffin' Drill

Personnel named in the programme:
  • Hardwick
  • Hodges
  • Sears
  • Hamilton
  • Carney
  • Brown
  • Jones
  • de Paris
  • Jordan
  • Anderson
  • Hemphill
  • F.Williams
  • Pettiford
  • Guy
  • Greer
  • Ellington

Willa Booker, St. Paul Recorder:

'Talk of the past week was the "Duke" Ellington concert at the Minneapolis Auditorium. This was something so different. Each player in "Duke's" orchestra is an artist in his own right. Don't know about you, but enjoyed Duke's directing as much as I did the music. The outstanding features of the evening (to me) were the singing of Al Hibbler [illegible] with the beautiful voice of Joya Sherill, filling in as an instrument; Al Sears' (sax) rendition of "Suburbpette[sic]." ... Taft Jordan and his trumpet, Johnny Hodges and of course our own Oscar Pettiford, bass violinist.
     Spied among the crowd, Mary Lou Hill and daughter, Mary Kate, Mrs. Pearle Brown, DeVelma Newman, Jane Lee and Nancy Norman (St. Paul), Mike and Jerry Schramm, Thelma McClure, Bea Slemmons ... Saw Al Reed and Benny Walton (Rocket Boys from K.C.) "sneaking in in the middle of the concert. ... "Juvenile Jive" Don (Duke) Gates was as near the band as possible....The William Burrells, Mary Ryan, Boy Wright, Patty Davison, Agnes Shanks and many others ... Saw Mrs. Leontine Pettiford and her two younger daughters, Helen and Katherine, coming from backstage where they had been to visit with their son and brother, Pettiford...Oscar did all right for his home people, even gave an encore, for which Mr. Ellington said, "we were a litte unprepared.'
(ellipses in original)

  • Albert Lea Evening Tribune, Albert Lea, Minn,
    • 1946-01-18,p.5
  • Minneapolis Sunday Tribune, Minneapolis, Minn.
    • 1946-01-20 p.6
  • Variety 1946-01-30 p.55
  • St. Paul Recorder, St. Paul, Minn.
    • 1946-01-11 p.6
    • 1946-02-01 p.6
  • Minneapolis Spokesman, Minneapolis, Minn.
    • 1946-01-18 p.1
  • Programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2, box 10, folder 23 Minneapolis Auditiorium, Minneapolis, Minnesota, January 23, 1946
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1946 01 24
Thursday
...activities not documented......
1946 01 25
Friday
.Topeka, Kan...
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1946 01 26
Saturday
...activities not documented......
1946 01 27
Sunday
.Kansas City, Mo.Municipal Auditorium

'A POSITIVE DEMAND DANCE AND CONCERT
DUKE
ELLINGTON
AND HIS Famous ORCHESTRA
WITH JOHNNY HODGES, LAURENCE [sic] BROWN, DIL [sic] HIBBLER, JOY [sic] SHERRILL, KAY DAVIS
TONIGHT     MUNICIPAL AUDITORIUM... '

Palmquist's note:
Given the times and the location, this was probably a whites-only event. The ad and plug make no mention of seating for blacks, and they were in the white press. A second event at the same location the next evening was advertised in the black press.
  • The Kansas City Star, Kansas City, Mo.
    • 1946-01-22 p.6
    • 1946-01-27 p.3D
  • The Kansas City Times, Kansas City, Mo.
    • 1946-01-22 p.15
  • Stratemann p.265
  • Vail I
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1946 01 28
Monday
.Kansas City, Mo.Municipal AuditoriumDance, advance admission $1.25

'HUGE CROWD HEAR
DUKE ELLINGTON
   A crowd estimated between seven and eight thousand turned out Monday night to hear the top ranking band leader, the famous Duke Ellington. . . . Bands may come and bands may go, but the Duke holds his own from year to year. It was one of the largest crowds to appear at the beautiful Municipal Auditorium since the Ink Spots played there three years ago.
   The Duke and his boys entertained those present with their unique style of dishing out hot swing.'



It isn't clear if this was a dance or a concert. In either event, it was probably a performance for Afro-Americans - it was advertised and reported by The Plaindealer, whose masthead described it as "THE OLDEST NEGRO NEWSPAPER IN THE SOUTHWEST."
The Plaindealer, Kansas City, Kans.
  • 1946-01-25 p.4
  • 1946-02-01 p.4
.
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Tuesday
.Oelwein, IowaColiseum BallroomDance
  • Oelwein Daily Register, Oelwein, Iowa, 1946-01-28, p.3
  • Des Moines Sunday Register, Des Moines, Iowa,
    • 1946-01-06 p.1
    • 1946-01-27 s.7 p.1
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1946 01 30
Wednesday
1946 02 12
Tuesday
Covington, Ken.
(a suburb of Cincinnati)
Lookout House
Dixie Highway
Night club residency, Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra with his All Star Revue, two weeks, two shows daily.
  • The advertisements say there are shows at 8:30 p.m. and 1:00 a.m. and "Social Wed., Fri., Sun. 9:00
  • Acts named in the ads include Joya Sherrill, Kay Davis, Jessie Patterson, James Jackson, The Ray Nance Trio, Hodges, Hibbler, Brown and Pettiford.
  • Ellington's ensemble missed its train in Chicago, arriving at the club at 10 p.m. and playing its first show at midnight instead of the scheduled 8:30.
  • The Cincinnati Enquirer 1946-02-03 and 1946-02-07 reported the show was playing to packed houses.
  • The Cincinnati Enquirer carried no ads or publicity for Ellington at Lookout House after 1946-02-09. Advertising after that date was for Lookout House's next act, starting Wednesday 1946-02-13.
  • The Billboard, Feb.9:

    '... For the current layout – Duke Ellington and his band – [Lookout House manager] Rambeau has loosed the purse strings and for the next two weeks Lookout patrons are assured of strictly upstairs entertainment...
         At the Duke's bow-in Wednesday (30), the spot was jammed to overflowing, and the bistro is virtually reserved solidly for the remainder of the engagement. Ellington and his aggregation missed train connections an route from Oelwein Ia., and arrived two hours late for the opening. However, Ellington rewarded his slightly impatient audience with a snappy presentation, sans rehearsal, which had patrons eating out of his hand from the firat note. It’s bell-ringer stuff thruout.
         Duke's fast session gets under way with a neat brass foursome, Johnny Hodges, Al Hibbler, Lawrence Brown and Oscar Pettiford, getting in some terrific licks on Jam a Ditty, combo's own composition. They went away to a big hand. Lawrence Brown followed, featuring great trombone work on the band's recent recording of Come to Baby, Do. Joya Sherill, shapely and sensuous femme with an easy-listening set of pipes, handles the lyrics admirably, Her work is greatly enhanced by good lighting.
         Jessie and James start slowly with a tap number, but at the finish have their clientele sitting on the edge of their chairs. They knock themselves out with a series of jumps, leaps and spins, and beg off with a neat curtainer.
         Equally well received was the band's Transbluecency which features the loveliness and rich voice of the attractive Kay Davis. This one scores going away. La Davis encores effectively with Yesterday.
         Best mitting of the 35-minute setto goes to Patterson and Jackson, beefy duo, who offer a grand bit of tapping to Ain't Misbehavin', and then go into shennanigans that are strictly top drawer. Especially outstanding is their take-off of the Ink Spots If I Didn't Care. They left the Jammed house bleating for more.
         Al Daughtery Trio, sleek attired crew, made a brief appearance for the intermish music. Trio is set for a two-weeker with Duke. Johnnie Fielden's Foursome, which concluded a lengthy engagement in the intermish spot Tuesday (29), was called back for a night to provide music during the Ellington wait. The combo filled the bill excellently.'

  • The Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati, Ohio
    • 1946-01-03 p.11
    • 1946-01-21 p.18
    • 1946-01-25 p.20
    • 1946-01-26 p.18
    • 1946-01-27 p.2 s.3
    • 1946-01-28 p.14
    • 1946-01-29 p.7
    • 1946-01-30 p.6
    • 1946-01-31 pp,15,18
    • 1946-02-01 p. 22 (review)
    • 1946-02-02 p.24
    • 1946-02-03 p.2 s.3
    • 1946-02-04 p.11
    • 1946-02-05 p.20
    • 1946-02-06 p.8
    • 1946-02-07 pp.16,20
    • 1946-02-08 p.20
    • 1946-02-09 p.22
  • The Billboard 1946-02-09 p.38
  • Stratemann p.265, citing The Billboard 1946-02-23 p.26
  • Vail I
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1946 01 31
Thursday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout House...djpAdded
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February 1946

1946 02 01
Friday
.Cincinnati, OhioWCKY Radio

'3:05 p.m. WCKY: Duke Ellington, currently at the Lookout House, is guest of Tom More on the WCKY "1539 Matinee." Ellington recordings will be featured and discussed by the band leader and More.'

The Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati, Ohio
1946-02-01 p.10
...djpNew
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1946 02 01
Friday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout House...djpAdded
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1946 02 02
Saturday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
2011
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1946 02 03
Sunday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
2011
updated 2012-11-13
1946 02 04
Monday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
2011
updated 2012-11-13
1946 02 05
Tuesday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
2011
updated 2012-11-13
1946 02 06
Wednesday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
2011
updated 2012-11-13
1946 02 07
Thursday
.Cincinnati, OhioWLW Radio

'6:30 p.m. WLW: Duke Ellington, famous band leader, pays a visit to "Crossroads Cafe," where he is interviewed by Rita Hackett. Ellington and his orchestra ae playing at the Lookout House.'

The Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati, Ohio
1946-02-07 p.16
...djpNew
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1946 02 07
Thursday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
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1946 02 08
Friday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
2011
updated 2012-11-13
1946 02 09
Saturday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
2011
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1946 02 10
Sunday
.New York, N.Y. Alvin TheaterPeripheral event
FBI report:

'According to a reliable source Duke Ellington was e1ected to the Board of Directors of the Independent Citizens Committee of the Arts, Sciences and Professions, Incorportated, at the annual membership meeting of that organization... '

It seems unlikely Ellington was present, since the band was on tour in Kentucky)
FBI file 100-43-4443, p.6...djpNew
added 2012-11-13
1946 02 10
Saturday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
2011
updated 2012-11-13
1946 02 11
or earlier
... (Unconfirmed)

Stratemann, p.280, citing DownBeat, 1946-02-11, says John LaTouche brought Ellington the libretto for Beggar's Holiday in early February 1946, and joined him for a number of days on his Eastern tour to work on the project. Note Ellington was in the midwest from mid-January until March 6, with the Eastern tour beginning March 8 in Baltimore.
Stratemann, pp. 280 - 284...djpNew
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1946 02 11
Monday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
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1946 02 12
Tuesday
.Covington, Ken.Lookout Housesee 1946 01 30....djpAdded
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1946 02 13
Wednesday
...activities not documented......
1946 02 14
Thursday
Valentine's Day
...activities not documented......
circa
1946 02 15
Friday
circa
1946 02 21
Thursday
Detroit, Mich.Kronk CenterAt some time during his week in Detroit, Ellington made a personal appearance to speak to a mixed audience at a dance here. Detroit Tribune alleged white kids were kept from the dance, an allegation denied by J. J. Considine, director of Detroit's Parks and Recreation Department:
  • March 16 p.6:

    'An inter-racial committee of residents of the Tireman area has been meeting for the purpose of securing adequate recreation facilities for the children of the neighborhood and to bring about the inter-racial utilization of the Kronk Community Center, run by the Detroit Department of Parks and Recreation...
          The area ... is a mixed one, in which young people growing up in close proximity to each other might learn to know each other better and lay the basis for better race relations in the city. The Department of Parks and Recreation, however, has refused to allow this to happen at the Kronk Center, and even went so far as to try to prevent the holding of an inter-racial dance there at which Duke Ellington was to appear. When residents protested the cancellation of the dance, the authorities posted policemen around the center to keep white youngsters away...'

  • March 16 p.7:

    'A blast at [name omitted] for his discriminatory attitude was sent to Recreation Director [name omitted] by Rev. Charles A. Hill, president of the Detroit branch of the NAACP last week.
         Hill told in detail the story of the difficulties Westside citizens had encountered in arranging for Duke Ellington to speak at the center. He asked if [name omitted]'s attitude is shared by the Commission.'

    (Rev. Hill also led the noted inter-racial committee.)
  • March 23 p.1:

    'A charge that the Kronk Community Center effort to segregate Negro and white young people was an expression of the official policy of the Department of Parks and Recreation ... has been made to the TRIBUNE by spokesmen for 50 recreation directors, mostly white who oppose the policy... '

  • March 23 p.2:

    'Last month, a group of Negro young people succeeded in getting Duke Ellington to speak to them at a dance in the center. When recreation authorities heard about this they cancelled the dance and insisted it could only be held in the Brewster Center, miles away from the homes of the kids on the West Side.
         Pressure by parents in the neighborhood forced the department to reinstate the dance in Kronk Center. White youngsters heard about the Duke's appearance and were anxious to hear him. However, at the insistence of the Recreation Department, policemen turned away white young people who came to the building for the dance that night and those who got into the building were diverted from the dance.'

  • March 30, p.1:
    Director Considine responded to the charges. Most of the report of his statement is illegible, but it includes:

    '...To us in the recreation field, all boys and girls are simply children with no tags of any kind ... and the recreational needs of one group [illegible] is as important as those of another group... '

  • March 30, p.2:

    'Considine also has denied the charges ... that white youngsters were turned away from the dance at which Duke Ellington appeared at the Kronk Community Center.
         Said Considine: As far as the Kronk incident is concerned, I wish to say most earnestly that no boy or girl was refused admittance to the Duke Ellington dance, nor was any boy or girl, white or Negro discouraged from attending.
         On the contrary it should be made clear that there were 17 white young people and 58 Negro young people who attended the dance. If anyone can produce a white child who was denied admittance to the dance we should like very much to talk to that boy or girl.'

    The report discusses another alleged incident, after which it again quotes the director, whose additional remarks deny the allegations and appear to support letting the kids mix.
There is nothing in the Detroit Tribune reports to suggest that if the reports were true, Ellington was aware of the situation.
Detroit Tribune, Detroit, Mich. as noted, available in
  1. the commercial newspaper archive https://www.newspapers.com/
  2. the free Chronicling America archive on the Library of Congress website at https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/
.
...djpNew
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1946 02 15
Friday
1946 02 21Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville
The Detroit News, Feb.13:

'Duke Ellington and his band will be the attraction at the Paradise Theater starting Friday...Featured with the band will be Johnny Hodges, sax star; Harry Carney, Lawrence Brown, Detroit's Joya Sherrill, vocalist; Al Hibbler and Kay Davis.
      Other acts include Jesse and James, dancers, and Cook and Brown, comics.
     The screen fare is "Scotland Yard Investigator." '


  • Detroit Tribune, Detroit, Mich.
    • 1946-02-09 p.13
    • 1946-02-16 p.13
    • 1946-02-23 p.13
  • The Detroit News - The Home Newspaper, Detroit, Mich.
    • 1946-02-13 p.20
    • 1946-02-14 p.42
    • 1946-02-16 p.15
    • 1946-02-20 p.24
  • Detroit Free Press, Detroit,Mich.
    • 1946-02-16 p.11
    • 1946-02-18 p.17
  • The Detroit Times, Detroit,Mich.
    • 1946-02-18 p.C-5
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1946 02 16
Saturday
.Detroit, Mich.Paradise Theater
  • Vaudeville - see 1946 02 15
  • Detroit Tribune:

    '...In conjunction with Duke Ellington's local stage appearance at the Paradise theater work starting Friday, February 15, the "king of jazz' will present a 30-minute Jazz Concert Broadcast coming direct from the stage at the Paradise theater over CJLW and the Mutual Network Saturday, February 16 at 4:30 p.m. The special broadcast will be in addition to the regular stage show scheduled at 5 p.m.'

  • Gala Midnight show Saturday, last stage and screen show at 12:30
The Feb.23 Tribune carried a photo of Kay Davis, Joya Sherrill and Duke Ellington, taken after the broadcast.
Detroit Tribune, Detroit, Mich.
  • 1946-02-09 p.13
  • 1946-02-16 p.13
  • 1946-02-23 p.13
.
...djpAdded
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1946 02 17
Sunday
.Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 02 15.
.....Added
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1946 02 18
Monday
.Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 02 15.
.....Added
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1946 02 19
Tuesday
.Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 02 15.
.....Added
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1946 02 20
Wednesday
.Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 02 15.
.....Added
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1946 02 21
Thursday
.Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 02 15......Added
2011
1946 02 22
Friday
1946 02 28Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville

DUKE
ELLINGTON
America's Foremost Star
HIS PIANO and SENSATIONAL BAND
HEADLINING A LAVISH REVUE!
JESSIE and JAMES             COOK and BROWN
and The Duke's Terrific Gang
JOHNNY HODGES ... LAWRENCE BROWN
OSCAR PETTIFORD ... AL HIBBLER
JOYA SHERRILL ... KAY DAVIS
Plus Torrid Screen Hit!
MARIE "The Body McDONALD
'GETTING GERTIE'S GARTER'


Variety:

'Regal, Chi
          Chicago, Feb. 22
     Duke Ellington Orch (18) with Al Hibbler, Joya Sherril, Kay Davis; Chetney & James; Cooke & Brown; Breakfast in Hollywood" (UA)
      ------------      
     Duke Ellington aggregation could carry this layout with no outside assistance, as the orch hits every facet of jazz rhythms for the south side audience. Opener is “Solid Old Man” arrangement featuring entire trumpet section at the mike. Immediately following Ellington’s opus, is “Rugged Romeo’ 'spotting Taft Jordan and horn in a neat turn.
     Cooke and Brown are first of two acts, both of which are bucking an audience that evidently wants the Duke and nothing else. Stint here is comic soft-shoe,’ with added gyrations. Patter of songs is almost completely unintelligible at times with straight cracks not much better. Fair terping helps.
     Ellington unveils his standard showpiece to tune of boffo hand when Johnny Hodges altos “Passion Flower.” No question here. Lawrence Brown backs Joya Sherril on "Come to Baby Do” and “The Wonder of You.” Trombone man’s finesse is key to fine work in this spot.
     Music-poll winners Jimmy Hamilton, clarinet, and Oscar Pettiford, bass, take long solos in "Metronome All-Out.” Follower is Ellington comp, “Transbluescency,” with special voice effects of regal Kay Davis blending with clarinet , and two trombone tone combo. Might have been a little subtle for moppets of Washington Birthday crowd, but attention was respectful. Femme's encore is “Yesterdays,” formerly an Ellington fave, but more than slightly commercialized here. Gal plenty okay, however.
     Al Sears does fine tenor solo in "Suburbanite," a concert jump tune. Second act is acro-tap with comedy standards, but whipped to froth by swift pacing of Chetney and James. Guys split, slide, tumble, and tap, all the while balancing a whirling tray on one fingertip. This, act a genuine begoff.
     Al Hibbler turns out “My Little Brown Book” and “Every Hour on the Hour.” Stylized presentation okay for here. He does two encores, “Baby, You’re My Meat” and “Guess I’m Just a Lucky So-aud-So,” both drawing good applause. Guy is better in this sort of chanty.
     Film is torrid “Blue Skies.”
                 Tomm.'

Rainer clipping:

'Duke's Audience Plays Cool
Glum House Dampens Spirit Of Band
by JAKE GOMEZ
     It must be very dicouraging to the boys in a bandwhen they play their hearts out to a dead-pan audience which won't even raise a finger to clap and starts moving out of the theatre in the middle of the last number.
     Many Duke Ellington fans would want to know what happened last week...
     The theatre was packed every night, but throughout those fine numbers supposed "Duke" followers sat glum as a jury at a murder trial. Only once or twice did applause rise above a ripple...'

  • The Chicago Sun, Chicago, Ill.
    • 1946-02-20 p.15
    • 1946-02-21 p.15
    • 1946-02-22 p.22
    • 1946-02-23 p.11
    • 1946-02-24 p.31
    • 1946-02-25 p.17
    • 1946-02-26 p.11
    • 1946-02-28 p.19
  • Chicago Daily News, Chicago,Ill.
    • 1946-02-20 p.25
    • 1946-02-21 p.37
    • 1946-02-22 p.21
    • 1946-02-23 p.9
    • 1946-02-25 p.15
    • 1946-02-26 p.11
    • 1946-02-27 p.19
    • 1946-02-28 p.23
  • ChicagoTimes and Chicago Sunday Times,Chicago,Ill.
    • 1946-02-20 p.41
    • 1946-02-21 p.38
    • 1946-02-22 p.43
    • 1946-02-23 p.20
    • 1946-02-24 p.44
    • 1946-02-25 p.28
    • 1946-02-26 p.28
  • Chicago Defender, Chicago, Ill.
    • 1946-02-23 p.23
  • Variety 1946-02-27 p.58
  • "Duke's Audience Plays Cool"
    Unnamed publication 09-03-1946 p.26
    Franz Hoffman: Jazz Advertised 1910-1967 in the Negro press & New York Times
    1980 special compiled working-book about DUKE ELLINGTON 1919-1967, p.75
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2022-02-04
1946 02 23
Saturday
.Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreSee 1946 02 22
.....Added
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1946 02 24
Sunday
.Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreSee 1946 02 22
.....Added
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1946 02 25
Monday
.Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreSee 1946 02 22
.....Added
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1946 02 26
Tuesday
.Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreSee 1946 02 22
.....Added
2011
1946 02 27
Wednesday
.Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreSee 1946 02 22
.....Added
2011
1946 02 28
Thursday
.Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreSee 1946 02 22
.....Added
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1946 02 00..Private residence (Unconfirmed)

Floyd Snelson's column reported Marva Louis held a cocktail party to bid adieu to Duke after the Regal stay. In attendance were Duke and Bea, Mr. and Mrs. Freddy Guy, Strayhorn, Cook & Brown, Tom Whaley and several others.
California Eagle, Los Angeles, Cal.
1946-03-07 p.20.
...djpNew
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March 1946

1946 03 01
Friday
.Ottumwa, IowaOttumwa Coliseum

The Musical Sensation – DUKE ELLINGTON
WITH ALL HIS FAMOUS PERSONALITIES–HARRY CARNEY, AL HIBBLER, JOHNNY HODGES, JOYA SHERRILL, KAY DAVIS AND OSCAR PETTIFORD–BREAKING BOX OFFICE RECORDS EVERYWHERE
TICKETS ON SALE AT LIGGETT'S AND STADLER'S
First 1,000 Tickets $1.56 plus tax

Each of the ads noted to the right opened with one of these lines:
  • The Musical Sensation – DUKE ELLINGTON
  • He's Great – He's Terrific – DUKE ELLINGTON
  • MUSICALLY – The Greatest Band in America – DUKE ELLINGTON
  • Don't Miss DUKE ELLINGTON – He's Great
  • Courier, Ottumwa, Iowa
    • 1946-02-22 p.14
    • 1946-02-25 p.9
    • 1946-02-27 p.11
    • 1946-02-28 p.16
  • The Fairfield (La.) Daily Ledger, Fairfield, La.
    • 1946-02-27 p.8
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1946 03 02
Saturday
...activities not documented......
1946 03 03
Sunday
.Gary, Ind.Memorial Auditorium.
.....Added
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1946 03 04
Monday
1946 03 06
Wednesday
Columbus, OhioRKO Palace Theatre

RKO PALACE
TOMORROW thru Wednesday
The Genius of Jazz,
Duke Ellington Himself
IN PERSON!
DUKE ELLINGTON
and his famous ORCHESTRA
featuring JOHNNY HODGES, Harry Carney, Lawrence Brown, Al Hibbler, Oscar Pettiford, Joya Sherrill, Kay Davis
also COOK and BROWN     JESSE and JAMES

The film feature was "Riverboat Rhythm."

The Columbus Dispatch, 1946-03-05:

'Duke Packs ’Em In At Palace Opening
By Paul Hornung
     The Duke–Ellington's the last name, if you need be prompted–is back and doing business at the same old stand for three days, that “stand" being the RKO-Palace stage.
     And the Duke IS doing business–meaning there are few empty pews at the Palace these days and few customers who don't dig the Duke and his classic jazz.
     Two dancing acts, Cook & Brown and Jessie & James, grace the bill. The former is a knock-about meant-to-be-comedy routine, the latter a dazzling turn featuring spinning trays and joint-unlocking acrobatics.
     But aside from that it's the Duke and his men–and women for more than an hour of everything from hot to deep blue. "Solid Old Man," the opener, is a fast, groovy jump item that gets the cats in the crowd in proper mood. From there the tempo steps all the way to "Passion Flower," the wierdly enchanting Johnny Hodges sax solo.
     High spot of the band performance is the middle bit, a 10-minute interlude of showpiece for the Duke himself at the piano and his all-American solo per formers. It's the kind of thing that leaves you limp and glowing. The last half of the title tells the story. It's "Metronome All Out."
     Each Ellington vocalist in turn scored heavily. Joya Sherrill first with "Come to Baby Do" and "The Wonder of You;" Kay Davis with "Transblucency" and then adding the words as well as voice to "Yesterdays;" and finally Al Hibbler.
     Hibbler's reception amounted to almost a riot. He opened with "My Little Brown Book" and followed with "Every Hour On the Hour," with Hodges' assistance. Then came "My Meat.” And then an exit and an encore to the kind of applause any entertainer must cherish. That produced "I Guess I’m Just a Lucky So and So."
     If you like the Duke, he's here through Wednesday. and he's as good as ever.
     Accompanying the stage production is a Class B screen production ...'

The Columbus Dispatch, Columbus, Ohio
  • 1946-02-27 p.4-B
  • 1946-02-28 p.18-A
  • 1946-03-03 p.10-B
  • 1946-03-04 p.4-A
  • 1946-03-05 p.8-A
  • 1946-03-06 p.10-A
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1946 03 05
Tuesday
.Columbus, OhioRKO Palace TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 03 04
.....Added
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1946 03 06
Wednesday
.Columbus, OhioRKO Palace TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 03 04
.....Added
2011
Circa
1946 03 06
Wednesday
...Personnel change
New Desor says singer Joya Sherrill left the band in January. It instead appears she left in mid-March, having married in Detroit on Feb. 16, 1946. She is mentioned in reviews of the show at Lookout House, in the ads for the Paradise and Palace theatres, and was photographed with Kay Davis and Duke after the February 16 Paradise Theater broadcast. She is named in Variety's review of Duke's show at the Regal February 22 and at the Palace March 4 in Columbus, but not in its review of the March 21 show at the Adams.

She would later record with Ellington's orchestra several times in the 1950s and 1960s.
...djpNew
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1946 03 07
Thursday
.Harrisburg, Penn.The ForumConcert
  • Vail II (unsourced)
  • Harrisburg Telegraph, Harrisburg, Penn. 1946-03-05 p.6
  • The Evening News, Harrisburg, Penn.
    • 1946-03-05 p.17
    • 1946-03-07 p.26
  • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 24 The Forum, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, March 7, 1946
...djpNew
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Circa
1946 03 08
Friday
...Personnel change
Bassist Ernest Wilson "Serious" Myers (1906 - joined Ellington from Rex Stewart's band in Baltimore, but he only stayed two months before returning to Stewart. New Desor has him recording with Ellington on 1943 11 08 as well.
  • John Chilton, Who's Who in Jazz, p.240
  • New Desor Vol.II
New Desor
DE4359
..djpNew
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1946 03 08
Friday
1946 03 14
Thursday
Baltimore, Md.Royal Theatre.
.....Added
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1946 03 09
Saturday
.Baltimore, Md.Royal Theatresee 1946 03 08
.....Added
2011
1946 03 10
Sunday
.Baltimore, Md.Royal Theatresee 1946 03 08
.....Added
2011
1946 03 11
Monday
.Baltimore, Md.Royal Theatresee 1946 03 08
.....Added
2011
1946 03 12
Tuesday
.Baltimore, Md.Royal Theatresee 1946 03 08
.....Added
2011
1946 03 13
Wednesday
.Baltimore, Md.Royal Theatresee 1946 03 08
.....Added
2011
1946 03 14
Thursday
.Baltimore, Md.Royal Theatresee 1946 03 08
.....Added
2011
1946 03 15
Friday
.Philadelphia, Penn.Mercantile.
.....Added
2011
1946 03 16
Saturday
.New York, N.Y.Radio CityWEAF and NBC network broadcast
"Teentimers Club" show 17
  • This half-hour network advertising vehicle aimed at bobby soxers aired at 11 a.m. EST featuring "name bands."
  • The typed script for this episode (DEMS 00/3 p.4) showed vocals by Joya Sherrill and Al Hibbler crossed out and replaced by performances featuring Hodges and Sears.
  • Duke Ellington and his Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Bernard Flood, Brown, de Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Hardwick, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, and Greer, with show staff announcer/singer John Conte and a choir of New York high school girls.
  • Titles performed by the orchestra, alone or accompanying singers:
    • Blue Heaven or My Blue Heaven*
    • Blue Skies*
    • Playoff #1
    • We're the Girl Scouts of America
    • In the Eyes of My Irish Colleen*
    • Playoff #2
    • I'm Just A Lucky So-And-So*
    • Just a-Sittin' and a-Rockin'
    • Unnamed John Conte vocal accompanied by the orchestra
    • Playoff #3
    • Sign-off theme, possibly "Next Week At This Time."

  • Fifteen minutes of this episode are on the AFRS Teen Timers #4 transcription disc.
  • Asterisks (*) denote titles preserved in the AFRS transcription.
  • The playoffs followed commercial breaks and may be Solitude, Day By Day or Take the “A” Train, all of which were cleared for this broadcast.
  • Sponsor magazine's 1947 story about Teentimers Club shows was an advertising vehicle for a clothing line, "Teentimers OHriginals," marketing clothing to bobby-soxers. Its stars drew crowds during their visits to stores in various cities and its sponsor ran local contests in store dress departments, drawing traffic through the store, generating sales in more than just the clothing sections. When first aired in 1945 on a 63-station network, 36 stores had signed franchises, with stores providing local advertising "cut-ins." By March 1947 Teentimers, Inc. and Teentimers Club had 98 radio-franchised stores and 4,000 Teentimers OHriginal outlets, with 4,000 more stores waiting to carry the line.
  • When the show broadcast remotes, it would use name bands already in the area.
  • In 1947 the show cost Teentimers, Inc. $9,500 weekly and appears to have been a very successful advertising venture. Sponsor's headline"
    $500,000 program sells $8,000,000 in teen-age dresses.
  • Girvan:  Ellingtonia.com
  • Timner V
  • National broadcast schedules
    Radio Mirror 1946-03-00 p.54
  • Sponsor 1947-03, p.27-30, 50-51.
New Desor
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1946 03 17
Sunday
St. Patrick's Day
.Washington, D.C..Turner's A
.....Added
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1946 03 18
Monday
.New York, N.Y.Radio CityNetwork broadcast 10 p.m. EST : Carnation Contented Hour
ad - Carnation Contented Hour broadcast
Percy Faith
Carnation Contented Hour

Click to Enlarge

Minneapolis Spokesman said Ellington would be the featured soloist on this coast-to-coast broadcast, playing Mood Indigo, Sophisticated Lady and Take the 'A' Train, with Percy Faith directing the Contented Hour orchestra.

Baritone Bob Hannon sang in the show as well.
  • Minneapolis Spokesman, Minneapolis, Minn.
    1946-03-15 p.6
  • Radio log and ad,
    The Salt Lake Tribune, Salt Lake City, Utah
    1946-03-18 p.12
  • Radio ad,
    The Ogden Standard-Examiner, Ogden, Utah
    1946-03-18 p.7
  • Minneapolis Star-Journal,Minneapolis, Minn.
    1946-03-18 p.22
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1946 03 19
Tuesday
...activities not documented......
1946 03 20
Wednesday
...activities not documented......
Circa
1946 03 21
Thursday
Circa
1946 03 29
Friday
New York, N.Y. Aquarium RestaurantOn March 4, Lionel Hampton opened a six-week engagement at the Aquarium. The Pittsburgh Courier:

'...Nick Kenny, famed Broadway columnist, had this to say about HBRB in the "Daily Mirror"
     "... Hampton opened my eyes the other night ...Hampton had discovered Duke Ellington at a ringside table. He dragged Duke out to a midget piano and Ellington went to work. Down from the band stand came the entire band, grinning with hero worship as they surrounded the Duke and blasted an accompaniment to his piano..."'

This may have occurred as early as March 21 when Ellington began a residence in Newark, within commuting distance of New York. It seems unlikely to have been March 28 or 29, when Ellington is known to have been in New York, since
  • The Pittsburgh Courier, a weekly, probably hit the streets Tuesday before the printed publication date.
  • Kenny's column must have been printed in New York Daily Mirror at least a day before the PC went to press and the PC has him dating it "the other night."
The Pittsburgh Courier, Pittsburgh, Penn.
1946-03-30 p.18
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1946 03 21
Thursday
1946 03 27
Wednesday
Newark, N.J.Adams TheatreVaudeville

Duke ELLINGTON and his WORLD FAMOUS ORCHESTRA
featuring
AL HIBBLER OSCAR PETTIFORD
JOYA SHERRILL KAY DAVIS
JOHNNY HODGES, LAWRENCE BROWN plus Cook & Brown, Plus Jesse & James.


Variety:

'ADAMS, Newark
                 Newark, March 21.
     Duke Ellington Orch.(17), Johnny Hodges, Lawrence Brown, Oscar Pettiford, Al Hibbler, Kay Davis, Sonny Greer, Jesse & James. Cook & Brown; “Prairie Chickens” (UA).
     The Carnegie Hall influence sets the pace for this beautiful ramble in stylish jive. The Duke and his trained ivories apparently have forsaken the pop tunes, like “Solitude," that used to wow the inmates here. In their place are the specialties that grace His Grace's concert dates. The numbers are wonderful and the band is packed tight with talent. But it lacks that Hampton wallop and the draw shouldn't be better than good.
     As in the Duke's January appearance here at the Mosque, the numbers vary between bounce and blues numbers, both with plenty of sock, and music that touches on the French impressionism school. Either way, the band is rock-bottom solid for them as likes it fancy.
      The Duke’s own keyboard stuff comes to light best in a long duet with bassist Oscar Pettiford in "Metronome All Out," and both are superfine. Johnny Hodges, besides building up Al Hibbler’s increasingly self-conscious vocal style, has a good deal to do in “Mood to be Wooed,” heavy on the portamento. More sax licks brighten up “The Suburbanite,” a rapid-fire bit of humor played by Al Sears.
     The Duke's handiwork is all over such fine exhibition roundelays ns "Rugged Romeo” (Tabs [sic] Jordan, trumpet), “Jam-a-Ditty,” a concerto for four horns (Brown, Carney, Jordan, Hamilton) and “Solid O1' Man” for full ensemble.
     Impressionism is strongest in “Transblucency” ( no kiddin’) a wordless song in the "Spellbound" score manner. One section, with Kay Davis' voice and Jimmy Hamilton's clarinet moving in odd harmony, is about the prettiest thing played all season at the Adams.
     The vaude contrib is pretty slim in this bill that doesn’t need anything but Ellington. Jesse and James, youngsters with a keen tray-juggling turn, seem headed for big things. Cook and Brown tap with dexterity but their jokes need reconversion into something funny.      Bran'


  • The Newark Star-Ledger, Newark, N.J.
    • 1946-03-16 p.5
    • 1946-03-19 p.8
    • 1946-03-20 p.6
  • Variety 1946-03-27 p.28
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1946 03 22
Friday
.Newark, N.J.Adams Theatresee 1946 03 21
.....Added
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1946 03 23
Saturday
.Newark, N.J.Adams Theatresee 1946 03 21
.....Added
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1946 03 24
Sunday
.Newark, N.J.Adams Theatresee 1946 03 21
.....Added
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1946 03 25
Monday
.Newark, N.J.Adams Theatresee 1946 03 21
.....Added
2011
Circa
1946 03 26
Tuesday
...Peripheral event
Variety said the Miami local of AF of M was contemplating a six-day week, similar to rules in effect in New York. It said most New York hotel band rooms shut down for the seventh night but may hire a local outfit to fill in.
Variety 1946-03-27 p.55...djpNew
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Tuesday
.Newark, N.J.Adams Theatresee 1946 03 21
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1946 03 27
Wednesday
.Newark, N.J.Adams Theatresee 1946 03 21
.....Added
2011
1946 03 28
Thursday
...Personnel change
Joe "Tricky Sam" Nanton, trombone, rejoins the band
New Desor vol.2...djpNew
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1946 03 28
Thursday
.New York, N.Y.WMCA Studios
1657 Broadway
First of seven Capitol Transcriptions recording sessions.
March 28 session:

Duke Ellington and his Ochestra
Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F. Williams, Flood, Brown, Nanton, de Paris, Jones, Hamilton, Hardwick, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Myers, Pettiford, Greer, K.Davis

Titles recorded:
  • Crosstown
  • Passion Flower
  • Magenta Haze
  • Everything Goes
  • Eighth Veil
  • Riff'n' Drill
  • Blue Abandon
  • Transblucency
  • Embraceable You
  • Rugged Romeo
  • Jennie
  • Sono
  • Jeep Is Jumpin'
  • Take the "A" Train
  • Perdido
  • Tip Toe Topic

Variety 1946-03-27:

'Hollywood, March 26
     Duke Ellington has signed with Capitol Transcriptions and records first series for firm in N.Y. Thurs. (28) They'll be made at WMCA studios.'


Variety 1946-07-10:

'...Capitol Transcriptions hit the market with its initial releases on July 1...Cap is laying considerable stress on the fact that exclusive contracts have been signed with the artists on its rolls, including Duke Ellington, who signed a transportation [sic] contract for the first time. Practice is not general and under its terms Cap talent is not permitted to record for others.'

Capitol Records was first associated with the MacGregor transcription company but started its own CAPITOL TRANSCRIPTIONS PROGRAM SERVICE FROM HOLLYWOOD in 1945. Its 16 inch 33 1/3 rpm outside start records were intended just for radio airplay, and were leased to subscribing radio stations. Initially these records were to be destroyed after a specific play date, but after the war, they became part of the permanent music libaries of participating stations.

Lambert:

' ...some duplication of numbers made for commercial release. It is always interesting to hear different performances of the same number ... where variations of interpretation in ensemble passages are almost as common as in solos. As with the earlier Standard and World Transcriptions, neither the striving for perfection nor the time limitations of the commercial recordings is to be found in these Capitol Trancriptions. As a consequence, the duration of the numbers varies greatly, but there are no second or third takes. The sessions also contain a number of compositions and arrangements never recorded commercially.'

  • Variety
    • 1946-03-27 p.55
    • 1946-07-10 p.39
  • Lambert, pp.130-131
  • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2017-05-12
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1946 03 29
Friday
1946 04 04Harlem
Manhattan
New York, N.Y.
Apollo Theatre
253 W. 125th St.
Vaudeville

'WEEK ONLY – BEG.FRIDAY, MARCH 29th
DUKE
ELLINGTON
AND HIS BAND AND REVUE
PATTERSON and JACKSON
JESSE and JAMES
AND OTHER HEADLINERS
WED AMATEUR BROADCAST      SAT.MIDNGHT SHOW '


Marv Goldberg's list of Apollo Theatre shows includes Charlie Ray, Spider Bruce, and Edna "Yack" Taylor to the ensemble.

Variety:

'Apollo, N. Y.
     Duke Ellington Orch (17) with Kay Davis, Al Hibbler, Johnny Hodges, Lawrence Browm, Oscar Pettiford, Harry Carney; Jesse & James, Patterson & Jackson; "Out of the Depths" (Col).
      With DUke Ellington's flne musicrew holding the fort, Harlem's jive spot this week takes on a subdued tone that's a far cry from its usual "joint-jumping" aspect. He feeds the Apollo audience, brought up on the blaring rhythms of some of the country's hottest swing bands, a diet of numbers almost long-hairish in quality, many of which he introduced at-his recent Carnegie Hall concert. And, though the patrons don't rock and stamp their feet, heavy applause is ample evidence that Ellington's stuff goes over.
     Much of the appeal of Ellington's band lies in the strange, modernistic quality of the maestro's arrangements. With the accompaniment built up on a series of minor chords with off-beat rhythm, the music emerging from the band's nine brass, five reeds and five rhythm sounds almost like Stravinsky at times.
     In keeping with the more austere quality of Ellington's aggregation, the Apollo management gave Pigmeat...a vacation this week, booking only two outside acts. Jesse and James go through their spectacular acro-splits, leaping over chairs, tables, etc., for good returns. Gimmick of twirling serving platters on their fingers while dancing adds to the act's flashiness. Patterson and Jackson, a couple of chubby boys, give out with amazingly fast tap work, despite their weight, and rock the house with a gagged-up impersonation of the Ink Spots.
     Rest of the show, running about 75 minutes when caught, belongs almost entirely, to the orch, with almost each member spotlighted in a solo. Johnny Hodges, with his wailing alto sax, is clicko on "Passion Flower," demonstrating fine feeling and shading in the eerie tones he draws from the horn. Rest of the crew follow suit in such numbers as "Jam-a-Ditty," "Metronome All-Out," etc.
     Indicative of the type of music played is "Transbluesency [sic]," with femme vocalist Kay Davis featured. A nicely gowned looker with a clear soprano. Miss Davis uses her voice on the number as an instrument, rolling off a round tone instead of lyrics to blend and harmonize with the other instruments. Second number, "Embraceable You," is acceptable, but evidence that the vocalist does better with the material especially written for her talents.
     Al Hibbler, Ellington's blind singer, is topnotch on blues, such as "You Are My Meat" and "I Guess I'm Just a Lucky So-and-So." Hibbler sings like Hodges plays his sax, with the same detailed phrasing, sliding notes, etc., all of which get him a beg-off.
     Ellington serves as a genial emcee, kidding with the audience and the band. He plays standing up for most of the show, but gets going with his renowned fingering and chords on several solos that rate kudos from the crowd.            Stal.'

  • The Pittsburgh Courier, Pittsburgh, Penn.
    • 1946-03-23 p.18
    • 1946-03-30 p.18
  • New York Age, New York, N.Y.
    1946-03-30 p.10
  • New York Post, New York, N.Y.
    1946-03-30 p.17
  • Variety 1946-04-03 p.55
  • Apollo Theater [sic] Shows by Marv Goldberg
...djpAdded
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1946 03 30
Saturday
.Harlem, Manhattan
New York, N.Y.
Apollo Theatre
253 W. 125th St.
see 1946 03 29
.....Added
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1946 03 31
Sunday
.Harlem, Manhattan
New York, N.Y.
Apollo Theatre
253 W. 125th St.
see 1946 03 29
....Added
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April 1946

Circa
1946 04 00
...Business event
Variety:

'20th-Fox has bought Duke Ellington's "Mood Indigo" for "Dark Corner" thematic accomp...'

...djpNew
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1946 04 00...Personnel changes
  1. Trumpeter Bernard Flood leaves
  2. Trumpeter Reunald Jones joins the band
New Desor vol.2...djpNew
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1946 04 01
Monday
.Harlem, Manhattan
New York, N.Y.
Apollo Theatre
253 W. 125th St.
see 1946 03 29
.....Added
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1946 04 02
Tuesday
.Harlem, Manhattan
New York, N.Y.
Apollo Theatre
253 W. 125th St.
see 1946 03 29
.....Added
2011
1946 04 03
Wednesday
.Harlem, Manhattan
New York, N.Y.
Apollo Theatre
253 W. 125th St.
see 1946 03 29
.....Added
2011
1946 04 04
Thursday
.Harlem, Manhattan
New York, N.Y.
Apollo Theatre
253 W. 125th St.
see 1946 03 29
.....Added
2011
1946 04 05
Friday
...Personnel change
Ray Nance rejoins the band
New Desor vol.2...djpNew
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1946 04 05
Friday
.Cincinnati, Ohio.Business event? (I'm not sure how to categorize this entry)
The Idaho Sunday Statesman:

'The proposed modern version of the famous classic "Beggar's Opera," to which Duke Ellington is contributing the score and John LaTouche the book and lyrics has neared completion. LaTouche joined Ellington in Cincinnati and will travel with him until the project is completed... '

The Idaho Sunday Statesman, Boise, Idaho
1946-04-16 p.14
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1946 04 05
Friday
.Cincinnati, OhioTaft Auditorium TheaterConcert
Dr. J.H. Wallace, H. Bayless, J.Whyte present Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
Prices $3.60, $3.00, $1.80 tax included

  • While The Cincinnati Enquirer April 2 said the programme had not yet been announced, The Cincinnati Post printed it April 1:
    • National Anthem
    • Caravan
         Orchestra
    • In a Mellow Tone
         Taft Jordan, Trumpet
    • Solid, Old Man
         Orchestra
    • Excerpts from Black, Brown and Beige
         Orchestra
    • Rugged Romeo
         Orchestra
    • Solo [sic]
         Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
         Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet
    • Circe
         Lawrence Brown, trombone
    • Excerpts from Perfume Suite
         Orchestra
    • INTERMISSION
    • Take the A Train
         Duke Ellington, Piano
    • A Tonal Group
      • a. Fugue
      • b. Rhapsoditti
      • c. Concerto for Jazz Band

         featuring Lawrence Brown, trombone; Taft Jordan, trumpet; Jimmy Hamilton, clarinet; Harry Carney, baritone sax
    • Magenta Haze
         Johnny Hodges, alto sax
    • Group
      • a. Diminuendo in Blue
           
      • b. Transbluency [sic]
           
      • c. Crescendo in Blue
    • Bassist and Me
         Oscar Pettiford, string bass
         Duke Ellington, Piano
    • Suburbanite
         A. Sears, tenor sax
    • Songs featuring Albert Hibbler, vocalist
    • Riffin' Drill
         Lawrence Brown, trombone

  • This matches the printed programme found in DEC301
  • .
  • Both reviewers attended a Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra concert performed with Rudolf Serkin in the afternoon, before going to Ellington's evening concert.
  • Eleanor Bell, The Cincinnati Post:

    'Serkin and Ellington: All in a Days Work
         Rudolf Serkin and Duke Ellington, pianists, shared the musical spotlight here Friday... The Duke and his boys chose the evening hours for their concert in the Taft. Both men scored heavily with their respective followers. Mr. Ellington anti his ebullient boys indulged in several different levels of the jazz idiom, some of which I found distinctly tastefu1 than others. The improvisation in which the band excels was of a very high order and in my opinion to he preferred over such high-flown numbers as "Transblucency" and the two "Diminuendos."
         It is perhaps a confession of naivete to say that I thought the "Stomp for Beginners" was one of the best things on the program and more like ihe Ellington I grew up on. I am still not convinced that the concert hall is the ideal place for the Duke to display his wares.
         The virtuosos of the band had ample opportunities to exhibit their talents last night and among those who received affectionate demonstrations of approval were Harry Carney, Jimmy Hamilton, Lawrence Brown and William Anderson.
         Aside from the above-mentioned "Stomp," "Fugaditty" and "Jamaditty" and a little excursion called "Suburbanite"' left me happiest. All in all, it was a pretty noisy show and I question whether the omnipresent microphones were really necessary.'

  • The Cincinnati Enquirer, April 6

    'Dropped in on Duke Ellington's band at the Taft ...Felt like I was in a strange country and didn't know the language. It took me about four numbers to get in the groove. And that's nothing against the Duke, because I'm one of his fans. His syncopating cunning, these weird harmonies, and the atmospheric color his music exudes make it arty and solid in its particular vein. Arrangements are slick. They give each man a chance to show he can compete with the "long-hair" when it comes to tone and phrasing. And the spontaneity and informality turns out pretty rewarding.
         I got “hep" when I heard the gently rising modulations of "Sono." Then "Air Conditioned Jungle" came off as an exciting novelty with Oscar Pettiford, string bass, doing some chromatic "walking" that sounded like quarter tones here and there. "Frankie and Johnnie" as a request encore brought the packed house down. I left after "Tonal Group," which the Duke announced (he forgets there's a printed program) as "Rhapsoditti," "Fugue-a-ditti" and "Jam-a-ditti," the latter featuring four instrumentalists with the mellow-toned trombone of Lawrence Brown giving a heap of stamina.'

Band publicity photo and Taft Theatre ad
April 5 publicity and ad
Taft Theatre

Click to Enlarge
  • The Cincinnati Post, Cincinnati, Ohio
    • 1946-04-01 p.10
    • 1946-04-05 p.22
    • 1946-04-06 p.6
  • The Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati, Ohio
    • 1946-04-02 p.6
    • 1946-04-04 p.19
    • 1946-04-05 p.13
    • 1946-04-06 p.30
  • Concert programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 25 Taft Theatre, Cincinnati, Ohio, April 5,1946
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    1946 04 06
    Saturday
    .Fort Wayne, Ind.Quimby AuditoriumConcert, 8:30 p.m.
    Titles listed in the programme:
    • NATIONAL ANTHEM
    • Caravan
         Orchestra
    • In A Mellow Tone
         Taft Jordan, Trumpet
    • Solid, Old Man
         Orchestra
    • Excerpts from Black, Brown and Beige and Perfume Suite
         Orchestra
    • Rugged Romeo
         Orchestra
    • Sono
         Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
         Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet
    • Circe
         Lawrence Brown, Trombone
    • Excerpts from Perfume Suite
         Orchestra
    • Intermission
    • Take The "A" Train
         Duke Ellington, Piano
    • A TONAL GROUP
      • A. Fugue
      • B. Rhapsoditti
      • C. Concerto for Jazz Band

         featuring Lawrence Brown, trombone; Taft Jordan, trumpet; Jimmy Hamilton, clarinet; Harry Carney, baritone sax
    • magenta haze
         johnny hodges, alto sax
    • GROUP
      • a. Diminuendo In Blue
           
      • b. Transblucency
           
      • c. Crescendo In Blue
    • Bassist and Me
         Oscar Pettiford, string bass
         Duke Ellington, Piano
    • Suburbanite
         Al Sears, tenor sax
    • Songs featuring Albert Hibbler, vocalist
    • Riffin' Drill
         Lawrence Brown, trombone

    • Duke Ellington's Orchestra is under the exclusive management of William Morris Agency, Inc.
    • Program may be changed according to request numbers received.

    St. Louis Post-Dispatch 1946-04-08:

    '...The band, after a tiring morning trip by train from Fort Wayne, Ind.,... '


    • St. Louis Post-Dispatch, St. Louis, Mo.
      • 1946-04-08 p.3B
    • Stratemann p.266
    • Programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 26 Quimby Auditorium, Fort Wayne, Indiana, April 6, 1947
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    1946 04 07
    Sunday
    .St. Louis, Mo.Convention Hall
    Kiel Auditorium
    Concert Sunday afternoon
    Tickets: 60¢ $1.00 $1.50 $1.75 $2.00 $2.25

    'Jazz Concert
    Conducted by Duke Ellington And His World Famous Orchestra
    guest commentator Rush Hughes


    Stratemann, citing The Billboard, says the band played here Monday as well, but the cited The Billboard page only mentions the Sunday concert.
    Titles listed in the programme for Sunday afternoon:
    • NATIONAL ANTHEM
    • Caravan
         Orchestra
    • In A Mellow Tone
         William Anderson, Trumpet
    • Solid, Old Man
         Orchestra
    • Excerpts from Black, Brown and Beige
         Orchestra
    • Rugged Romeo
         Taft Jordan, Trumpet
    • Sono
         Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
         Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet
    • Circe
         Lawrence Brown, Trombone
    • Excerpts from Perfume Suite
         Orchestra
    • Intermission
    • Take The "A" Train
         Duke Ellington, Piano
    • A Tonal Group
      • a. Fugue
      • b. Rhapsoditti
      • c. Concerto for Jazz Band
         Featuring Lawrence Brown, Trombone; Taft Jordan, Trumpet; Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet; Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Magenta Haze
         Johnny Hodges, Alto Sax
    • GROUP
      • a. Diminuendo In Blue
      • b. Transblucency
      • c. Crescendo In Blue
    • Bassist and Me
         Oscar Pettiford, String Bass
         Duke Ellington, Piano
    • Suburbanite
         Al Sears, Tenor Sax
    • Songs featuring Albert Hibbler, Vocalist
    • Riffin' Drill
         Lawrence Brown, Trombone

    The programme concluded with
    • Duke Ellington's Orchestra is under the exclusive management of William Morris Agency, Inc.
    • Program may be changed according to request numbers received.

    The St. Louis Star-Times estimated the crowd at 4,500, but the St. Louis Post-Dispatch suggested 4,000.St. Louis Post-Dispatch 1946-04-08:

    'EXCELLENT CONCERT BY DUKE ELLINGTON
       -----Jazz Connoisseurs and Symphony Lovers in Audience at Auditorium.
       -----Lovers of hot music had theirmoments yesterday, as Duke Ellington's orchestra gave St. Louis its first full-length jazz concert. An audience estimated at nearly 4000 persons, including jazz connoisseurs and appreeiators and symphony lovers bent on findingout what makes jazz tick, filled one third of Kiel Auditorium's spacious Convention Hall. The jazz-for-listening idea proved popular, for each of the program's 22 numbers was well received.
         For those unfamiliar with jazz concerts, the musicians wore tuxedos and a dignified manner. There were printed programs, applause, an intermission, no jitterbugging.
         Ellington, appropriately enough the man mainly responsible for the jazz concert idea, practically duplicated his January concerts at New York's Carnegie Hall andChicago Civic Opera House, where concerts are now annual events. Most of the numbers were written by Ellington and his collaborators especially for the concert stage. Among these were excerpts from "Black, Brown and Beige,: a tonal story of the American Negro, and excerpts from "Perfume Suite.” One of the latter, "Dancers in Love," a piano solo by Ellington, with orchestra members keeping time with their feet, was especially well received.
         Parade of Soloists
         Ellington's soloists, most of them recognized as the best on their particular instruments, paraded up front throughout the program, Among these displays of musicianship were "Sono" by Harry Carney, baritone saxophone; "Air Conditioned Jungle," by Jimmy Hamilton, clarinet; "Circe,” by Lawrence Brown, trombone ; "Rugged Romeo," by Taft Jordan, trumpet; "Pitter Panther Patter,” by Oscar Pettiford, string bass, and “Suburbanite,” by A! Sears, tenor saxophone. Only the experts recognized the fact that Ray Nance,trumpet star just returned to the Ellington band, and not the programmed William Anderson, turned in the neat notes on In a Mellow Tone.”
         Best moods of the afternoon were captured by Johnny Hodges, alto saxophonist, who slurred just enough and bent notes engagingly on "Magenta Haze," and by Kay Davis, whose clear soprano was used instrumentally in a quartet including two trombones and a clarinet on "Transbluency [sic]." The audience squealed its pleasure on the high notes that trumpeter William “Cat" Anderson applied to various numbers; especially "Blue Skies," the dynamic climax.
         Blind Singer
         If there had been an applausemeter prize, it would have gone to Al Hibbler, the blind singer, whose work on such things as "Summertime" and “I'm Just a Lucky So and-So" brought forth cries of ”bravo!: and "more!"
         The concert, as a whole, was excellent, not only because it was the first of its kind here, but because Ellington and his men tried hard to please, and succeeded.
         There was a nice balance between the serious business and cutting up. Drummer "Sonny" Greer, musically associated with Ellington since 1919, was ever present with his great rhythms. The band, after a tiring morning trip by train from Fort Wayne, Ind., displayed fine precision and power, especially on such numbers as "Crescendo in Blue” and "Diminuendo in Blue."
         Those who expected to hear such Ellington hits as “Solitude" and "Mood Indigo” had to settle for such well-known pieces as "Frankie and Johnny” and "Blue Skies."
                     '

    • St. Louis Post-Dispatch, St. Louis, Mo.
      • 1946-03-12 p.12C
      • 1946-03-16
        Everyday Magazine, p.2B
      • 1946-03-28 p.4D
      • 1946-04-01 p.8A
      • 1946-04-03 p.5C
      • 1946-04-04
        Everyday Magazine, p.4D
      • 1946-04-05 p.10C
      • 1946-04-06
        Everyday Magazine, p.2B
      • 1946-04-07 p.6-I
      • 1946-04-08 p.3B
    • St. Louis Star-Times, St. Louis, Mo.
      • 1946-03-15 p.16
      • 1946-03-19 p.8
      • 1946-03-27 p.14
      • 1946-03-29 p.22
      • 1946-04-02 p.8
      • 1946-04-03 p.13
      • 1946-04-04 p.12
      • 1946-04-05 p.22
      • 1946-04-06 p.5
      • 1946-04-08 p.8
    • Stratemann p.266 citing The Billboard 1946-04-13 p.42
    • Vail I
    • Programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 27 Kiel Auditorium, St. Louis, Missouri, April 7, 1946
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    1946 04 08
    Monday
    .St. Louis, Mo.Kiel Auditoriumactivities not documented


    Palmquist note:

    Stratemann, citing The Billboard, says the band played in St. Louis Sunday and Monday, but the cited The Billboard page only mentions the Sunday concert.
    While I have found extensive support for the April 7 afternoon concert, I found no indication of a performance of any type in St. Louis on Monday. Perhaps something will turn up in a newspaper archive I am unable to access.

    • Newspaperarchives.com
    • Newspapers.com
    • Genealogybank.com
    • The Billboard
    • Variety
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    1946 04 091946 04 16Texas.

    Overview:
    Samuel Huston College 1946 Artist Series


    • Pittsburgh Courier 1946-03-02 p.14 carried an ad announcing the Samuel Huston College 1946 Artist Series, saying Ellington and his orchestra were to perform in Austin, Waco, Houston, San Antonio, Fort Worth and Dallas, with specific dates to be announced later.
    • The Baltimore Afro-American 1946-04-02 p.9 and The Afro-American, 1946-04-06 p.8:
      'No Jim Crow in Texas at Duke's College Concerts
        AUSTIN, Texas— Samuel Houston [sic] College has booked Duke Ellington and his orchestra play a series of eight concert dates at various Texas colleges designed to promote tolerance.
        One of the specification [sic] of the deal, by which Samuel Houston will co-sponsor dates at Rice Institute, University of Texas and other white colleges, is that audiences must not be segregated.
        Houston is the buyer of the band for each date, guaranteeing the band's usual minimum price against percentages, in each concert at another school, however, the latter is co-promoted with Houston.
        Initial concert will be held at Dallas, Tuesday, April 9, continuing through the 16th at Beaumont. The admission charge has been set at $3.00 per person, plus tax.'
    • A similar announcement appeared in Variety 1946-03-27 p.53, headed "Ellington's 8 Texas Concerts Designed to Further Tolerance."
    • This "non-segregation" was implemented in the April 13 Gregory Gym concert by a special section of seats reserved for colored listeners.

    • Stratemann and Vail I list, without naming sources:
      • April 9 Rice University, Houston, Texas
      • April 10 Baylor University, Waco, Texas
      • April 11 A & M University,Prairie View, Texas
      • April 12 Breckinridge Park, San Antonio, Texas
      • April 13 Ft. Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas
    • The finding aid for Box 10 of the Smithsonian Institution's Ellington collection Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, lists
      • Folder 28: Samuel Huston College, Austin, Texas, April 9, 1946
      • Folder 29 Waco Hall, Waco, Texas, April 10, 1946
      • Folder 30 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Galveston, Texas, April 11, 1946
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    1946 04 09
    Tuesday
    .Dallas, TexasFair Park Auditorium8:30 p.m. concert "under the auspices of Samuel Huston College."

    Titles listed in the programme:
    • National Anthem
    • Caravan
    • In A Mellow Tone, William Anderson, Trumpet
    • Solid Old Man
    • Excerpts From Black, Brown And Beige
    • Rugged Romeo, Taft Jordan, Trumpet
    • Sono, Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Air Conditioned Jungle, Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet
    • Circe, Lawrence Brown, Trombone
    • Excerpts from Perfume Suite
    • Intermission
    • Take the "A" Train, Duke Ellington, Piano
    • A Tonal Group
      • a.Fugue
      • b.Rhapsodittii
      • c.Concerto for Jam Band
      featuring Lawrence Brown, Trombone; Taft Jordan, Trumpet; Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet; Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Magenta Haze, Johnny Hodges, Alto Sax
    • Group
      • a.Diminuendo in Blue
      • b.Transblucency
      • c.Crescendo In Blue
      • c.Crescendo In Blue
    • Bassist And Me, Oscar Pettiford, String Bass, Duke Ellington, Piano
    • Suburbanite, Al Sears, Tenor Sax
    • Songs Featuring Albert Hibbler, Vocalist
    • Riffin' Drill, Lawrence Brown, Trombone

    The programme concluded with
    • Duke Ellington's Orchestra is under the exclusive management of the William Morris Agency,Inc.
    • Program may be changed according to request numbers received.


    The Dallas Morning News:

    'Top Hat Jazz In Concert By Ellington
               By Fairfax Nisbet.
         Jazz came to Fair Park Auditorium Tuesday via Duke Ellington and his orchestra. It was jive in a top hat, tailored to the concert hall by one at today's master composers in this medium. The musical forms for the classisists, the fugue, rhapsody, tone poem, concerto and suite were all there, but in the coinage of the hepcat Ellington translated into "Fugueditti [sic], “Rhapsoditti,” "Concerto for Jam Band" and so on down the line.
         Ellington, the pianist, programs his concerts not a showcase for his own talents, but spotlights his instrumentalists and his music, giving the men a plug by name and reputation. The majority are award winners in the Esquire Jazz Poll.
         Excerpts from his tone poem, “Black, Brawn and Beige," show the progress of Negro music opening first with the influence of the old spirituals, gradually moving into the work songs of the race and then to the blues, with the deep primitive note underlying the whole. His girl singer, Kay Davis, featured in the blues section and also in a group that includes "Transbluconey" [sic] where her voice is used as an instrument.
         In his excerpts from his "Perfume" Suite the show-stopper was Bill Williams, [sic] whose high trumpet hits away above top, then the performer reaches up and clips the note off short. It's a very neat trick.
          One of his oldies, "Caravan," opened the pragram, but for the most part the numbers were culled from his more recent compositions. Two prime favorites that were sadly lacking were "Mood Indigo" and "Sophisticated Lady." His theme song, "Take the A Train," written by Billy Strayhorn, who collaborates wllh Duke, got big hand, and a new number, "Magenta Haze," which has a haunting nostalgic melody, beautifully soloed by Johnny Hodges, one of the great alto sax men of the day, got a terrific hand.
          One of the best performers in the group is Albert Hibbler, who has a magnificent voice. He sang one of the few non-Ellington numbers, George Gershwin's “Summertime," with feeling and depth, and "I Guess I'm just a Lucky So-and-So."
         A crowd of about 2,500, with Negroes predominating slightly, attended the concert. The music, which was played against the Dallas Symphony Orchestra's shell, was well received throughout. But when the jive rose above the concert hall phase and the band let go in the real language of the hepcat the crowd gave its most vociferous applause, with even a few whistles from the more uninhibited of the jive-lovers.
         Ellington and his band were presented by the Samuel Huston College Alumni Association and will be heard in other Texas cilies under the same auspices. After the Texas tour is concluded, Duke and his boys will open at the Howard Theater in Washington, D.C.'


    Stratemann and Vail report a scheduled concert at Rice University in Houston this date, but plans seem to have changed. The Dallas Morning News review establishes the concert was in Dallas rather than in Houston and the concert programme explicitly gives the date, time and location.
    • Stratemann p.266
    • Vail I
    • Dallas Morning News, Dallas, Tex.:
      • 1946-03-24 p.2 s.IV
      • Ad, 1946-04-07 p.Two-IV
      • Review, 1946-04-10 p.Thirteen-I
    • Programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 28 Samuel Huston [sic] College, Austin, Texas, April 9, 1946
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    1946 04 10
    Wednesday
    .Waco, TexasWaco Hall
    Baylor University
    Concert, co-sponsored by Samuel Huston College - see 1946 04 09

    The concert was announced in the Lariat.

    Baylor's archived copy of the program lists the titles to be played and the featured soloists:
    • National Anthem
    • Caravan
    • In A Mellow Tone, William Anderson, Trumpet
    • Solid Old Man
    • Excerpts From Black, Brown And Beige
    • Rugged Romeo, Taft Jordan, Trumpet
    • Sono, Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Air Conditioned Jungle, Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet
    • Circe, Lawrence Brown, Trombone
    • Excerpts from Perfume Suite
    • Intermission
    • Take the "A" Train, Duke Ellington, Piano
    • A Tonal Group
      • a.Fugue
      • b.Rhapsodittii
      • c.Concerto for Jam Band
      featuring Lawrence Brown, Trombone; Taft Jordan, Trumpet; Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet; Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Magenta Haze, Johnny Hodges, Alto Sax
    • Group
      • a.Diminuendo in Blue
      • b.Transblucency
      • c.Crescendo In Blue
    • Bassist And Me, Oscar Pettiford, String Bass, Duke Ellington, Piano
    • Suburbanite, Al Sears, Tenor Sax
    • Songs Featuring Albert Hibbler, Vocalist
    • Riffin' Drill, Lawrence Brown, Trombone

    The programme concluded with
    • Duke Ellington's Orchestra is under the exclusive management of the William Morris Agency,Inc.
    • Program may be changed according to request numbers received.
    • Stratemann p.266
    • Vail I
    • The Baylor Lariat, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, 1946-04-09 p.1, courtesy of A. Keys Norman, MA, MSIS, CA, Archivist, The Texas Collection, Baylor University
    • Concert programme, courtesy Ms Keys Norman
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 29 Waco Hall, Waco, Texas, April 10, 1946
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    1946 04 11
    Thursday
    8:15 pm
    .Galveston, TexasCity AuditoriumConcert sponsored by Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Beta Phi Omega Chapter: Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra in a Jazz Concert ...
    SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: box 10, folder 30 has a one-page looseleaf programme and a sixteen-page programme with many advertisements and an opening message from Geo. W. Fraser, Mayor of Galveston. This was a big event for the sorority.
    The looseleaf programme shows:
    • NATIONAL ANTHEM
    • CARAVAN
      Orchestra
    • IN A MELLOW TONE
      William Anderson, Trumpet
    • SOLID OLD MAN
    • EXCERPTS FROM BLACK, BROWN AND BEIGE
      Orchestra
    • RUGGED ROMEO
      Taft Jordan, Trumpet
    • SONG
      Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • AIR CONDTIONED JUNGLE
      Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet
    • CIRCE
      Lawrence Brown, Trombone
    • EXCERPTS FROM PERFUME SUITE
      Orchestra
    • INTERMISSION
    • TAKE THE A TRAIN
      Duke Ellington, Piano
    • A TONAL GROUP
      • FUGUE
      • RHAPSODITTII
      • CONCERTO FOR JAM BAND
        Featuring Lawrence Brown, trombone, Taft Jordan, trumpet, Jimmy Hamilton, clarinet; Harry Carney, baritone sax
    • MAGENTA HAZE
      Johnny Hodges, Alto Sax
    • GROUP
      • DIMINUENDO IN BLUE
      • TRANSBLUCENCY
      • CRESCENDO IN BLUE
    • BASSIST AND ME
      Oscar Pettiford, String Bass
      Duke Ellington, Piano
    • SUBARBANITE [SIC]
      Al Sears, Tenor Sax
    • SONGS FEATURING ALBERT HIBBLER, Vocalist
    • RIFFIN' DRILL
      Lawrence Brown, Trombone

    The program notes Duke Ellington's Orchestra is under the exclusive management of the William Morris Agency, Inc. and says "PROGRAM MAY BE CHANGED ACCORDING TO REQUEST NUMBERS RECEIVED."

    Titles in the sixteen-page program are the same except "Riffin' Drill" is replaced with
    • Hometown
      William Anderson, trumpet, Al Sears, tenor sax

    Stratemann and Vail reported a concert at A & M University Prairie View, about 100 miles to the north, on this date. Instead, a concert sponsored by Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority, was announced in seven editions of the Galveston News, including a same day announcement.

    The Galveston News 1946-03-24:

    'Duke Ellington and his orchestra will be presented in city auditorium April 11 for a concert under the auspices of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority. Proceeds from the concert will be used to send an outstanding Central High School graduate to college...'

    The April 8 announcement used different wording:

    'Proceeds from the concert will go to a scholarship fund for Central High School. '



    The Galveston concert is documented by a 'same day' announcement.

    The Galveston News announcements do not mention Samuel Huston College's 1946 Artist Series and the SHC announcement in the Pittsburgh Courier does not mention Galveston.
    • The Galveston News, Galveston, Tex.:
      • 1946-03-24 p.15
      • 1946-03-31 p.17
      • 1946-04-08 p.2
      • 1946-04-09 p.2
      • 1946-04-10 p.8
      • 1946-04-11 p.5
    • Printed programmes, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 30 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Galveston, Texas, April 11, 1946
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    1946 04 12
    Friday
    8 pm
    .San Antonio, TexasSunken Garden Theater
    Brackenridge Park

    The Sunken Garden is an amphitheatre adjacent to Brackenridge Park
    Samuel Huston College Art Series Presents Duke Ellington and his orchestra. Admission $4.00 $3.00 (or $3.50? double check) $2.40 $1.80

    .
    Announcements and advertisements gave conflicting dates and venue names:
    • San Antonio Register:
      • 1946-03-01 announcements in the Jo's Jottings column and on page 5 discuss the series, both saying it closes April 14 with a Duke Ellington concert.
      • 1946-03-08 advertises the Samuel Huston College Artist Series, showing Ellington and his Orchestra in Concert April 14.
      • 1946-03-15
        • p.4 advertises the Samuel Huston College Artist Series, showing Ellington and his Orchestra in Concert April 14.
        • p.7 Keeping Posted announced Ellington will play a concert locally on April 14 and concludes by saying he will tour several colleges in Texas "next month."
      • 1946-03-22 p.4 advertises the series, showing two dates for three events, with April 12 above "Duke Ellington And His Orchestra in Concert" at the Sunken Garden.
      • 1946-03-29 p.4 advertises the series, showing "Duke Ellington And His Orchestra in Concert" at the Sunken Garden on April 12.
      • 1946-04-05
        • Jo's Jottings announces
          '...The series will come to a climatic close next Friday evening when America's foremost composer of modern music, the great Duke Ellington, will be presented in concert at beautiful Sunken Garden... '
        • page 4 has a large ad for the concert, Friday April 12 at 8 p.m.
        • Page 6 carries an 8 paragraph announcement about this concert, including:
          'Featured vocalist with the Ellington orchestra is Al Hibbler, blind San Antonio boy, former vocalist with Boots and his Buddies, who moved directly from San Antonio to a place in the Ellington aggregation. Hibbler, one of the most popular vocalists to ever appear in San Antonio, has been a sensational success with Ellington, with his singing having literally "stopped the show" again and again.'
          This announcement says the Sunken Garden only seats 3,000, suggesting this would not meet demand.
      • 1946-04-12 p.2 carries a large announcement with a photo of Ellington, as the final attraction of the 1946 Samuel Huston college artists series. It gives the expected programme, and says that in case of rain, two concerts would be held at the Library auditorium, one at 8, one at 10:30.
      • The 1946-04-19 p.5 review by Chuck Moore confirms the 2 1/2 hour concert was Friday evening at the Sunken Garden, with an audience of about 3,000. Ellington received an ovation when he entered; Hibbler received the biggest ovations of the evening (he had been a featured vocalist in local night spots). Titles named: "Black, Brown and Beige," "Rugged Romeo," "Circe," "Air Conditioned Jungle," "Perfume Suite-Dancers in Love, Colorature [sic]," "Frankie and Johnnie," "Tonal Group (Rhapsoditti, Fuguditti and Jamaditti)," "Group (Diminuendo in Blue, Crescendo in Blue and Transblucency)," "Pitter Patter Prattle [sic]," "Suburbanite," "In My Little Brown Book," "Summertime," "I'm Just A Lucky So-an-So [sic]," and "You're My Meat." Musicians named: Hibbler, Jordan, Brown, Hamilton, Carney, Davis, Lucas, Pettiford And Sears.
    • The San Antonio Light:
      • 1946-04-05, page 6-D advertises Samuel Huston College Artist Series presents Duke Ellington And His Orchestra at Sunken Garden Theatre, Brackenridge Park, Friday, April 12, 8:00 PM.
      • 1946-04-07 pp.14-A and 15-A carry an announcement and an ad, repectively, for the April 12 concert.
        "Duke Ellington and his band will be the final of the Samuel Huston College artist series to be presented in San Antonio this spring. The concert is on April 12 at 8 o'clock in the Sunken Garden theater."
      • 1946-04-09 p.8-A advertises the April 12 concert.
      • 1946-04-12 p.12-A advertises the April 12 concert.
    • San Antonio Register, San Antonio, Tex.:
      • 1946-03-01
      • 1946-03-08
      • 1946-03-15 pp.4, 7
      • 1946-03-22 p.4
      • 1946-03-29 p.4
      • 1946-04-05
        • Jo's Jottings column
        • also pp.4,6
      • 1946-04-12 p.2
      • 1946-04-19 p.5
    • The San Antonio Light, San Antonio, Tex.:
      • 1946-04-05, page 6-D
      • 1946-04-07 pp.14-A, 15-A
      • 1946-04-09 p.8-A
      • 1946-04-12 p.12-A
    • Stratemann p.266
    • Vail I
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    1946 04 12
    Friday
    .San Antonio, TexasDon's KeyholeAfter-party.

    C.A.Moore:

    'I was rather amazed, but pleased, at the ease and modesty of the great artists in the orchestra. I chatted briefly with Oscar Pettiford, Johnny Hodges, Sonny Greer, Otto Hardwick and vocalovely Kay Davis during the after-party at Cohen's Keyhole. Arranger Billy "Swee'pea" Strayhorn, urged on by the band, reluctantly played one of Duke's tunes for the customers... '

    C. A. Moore, "Keeping Posted," San Antonio Register, San Antonio, Texas, 1946-04-19 p.7...djpNew
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    1946 04 13
    Saturday
    .San Antonio, TexasSan Pedro PlayhouseABC network broadcast, "Your Saturday Date With the Duke" 3 p.m. Central time (see 1945 04 07).

    Most of the one-hour broadcast was not recorded, perhaps due to poor acoustics. In any event, the known recordings were recorded from a Los Angeles radio station, not from KABC. DEMS says other titles attributed to this broadcast in the Mahus Collection booklet are from other dates.
    Duke Ellington and his orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Flood, Nance, Brown, Nanton, deParis, Jones, Hamilton, Hardwick, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Davis

    Titles broadcast and recorded:
    • Jam-A-Ditty
    • Blue Is The Night
    • Passion Flower

    • Stratemann:

      'It was on this day that Ellington resumed the Treasury broadcast series, out of the studios of KABC, the local ABC affiliate. The resumption was quite unannounced, and only parts of it recorded by ABC (DETS #34). The AFRS as well failed to pick up this program for its "Date With The Duke" transcriptions. In fact it did not start to record Ellington's ABC broadcasts until three programs later, on May 4, 1946. '

    • Stratemann and New Desor locate the broadcast at Fort Sam Houston and Nielsen puts it at KABC's studio, but a local newspaper review by C. A. Moore said it was at the San Pedro Playhouse, with an audience of high school musicians. The fort and the playhouse are both in San Antonio, about 6 miles apart.
    • A nationwide survey of radio logs shows no reaon to assume Ellington broadcast from two locations that day:
      Eastern
      Time Zone
      Central
      Time Zone
      Pacific
      Time Zone
      • Stamford, 4:00 p.m.
      • Rochester, N.Y. 3:30 p.m.
        (90 mins.)
      • Columbia, 4:00 p.m.
      • Tampa Bay, 4:00 p.m.
      • Palm Beach, 4:00 p.m.
      • Washington D.C. 4:15 p.m.
      • Zanesville, 4:30 p.m.
      • Orange, 3:30 p.m.
      • Fort Worth, 3:00 p.m.
      • Amarillo, 3:00
      • Chicago, 3:00 p.m.
      • Shreveport, 3:00 p.m.
      • Lincoln, 3:00 p.m.
      • Omaha, 3:00 p.m.
      • Bakersfield, 1:00 p.m.
      • Los Angeles, 1:00 p.m.

      These logs, including Rochester with 90 contiguous minutes, indicate there was only one broadcast this day.
    • C.A. Moore:

      'Last Saturday at 3:00, I sat in on the Ellington broadcast from the San Pedro playhouse which went out over KABC to stations of the American broadcasting company. The broadcast was open only to members of the local school bands. Unfortunately, because of the acoustics in the playhouse, we were unable to hear Kay Davis' vocals. She sings very softly. The background 88ing while Duke was talking over the mike was Billy Strayhorn who also sat in on one of the numbers with the band while Duke directed. If anyone who attended the broadcast is wondering why Duke placed his fingers to his ears during the warm-up prior to going on the air, it is his method of checking the balance of the band.'

    • C. A. Moore, "Keeping Posted,"
      San Antonio Register, San Antonio, Texas
      1946-04-19 p.7
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
    • Timner V
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
    • Radio logs:
      • Orange Leader, Orange, Texas, 1946-04-12 p.7
      • Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, Cal. 1946-04-13
      • Chicago Daily Tribune, Chicago, Ill. 1946-04-13
      • Washington Post, Washington D.C. 1946-04-13

        and several more
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    1946 04 13
    Saturday
    .Austin, TexasGregory Gym
    University of Texas
    Stratemann and Vail I report a concert from the Sam Huston College series at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio which appears to have been rescheduled, since the Daily Texan announced the band was at Gregory Gym at the University of Texas in Austin that evening:

    The Daily Texan
    • 1946-03-10:
      'Duke Ellington...will bring his orchestra to Austin for an all-University concert April 13, announced Mrs. Loyce Spratt, Texas Union director. Sponsored by the Union's dance committee, Ellington will play in Gregory Gym for a concert only...'
    • 1946-03-14:
      '...will make an appearance at Gregory Gym Saturday night, April 13, at 8:15 o'clock, under the auspices of the Texas Union, the Cultural Entertainment Committee and the Samuel Huston College Austin Series...
        Prices for the Ellington concert will be $1.20, $1.80, $2.40, and $3.00, with a special section of seats reserved for colored listeners. As the program is not purely a University function, and is being partially sponsored by outside organizations, there will be no blanket tax reduction...'
    • 1946-03-31 p.8 advertisement for April 13
    • 1946-04-14 pp.1,3 report by Bob Cole:
      'The Duke: Dancers Stop, Listen As American Jazz Grows Up

        Duke Ellington is a great guy – he shook my hand.
        Playing before an approximated 3,000 Negro and white audience, the impresario of the piano and his eighteen-piece orchestra thrilled a serious-minded, music loving University and Austin public.
        Making excellent artistic use of light, color, and climactic sound and light changes, the technicians enhanced the beauty and rhythmical action with which the Ellington orchestra played...
      ...
        For the second time in two years at the University, Negroes sat on the main floor of the Gregory Gymnasium auditorium. It may be remembered that Marian Anderson, soprano, came to the University last Spring with the stipulation in her contract that seats of equal proximity be provided to members of her race. A similar clause in the contract of Duke Ellington provided that one half of the seats be reserved for Negroes.
        We talked about some of the piano players Duke knew...'
    • The Laredo Times:

      'Antonio Preito, Jr. enjoyed the Duke Ellington four hour concert last Saturday evening. Antonio...lives with two other Laredoans ... in Austin.'

    • Variety 1946-03-27 p.53
    • The Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
      • 1946-04-02 p.9
      • 1946-04-06 p.8
    • Sunday American-Statesman, Austin, Tex.
      • 1946-03-10 p.9
      • 1946-04-07 p.8
    • The Daily Texan, Austin, Tex.:
      • 1946-03-10 p.8
      • 1946-03-14 p.1
      • 1946-03-31 p.8
      • 1946-04-05 p.11
      • 1946-04-07 p.9
      • 1946-04-10 p.3
      • 1946-04-11 p.3
      • 1946-04-12 p.6
      • 1946-04-14 p.1
    • The Austin American, Austin, Tex.
      • 1946-04-06 p.6
      • 1946-04-09 p.8
      • 1946-04-10 p.6
      • 1946-04-11 pp.6, 8
      • 1946-04-12 p.8
      • 1946-04-13 p.12
    • The Laredo Times, Laredo, Tex.
      1946-04-21 p.4
    • Programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 31 Gregory Gymnasium, Austin, Texas, April 13, 1946
    • Stratemann p.266
    • Vail I
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    1946 04 14
    Sunday
    .Houston, Texas.Stratemann reports April 14, Houston, as part of the scheduled Sam Huston College series, with no further details. Vail I just reports a one nighter in this city.

    The San Antonio Register initially carried announcements and ads for an April 14 Ellington at the Library Auditorium, but later ads and the review placed that on April 12 at the Sunken Garden.
    • San Antonio Register, San Antonio, Tex.
      • 1946-03-01 (supplement page)
      • 1946-03-08 p.4
      • 1946-03-15 pp.4, 7
    • The Thresher, Rice Institute, Houston, Tex.
      1946-04-18 p.2
    .
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    1946 04 15
    Monday
    .Fort Worth, TexasWill Rogers Memorial AuditoriumSegregated Sam Huston College Artist Series concert, 8:15 p.m.
    Special section reserved for whites
    Reserved seat tickets: $2.50, $2.20 and $2.00
    Stratemann, ads and publicity say the concert was to be in the Will Rogers Auditorium, but the programme cover says Will Rogers Coliseum. Both buildings were on the site of what is now Will Rogers Memorial Center.
    Titles listed in the programme:
    • National Anthem
    • Caravan
           Orchestra
    • In A Mellow Tone
           Taft Jordan, Trumpet
    • Solid, Old Man
           Orchestra
    • Excerpts From Black, Brown And Beige
           Orchestra
    • Rugged Romeo
           Orchestra
    • Sono
           Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
           Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet
    • Circe
           Lawrence Brown, Trombone
    • Excerpts from Perfume Suite
           Orchestra
    • Intermission
    • Take the "A" Train
           Duke Ellington, Piano
    • A Tonal Group
      • A.Fugue
      • B.Rhapsodittii
      • C.Concerto for Jam Band
           featuring Lawrence Brown, Trombone; Taft Jordan, Trumpet; Jimmie Hamilton, Clarinet; Harry Carney, Baritone Sax
    • Magenta Haze
           Johnny Hodges, Alto Sax
    • Group
      • A.Diminuendo in Blue
      • B.Transblucency
      • C.Crescendo In Blue
      • c.Crescendo In Blue
    • Bassist And Me
           Oscar Pettiford, String Bass
           Duke Ellington, Piano
    • Hometown
           William Anderson, Trumpet
           Al Sears, Tenor Sax
    • Suburbanite
           Al Sears, Tenor Sax
    • Songs Featuring Albert Hibbler, Vocalist
    • Riffin' Drill

    E. Clyde Whitlock, Fort Worth Star-Telegram:

    'Duke Ellington Pleases With Distinctive Program
         Duke Ellington and his orchestra came to town and toward the end of the evening the orchestra and the audience merged into one huge jam session. The affair was staged m W jIJ Rogers Memorial Auditorium...for the beneift of Samuel Huston College of Austin, a Negro institution... an almost capacity audience, at least a fourth of whom were whites, crowded into the hall.
         This department would be rash indeed to claim to be hep to all the doings of the evening. Most of the tunes we never had heard but perhaps for that reason it is possible to take a larger over-all view.
         ...The band is primarily brass, with five trumpets and four trombones, five saxophones, a half-time clarinet, two string basses, guitar and a busy percussion. Ellington himself, besides acting as an affable emcee, sits for half-time at the piano on which he has impressive technical facility. He does not begrudge the spotlight to a dozen assorted soloists, among whom were William Anderson, who exploits a freak C in alt. on the trumpet, sultry voiced contralto Kay Davis and Albert Hibler, [sic] popular baritone.
         From a program of generous length, made up we suppose of the best-known Ellington tunes, we may mention a few in naive innocence of what may be the most popular. From "Black, Brown and Beige" ...two arresting excerpts were “Spiritual" and “Blues/" "Sono" and "Circe" were melodically appealing in the "straight" style. Ellington at his most advanced (we would say scholarly) was a tonal group made up of "Rhapsoditti," "Fugueditti" [sic] and Jamditti," [sic] the last a jam holiday on the theme of the fuge. "Magenta Haze" returns to the seductive atmospheric harmonic mist we knew in "Mood Indigo." The style is Ellington's most distinctive contribuiton and we could have used more of it.'

    • Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Fort Worth, Tex.
      • 1946-04-09 pp.8, 9
      • 1946-04-10 p.5
      • 1946-04-11 p.9
      • 1946-04-12 p.5
      • 1946-04-14 s.2 p.10
      • 1946-04-15 p.12
      • 1946-04-16 p.4
    • Email 2016-01-25 to Palmquist from J. Runnels, Ph.D., Assistant Music Librarian, Bowld Music Library, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary
    • Programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 32 Will Rogers Colliseum, Fort Worth, Texas, April 15, 1946
    Ad and Programme
    Ad and programme cover
    Click to Enlarge
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    1946 04 16
    Tuesday
    .Beaumont, TexasAuditorium or City AuditoriumStratemann reports a scheduled concert in the Samuel Huston College series here. At the time of writing, it has not been confirmed, but is consistent with Variety, 1946-03-27 p.53 which said the series would end here on April 16.

    The only university in Beaumont in 1946 appears to have been Lamar College. (email enquiry 2016-01-22 outstanding)
    Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 33 City Auditorium, Beaumont, Texas, April 16, 1946...djpAdded
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    1946 04 17
    Wednesday
    .New Orleans, La.Xavier University.
    .....Added
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    1946 04 18
    Thursday
    .New Orleans, La...
    .....Added
    2011
    Circa
    1946 04 19
    Friday
    Circa
    1946 04 25
    Washington, D.C..The Negro Star:

    'SPEAKS AT SOUTHERN U. -
    DUKE ELLINGTON NDORSES [sic]
        LOCAL NAACP DRIVE
     Washington, D.C.–Washington-born Duke Ellington, national [sic] known orchestra leader and composer, recently said it with dollars as he gave his endorsement to the Washington Branch, NAACP's membership Campaign [sic] for 15,000 members. Said the Duke as he presented a check for $100 to Branch President George E. C. Hayes, "I have a life membership with the National NAACP Office, but since I am a native Washingtonian, I wish to take out a membership with my local branch during its campalign.[sic]"
      In addition to his other contributions, 'the Duke,' who will appear at Washington's Watergate on June 16th, playing a program of concert music, has been responsible for raising $8,600 for the NAACP.'

    Webmaster note: I have tentatively dated this event during Ellington's last trip to Washington before the article ran. It might have been earlier. Also the headline reference to Southern University is unexplained.

    The same story ran in The Southern News, headlined DUKE ELLINGTON ENDORSES NAACP FUN DRIVE.
    • The Negro Star, Wichita, Kans.
      1946-05-24 p.1
    • The Southern News, Asheville, N.C.
      1946-05-25 p.6
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    1946 04 19
    Friday
    1946 04 25Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Vaudeville
    Duke Ellington and his famous orchestra
    The ad reproduced in Vail names Hodges, Carney, Pettiford, Brown, Hibbler, Davis and Sherrill plus Patterson & Jackson and Jesse & James. The film was The Spider
    Palmquist note:
    'If I have correctly identified them in the Gottlieb photo to the right, the band members during this week were
    • Ellington
    • Pettiford
    • Nanton
    • Myers
    • de Paris
    • Nance
    • Hodges
    • Jones
    • Sears
    • Brown
    • Hamilton
    • Hardwick
    • Guy
    • Jordan
    • Carney
    • Greer
    • Cat Anderson
    • Hemphill
    • Williams.
    • Missing from the photo are Reunald Jones and singers Davis, Hibbler and Sherrill (the latter is thought to have left the band the previous month).'
    Vail I with unidentifed ad
    Duke Ellington and his orchestra, Howard Theatre, April 1946
    Duke Ellington
    and His Orchestra
    Howard Theatre, April 1946

    Click to Enlarge
    .
    ..WEBphotodjpAdded
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    Week of
    1946 04 19-25
    ...Personnel change
    Reed player and Ellington's childhood friend Otto "Toby" Hardwick left the band during the Howard Theatre engagement.
    • Nicholson:

      '...in April 1946, in a dispute with Ellington reportedly over a woman, veteran alto saxophonist Toby Hardwick walked off the stage during a peformance at the Howard Theatre, in Washington, D.C., leaving the orchestra and subsequently the music business.'

    • Timner IV shows him in the June 8 1946 session, but Timner V identifies Russell Procope instead.
    • Procope:

      'Hardwick had walked off the stage at the Howard Theater in Washington. Nobody knew if he was coming back. He never did.'

    • Despite Procope's statement, Hardwick is listed in concert programmes in October 1946 and March 1947. Neither programme names Procope, leading to the conclusion the two programmes were based on outdated personnel lists.
    • New Desor p. 1467
    • Timner IV, Attendance Chart, p.576
    • Concert programmes, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10:
      • Folder 37 Music Hall, Cleveland, Ohio, 1946
      • Folder 39 Harrison Auditorium, A and T College, Greensboro, North Carolina, March 15, 1947
    • Michael P. Zirpolo, "In Duke's Head" IAJRC Journal Article, p.5
    • Nicholson, pp.278-279
    • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2019-08-01
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    1946 04 20
    Saturday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Vaudeville - see 1946 04 19

    Ellington's ABC network broadcast, at 4 p.m. EST: Your Saturday Date With the Duke - see 1945 04 07 appears to have aired from the theatre.
    While the discographies name only one bassist during the Saturday broadcast, the photo at 1946 04 19 above, taken sometime this week, shows two - Pettiford and probably Wilson Myers.
    Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
    Personnel: Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Reunald Jones, Nance, Brown, Nanton, Wilbur de Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, possibly Myers, Greer, Hibbler, K.Davis.

    Titles recorded:
    • Take The “A” Train (theme)
    • Mood To Be Wooed
    • Caravan
    • Duke Ellington Bond promotional message
    • Don't Take Your Love From Me
    • Take The “A” Train (theme)
    • The Blues
    • Bond promo
    • Sono
    • One O'Clock Jump
    • I'm Just A Lucky So And So
    • Bond promo
    • Riff Staccato
    • Just A-Sittin' And A-Rockin'
    .New Desor
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    1946 04 20
    Saturday
    .Washington, D.C..Ellington was scheduled to appear on NBC's network "Tin Pan Alley" radio show airing at 5:45 p.m. EST.
    • "In Chicago", Variety :

      'Duke Ellington airing from Chi Saturday (20) on NBC's "Tin Pan Alley" show...'

    • "Radio Ramblings," Chester (Pa.) Times:

      'Duke Ellington will be the guest of crooner Jack Owens, on "Tin Pan Alley," at 5:45 over KYW. Narrator John Nesbitt will tell the story behind one of the Duke's hit tunes.'

    • "Airglances," Des Moines Register:

      'Duke Ellington, orchestra leader and composer of such hits as "Sophisicated Lady" and "Caravan" will be heard from Washington, D.C. as guest of Crooner Jack Owens on Tin Pan Alley, 4:45 p.m. WHO. Owens is also the male singing star on Breakfast Club...'

    • Richmond Times-Dispatch:

      'Duke Ellington, orchestra leader and composer, will be heard as guest of crooner Jack Owens on the NBC-WMBG Tin Pan Alley at 5:45 P.M. Owen [sic] will sing "Sittin' And A-Rockin'," and will join with the Vagabonds in a medley of "I'm Just A Lucky So and So," Ellington's latest tune; "Don't Get Around Much Any More," and "Solitude." Jack will close with "Mood Indigo." Accompaniment will be by Jimmy Blade and his band.'

    • "The Radio Corner," St. Louis Star-Times:

      'Duke Ellington, band leader, will make a personal appearance on "Tin Pan Alley of the Air" at 10 o'clock from KSD. '

    • Variety 1946-04-17 p.40
    • Chester (Pa.) Times, Chester, Penn.
      1946-04-20 p.13
    • Des Moines Register, Des Moines, Iowa
      1946-04-20 p.5
    • Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Va.
      1946-04-20 p.17
    • St. Louis Star-Times, St. Louis, Mo.
      1946-04-20 p.12
    • The Bergen Evening Record, Hackensack, N.J.
      1946-04-20 p.17
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    1946 04 20
    Saturday
    .Washington, D.C.WWDC Studio
    Ellington, et al, in Conover's studio
    Willis Conover with Ellington et al
    Click to Enlarge
    • In "Willis Conover's Washington," Maristella Feustle reports WWDC radio personality Conover interviewed Duke Ellington and "members of his entourage."
    • In the last of 12 quarter-hour audio tracks of the broadcast held by The University of North Texas Digital Library, Willis Conover (standing) credits Frank Turner as the photographer and names those present as Ellington, Strayhorn, Jerry Rhea, Rhea's wife and sister, Oscar Pettiford, and Emerson Parker. The third lady is not named. Two partly visible clocks in the adjoining studios show the time as 11:20 and 12:20, suggesting the photo was taken after midnight EDT, with the second clock showing another time zone.
    • The SI-NMAH AC 415 (Ruth Ellington Collection) description names Marian Anderson as one of the people present. The SI-NMAH description is:

      'Ruth Ellington Collection #415, Subseries 11.1.5: Interviews, 1946-1966 Box 23, Folder 104.1 Duke Ellington Cavalcade, WWDC, Parts 9 and 11, 1946 April 20 1 sound discs (lacquer)
        In progress conversation of Willis Conover and Duke Ellington, with occasional commentary by Billy Strayhorn, Emerson Parker, Jerry Rhea, and Oscar Pettiford, during radio broadcast from Washington, D.C. hosted by Willis Conover...

    • The recorded interview appears to have aired as part of the 11 p.m. WWDC program listed in the Washington Post radio log as Conover Dance Party.
    • In Conover's Saturday Night Dance Party broadcast April 21 [sic], titled Duke Ellington Cavalcade in the University of North Texas archive, Conover describes Parker as having the largest collection of Ellington records in Washington and possibly the country.
    • DEIP describes Rhea as one of Ellington's cronies from the early days, and someone who more or less adopted Mercer. At page 118 of DC Jazz: Stories of Jazz Music in Washington, DC, edited by Maurice Jackson and Blair A. Ruble, he is said to be Ellington's road manager in 1950, but that conflicts with Al Celley's tenure.

    The Duke Ellington Cavalcade on station WWDC, April 20, 1946:
    This set of 12 sides covers 3 hours from 11:00 pm on April 20 until 2:00 am the following morning... of interest in the earlier sections is an extensive discussion with Emerson Parker (who broadcast at station WQQW), who had supplied a number of rare alternate takes for Conover to broadcast on this program. Even and odd sides are together due to the tandem recording off the radio (for example, needing a second disc to start up side 2 as side 1 ran out)...'

    • After opening Part 1 with some Artie Shaw, Conover talks about the rarity of some of the records on the show, and plays "Animal Crackers," "Bugle Call Rag," Freeze and Melt," and "Black and Tan Fantasy."
    • Conover introduces Ellington collector/expert Parker, and WQQW broadcaster in Part 2,, "Take It Easy," "Mood Indigo," "Sweet Mama," and "Hot and Bothered" are heard.
    • In Part 3, Conover and Parker introduce "Black Beauty" and "I've Got the World on a String."
    • Part 4 includes "I've Got to Be a Rug Cutter," "Ebony Rhapsody," and "Stompy Jones," and the beginning of an introduction of "In the Shade of the Old Apple Tree."
    • Part 5 has "In the Shade of the Old Apple Tree", "Solitude," "Clarinet Lament," and "Ring Dem Bells," then "Hodge Podge" is introduced.
    • Part 6 has "Hodge Podge," "Braggin' in Brass," "Boy Meets Horn," "Mobile Bay, and "Night Song."
    • Part 7, opens with a time check (12:30) and station identification. Conover says Jerry Rhea will join soon. "Tootin' Through the Roof," "Pitter Panther Patter," and "Warm Valley" are played and "Do Nothing 'Til You Hear from Me" is introduced.
    • Part 8 plays "Do Nothing 'Til You Hear from Me," "Cottontail," "Take the A-Train," and "Just A-Sittin' and A-Rockin'."
    • In Part 9, Conover introduces Ellington and Strayhorn to Parker, and begins the interview, touching on personnel, travel plans, and early recordings.
    • The interview continues in Part 10, up to the introduction of Black, Brown & Beige.
    • Parts of Black Brown & Beige are played in in Part 11 before the interview resumes.
    • In Part 12, the interview touches on Mercer Ellington and Conover speaks of broadcasting while he was in hospital, and Rhea speaks. Conover credits photograher Frank Turner and names those present (Ellington, Strayhorn, Rhea with wife and sister, Pettiford, and Parker. The recording closes with "Ring Dem Bells."
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    1946 04 21
    Sunday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Vaudeville - see 1946 04 19
    .....Added
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    1946 04 22
    Monday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Vaudeville - see 1946 04 19
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 04 23
    Tuesday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Vaudeville - see 1946 04 19
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 04 24
    Wednesday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Vaudeville - see 1946 04 19
    .....Added
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    1946 04 25
    Thursday
    .Washington, D.C. Play Center for Colored Children
    2134 Ninth street N.W..
    The Evening Star, Apr.24:

    'Youngsters of the Junior Police and Citizens' Corps will open their new play center for colored children at 2134 Ninth street N.W. with a special program at 2:30 p.m. tomorrow.
         Bandleader Duke Ellington will be on hand for the opening ...'

    (The time might be 3:30 - the clipping was scanned at low resolution and it is hard to tell if the first digit is 2 or 3).
    The Evening Star, Washington, D.C.
    1946-04-24 s.B p.1
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    1946 04 25
    Thursday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Vaudeville - see 1946 04 19
    .....Added
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    1946 04 26
    Friday
    ...Personnel change
    Reed player Russell Procope joins the band and will stay, except for a brief period in 1971, until the end. He previously played two numbers with the band, in Your Saturday Date With the Duke, 1945 10 20.

    Procope, as quoted in the IAJRC Journal:

    'Duke started trying me out in the fall of 1945, right after I got out of the service. Toby Hardwick would not show up from time to time. For me, it was like being a baseball player getting a tryout with the Yankees. In my eyes, Duke Ellington was the very top of the world of music. I felt that way then, and still feel that way. But, I didn't get hired right away. In April of 1946, I finally got the call. I was told to meet the band on its way from Washington, D.C. to Springfield, Massachusetts. Hardwick had walked off the stage at the Howard Theater in Washington. Nobody knew if he was coming back. He never did.
      My job was to play first alto. Duke had a good clarinet soloist in Jimmy Hamilton, and of course a great alto soloist win Johnny Hodges. But gradually, Duke started giving me solos on clarinet because my sound on clarinet was so different from Jimmy's. And my whole approach to the clarinet was different from his. He was a great technician who had a sound almost like a symphony man. My playing was more gutbucket. I never did play many alto solos because Johnny took care of that, and when he wasn't there for a while, there was Willie Smith and Hilton Jefferson, both of whom were excellent soloists.'

    • New Desor vol.2
    • Michael P. Zirpolo, "In Duke's Head" IAJRC Journal Article, p.5
    • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2019-08-01
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    1946 04 26
    Friday
    .Springfield, Mass.Municipal Auditorium
    aka
    Springfield Auditorium
    Dance, 8:30 p.m. to 12:30 a.m.
    Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
    $1.50 plus tax
    The Springfield Union and Republican,
    The Springfield Sunday Union and Republican
    and The Springfield Daily Republican, Springfield, Mass.
    • 1946-04-14 p.7C
    • 1946-04-21 p.2 (Roto section)
    • 1946-04-24 p.5
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    1946 04 27
    Saturday
    .Worcester, Mass.
    (about 50 miles west of Boston)
    Municipal AuditoriumABC network broadcast, 4 p.m. EST: Your Saturday Date With the Duke - see 1945 04 07
    Timner and Nielsen say there was no audience.
    Duke Ellington and his orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, F.Williams, R. Jones, Nance, Brown, Nanton, de Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, Davis
    Titles aired and recorded:
    • Take The “A” Train (theme)
    • Stompy Jones
    • Moon Mist
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Just A-Sittin' And A-Rockin'
    • I Can't Believe That You're in Love With Me
    • Sophisticated Lady
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Jennie
    • I'm Just A Lucky So And So
    • Come Sunday
    • Light
    • We'll Be Together Again
    • Hollywood Hangover
    • Just Squeeze Me
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Perdido
    Stratemann:

    'April 27 Municipal Auditorium, Worcester, Mass. (DETS # 35)'

    Vail I, after describing the broadcast, says:

    'Duke Ellington and his Orchestra play a one-nighter at the Armory in Worcester, Mass.'

    Ken Vail may have just assumed there was an evening performance, but without knowing his sources and in view of the lack of ads or publicity in contemporary newspapers in the newspapers.com, newspaperarchive.com and genealogybank.com archives, it seems unlikely.
    • The Bergen Evening Record, Hackensack, N.J.
      1946-04-27 p.17
    • Girvan & Dyson:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner V
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
    New Desor
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    1946 04 27
    Saturday
    .Worcester, Mass.Municipal AuditoriumThe Daily Bulletin:

    'DUKE ELLINGTON MAKES SPECIAL BROADCAST
    NEW YORK, April 27–(ANP)–A special half-hour concert was given by Duke Ellington over the National Broadcasting company's network April 27 for the United Negro College Fund, emanating from the Municipal auditorium at Forcester [sic], Mass. at 6 to 6:30 Eastern Standard Time.'

    • The Daily Bulletin Combined With The Ohio Express, Dayton Ohio
      1946-04-27 p.1
    • The Bergen Evening Record, Hackensack, N.J.
      1946-04-27 p.17
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    1946 04 27
    Saturday
    .Marlborough, Mass.Lyonhurst BallroomUnconfirmed

    After the broadcasts, the Ellington orchestra may have played at the Lyonhurst Ballroom in nearby Marlborough.

    Concord Enterprise:

    'All in all, the Ray McKinley dance .next Wednesday will attract the largest dance reunion of veterans yet held in this section of Massachusetts. Frank Duffy, the producer staging the reunion dance, is preparing to accommodate more than 3,000 persons - more than the huge crowd which applauded Duke Ellington at Lyonhurst last Saturday evening.'

    Further research is required (query written to The Marlborough Historical Society 2022-02-24).
    Concord Enterprise, Concord, Mass.
    1956-05-02 p.4
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    1946 04 28
    Sunday
    .New Haven, Conn.Armory
    New Haven Arena
    Duke Ellington and is Famous Orchestra Plus Mammoth Stage Show
    3 p.m. and 8:30 p.m.
    • Meriden Daily Journal, Meriden, Conn.
      1946-04-23 p.10
    • Meriden (Conn.) Record, Meriden, Conn.
      1946-04-24 p.7
    • The Waterbury Democrat, Waterbury, Conn.
      1946-04-25 p.15
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    1946 04 29
    Monday
    Ellington's birthday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.Town Hall.
    .....Added
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    1946 04 30
    Tuesday
    8 pm
    .Troy, N.Y.State ArmoryConcert at 8 pm, followed by a dance from 9 to 1
    Tickets $1.50 tax included in advance, or plus tax at the gate.
    • The Times Record, Troy, N.Y.
      • 1946-04-15, p.15
      • 1946-04-27 p.12
      • 1946-04-29 pp.15, 18
    • The Troy Record, Troy, N.Y.
      • 1946-04-27 pp.8, 12
      • 1946-04-29 p.6
      • 1946-04-30 9p.3, 17
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    May 1946

    1946 05 01
    Wednesday
    .Claremont, N.H.RoselandDuke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra.
    • Rutland Daily Herald, Rutland, Vt.
      1946-04-27 p.10
    • The Barre Daily Times, Barre, Vt.
      1946-04-27 p.6
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    1946 05 02
    Thursday
    .Cranston, R.I.Rhodes-On-The-Pawtuxet.
    .....Added
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    1946 05 03
    Friday
    .Manchester, N.H..A Facebook "Duke Ellington Society" message listing Ellington search results from The Lowell Sun microfilm archives says this was Bedford Grove, which is a ballroom in Manchester. The Lowell Sun clipping cannot be located in online archives so the location needs to be documented. ....djpAdded
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    1946 05 04
    Saturday
    .Hanover, N.H.Webster Hall
    Dartmouth College
    ABC network broadcast, 4 p.m. EDT: Your Saturday Date With the Duke - see 1945 04 07
    Timner notes no audience was present.

    Stratemann:

    'This was the first broadcast in the Treasury series to be picked up by the AFRS since the series had been discontinued in November of 1945.'

    Duke Ellington and his orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, R.Jones, Nance, Brown, Nanton, Wilbur de Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, K.Davis
    Titles recorded
    • Take The “A” Train (theme)
    • Just A-Sittin' And A-Rockin'
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • 9:20 Special
    • I Can't Get Started
    • Flamingo
    • Fancy Dan
    • Diminuendo In Blue - Transblucency - Crescendo In Blue
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Someone
    • Three Cent Stomp
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • I'm Just A Lucky So And So
    • Girvan & Dyson:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner V
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
    New Desor
    DE4613
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    1946 05 04
    Saturday
    .Hanover, N.H.Dartmouth CollegeGreen Key Prom
    • Several small-town paper society news reports named locals who would attend or had attended Dartmouth's 1946 Green Key celebration.
    • Vail I reports the afternoon broadcast and a one-nighter at Dartmouth College with no details or support.
    • The Kansas City Star, May 5, named a couple who attended the Green Key prom last night, confirming the dance was the Saturday.
    • The May 9 Springfield Reporter confirms Ellington played it:

      'Miss Eleanor M. Jackson...was a guest of Howard C. MacMillan ... at Dartmouth at house parties last week-end. A feature was the Green Key Prom, with music by Duke Ellington and his orchestra...'

    Conclusion: In addition to the afternoon network broadcast (see above), Ellington's orchestra played a dance at Dartmouth in the evening.
    • The Indianapolis Star, Indianapolis, Ind.
      1946-04-28 p.14
    • Harrisburg Telegraph, Harrisburg, Penn.
      1946-05-01 p.8
    • The Summit Herald, Summit, N.J.
      1946-05-02 p.15
    • Plainfield Courier-News, Plainfield, N.J.
      1946-05-04 p.5
    • The Landmark, White River Junction, Vt.
      1946-05-09 p.7
    • The Kansas City Star, Kansas City, Mo.
      1946-05-09 p.70
    • Springfield Reporter, Springfield, Vt.
      1946-05-09 p.B2
    • Hartford Courant, Hartford, Conn.
      1945-05-13 p.7
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    Sunday
    .Atlantic City, N.J.Steel PierStratemann and Vail provide no reference material supporting their entries saying Ellington's orchestra played here this date. A search of the archives available to Palmquist turn up no support for this engagement. Note the conflict with the Convention Hall concert announced in the Brooklyn Eagle.
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    1946 05 05
    Sunday
    .Atlantic City, N.J.Convention HallBrooklyn Eagle:

    'Atlantic City, May 4–It's a gala weekend for swing music enthusiasts visiting Atlantic City, with Duke Ellington and his orchestra appearing in concert tomorrow evening in the Convention Hall and Count Basie playing in the hall's ballroom tonight. Both events are part of the program of regualr dances featuring name bands obtained for weekend engagements.'

    Brooklyn Eagle, Brooklyn, N.Y.
    1946-05-05 p.32
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    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 05 07
    Tuesday
    .Newburgh, N.Y...
    .....Added
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    1946 05 08
    Wednesday
    ...Business event:
    Musicraft label recording contract
    Unhappy with the way RCA Victor handled him and with the titles Victor wanted him to record, while still under contract to RCA Victor, Ellington signed a three-year contract with Jefferson-Travis Corporation, which controlled Musicraft Records Inc.. Folders listed in the Institute of Jazz Studies' Musicraft Records collection finding aid suggest talks began as early as January 1946 and that the final contract was executed May 8. Musicraft encountered financial difficulties, so Ellington only recorded 15 titles for the label, all in 1946.

    Stratemann:

    'His [Musicraft] contract was for three years, with a guaranteed return of $75,000 for 34 sides, plus a separate arrangement for the production of a minimum of two albums annually. From these albums he was to draw a separate royalty at the rate of 6% of the purchase price... '

    • Variety 1946-03-27

      'RCA Still Won't Release the Duke
           Duke Ellington continues to ask for release from his RCA-Victor recording contract, and the company continues to reject his requests. This has been going on since Ellington first demanded an out from his agreement, which Victor says has until next March to run and the William Morris agency, which handles Ellington, says expires in November.
           Meanwhile, Ellington has no recording dates scheduled.'

    • Other than the January Esquire and Metronome all-star sessions, the Ellington orchestra recorded only 21 titles in 1946 for RCA, all in Los Angeles.
    • Variety 1946-05-22:

      'Duke Ellington Sealed to Musicraft 100G Deal While Still With RCA
           After months of bickering with RCA-Victor over a release from a contract that has until November of this year to run, Duke Ellington went ahead and signed with Musicraft Records last week. Agreement, for three years, isn’t effective until the expiration of the RCA contract, since the latter company consistently refused to turn him loose.
           In switching over to Musicraft, one of the foremost of the war-born independents, Ellington drew a contract probably unequalled by any other Negro band in the business, and one that’s the equal of many deals between top white bands and major firms. Details of the pact are being closely guarded for obvious reasons. However, it’s said to return Ellington in the neighborhood of $100,000 a year, with certain penalty clauses. While the agreement is with Musicraft, it is underwritten by Jefferson-Travers, the parent company, which bought the diskery months or so ago. He has the usual choice of tunes, etc.
           Adding Ellington to the Musicraft label gives the company a much brighter future...'

    • The Billboard 1946-05-25:

      'Musicraft Gets the Duke; 3 Yr. Paper Calls for 34 Sides, 2 Albums First Yr.
      Minimum Annual Cash Guarantee Around $75,000
            NEW YORK May 18–...It was announced this week that Duke Ellington had left RCA-Victor and signed a contract with Jefferson Travis Corporation, which controls Musicraft Records.
           ...
      (1) Deal is for three years effective November 11 when Ellington's present contract with RCA-Victor expires.
      (2) Musicraft guarantees to cut Ellington on 34 sides (17 single records) plus two albums the first year.
      (3) Ellington will have the right to determine exclusively the tunes he will record on 10 of these sides. Remainder of the tunes will be selected on a "mutually agreeable" basis...(4)...minimum annual cash guarantee estimated to be in the neighborhood of $75,000 per year. (When Irving Felt, Jefferson-Travis prexy, was told of the $100,000 figure being kicked around by some trade observers, he said this was "considerably out of line" tho he would not reveal the actual figure.)
      (5) No advance cash payment was made to Ellington, but every time he makes a side he receives 1/34th of the minimum cash guarantee, every time he makes a record (two sides) he receives 1/17th...
      (6) Musicraft has the right to reject any masters with which they aren't satisfied.
            Contract has no special provisions regarding exploitation of the Ellington disks...Felt is confident that the plattery will be able to press and sell enough of every one of the 17 single disks and the two albums they have guaranteed the Duke in the first year to easily cover the minimum cash guarantee called for in the pact, and make money doing it...
            Despite press-agent paper handed out at time of the contract announcement to the effect that Ellington had a plan to circulate his music to all parts of the world by recording native and folk music of all countries and distribbing the disks in foreign countries, this will definitely be a minor, "prestige" part of the program. Big push on Musicraft’s part will be to bring the Duke right up among the top pop best sellers in the disk field and as quickly as possible.
            Tho the contract isn’t effective ...until Ellington's pact with Victor expires November 11, Duke's representatives, the William Morris Agency and Cress Courtney in particular, are still negotiating with Eli Oberstein, Victor artists and rep head, and Jim Murray, Victor diskery prexy, trying them to null-and-void the balance of the contract so that Musicraft can start cutting and releasing disks by the Duke...'

    • Variety 1946-06-05:

      'While Duke Ellington's new three-year contract with Musicraft Records calls for $75,000 a year guarantee, it actually amounts to approximately $100,000 a year. First figure is Ellington's guaranteed return for 34 sides, but added to that, he has a separate arrangement for the production of a minimum of two albums annually. From these books, Ellington draws a separate royalty at the rate of 6% of the purchase price, which will make his annual take in the neighborhood of $100,000.'

    • Variety 1946-07-10:

      'Hollywood, July 9
           Musicraft legal representatives will present a plea to Victor this week in New York to allow former firm to wax Duke Ellington in three-day session starting here Aug. 15. The Duke is under contract to Victor for 20 more sides...
           [Musicraft] is anxious to get Ellington on wax as soon as possible due to expected hike of platteries scale for musicians in October. Musicraft promises not to release any Ellington product until mid-November.'

    • Variety 1946-07-24:

      'Musicraft Records has abandoned try to induce Victor to let it wax Duke Ellington before batoneer's pact with latter expires...Deft overtures made to Victor by Musicraft are reported to have received rather a brusque brush. Victor still has 12 Ellington sides to cut, discounting the eight he made last week... It is known that Ellington isn't too happy over situation and trade teems with talk because Victor, with a huge backlog of Ellington wax, hasn't released a platter of it in more than six months. Rumors now have arisen that Victor may never issue the stuff, but will exact full measure from contract, thus freezing a host of prime tunes, since Ellington can't record a selection for Musicraft which he has done for Victor for at least five years.'

    • Variety 1946-08-21:

      'Though his orchestra has been signed to a long-run contract with Musicraft Records, effective next November, Duke Ellington is insisting that RCA-Victor live up to the terms of its expiring contract with him. He is still tied to Victor until the above date and has 12 sides still to make on a pact that guaranteed him 24 sides annually. He wants RCA to cut the final 12 before he moves over to Musicraft. They will be made within the next month or two...'

    • The Billboard 1946-10-12:

      '...Duke Ellington will be leaving behind a flock of unreleased masters when the change becomes effective November 1. There are 16 unreleased Ellington sides in Victor's vaults which were cut after the end of the recording ban in 1944 thru to October, 1945. In addition, Oberstein cut 13 Ellington sides on his recent trip to the Coast. The Victor rep head told The Billboard that Ellington still has to cut several Victor sides in order to fulfill his present contract. Oberstein said that the contract did not specify release arrangements for the Ellington sides, and that it wolud [sic] be entirely up to Victor as to when his RCA disks hit the stalls.
           Meanwhile, Musicraft has arranged for Ellington's first date for the indie firm to be held in early November. Some trade sources have suggested that a good many of the unreleased Victor Ellington sides will not be released in the United States, but would probably be sent to the Gramophone Company in England, which turns out the His Master's Voice label, for pressing and distribution in England and on the Continent, where Ellington has enormous followings.
           Musicraft, in the meantime, is busy moving its processing departments to the Coast...'

    • Charles Menees, "The Record Makers," 1946-10-24:

      '...Victor, already with a bulging deep-freeze of Ellington waxings, has been busy recently making Ellington record his contract quota. This week, the Camden firm gets big-hearted and releases the first single by the Ellington band since January. The dry spell, of course, is the reqult of a quarrel. New sides are "Just Squeeze Me (But Don't Teas Me),: a pop by Ellington and Lee Gaines, and the standard "Swamp Fire."..Those unreleased Victors? Oh, the firm will probably release them as they are their backlog of wax by Artie Shaw...'

    • Variety 1946-12-25:

      'Duke Ellington completed cuttings for his Musicraft album Wednesday (18) in his fourth session for the plattery. Album release will follow marketing of the first of the single releases Jan. 1. Latter will be "Happy-Go-Lucky Local" parts I and II...Last two sides to come out of the pressery were "Tulip or Turnip" with Ray Nance on the vocal, and "It Shouldn't Happen to a Dream," with Ray [sic] Hibbler singing.'

    • The Ellington orchestra recorded only 15 sides for Musicraft, all in New York between October 23 and December 18, 1946, although the Musicraft contract provided for 34 sides and 2 albums a year.
    • Richmond Times-Dispatch 1946-12-29:

      'Next week, Musicraft Records will present its first Duke Ellington platter, "Happy Go Local." They plan to follow this platter with an album of the hit tunes from "Beggar's Holiday,"... '

    • The Beggar's Holiday hits album does not appear to have been made. Happy-Go-Lucky Local was released in January 1947 and in 1947 Musicraft issued album S-6 DUKE ELLINGTON and his famous Orchestra AT CARNEGIE HALL. This album had 8 sides on 4 records; their labels say "Star Series." Steven Lasker:

      'It was customary for records from albums to also be available as singles for those who wanted to replace broken discs. Such replacement singles often had to be special ordered.'

      It appears singles were issued - catalogue no. 483 Tulip or Turnip was issed as Tell Me, Dream Face, subtitled Tulip or Turnip, without "Star Series" on its label.
    • In May 1947 The Billboard reported on Musicraft's refinancing and quoted its spokesman as saying a mutual agreement would probably be worked out to release the Ellington orchestra from its contract, a rumour the William Morris agency denied. In any event, having received $45,000 [sic] so far, Ellington reportedly settled for $25,000.

    Ellington's Musicraft recordings

    Session
    date
    Label
    no.
    MatrixTitle
    Oct.235115765-4Diminuendo In Blue
    Oct.234835766-4Magenta Haze
    Nov.254665813-2Sultry Sunset
    Nov.254615814-2Happy-Go-Lucky Local Part II
    Nov.254615816-2Happy-Go-Lucky Local Part I
    Nov.254845815-1Trumpet No End (Blue Skies)
    Dec.54645817-1Beautiful Indians (Hiawatha) Part 1
    Dec.54655818-3Flippant Flurry
    Dec.54655823-1Golden Feather
    Dec.54645824-3Beautiful Indians (Minnehaha) Part 2
    Dec.114635845-3Overture To A Jam Session Part 1
    Dec.114635846-3Overture To A Jam Session Part 2
    Dec.11466
    and 511
    5847-1Jam-A-Ditty (Concerto For Four Jazz Horns)
    Dec.1848358421-2Tulip Or Turnip
    Dec.184845842-3It Shouldn't Happen To A Dream
    Ellington's Musicraft labels
    Ellington's Musicraft labels
    Click to Enlarge
    • Stratemann pp.277, 286, citing
      • Variety
        • 1945-12-19 p.37
        • 1946-05-22 pp.46, 47
        • 1946-06-05 p.58
      • The Billboard
        • 1946-05-25 p.23
          "Musicraft Gets the Duke; 3 Yr. Paper Calls for 34 Sides, 2 Albums First Yr."
        • "MUSICRAFT GETS UP THE MOOLA - Refinancing Deal Reported Set, At Last"
          1947-05-31 p.20
        • "Col. Records Talent Mounts"
          1947-07-19, p.20
    • The New York Age, New York, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-25 p.10
    • E. Lambert:
      Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide
      , pp.141-142
    • Variety
      • 1946 -03-27 p.54
      • 1946-07-10 p.45
      • 1946-07-24 p.50
      • 1946-08-21 p.49
      • 1946-12-25 p.35
    • The Billboard
      • 1946-10-12 p.17
      • 1947-05-31 p.20
    • Charles Menees, "The Record Makers,"
      St. Louis Post-Dispatch, St. Louis, Mo.
      Everyday Magazine 1946-10-24 p.2D
    • "On the Popular Side,"
      Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Va.
      1946-12-29 p.B-7
    • RCA Victor Popular Collector's Issue Series 1951 long playing album Duke Ellington's Greatest
    • Institute of Jazz Studies, Rutgers University Libraries, Guide to the Musicraft Records, Inc., Records 1937-1960, MC021, folders in Series 1F: Artist Contracts... Box 3:
      • 27 – Duke Ellington/ Irving Felt Confidential, Concert Program--Carnegie Hall, January 4, 1946
      • 28 – Duke Ellington--Contract Drafts and Negotiations, January-February, 1946
      • 29 – Duke Ellington--Preliminary Papers (contract negotiations and drafts), March 1946
      • 30 – Duke Ellington/Irving Felt Confidential, Contracts w/ copy of Ellington Assignment to Musicraft, March-May 1946
      • 31 – Duke Ellington--Final Original Contract, May 8, 1946
      • 32 – Duke Ellington/ Irving Felt Confidential Intermediate papers
      • 33 – Duke Ellington/ EMI, August 1946
      • 34 – Ellington-Correspondence Re: Alleged Breach of Contract, February 1947
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    1946 05 08
    Wednesday
    1946 06 01New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    New York Sun ad
    Newq York Sun 1946-05-08
    Click to Enlarge
    Vaudeville
    • Three and a half week theatre engagement, sharing the bill with Stump and Stumpy, The Clark Brothers and The Mills Brothers. The film feature was The Blue Dahlia. Band members named in the ads and publicity include Hodges, Brown, Hibbler, Pettiford, Sherill and Davis.
    • Variety reported the theatre seated 3,664, admission 70¢ to $1.20, was getting the most trade, and the take on the end of the first week (Tuesday) was $112,000. Five days of rain affected most downtown film houses; Variety reported the theatre only grossed $97,000 the second week. Conversely, The Herald Statesman reported it was drawing crowds in the third week approaching the record figures set by the film "Road to Utopia."
    • There were to have been from 4 to 6 stage shows daily according to the Brooklyn Eagle show times columns:
      • 1946 05 11: 10:43 1:26 4:09 6:52 9:35 12:18
      • 1946 05 13: 12:26 3:43 7:00 10:07
      • 1946 06 01: 11:51 2:42 5:54 8:56 11:58
    • The Brooklyn Eagle, May 10:

      'During the last week of May, in a special music presentation at the Manhattan Paramount Theater, where he will appear with his orchestra, Duke Ellington will present the high school pupils who, last year, were awarded the Ellington Julliard Scholarships. The three are: Elaine Jones, 17, tympanist, of 28 Macombs Place, Manhattan; Paul Rudoff, 18, French horn of 343 E. 15th St., Manhattan, and Warren Norwood, 18, flute, of 68-28 Kessel St., Forest Hills.'

    • The show was panned by Metronome critic Barbara Hodgkins in an undated review reproduced in Vail I but was praised by The Billboard (see 1946 05 09 below).
    • New York Post (May 18):

      '...we listened to a beautiful blues arrangement, which Ellington had written for this season's concert tour, titled "Transblucency" with a very lovely vocal rendition by Kay Davis. Duke describes the tune as presenting "a blue fog, which you can almost see through." When Duke and the band give forth with a medley of five of his outstanding tunes, the audience joined with a low accompaniment of wistful whistling... '

    • Variety's review:

      'Duke Ellington Orch (19) with Kay Davis, Ray Vance [sic], Johnny Hodges, Lawrence Brown, Oscar Pettlford, Harry Carney; Mills Bros. Stump & Stumpy, Clock Bros,; "Blue Dahlia” (Par)...
           With Duke Ellington’s fine band and the perennially socko Mills Bros., the Paramount stage bill this session couldn't be anything but top entertainment. The Ellington orch continues to dish out its unique arrangements, providing music that's different from the standard swing combos. Mills Bros., doing several of the tunes they made famous via recordings, wind up the well-paced show with the audience clamoring for more.
            Ellington's band, with five trumpets, four trombones, five reed and four rhythm, appeals strongly with the sometimes weird but always ear-caressing qualities of the leader's arrangements. Despite the fact that the brass outnumbers the reed section almost two to one, the orchestral effects are always well-balanced. Use of both a string bass and a pluck bass also adds a lot to the band's modernistic touches.
           After a hot chorus on “Riff Staccato" by Ray Nance, fiddle-player in several of the Duke's more longhairish numbers, Johnny Hodges brings his alto into play for an applause-drawing solo on “Laughing on the Outside." One of the best alto-men in the business, Hodges’ fine instrumental work is equalled by almost every member of the band. Orch also plays Ellington’s "Transbluecency," the number he introduced at his recent Carnegie Hall Concert, in which femme vocalist Kay Davis uses her voice as an instrument to blend in solid harmony with a clarinet and two trombones. Calloway [sic!] himself shines on a medley of some of his most famous works; including “Mood Indigo,” "Sophisticated Lady," "Solitude,” etc. All go over for heavy returns...'

    • Variety
      • 1946-05-08 pp.13, 25
      • 1946-05-15 p.13
      • 1946-05-22 p.13
      • 1946-05-29 p.15
    • The New York Sun, New York, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-08 p.33
      • 1946-05-14 p.30
      • 1946-05-17 p.18
      • 1946-05-29 p.10
    • Daily News, New York, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-09 p.C12
      • 1946-05-11 p.21
      • 1946-05-25 p.21
      • 1946-05-28 p.41
    • The California Eagle, Los Angeles, Cal.
        1946-05-09 p.15
    • Brooklyn Eagle, Brooklyn, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-10 p.4
      • 1946-05-11 p.12
      • 1946-05-11 p.12
      • 1946-05-14 p.13
      • 1946-05-23 p.11
      • 1946-05-28 p.13
      • 1946-06-01 pp.11, 12
    • The Daily Argus, Mount Vernon, N.Y.
      • 1956-05-10 p.4
      • 1956-05-11 p.4
      • 1956-05-14 p.4
      • 1956-05-15 p.4
    • The Herald Statesman, Yonkers, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-14 p.6
      • 1946-05-23 p.21
    • New York Post, New York, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-18 p.16
    • The New York Age, New York, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-25 p.10
    • ANP wirestory datelined New York, June 6
      The Daily Bulletin, Dayton Ohio
      • 1946-06-06 p.4
    • Stratemann p.267 citing reviews in:
      • The Billboard 1946-04-18 p.55
      • Variety 1946-05-15 p.63
    • Vail I with undated negative Metronome review
    ...
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    1946 05 09
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Gottlieb's dressing room photo
    Click to Enlarge

    William A. Gottlieb's photo of Duke's reflection in his Paramount Theatre dressing room mirror.

    note the piano, the publicity photos tucked into the mirror frame, the extensive wardrobe, the gaudy neckties, one of which was cropped in the edited photo, the Johnsons Baby Powder, and the shoes on the counter.
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08

    The Billboard's review:

    'Paramount, New York
    (Thursday Afternoon, May 9)
    With Duke Ellington and his ork on the stand and the Mills Brothers before the mike, this week's bill is a topper in pop music. It's well paced, varied and peppy and the Duke gets off a number of ducal moments at the keys, while his boys swing out with everything from boogie to blues.
      Opener, Take the A-Train, seques into Blue Skies which the boys kick around a piece before introing Ray Nance, a fast double-talk chirper, who offers Riff Staccato at breakneck speed and gets a good hand. Then it's time for blues as the Duke sells 'em and this time Johnny Hodges at the tenor [sic] sax gives out with a nifty arrangement of Laughin [sic] on the Outside.
      The Clark Brothers, tappers, beat out the rhythms with their pedals. They have a slick series of routines, sell them well and cull heavy palms.
      Transbluecency [sic], one of Ellington's excursions into concert-type crewcut, it [sic] a beaut, with Kay Davis vocalizing as an instrument aided by two muted trombones and a clarinet.
      Stump and Stumpy, a couple of fast-moving, fast-mugging comics, go bit with the pew sitters who brought them back twice and sent them off with socko hands.
      Ork gets into a medley of familiar Ellington ditties, including Sentimental Mood, Mood Indigo, I'm Beginning to See the Light, Sophisticated Lady, Caravan, Solitude and I Let a Song Get [sic] Out of My Heart, played by the Duke against the band's Don't Get Around Much Any More.
      In contrast, the band goes all out on Metronome All Out, a bounce number which singles out different members of the band for fast riffs and hot playing. They come thru flying.
      Introed by the Duke, the Mills Brothers open with Cielito Lindo, followed by ... The quartet, tho still smooth, seems to have lost something of its old slickness. But the four sold to the full pews and could have kept on with recalls for some time.
      Ellington closed with Time's A-Wastin'.
      Film, The Blue Dahlia. Biz fine.'

    The Billboard 1946-05-18 p.55....Added
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    1946 05 10
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
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    1946 05 11
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08

    Six shows, from mid-morning to early morning: 10:43 1:26 4:09 6:52 9:35 12:18

    Although many newspaper radio schedules nationwide list the usual Saturday broadcast (i.e. Your Saturday Date with the Duke), the Paramount schedule does not provide time for it, nor is there any indication in the New Desor, Timner or Nielsen discographies that anything was broadcast/recorded this date.
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    1946 05 12
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
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    1946 05 13
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08

    Four performances: 12:26 3:43 7:00 10:07
    .....Added
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    1946 05 14
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08
    Five performances: 10:51 1:49 4:53 7:55 10:57
    .....Added
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    1946 05 15
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
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    1946 05 16
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y..Business event
    On this date, Tempo Music, Inc. executed a contract with William Anderson (soon known as Cat Anderson) for the rights to
    • Everything Goes
    • Home Town - also known as (A Gatherin' In A Clearing)
    The same day, Tempo executed a contract with Oscar Pettiford and Duke Ellington for the rights to Tip Toe Topic.
    Contracts
    • Tempo - Ellington- Pettiford 1946-06-18
    • Tempo - Anderson 1946-06-18
    .
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    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
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    1946 05 17
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
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    1946 05 18
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Radio City Studio 6BABC network broadcast, 4 p.m. EDT: Your Saturday Date With the Duke - see 1945 04 07

    Duke Ellington and his orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, R. Jones, Nance, Brown, Nanton, Wilbur de Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, K.Davis

    Titles aired/recorded
    • In A Mellow Tone
    • I'm Just A Lucky So And So
    • Sono
    • Rugged Romeo
    • Circe
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
    • Full Moon And Empty Arms
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Laughing On The Outside
    • Take The “A” Train (theme)
    Timner says the broadcast was interrupted three times by news flashes. The interruptions seem likely to have been about an imminent strike by railroad engineers and trainmen due to start at 5 p.m. EDT. The Associated Press announced at 3:56 p.m. EST that a five day cooling off period was agreed to.
    • "ABC of Railroad Strike"
      Associated Press in
      Paterson Evening News, Paterson, N.J.
      1946-05-18 p.1
    • "Railroad Strike Deferred for 5 Days"
      Daily Press, Newport News, Va.
      1946-05-19 p.1
    • Girvan & Dyson:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner V
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
    New Desor
    DE4614
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    1946 05 18
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
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    1946 05 19
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 20
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 21
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 22
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 23
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 24
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 25
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Radio City Studio 6BABC network broadcast, 4 p.m. EDT: Your Saturday Date With the Duke - see 1945 04 07

    Duke Ellington and his orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, R.Jones, Nance, Brown, Nanton, de Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler

    Titles broadcast and recorded:
    • Take The “A” Train (theme)
    • Just A-Sittin' And A-Rockin'
    • Crosstown
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Summertime
    • Teardrops In The Rain
    • Frankie And Johnny - Metronome All Out
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Rockabye River (Hop Skip Jump)
    • Girvan & Dyson:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner
        (fifth edition unless otherwise noted)
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
    New Desor
    DE4615
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2020-05-05
    2022-02-12
    1946 05 25
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 26
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 27
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 28
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 28
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Madison Square GardenEllington might have made a personal appearance at the "Fire Ball" fundraising event for the Death Benefit Fund of the Uniformed Firefighters Association of Greater New York. He was mentioned in Ed Sullivan's May 25 column plugging the event and in the Brooklyn Eagle's May 28 plug, but he is not among the entertainers named in the latter's May 29 report of the event.
    • The Brooklyn Eagle, Brooklyn, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-28 p.5
      • 1946-05-29 p.16
    • Daily News, New York, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-25 p.18
      • 1946-05-28 p.5C
    • The Tablet, Brooklyn, N.Y.
      • 1946-05-25 p.17
    ...djpNew
    Added
    2022-02-13
    1946 05 29
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 30
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 31
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08.....Added
    2011
    1946 05 00...Personnel change
    Singer Marion Cox joins the band in late May
    • New Desor vol.2
    • Variety 1946-06-12 p.46
    ...djpNew
    added
    2012-10-11
    2022-03-08
    1946 05 00... Peripheral event
    Dorothy Kilgallen's column:

    'Duke Ellington and Bill Robinson are in Broadway's biggest feud.'

    Walter Winchell's column includes a comment

    'Bill Robinson and Duke Ellington are acting like idiots'

    Mary Wood, The Cincinnati Post:

    'Bill Robinson, attired in a natty grey suit with maroon tie and kerchief said no, he wan't mad at Duke Ellington. "Couldn't anybody get mad at Duke," Bill said, "He's the easy-goingest guy I know."
         A recent item in a New York column, hinting that all was not well between the two, was the first Bill heard of their "trouble."
         "Right away I call up Duke and say, 'hey, its says in the paper we're feudin'," Bill said. "And Duke says, 'Is that so? I must get me a paper and find out what we're mad about'."'

  • Pottsdown Mercury, Pottsdown, N.Y., 1946-05-28 p.4
  • Kingsport News, Kingsport, Tenn. 1946-05-31 p.4
  • The Cincinnati Post, Cincinnati, Ohio
    19646-06-06 p.20
  • ...djpNew
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    June 1946

    1946 06 00...Peripheral event
    The June 1946 edition of Seventeen magazine ran an article by Dixon Gayer, titled jazz takes the duke seriously.
    Steven Lasker:

    '[this edition is] less notable for the article than it is for Al Hirschfeld's illustration, his only-known rendering of Ellington between the famous caricature of 1931 (see discussion under 1931 04 19) and 1973.'


    The caricature is in black and white in Seventeer on page 124, but can be seen in colour at https://www.alhirschfeldfoundation.org/piece/duke-ellington-1
    Email Lasker/Palmquist 2022-11-24....slNew
    added
    2022-11-25
    1946 06 01
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre
    Times Square
    Vaudeville - see 1946 05 08

    Six performances: 11:51 2:42 5:54 8:56 11:58

    ABC network broadcast, 16:00-16:30, "Your Saturday Date With the Duke"- see 1945 04 07

    Stratemann:

    '...on the day of its exit from the Paramount, the Duke Ellington orchestra did broadcast #39 in the Treasury series from the theatre's rehearsal hall.'

    The broadcast is expected to be on the forthcoming Storyville DETS CD no. 20.
    Duke Ellington and his World-Famous Orchestra
    Personnel:Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, R.Jones, Nance, Brown, Nanton, de Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, K.Davis, M.Cox

    Titles broadcast and recorded:
    • Take The “A” Train (theme)
    • A Flower Is A Lovesome Thing
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Main Stem
    • A Ghost Of A Chance
    • In A Jam
    • I'm Just A Lucky So And So
    • Stomp, Look And Listen
    • Come Rain Or Come Shine
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
  • Girvan & Dyson:   Ellingtonia.com
  • Timner V
  • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
  • .
    New Desor
    DE4616
    DEMS
    • 85,4-7
    • Email, K.Steiner-Palmquist 2015-03-08
    .djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-03-09
    2020-05-05
    2022-02-13
    1946 06 02
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 06 03
    Monday
    Possibly
    1946 06 05
    New York, N.Y.Likely
    Carnegie Chamber Music Hall
    or possibly Carnegie Hall's Main Hall
    Sidemen's activities not documented
    Steven Lasker purchased 15 acetates (records) which seem to indicate Ellington, John Latouche, Kay Davis, Marian Cox and Bill Dillard recorded songs from the forthcoming Street Music (working title for Beggar's Holiday) musical at Carnegie Hall on June 3 and possibly June 4 and/or June 5. He describes these as:
    '...a group of 15 original acetates on the Carnegie Hall Recording Co. label from Street Music--music by Duke Ellington, lyrics by John Latouche.
      One label is dated 6/3/46... Some are 10", some are 12"..all play at 78 rpm...
    • 10" acetates Street Music

      • "Loose Living"
        vocal by Bill Dillard
      • "Inbetween"
        vocal by Kay Davis
      • "Lullaby For Junior"
        vocal by Marian Cox
      • "Ore From a Gold Mine"
        vocal by Kay Davis
      • "Oh Polly"
        vocal by Kay Davis
      • "Tooth & Claw"
        vocal by John Latouche
    • 12" acetates Street Music

      • "Sweet Lucy" and "Jail House Lament"
        vocal by Bill Dillard
      • "Inbetween"
        vocal by Kay Davis
      • "Brown Penny"
        vocal by Kay Davis
      • "Lullaby For Junior"
        vocal by Marian Cox
      • "Prisoner's Song"-
        vocal by Bill Dillard
      • "No One But You"
        vocal by Kay Davis
      • "Rooster and the Hen" (cut #2)
        vocal by Kay Davis
        (The disc that bears the date 6-3-46 has two takes of "Rooster and the Hen"; cut #1 is a breakdown, cut #2 is a complete take.
      • "Wrong Side of the Railroad Track" (cut #2)
        vocal by Marian Cox
      • "Lullaby For Junior"
        vocal by Marian Cox
      • "Tooth & Claw"
        vocal by John Latouche
    Note that 6/3/46, 6/4/46 and 6/5/46 are all open days in the Ellington itinerary. I suppose the above were recorded on those dates at Carnegie Hall.'
    and
    • 'Some discs are originals, some are dubs. I've been comparing and find an incomplete alternate take to Rooster and the Hen plus complete alternate takes of Wrong Side of the Railroad Track and No One But You. All other duplicate titles are the same takes.
    • LaTouche supplies spoken introductions to all titles.
    • The printing on each label, (originals and dubs):
      CARNEGIE HALL RECORDING CO. CARNEGIE HALL NEW YORK 19, N.Y.
    • Most labels are stamped THE BEGGARS OPERA COMPANY in red ink.
    • I believe Ellington is the pianist on all sides with the possible exception of Tooth and Claw, where the piano playing is slyly nondescript.
    • Piano Red [Ellington] isn't selling the pianist -- he's selling the songs. This is Broadway-demo playing from Ellington. Not something we've heard from him very often if ever -- don't ask me to cite any other recorded examples!
    and
  • The recordings are indeed piano and vocal, introduced by LaTouche.
  • The sonics suggest a medium-sized room that's pretty bare, i.e., without significant wall padding for damping. That points to the Chamber Music Hall; had the performances been played in the hall itself, the acoustics of a large, lively hall would be heard in the resultant recordings.
  • The Carnegie Hall Recording Co. labels look just like the examples in the little article you sent me.

  • Rob Hudson, Manager, Archives, Carnegie Hall
    • ...the blog post you cited tells you most of everything we know about Len Frank and his operation, and I'm sorry to say that we do not have any documentation specific to the day-to-day activities of the Carnegie Hall Recording Co.
    • As best we can tell, Frank had kind of a "handshake" agreement with John Totten (manager of Carnegie Hall at that time), and he ran his operation very much as his own business - which ranged from radio transcription discs, to "vanity" recordings for artists, to commercial recordings (CH Recording Co. was one of the original sources for the 1938 Benny Goodman live concert recording, for example). He also did outside "contract" work for other labels and studios, e.g. editing/production work for budget label assemblages of classical music, etc.
    • Whatever business documentation existed for the company has vanished. After Frank died, his estate was in litigation for years, and what wasn't thrown away was stored in a warehouse in Elizabeth, NJ (under horrible conditions). We had some contact, through an intermediary, with lawyers for the estate, and we ended up taking possession of about a dozen boxes of recordings five or six years ago. A great deal of it is the kind of production work I mentioned above, and thus not incredibly valuable or interesting. We'd hoped to find some treasures (like maybe some Ellington recordings!), but there wasn't much.
    • The one thing I can tell you is that other than the small engineering studio (305-6) on the third floor - which still exists, by the way, albeit in a modernized/renovated form - there was no separate studio or recording room in the building; there was simply no room. The hall didn't even have adequate dressing rooms for the same reason (that has changed through some later additions). Ensemble recordings were made with the band/orchestra either set up on the main Carnegie Hall stage, or in our small recital hall (today called Weill Recital Hall, but in 1946 it was known as Carnegie Chamber Music Hall... In the main auditorium, either the ensemble would be recorded in performance (e.g. Goodman, or the well-known Ellington at CH recordings), or they would also occasionally use the hall as a recording studio.
    • Sadly, our collection of Carnegie Hall booking ledgers - which not only contain information about concert bookings, but also rehearsals, recordings, etc. - only dates to 1955; we're missing anything prior to that time. So, I can't tell you if Ellington had booked the hall to rehearse/record in June of 1946.
    • In the mid-1940s, there was a series called "Carnegie Pop Concerts" - a kind of precursor to the New York Pops, with seats removed in the auditorium for cocktail tables - and all of the evenings during that first week of June, 1946 were booked for those events. However, that doesn't mean that Ellington might not have rehearsed/recorded earlier in the day, or - perhaps even more likely - after the Pop concert, beginning at 11:30 or midnight (or later); this was not unheard of.
    • The onstage microphones were essentially the CBS radio mikes, and could be accessed from offsite - for example, for the January 16, 1938 Goodman concert, Len Frank was recording his own set of discs at the same time as the CBS studio was doing the same thing remotely. But that was a live performance, so the circumstance makes sense; in this case, since Ellington wasn't performing but simply recording, if he were elsewhere, not only would Len Frank not have had access to the audio feed, but it wouldn't have been necessary (since Ellington would have been set up in a studio). So, my guess is that Ellington's band was either in the main CH auditorium late at night (or possibly in the afternoon), or that they were in the Chamber Music Hall...
    • The only other possibility I can think of, and I'm not sure how likely this is: Len Frank may just have done mastering for recordings that were made elsewhere, along the lines of the contract work I mentioned above...
    • As far as the CH Recording Company materials are concerned: we would have gladly taken ANYTHING that remained - business documents included. But none of that was left - and there's nothing left in the warehouse; this was it...'
    • Email
      • Lasker-Palmquist/Steiner/Homzy/Haufman 2019-03-17
      • Lasker-Palmquist
        • 2019-01-24
        • 2019-03-17
        • 2019-03-18
        • 2019-03-21
    • Hudson-Palmquist
      • 2019-03-19
      • 2019-03-20
    • Blog Carnegie Hall Studio 305-6
    ...slNew
    added
    2019-03-17
    1946 06 04
    Tuesday
    ...Sidemen's activities not documented
    Ellington, Latouche, Davis, Cox and Dillard may have recorded music for Beggar's Holiday at Carnegie Hall this date - see 1946 06 03
    ....slNew
    added
    2019-03-17
    1946 06 05
    Wednesday
    ...Sidemen's activities not documented
    Ellington, Latouche, Davis, Cox and Dillard may have recorded music for Beggar's Holiday at Carnegie Hall this date - see 1946 06 03
    ....slNew
    added
    2019-03-17
    1946 06 06
    Thursday
    .Washington, D.C.Junior Police and Citizens Corps headquarters
    8th and Barry Pl. N.W.
    Fundraiser concert

    '...Duke Ellington and ace trumpeter Ray Nance, officially opened the Junior Police and Citizens Corps outdoor arena ... last week,with a jam session at the corps headquarters...  Duke thrilled the teen-age audience with his own inimitable styling ... while Nance gave with hot licks on the violin which brought resounding applause... '

    Vail I, p.296 reproducing
    • photo of Ray and Duke
    • an undated, unattributed clipping
    ...djpNew
    added 2015-03-10
    1946 06 06
    Thursday
    .Washington, D.C.Barge
    Watergate Amphitheatre
    • Outdoor concert, 8:30 p.m. for the benefit of Teen Age Canteen, for "underprivileged colored adolescents."
    • Sponsored by "The Baker's Dozen, Inc." a group of young women led by Mrs. Ruth Spencer, which had been sponsoring Teen Age Canteen for the previous 18 months.
    Concert programme
    Concert Programme
    Baker's Dozen presents Duke Ellington and his orchestra

    Click to Enlarge
    • Tickets:
      Reserved $2.40 and $3.60 tax included;
      General admission $1.20,
      Patrons $4.80
    • The concert was played on a stage built on a barge anchored in front of the amphitheatre, which was essentially the wide stairway leading from the Lincoln Memorial to the shore of the Potomac River
    • Then-WWDC radio-man Willis Conover was the master of ceremonies. He and Ellington are pictured on the stage at https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc743762/m1/1/

    • According to Stratemann, this was Ellington's first concert in his home town. His take was $10,000, the audience was the largest to date at this venue, and 3,000 people had to be turned away.
    • An unattributed report in Vail I, headlined "Ellington Concert Lures 11,000 Fans to Watergate," says there was a sellout audience of 8,000 with 3,000 kibitzers.
    • The Evening Star reported:

      '9,000 Hear Duke Ellington's Jazz Concert at Water Gate

        An audience of approximately 9,000 last night swayed to the rhythmic beat of music played at the opening Watergate program of the season led by Duke Ellington - the boy who came into the world within a stone's throw of the Washington ball park, jerked soda at the Poodle Dog Cafe and graduated from the school of hard knocks into the international big time of music.
        The program, sponsored by the Baker's Dozen, Inc., originally 13, now 20, young Washington women, was arranged to raise money for a permanent home for the group's canteen, which aims to provide a social-recreational program for Washington 'teen-agers.
        The program was a sell-out, with 7,000 individuals paying as high as $12 for seats and roughly 2,000 kibitzers lolling in boats and canoes and lining the rails of Arlington Memorial Bridge and Riverside Drive to hear the Duke's hand-picked musicians give out with the last word in blues, jumps, jams, swing, "rhapsoditties," "fugueditties," "magenta hazes," diminuendos, crescendos and "transblucencies."
        The crowd was orderly. As far as could be learned, there were no untoward incidents. There was no raucous applause, no dancing in the aisles. Enthusiastic applause was kept strictly on the polite side.
        The Duke started his program with "Caravan" and ended it with "Blue Skies". In between he ran the gamut of jazz. There was "In a Mellow Tone," "Solid, Old Man," "Black, Brown and Beige" - the Duke's composition which, in the words of a biographer, "parallels the history of the American negro - "Rugged Romeo," "Air Conditioned Jungle," Take the "A" Train," "Bassist and Me," "Riffin' Drill," Metronome All Out," "Frankie and Johnny" (to a jump beat) and a dozen others.
        During the intermission only a relative [sic] few autograph seekers managed to elude guards on the concert barge and get the Duke's signature. Park Police stood by to keep others from pressing onto the barge after the performance, but the crowd as a whole strolled off in good order and silence again closed on the Lincoln Memorial.'

    • The Baltimore Afro-American's review reported a sellout audience of 8,000 including 49 veterans from the Walter Reed General Hospital, and 3,000 kibitzers in rowboats, canoes and lining the rails of the bridge.
    • The Evening Star, Washington D.C.
      • 1946-06-04 Back Page, p.B-12
      • 1946-06-05 p.A-18
      • 1946-06-07 p.B-9
    • ANP Wirestory
      The Daily Bulletin-The Ohio Express, Dayton, Ohio,
      1946-06-14 p.1
    • The Baltimore Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
      1946-06-15 p.19
    • Variety 1946-06-05 p.32
    • Stratemann p.267 citing
      • Down Beat 1946-06-15 p.14
      • Metronome 1946-07 p.43
    • Vail I, p.296
    • Maristella Feustle:
      Willis Conover's Washington
      https://www.crj-online.org/v8/CRJ-Conover.php
      Current Research in Jazz
    • Concert programme, SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 34 The Watergate, Washington, D.C., June 6, 1946
    ...CAH
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    1946 06 07
    Friday
    .Annapolis, Md.Sharron Beach
    State Armory
    DESCRIPTION
    Advertisement for June 7th 1946
    Click to Enlarge
    Neither Stratemann nor Vail provide a reference showing Sharron Beach. The Baltimore Afro-American gives the location as the State Armory.



    DUKE ELLINGTON and his famous ORCHESTRA Featuring AL HIBBLER – KAY DAVIS
    VOCALIST

    Admission:
    Advance Tickets $1.50; At Door $1.75
    Presented by
    NATIONAL COLORED PROMOTERS ASSOCIATION

    The Baltimore Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
    1946-06-08 p.21
    ....Added
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    1946 06 07
    Friday
    .Hazleton? Penn.Knotty Pine.Standard Sentinel, 1946-06-08:

    'Lunched at Knotty Pine
         Members of Duke Ellington's band, which plays at Lakeside tonight, lunched at the Knotty Pine yesterday enroute to their engagement.'

    A search of Pennsylvania newspaper archives turns up Knotty Pine Restaurant in Scranton and a "Knotty Pine barbecue" on the Wilkes-Barre highway, presumably near Hazleton. The Hazleton one seems most likely. Note the apparent conflict between an evening engagement in Annapolis shown in Stratemann and Vail, and a lunch the same day some distance north of Annapolis.
    Standard Sentinel, Hazleton, Penn.
    1946-06-08 pp.5,12
    ...djpNew
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    1946 06 08
    Saturday
    .Reading, Penn.WEEU StudioABC network broadcast, "Your Saturday Date With the Duke"- see 1945 04 07

    While radio schedules in the Atlanta Consitution, Atlanta, Ga. and Tampa Bay Times, St. Petersburgh, Fla. show this broadcast at 3 p.m. local time, logs in The Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, Penn., The Boston Globe, Boston, Mass., and The Mercury, Pottsdown, Penn. have it at 4 p.m. The latter is consistent with past weeks.
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, R.Jones, Nance, Brown, Nanton, de Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, Davis, Cox, Hibbler
    Titles broadcast and recorded:
    • Take The "A" Train
    • Mood To Be Wooed
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Johnny Come Lately
    • They Say It's Wonderful
    • Strange Love
    • Honeysuckle Rose
    • Don't Take Your Love From Me
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Blues On The Double
    • Come Sunday
    • Light
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Lover Man
    • Riff Staccato
    • Mood Indigo
    • D.E. Bond Promo
    • Riff 'n' Drill
    • Timner V
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
    • Girvan & Dyson:   Ellingtonia.com
    New Desor
    DE4617
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    1946 06 08
    Saturday
    .Possibly
    Lakeside Park, Penn.
    LakesideDancing, Duke Ellington and his famous Orchestra, 9 til 1, admission $1.67 plus tax.
    "Lakeside" may be Lakeside Ballroom, in Lakeside Park, , in an area bounded by the communities whose newspapers carried ads for Lakeside: Hazleton, Pottsville, Shenandoah, Mount Carmel, and Mauch Chunk, approximately 175 to 200 miles due west of New York City. An ad for Glen Gray and the Casa Loma Ochestra at Lakeside June 1 showed bus service leaving Freeland at 7:30, stopping at Beaver Meadow, Leader Store and, at 8:15, McAdoo, with the dance starting at 9, suggesting the venue was perhaps a 30 minute drive from McAdoo.

    This area is about 50 miles due north of Reading.
    • Evening Herald, Shenendoah, Penn.
      • 1946-04-24 p.7
      • 1946-05-24 p.16
      • 1946-05-25 p.8
      • 1946-06-07 p.3
    • The Plain Speaker, Hazleton, Penn.
      • 1946-04-26 p.19
      • 1946-05-24 p.24
    • Mount Carmel Item, Mount Carmel, Penn.
      • 1946-04-26 p.14
      • 1946-05-10 p.2
      • 1946-06-01 p.4
      • 1946-06-07 p.7
      • 1946-06-08 p.7
    • Times-News, Mauch Chunk, Penn.
      • 1946-05-11 p.6
    • Standard-Sentinel, Hazleton, Penn.
      • 1946-06-01 p.20
      • 1946-06-08 p.12
    ....New
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    1946 06 09
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 06 10
    Monday
    .Charleston, W.Va.Municipal AuditoriumConcert, 8:30 p.m.
    • The Charleston Gazette, Charleston, W.Va.
      • 1946-06-09 p.20
      • 1946-05-19 p.4
      • 1946-05-31 p.19
      • 1946-06-09 p.20
    • The Charleston Daily Mail, Charleston, W.Va.
      • 1946-05-19 p.14
    ....Added
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    2015-06-25
    2022-02-14
    1946 06 11
    Tuesday
    .Huntington, Va...
    .....Added
    2011
    Circa
    1946 06 12
    Wednesday
    ...Peripheral event
    Variety reported Musicraft had signed Mercer Ellington's orchestra for two years. It said the deal has nothing to do with Musicraft's signing of his father.

    Pacific Press Syndicate said the deal was for three years, with an 18-piece band.
    • Variety 1946-06-12 p.48
    • San Antonio Register, San Antonio, Tex.
      1946-06-21 p.7
    • Pacific Press Syndicate wirestory
      The Mississippi Enterprise, Jackson, Miss.
      1946-06-22 p.1
    ...djpNew
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    1946 06 12
    Wednesday
    .Columbus, OhioMemorial HallConcert 8 p.m.
    Tickets: $1.23 $1.85 $2.77 $3.09 tax included
    The programme, published June 11 in The Columbus Dispatch:
    • National Anthem
    • Caravan
           Orchestra
    • In A Mellow Tone
           Taft Jordan, trumpet
    • Solid, Old Man
           Orchestra
    • Sono
           Harry Carney, baritone sax
    • Rugged Romeo
           Orchestra
    • Circe
           Lawrence Brown, trombone
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
           Jimmy Hamilton, clarinet
    • Excerpts From Black, Brown and Beige and Perfume Suite
    • Bugle Break Extended
    • Intermission
    • Take the "A" Train
           Orchestra, Duke Ellington, piano
    • A Tonal Group
      • a.Fugue
      • b.Rhapsodittii
      • c.Concerto for Jam Band
           (Featuring Lawrence Brown, trombone; Jimmie Hamilton, clarinet; Taft Jordan, trumpet; Harry Carney, baritone sax)
    • Bassist And Me
           Oscar Pettiford, string bass
           Duke Ellington, piano
    • Group
      • a.Diminuendo in Blue
      • b.Transblucency
      • c.Crescendo In Blue
    • Magenta Haze
           Johnny Hodges, alto sax
    • Hometown
           William Anderson, trumpet
           Al Sears, tenor sax
    • Suburbanite
           Al Sears, tenor sax
    • Songs Featuring Albert Hibbler, vocalist
    • Riffin' Drill
           Lawrence Brown, trombone
    Dean A. Myers, The Columbus Dispatch, 1946-06-16:

    'IF ANYONE had any doubts about Edward Kennedy Ellington and his band being able to deliver a concert program, all of them should have been effectively dispelled by Thursday night's performance in Memorial Hall. A more varied, interesting and satisfying evening is hard to imagine.
         The program contained a nice balance of familiar items in the Ellington style and the more serious efforts of the Duke in the jazz idiom. Most impressive, even beyond the remarkable rhythm in infinite variety, was the strict musicianship evidenced in all departments.
         Soloists were given ample opportunity to play in "the style of their characters," and if one were to start naming them, each would have to be named. One of the most outstanding men in the orchestra, Sonny Greer, was not given a solo in drums, but he shone brilliantly the entire evening.
         My notes reveal likings for "Sono," an expertly done piece with a strange building to a midcomposition climax; "Air Conditioned Jungle," with nicely controlled frenzy switching to mad midnight quiet, right out of "Emperor Jones;" the piano piece from the Perfume Suite, a highly literate and descriptive item which ought to be included in "long-hair" concerts and finally, "Suburbanite" which filled Memorial Hall full of more fortissimo sound than it ever contained before.
         The tonal group brought various combinations to the center where, with music laid on the floor, some absolutely fabulous things were done in moods ranging from quiet dignity to an authentic jam session. "Transblucency," one of a group, was an interesting novelty which effectively used the clear, true voice tones of Vocalist Kay Davis as an instrument part in a quintet o£ piano, bass, clarinet and trombone.
          Al Hibbler's rendition of "Summertime" brought him two justifiable encores.'

    The Columbus Dispatch, Columbus, Ohio
    • 1946-06-09 p.6B
    • 1946-06-11 p.4-B
    • 1946-06-12 p.4-B
    • 1946-06-16 p.B-11
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2022-02-23
    1946 06 13
    Thursday
    1946 06 19
    Wednesday
    Chicago, Ill.Oriental TheatreVaudeville
    • Others on the bill were Stump & Stumpy and Cook & Brown.
    • Marion Cox sang Ghost of a Chance.
    • Sidemen named by Variety were Nance, Davis, Hamilton, Lawrence Brown, Pettiford, Hibbler.
    • Variety commented on microphone problems, poor lighting and audience impatience caused by a late start resulting from a late train.
    • While The Pittsburgh Courier referred to Ellington closing at the Oriental Thursday night in a story about Lionel Hampton, Ellington closed here Wednesday.
    Stratemann p.267 citing
    • Variety 1946-06-19 p.50
    • The Pittsburgh Courier, Pittsburgh, Penn.
      1946-06-22 p.19
    • The Billboard 1946-06-22
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-13
    2022-03-09
    1946 06 14
    Friday
    .Chicago, Ill.Oriental TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 06 13.....Added
    2011
    1946 06 15
    Saturday
    .Chicago, Ill.Oriental TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 06 13.....Added
    2011
    1946 06 16
    Sunday
    .Chicago, Ill.Oriental TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 06 13.....Added
    2011
    1946 06 17
    Monday
    .Chicago, Ill.Oriental TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 06 13.....Added
    2011
    1946 06 18
    Tuesday
    .Chicago, Ill.Oriental TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 06 13.....Added
    2011
    1946 06 19
    Wednesday
    .Harlem
    New York, N.Y.
    .Peripheral event

    International News Service announced there would be a motorcade parade through Harlem this afternoon to honour Joe Louis, who was to defend his heavyweight boxing title this evening. The announcment said Duke Ellington's and 11 other "name" bands would be on hand.

    If the parade took place, Ellington's orchestra did not participate. They were in Chicago.
    International News Service
    The Canton Repository, Canton, Ohio
    1946-06-16 p.46
    ...djpNew
    added
    2022-03-08
    1946 06 19
    Wednesday
    .Chicago, Ill.Oriental TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 06 13.....Added
    2011
    1946 06 20
    Thursday
    .Duluth, Minn.WDSM studioDaryl Knutsen ("The Milkman") interviewed Ellington and Strayhorn at WDSM's Duluth studio in the afternoon. The interview was broadcast over WDSM at 5:30 p.m. in the Duluth time zone and 4:30 p.m. in the Superior time zone, and again at midnight, after the remote feed from the Armory - see below

    It seems likely the afternoon broadcast was live.
    Recorded interview (transcription record),
    reported in Duke-LYM by Joe Medjuck, Ted O'Reilly and Antony Pepper, April to June 2019
    ...djpNew
    added
    2019-04-25
    updated
    2019-06-05
    1946 06 20
    Thursday
    .Duluth, Minn.Duluth ArmoryDance - 9 p.m. to 1 a.m. (Duluth time)
    • Minneapolis Spokesman

      'Duke Ellington's band played to a capacity crowd at the Duluth Armory, Thursday, June 20. A number of our young people attended.'

    • Remote broadcast introduced as Duke Is On the Air
    • Announcer says 2,500 people attended.
    • Part of the dance was broadcast over ABC and WDSM.
    • The recorded songs are:
      • Take The "A" Train (theme)
      • Take The "A" Train
      • Transblucency (Kay Davis vocal)
      • C-Jam Blues
      • I'm Just A Lucky So And So (Al Hibbler vocal)
      • Riff Staccato (incomplete)
      • Come Rain Or Shine (Kay Davis vocal)
      • Blue Skies
      • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    • Personnel named by Ellington at the end of the broadcast:
      • Hodges
      • Carney
      • Hamilton
      • Sears
      • Nanton
      • Jordan
      • C. Anderson
      • Greer
      • Nance
      • Pettiford
      • Strayhorn
      • Davis
      • Hibbler
    • At the time of writing, transcriptions of the broadcast can be heard and downloaded at the links to the right.
    • Minneapolis Spokesman, Minneapolis, Minn.
      1946-06-28 p.2
    • Broadcast transcriptions reported in Duke-LYM by Joe Medjuck, Ted O'Reilly and Antony Pepper, April to June 2019:
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2019-04-25
    2019-06-05
    2022-03-09
    1946 06 21
    Friday
    .Port Arthur, Ont.Arena.
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 06 22
    Saturday
    .Winnipeg, Man.Hudson's Bay Company store
    3rd Floor Auditorium
    Record signing

    The Hudson's Bay Company advertised Ellington's records for sale in its fourth floor Record Centre. Buyers were entitled to visit the Bay's Third Floor Auditorium Saturday between 11:30 and 12:15 to receive Ellington's personal signature on their records.
    Winnipeg Free Press, Winnipeg, Man.
    1946-06-15 p.6.
    ....New
    added
    2022-01-09
    1946 06 22
    Saturday
    .Winnipeg, Man.AmphitheatreEdton Enterprises inc. present Duke Ellington and his famous orchestra featuring Johnny Hodges, Lawrence Brown, Al Hibbler, Oscar Pettiford, Joya Sherrill, Kay Davis in a Concert and Dance, Tickets $1.65.

    Publicity names Hodges, Stewart, Brown, Carney, Nance, Hardwicke [sic], Greer and Guy
    • Winnipeg Free Press, Winnipeg, Man.
      • 1946-06-01
      • 1946-06-08 pp.6, 23
      • 1946-06-14
      • 1946-06-15 p.6
      • 1946-06-18 p.7
      • 1946-06-19 pp.7, 18
      • 1946-06-20 pp.7, 20
      • 1946-06-21 p.15
    • The Winnipeg Tribune, Winnipeg, Man.
      • 1946-06-08 p.2
      • 1946-06-17 p.16
      • 1946-06-19 p.2
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2022-01-09
    1946 06 23
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 06 24
    Monday
    .Saskatoon, Sask.Arena.
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 06 25
    Tuesday
    .Edmonton, Alta.Arena.
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 06 26
    Wednesday
    .Calgary, Alta.Metawa Armories.
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 06 27
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 06 28
    Friday
    .Seattle, Wash.Civic Ice ArenaConcert
    The Seattle Times, Seattle, Wash.
    • 1946-06-16 p.16
    • 1946-06-25 p.9
    • 1946-06-26 p.20
    • 1946-06-27 p.15
    • 1946-06-28 p.10
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2022-03-09
    1946 06 29
    Saturday
    .Oakland, Cal.Sweet's Ballroom
    Franklin at 14th
    .
    .....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-07-02
    1946 06 30
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......

    July 1946

    1946 07 01
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 07 02
    Tuesday
    1946 07 08Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVaudeville with The Businessmen of Rhythm and Patterson & Jackson.
    Ellington had been booked into the Orpheum, but theatre owner Sherrill Corwin sold the theatre in mid-May. Corwin wanted to move Ellington into his Million Dollar Theater, 9 blocks away.

    Ellington balked until the contract was renegotiated. Instead of a $10,000 guarantee and a split of revenues exceeding $30,000 for the Orpheum, the contract for the Million Dollar Theater was $15,000 guarantee and a split of revenues exceeding $38,000. The programme was almost identical to the Oriental in Chicago in June.

    The unit performed 36 times this week, six over that permitted by the theatre's contract with the American Guild of Variety Artists, so Ellington was asked to pay extra salaries to the three variety acts he had hired to round off the show (Patterson and Jackson, Al Hibbler, and Jesse and James).

    Pittsburgh Courier:

    'Duke Scores At $1,000,000

      LOS ANGELES–Playing a medley of old and new hits, Duke Ellington's popular orchestra and entertainers scored a smashing triumph at Million Dollar Theatre...
      Kay Davis, Marion Cox and Al Hibbler were effective as vocalists. Sidemen including Al Sears, Johnny Hodges, Ray Nance, Taft Jordan and Jimmy Hamilton, were standouts.
      The Duke is set for a theatre tour of the Southland, will do some movie and recording work in Hollywood, and will appear on the Westview Hospital's benefit jamboree at Hollywood Bowl.'

    Variety reviewed the July 6 show:

    'Duke Ellington Orch (16), featuring Al Hibbler. Kay Davis, Ray Nancy. Johnny Hodges, Marion Cox; Businessmen of Rhythm, Patterson & Jackson; "Passkey to Danger" (Rep).
          It's a class musical show Million Dollar is offering patrons this week. Paced by musical ability of Duke Ellington, show is a solid hour's offering of the best in pop music. Orch takes off with “Solid Old Man" to open for big response. Marion Cox. vocalist, is next on with "I Don't Stand d Ghost of a Chance." Ray Nance then takes it away with vocal and comedy dancing to “Riff-staccato," pleasing mightily. He encores with “Sittin' and a-Rockin'," before orch goes into special arrangement of "Blue Skies," featuring Jimmy Hamilton on clarinet, Taft Jordan on trumpet and A1 Sears on tenor sax.
         Johnny Hodges, alto sax, grabs spotlight with a very mellow rendition of "Laughing on the Outside" and encore. Ellington highlights the bill with piano work on six of the tunes he helped make popular. Gives standout delivery of such songs as “Three Shades of Blue," "Mood Indigo," “I'm Beginning to See the Light," "Hindustan" and "Solitude."
         Another socko portion of show is “Transblucency," featuring vocal solo by Kay. Davis. Her voice is used sans lyrics to sell the number big. Encore is "Embraceable You." A second orchestra special is driving arrangement of "Metronome All Out," featuring potent instrumental work.
         A1 Hibbler, featured male vocalist, had audience begging for more at show caught after selling "Little Brown Book,” "Summertime," "Fat and Forty," and "Lucky So and So." Businessmen of Rhythm, terp team, click with classy stepping
                Brog.'

    Variety reported the hous sat 2,420 at prices from 55 to 85 cents. Ellington grossed $43.700.
    • Variety 1946-03-20 p.50
    • Stratemann p.267 citing
      • The Billboard 1946-07-13 p.42
      • Variety 1946-07-17 p.45
    • Variety
      • 1946-05-29 p.53
      • 1946-06-19 p.44
      • 1946-07-10 p.49
      • 1946-07-17 p.18
    • Pittsburgh Courier 1946-07-13 p.18
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-13
    2015-06-25
    2022-01-09
    2022-01-26
    1946 07 03
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 02
    ......
    1946 07 04
    Thursday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 02
    ......
    1946 07 05
    Friday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 02
    ......
    1946 07 06
    Saturday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 02

    Your Saturday Date With the Duke ABC network Treasury Show #41 broadcast from the theatre
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker (Nielsen) or Reunald Jones (New Desor, Timner, and Girvan), Nance, Brown, Nanton, W. De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, K.Davis
    Titles recorded:
    • Take The "A" Train
    • Caravan
    • Sonno
    • D.E. Bond Promos
    • Laughing On The Outside
    • The Blues
    • Teardrops In The Rain
    • I'm Just A Lucky So And So
    • Metronome All Out
    • Just A-Sittin' And A-Rockin'
    • One O'Clock Jump
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington p.73
    New Desor
    DE4618
    DEMS
    Timner corrections
    Timner corrections -4/29
    djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-14
    2020-05-05
    1946 07 07
    Sunday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 02
    ......
    1946 07 08
    Monday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 02
    ......
    Circa
    1946 07 00
    ...Business event
    In a story about publisher Jack Robbins datelined Atlantic City, July 9, Variety reported he was setting up subsidiary partnership firms for Desi Arnaz and Duke Ellington, the latter with Robbins & Sons as selling agents.
    Variety 1946-07-10 p.45...djpNew
    added
    2022-02-01
    circa
    1946 07 09
    Tuesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal..Personnel change
    Harold "Shorty" Baker, trumpet, rejoins the band, replacing Reunald Jones. Jones was in the band again for a few days in November 1961.

    Nielsen has Baker playing the 1946 07 06 broadcast, but New Desor, Timner V and Girvan have Reunald playing it instead.
    • New Desor vol.2
    • New Desor session DE4618 by reference to DE4611
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington p.73
    ...djpNew
    added 2012-10-00
    1946 07 09
    Tuesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal..Victor recording session,
    Time: 12:00 - 16:00
    RCA Victor recording session
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Nanton, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, K.Davis.

    Titles recorded:
    • Rockabye River [as Hop, Skip, Jump according to MacHare]
    • Suddenly It Jumped
    • Transblucency (A Blue Fog That You Can Almost See Through)
    • Just Squeeze Me (But Don't Tease Me)
  • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
  • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
  • Dooji Collection record labels
  • Timner
  • Benny Aasland:
    The Wax Works of Duke Ellington, 1954
  • S. Lasker/O. Keepnews, The Duke Ellington Centennial Edition, RCA Victor CD box set 09026-63386-2 (disc 16)
  • E. Lambert:
    Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide< /A>, pp.129-130
  • Jorgen Grunnet Jepsen, Discography of Duke Ellington, Vol. 2 1937-47
  • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington p.73
  • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2014-10-14 re session time
  • New Desor
    DE4619
    DEMSTimner corrections .Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-14
    2015-06-14
    2020-05-05
    1946 07 10
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal..Victor recording session,
    Times:
    • 19:00 - 22:00
    • &
    • 22:25 - 24:00

    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Nanton, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler

    Titles recorded:
    • A Gatherin' In A Clearin'
    • You Don't Love Me No More
    • Pretty Woman
    • Hey Baby
  • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
  • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
  • Timner
  • Benny Aasland:
    The Wax Works of Duke Ellington, 1954
  • S. Lasker/O. Keepnews, The Duke Ellington Centennial Edition, RCA Victor CD box set 09026-63386-2
  • E. Lambert:
    Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide
    , p.130
  • Jorgen Grunnet Jepsen, Discography of Duke Ellington, Vol. 2 1937-47
  • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington, p.74
  • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2014-10-14 re session time
  • New Desor
    DE4620
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-14
    2015-06-24
    2020-05-06
    1946 07 11
    Thursday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Capitol Radio studio, HollywoodCapitol Transcription recording session
    (transcriptions explained at 1946 03 28 above)
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Nanton, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler

    Titles recorded:
    • Rockabye River
    • A-Gatherin' In A Clearin' (spelling shown on the lable)
    • You Don't Love Me No More
    • Pretty Woman
    • Just Squeeze Me
    • Hey Baby
    • Suddenly It Jumped
    • Come Rain Or Come Shine
  • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
  • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
  • Dooji Collection record labels
  • Timner
  • Benny Aasland:
    The Wax Works of Duke Ellington, 1954
  • E. Lambert:
    Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide
    , pp. 130-131
  • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington, p.74
  • New Desor
    DE4621
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-24
    1946 07 12
    Friday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 07 13
    Saturday
    .Sacramento, Cal...
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 07 14
    Sunday
    .Oakland, Cal.Sweet's
    Franklin and 14th
    .
    Ticket for sale on Worthpoint, courtesy S.Lasker 2019-09-15....SLAdded
    2011
    updated
    2019-09-15
    1946 07 15
    Monday
    1946 07 18Fresno, Cal...
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 07 16
    Tuesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Capitol Radio studio, HollywoodCapitol Transcriptions recording session

    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Nanton, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Marion Cox
    Titles recorded:
      • Fickle Fling
      • 9:20 Special (notwithstanding Lambert, there seems to have been several takes)
      • One O'Clock Jump
      • Back Home Again In Indiana
      • A Ghost Of A Chance
      • Lover Man
      • Unbooted Character
      • Suburbanite
  • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
  • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
  • Dooji Collection record labels
  • Timner
  • E. Lambert:
    Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide
    , p. 131
  • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington p.74
  • New Desor
    DE4622
    DEMSNDCS 1057.Added
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-24
    2020-05-06
    1946 07 17
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Capitol Radio Hollywood studiosCapitol Radio Transcription recording session
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, C. Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Nanton, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer

    Titles recorded:
    • Moon Mist
    • In A Jam
    • On The Alamo
    • I Can't Believe That You're In Love With Me
    • Just You, Just Me
    • Someone
    • Tea For Two
    • Double Ruff
    • A Flower Is A Lovesome Thing
    • The Mooche
  • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
  • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
  • Timner
  • E. Lambert:
    Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide
    , p.131
  • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington, p.75
  • New Desor
    DE4623
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-24
    2020-05-06
    1946 07 18
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 07 19
    Friday
    ...sidemen's activities not documented
    ......
    1946 07 19
    Friday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Club Alabam(Unconfirmed)

    The California Eagle announced Ellington was among the guests expected to attend the Celebrity Cabaret Party given by the Southwest Business Men's Association at Club Alabam.

    The Association members represented "the leading cocktail lounges, night clubs, cafes, drug stores, malt shops and liquor dealers in all parts of the city."

    Celebrities who said they were coming were Ellington, Ida Mae James, the Ink Spots, and Earl Hines.

    The event was open to the public, tickets $1.10 advance, $1.25 at the door. Doors at 8 pm, floor shows by the new Alabam floor show and an in-house orchestra were scheduled for 10 pm and 1 am, and apparently there was to be dancing as well.
    California Eagle, 1946-07-18 p.14.....New
    added 2013-04-16
    1946 07 20
    Saturday
    ...sidemen's activities not documented
    The Scraggs Hotel in San Francisco was the band's base while in the region.
    .....2015-06-25
    1946 07 20
    Saturday(evening)
    or
    1946 07 21 (morning)
    ...Personnel change
    Joe "Tricky Sam" Nanton, trombone, was found dead in his bed at the Scraggs Hotel in San Francisco after he didn't show up for the band bus the morning of July 21. Stratemann tells us he died the night before; an obituary by Barry Ulanov says he died on the 21st.

    Pittsburgh Courier:

    'NANTON'S DEATH STUNS ELLINGTON ORCHESTRA
    LOS ANGELES– ... When the band takes the podium there will be one highly revered member missing in the person of Joseph "Tricky Sam" Nanton, trombone ace and long time member of the group. Nanton passed following a sudden heart attack in his hotel room in San Francisco on Saturday, July 20. The body was shipped to his widow in Chicago for burial...'


    Nanton had returned to the Ellington band a few months earlier after being away due to illness from November 1945 to March 26, 1946; he had been paralyzed on his left side.
    Ulanov:

    'All of this, the illness, the return to the band, without full control of his lips, and the approach of death, [he] took with the extraordinary calm which characterized everything he did, from blowing the greatest growl trombone jazz has ever known, to downing enormous quantities of liquor, to arguments about life, liberty and the pursuit of facts in the World Almanac and the news magazines, which he read devotedy and memorized avidly.

    [Tricky Sam replaced Charlie Irvis under protest in June 1926.] "He didn't want to take Irvis' place; he didn't think he was good enough, and besides, Charlie was a good friend. Duke had to take him by the arm forcibly, to get him in his band.

    When Toby Hardwick had gotten to know Joe Nanton well, when he saw the struggle the little man went through to avoid difficult or complicated work, and the fight he put up to handle his horn with the least possible exertion, and the tricks he invented to accomplish these ends, he gave him a name: "Tricky Sam." ... nobody ever called Joe Nanton "Joe;" from late in 1926 on he was Tricky Sam. ... a little man of completely winning charm, of softness and sweetness and great good sense... '

    • New Desor vol.2
    • Pittsburgh Courier 1946-08-03 p.19
    • Barry Ulanov, Tricky Sam is Dead, Metronome, 1946-09
    ...djpNew
    added 2012-10-23
    Updated 2013-07-02
    2014-11-23
    1946 07 21
    Sunday
    ...The Kansas City Star:

    'Duke Ellington will be the guest on the Tommy Dorsey show (WDAF) at 6:30 tonight.'

    The Kansas City Star, Kansas City, Kansas
    1946-07-21 p.4D
    ....New
    Added
    2022-03-09
    1946 07 21
    Sunday
    .Vallejo, Cal...
    Stratemann p.268, no details....Added
    2011
    1946 07 22
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 07 23
    Tuesday
    1946 07 29
    Monday
    San Diego, Cal.Orpheum TheaterVaudeville.
    Duke Ellington and his World Famous Orchestra and Entertainers featuring Johnny Hodges, Harry Carney, Lawrence Brown, Oscar Pettiford, Ray Nance, and on vocals, Al Hibbler, Joya Sherrill, Kay Davis. Patterson and Jackson and Jesse and James were in the show and the featured movie was Queen of Burlesque, a murder mystery.

    Doors opened at 11 a.m. and Ellington's show played at 12:35, 2:55, 5.15, 7:30 and 9:55. Admission was $0.75 until 1 p.m., $0.85 until 4 p.m. and $1.10 in the evenings.

    The San Diego Union:

    'DUKE ELLINGTON,BAND ENTERTAIN IN 'JIVE' STYLE.
      ...returned to the Orpheum yesterday after a four-year absence with a typical Ellington band and entertainers, and was greeted enthusiastically by "jive" fans.
      Duke introduced his ensemble with a modern "jivey" version of "Blue Skies"...Then came "Sophisticated Lady," "Mood Indigo" and other Ellington compositions.
      ...Duke winds up his musical program with a medley of old-time tunes. The Ellington engagement at the Orpheum lasts a week...'

    • Stratemann p.268
    • The San Diego Union
      • 1946-07-19 p.9-A
      • 1946-07-21 p.3-C
      • 1946-07-22 p.7-A
      • 1946-07-23 p.7-A
      • 1946-07-24 p.5-A
      • 1946-07-25 p.9-A
      • 1946-07-28 p.3-C
      • 1946-+07-29 p.7-A
    • Variety 1946-05-22 p.62
    .
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-25
    2022-03-09
    1946 07 24
    Wednesday
    .San Diego, Cal.Orpheum TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 23
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 07 25
    Thursday
    .San Diego, Cal.Orpheum TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 23
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 07 26
    Friday
    .San Diego, Cal.Orpheum TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 23
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 07 27.San Diego, Cal.Orpheum TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 23 - with ABC radio's remote Your Saturday Date With the Duke AFRS broadcast, Treasury Show #42

    Recorded broadcast
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C. Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, K.Davis
    Titles broadcast and recorded:
    • Take The "A" Train (theme)
    • Jump For Joy
    • A-Gatherin' In A Clearin'
    • Come Rain Or Come Shine
    • Suddenly It Jumped
    • Medley:-
      • Black And Tan Fantasy
      • In A Sentimental Mood
      • Mood Indigo
      • I'm Beginning To See The Light
      • Sophisticated Lady
      • Caravan
      • I Let A Song Go Out Of My Heart & Don't Get Around Much Anymore
    • Passion Flower
    • Just You, Just Me
    • You Don't Love Me No More
    • Unbooted Character
    • Cotton Tail
    In addition, Duke spoke a couple of bond promos and, according to Stratemann, spoke about Joe Nanton during Black and Tan Fantasy.
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington, pp.75-76
    New Desor
    DE4624
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-25
    2020-05-06
    1946 07 28
    Sunday
    .San Diego, Cal.Orpheum TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 23
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 07 29
    Monday
    .San Diego, Cal.Orpheum TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 23
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 07 30
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1946 07 31
    Wednesday
    1946 08 06
    Tuesday
    San Francisco, Cal.Golden Gate Theater.
    Variety 1946-05-22 p.62....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-02-22
    1946 07 00... Peripheral event - Racial matters
    The Pittsburgh Courier:

    'Anti-Bias Clause Inserted In Jazz Group's Contracts
          NEW YORK—A significantly important precedent is currently being set by the famous Jazz at the Philharmonic concert organization, which has inserted an anti-discrimination clause into all contracts for appearances in these concerts by celebarted [sic] jazz instrumentalists. Norman Granz, young producer and conductor of the concerts has insisted that the anti-jim-crow clause be inserted in all his contracts.
         The precedent-shattering words read: “It is of the essence of this agreement that there is no discrimination whatever in the sale of tickets and that there is to be no segregation of whites from Negroes. In the event of any violation of either of these provisions by you, the management of the hall or anyone else. Mr. Granz has the privilege of refusing to give the concert, in which case you will forfeit one half of the contract price to him ." The clause follows the customary clauses as to time, place, date, terms , and so on.
    MIXED REACTION
          Mr. Granz, when interviewed here last week about the novel clause in the contract and possible reactions thereto, said that he had already received many cancellations and refusals especially from the South. However, to his surprise, there had been several acceptances from that sector. "This merely proves," said the young producer, "that the enlightenment is gradually spreading all over the Nation. I realize that in those places where there are State statues [sic] on the books it will be impossible to insist on adherence to such a clause. However, it will probably insure the arranging of equal accommodations for all patrons."
          “I hope my step will be followed by the ‘name’ Negro bandleaders,” Granz said. “After all, it is they who can really strike most effectively at this insidious thing if they but have the courage of their convictions and a deep interest in their own self respect.”
          The entertainment field, particularly the booking agencies handling Negro bands, are watching the results and reactions to this courageous departure from the laissez-faire and challenge to the custom of jim crowing in the South.'

    The Pittsburgh Courier, Pittsburgh, Penn.
    1946-08-03 p.19
    ...djpNew
    added
    2022-03-09

    August 1946

    1946 08 01
    Thursday
    .San Francisco, Cal.Golden Gate TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 31
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 02
    Friday
    .San Francisco, Cal.Golden Gate TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 31
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 03
    Saturday
    .San Francisco, Cal.Golden Gate Theater
    RKO
    Vaudeville - see 1946 07 31

    Remote ABC network Your Saturday Date With The Duke broadcast, 3 p.m. EST (noon, PST)
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, K.Davis
    Titles recorded:
    • Spoken bond plugs
    • A Flower Is A Lovesome Thing
    • Blue Is The Night
    • Eighth Veil
    • Hollywood Hangover
    • I Got It Bad and That Ain't Good
    • Jeep Is Jumpin'
    • Just Squeeze Me
    • Lover Man
    • "Suite" or medley
      • Diminuendo In Blue
      • Transblucency
      • Crescendo In Blue
    • Take The "A" Train
    • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    Variety reported
    • Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Va.
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner, Timner corrections
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington, p.76
    New Desor
    DE4625
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-07-01
    2022-03-09
    1946 08 04
    Sunday
    .San Francisco, Cal.Golden Gate TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 31
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 05
    Monday
    .San Francisco, Cal.Golden Gate TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 31
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 06
    Tuesday
    ...Peripheral event
    Variety reported ballroom operators all along the west coast were to meet Tuesday afternoon to determine the line of resistance to be thrown up against the top orchestra's guarantee demands.
    Variety 196-08-07 p.47...djpNew
    added
    2022-03-09
    1946 08 06
    Tuesday
    .San Francisco, Cal.Golden Gate TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 07 31
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 06
    Tuesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal..Personnel change
    Band boy and Ellington valet Jonesy (Richard B. Jones) died from "a complication of illnesses."

    Lawrence says he died after a long illness.

    Further research is necessary to determine when he left the band and if he was replaced.
    Down Beat 1946-08-26...djpNew
    added 2014-07-21
    updated
    2015-06-25
    1946 08 07
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Shrine Auditorim
    665 W Jefferson Blvd.
    Concert
    • The Plain Dealer announced Ellington's contract was for a $5,000 guarantee against 60% of the gross.
    • Pittsburgh Courier 1946-08-03:

      'Duke Ellington and his classic orchestra will be presented in concert under the sponsorhip of Downbeat Magazine at Shrine Civic Auditorim on Wednesday evening Aug.7... the program will consist of old and new favorites and will be similar to the one which the maestro presented in Chicago last year.
        Another change in personnel affects the bass spot where Oscar Pettiford and Serious Myers have replaced Junior Raglin.'

    • Variety 1946-08-14:

      '            Hollywood, Aug. 13
           Duke Ellington last week grossed $11,200 at a jazz concert put on by his orch at Shrine aud here. Take is largest ever harvested by such a concert spotted west of Chicago. At a $3.00 top, 5,150 payees jammed the 6,700 seat site.
           On the strength of showing, Ellington has opened negotiations with Hollywood Bowl for band to stage similar shindig in the open arena next summer. Shrine session was jointly promoted by Ellington and Joe Zucca, operator of Meadowbrook ballroom,...'

    • Down Beat 1941-08-26 p.6:

      'Duke Rings Bell Both Ways With Coast Bash
      By CHARLES EMGE
           Los Angeles—Duke Ellington's Down Beat sponsored concert at the Shrine and [sic] drew better than 5,000, a figure that caused no pain to Duke and operators of the Meadowbrook, backers of the affair. It was a financial and popular success.
           When the curtain rose on the Shrine's huge stage, the band, which covered but a small part of the stage, looked almost lost. Thanks to the aud's excellent acoustics, the band sounded bigger than it did in previous concerts here at the Philharmonic.
           Critical comment aside, Ellington rang up a clean hit with the audience. From the opening Caravan, he launched into excerpts from Black, Brown and Beige. Then trumpeter Taft Jordan set things to jumping with Rugged Romeo and Hamilton and Carney broke loose in Air Conditioned Jungle. Sections from the Perfume Suite fitted easily into the next slot on the program, but, taking no chances, the Duke brought the Intermission curtain down with a free swing at Frankie and Johnny.
      “A-Train” 2nd-Half Opener
           The second half of the program followed a somewhat similar pattern. Band opened with A-Train to shouts from the audience, followed with carefully spotted originals and other pieces designed to successfully display the virtuosity of his soloists then slipped into more "popular" material by presenting Al Hibbler. His Summertime was the high point in audience enthusiasm.
           Ellington closed with a sure-fire medley of his hit songs, such as Sophisticated Lady, Mood Indigo, In My Solitude, unpretentious but appealing musical expressions that may yet prove to be the real Ellington at his best and which some believe he treated to condescendingly in a rather off-the-cuff manner on this occasion.
      Miss Old Stand-bys
           There was some sensible criticism of the concert. No real admirer of Ellington and his music failed to miss Nanton, or. for that matter felt that it would not have been better for the presence of other great Ellington musician who were not there.
           The only real grumbling from the cash customers came from those who paid fifty cents for a “souvenir program", only to find that it was mainly an out-dated collection of press-book material that did not even contain the evening’s program.'

    • The Plaindealer, Kansas City, Kansas
      1946-06-28 p.10
    • Nanton's Death Stuns Ellington Orchestra
      Pittsburgh Courier, Pittsburgh, Penn.
      1946-08-03 p.19
    • Variety
      • 1946-06-12 p.50
      • 1946-08-14 p.36
    • Review, Down Beat 1946-08-26 p.13
      courtesy S.Lasker 2021-10-26
    ...djpAdded
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    updated
    2014-11-23
    2022-01-27
    2022-03-08
    1946 08 08
    Thursday
    1946 08 25
    Sunday
    Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency. Stratemann reports the club had only 3,000 customers the first 4 days of Ellington's run and the last 4 days drew only 2,300. According to a story in the Pittsburgh Courier, the club was open 4 nights a week. Vail I, without showing sources, has the band there Thursdays through Sundays each week, consistent with the story but conflicting with the Monday Arpil 19 broadcast listed in New Desor session DE4632. Variety's June announcement said Ellington was booked here for three four-day weekends at a price understood to be $6,500/weekend.

    Variety 1946-08-14:

    'Shrine session was jointly promoted by Ellington and Joe Zucca, operator of Meadowbrook ballroom, where band is current, with Ellington guaranteed $7,000 for the night against 60% of gate.'


    New Desor lists 10 Ellington broadcasts from the cafe, one undated and the rest distributed over 7 specific dates shown below. In addition to the dated broadcasts in New Desor, a search of newspaper radio schedules in J.J.'s radio logs and newspapers.com finds Ellington broadcasts nationally every day except Aug. 21. The MBS broadcasts were in the evenings, but the ABC network Your Saturday Date With The Duke broadcasts would have had to be made in the early afternoon, unusual for playing from the stage of a nightclub.
    The club, previously Frank Sebastian's Cotton Club and Casa Mañana, was put up for sale in September. It may relate to poor business due to racial tensions described in The Pittsburgh Courier:

    'Denies Bias At Dancery
    LOS ANGELES – Charges of racial bias in forcing Negro and Mexican patrons to sit in segregated sections of the Meadowbrook Club in nearby Culver City were denied last week by Harold Lewin, manager of the huge nitery at a conference with The Courier's Coast Bureau.
      The majority of complaints arose during the recent engagement of Duke Ellington's orchestra at the club. Both Mexican and Negro couples claimed they were either refused admission because of some flimsy pretext, or if admitted were seated in the far corner near the bandstand.
      The Courier learned further that numbers of youthful white couples resented the asserted jim-crow treatment and remained away from the place in droves with the resultant effect that patronage fell far below the management's expectations during the band's stay.
      Sonny Greer, ace drummer, was among others who allegedly voiced bitter criticism of the managements un-American policy.
      Lewin acted as spokesman for Joe Zucca, one of the onwers of the club who was out of the city.
      He said the Meadowbrook was always open to everyone who confirmed [sic] with the house polciy of no stags, proper dress and behaviour.
      He denied that Negroes and Mexicans were always ushered to the particular section in question. He said that on numerous occasions he had observed them seated in various parts of the house. He pointed out further that there were only approximately 300 reserved seats and these were nearly always reserved and taken early in the evening.
      Lewin was questioned regarding the fallacy of this argument inasmuch as there were nights during Ellington's stay when attendance was only average.
      ... The Meadowbrook is the home of big name bands and is operated four nights a week. More than a decade ago it gained internatonal fame as Frank Sebastian's Cotton Club.'


    The Your Saturday Date With The Duke ABC network broadcasts would have had to go on the air by early in the afternoon, casting doubt upon them being made live from the stage of the club. The MBS network broadcasts were later in the evening and were likely live. The dated broadcasts per New Desor are shown in their respective date slots below, and the one undated broadcast was transcribed by AFRS and released on AFRS MC-435 and MC-457 - this may or may not have been a single broadcast since AFRS mixed recordings for their electronic transription records to produce program-length discs. (MC appears to mean Magic Carpet, a series of 15 minute AFRS ET broadcasts.)

    Broadcast details:
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer
    Titles recorded:
    • Take The "A" Train (theme)
    • Passion Flower
    • Teardrops In The Rain
    • Just Squeeze Me
    • Hollywood Hangover
    • Variety
      • 1946-06-12 p.50
      • 1946-08-14 p.36
    • New York Post, New York, N.Y.
      1946-08-12 Daily Magazine and Comic section
    • Pittsburgh Courier, Pittsburgh, Penn.
      1946-09-07, p.18
    • The Billboard 1946-10-05 p.13
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner V
    New Desor
    DE4626
    DEMS
    98,3-22
    .djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-27
    2015-06-29
    2022-01-27
    2022-03-08
    1946 08 09
    Friday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.R.C.A. Studio
    1016 N. Sycamore Ave.
    1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Soundtrack pre-recording session for Paramount's animated George Pal Puppetoon film, Date With Duke - Presenting Duke Ellington Playing His Perfume Suite
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    The Studio Orchestra Manager's Daily Report shows the session was at R.C.A. Studio, and the producing company was Geo.Pal. The report lists personnel (with these spellings), pay, instrument and start and finish times:
    Duke Ellington      93.10 Conductor   1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Chas. Tatspaugh 46.55 Contractor 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Taft Jordan 46.55 Trumpet 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Ray Nance 46.55 Trumpet 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Francic Williams 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Shelton Hemphill 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    William Anderson 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Hal Baker 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Floyd Jones 46.55 Trombone 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Lawrence Brown 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Wilbur deParis 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Russell Procope 46.55 Sax. 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Al Sears 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Harry Carney 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    James Hamilton 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Johnny Hodge 46.55 " 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Fred Guy 46.55 Guitar 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Oscar Pettiford 46.55 Bass 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Sonney [sic] Greer 69.82 Drum, Tymp 1 P.M. to 4:30 P.M.
    Music recorded was Duke Ellington's own set
    numbers

    Titles recorded:
    PERFUME SUITE
    • Balcony Serenade (Strayhorn's "Sonata," representing love)
    • Strange Feeling (representing violence)
    • Dancers In Love (representing naivete)
    This charmingly silly one-reeler film short was the first time Ellington was filmed in Technicolor.

    Ellington appears by himself, playing piano for and speaking with five puppets that pop out of perfume bottles - for a full description see Stratemann.

    In September, Film Daily reported Pal sat in on drums in a jam session with Ellington while Ellington was appearing in Date With The Duke but doesn't say when this was or who else played.
    George Pal's Puppetoons used animated hand-carved wood puppets. In May Showmen's Trade Review announced Pal was seeking a suitable story with music as a vehicle to introduce the innovative combining of live action with his puppets, having overcome technical problems. Film Daily reported in May that Pal wanted Duke for a Puppetoon, and in June that he was negotiating with Ellington.
    Given the studio orchestra manager's report above, those sources that show the prerecording date appear to be in error. Nielsen says Aug. 13, New Desor, Girvan, Stratemann (p.271) and Vail I say Aug. 14 and Stratemann also says Aug. 16 (p.274). Dr. Stratemann wasn't sure when Duke was filmed, but suggested it was either the day of the pre-recording or before Ellington left the west coast "at the end of the month." It seems likely to have been within that time period, since Showmen's Trade Review reported in October, in the past tense,

    'Duke Ellington and his orchestra were featured in the first of the combination shorts, "Date With Duke," in which his Perfume Suite was performed. Pal hopes to have this film released in time for the 1946 Academy Awards.'

    It seems unlikely Duke would have been filmed on Aug. 9 because he had to play a club date that evening.

    Vail incorrectly places the pre-recording session at Paramount Studios. While it was a Paramount film short, Mr. Cantor's document clearly shows the location as R.C.A.'s studio.
    New Desor
    DE4627
    ..djpAdded
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    2015-06-28
    2022-01-27
    1946 08 09
    Friday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 10
    Saturday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 11
    Sunday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 12
    Monday
    ...Probably a day off from Meadowbrook Gardens Café - see 1946 08 08 above
    .....Added
    2011
    Circa
    1946 08 12
    Monday
    ...Business and racial matters
    Variety:

    'Race Friction in South Prompts Ellington To Cancel Dates There
         Recent unrest in the south apparently has induced Negro band leaders to avoid playdates there in the immediate future. Mindful of the election battle at Athens. Tenn., a couple weeks ago and the murder of four Negroes at Athens. Ga., a few days later, Duke Ellington, for one, has cancelled all plans to work in the territory until a later late.
         Ellington had between five and six weeks of one-nighters and concerts definitely booked through Texas and other southern states. They were to have been played on his way back from his current stay on the Coast to New York. Late last week he ordered the William Morris agency to cancel all commitments and return all deposits for his appearance.'

    The San Antonio Light

    'Duke Ellington has cancelled his tour of Texas and the south, including an engagement for San Antonio's Municipal auditorium next month.'

    • Variety 1946-08-21 p.1
    • San Antonio Light, 1946 08 26, section B
    • Stratemann p.277
    ...djpNew
    added
    2013-01-25
    updated
    2013-03-17
    2015-06-30
    2022-03-10
    1946 08 13
    Tuesday
    .Culver City, Cal..Probably a day off from Meadowbrook Gardens Café - see 1946 08 08 above
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 14
    Wednesday
    .Culver City, Cal..Probably a day off from Meadowbrook Gardens Café - see 1946 08 08 above
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 15
    Thursday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 16
    Friday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08

    Remote broadcast, confirmed in the Chicago Daily Tribune radio log for this date, and transcribed by AFRS:
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler

    Titles recorded:
    • Take The "A" Train (theme)
    • 9:20 Special
    • Day Dream
    • You Don't Love Me No More
    • Metronome All Out
    New Desor
    DE4628
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-28
    1946 08 17
    Saturday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08

    2 remote broadcasts, confirmed in the Chicago Daily Tribune radio log for this date, and transcribed by AFRS:
    The first broadcast is Your Saturday Date With the Duke.Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, K.Davis
    Titles recorded:
    • Take The "A" Train (theme)
    • 9:20 Special
    • Day Dream
    • Metronome All Out
    • D.E. Bond Promos
    • A TONAL GROUP
      • Rhapsoditti (Mellow Ditty)
      • Fugueaditti
      • Jam-A-Ditty
      • Harlem Air Shaft
      • Just Squeeze Me
      • Jumpin' Punkins
      • Teardrops In The Rain
      • Riff 'n' Drill
      • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    • Just Squeeze Me
    • One O'Clock Jump
    • Cynthia's In Love
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner
    • J.J.'s radio logs: Washington Post, New York Times
    New Desor
    DE4629
    DE4630
    .Timner corrections -4/17+20.Added
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-28
    1946 08 18
    Sunday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08
    Remote radio broadcast.
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C. Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer
    Titles recorded:
    • Blue Is The Night
    • Rockabye River
    • Solid Old Man
    • Jack The Bear
    • Suburbanite
    • Blue Skies
    • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    New Desor
    DE4631
    ..djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-29
    1946 08 19
    Monday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Probably a day off from Meadowbrook Gardens Café - see 1946 08 08 above - but for the remote radio broadcast.
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C. Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer
    Titles recorded:
    • 9:20 Special
    • Just Squeeze Me
    New Desor
    DE4632
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-29
    1946 08 20
    Tuesday
    .Culver City, Cal..Probably a day off from Meadowbrook Gardens Café - see 1946 08 08 above
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 21
    Wednesday
    .Culver City, Cal..Probably a day off from Meadowbrook Gardens Café - see 1946 08 08 above
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 22
    Thursday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08
    Remote MBS radio broadcast.
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C. Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer
    Titles recorded:
    • Back Home Again In Indiana
    • My Honey's Lovin' Arms
    • Just You, Just Me
    New Desor
    DE4633
    ..djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-29
    1946 08 23
    Friday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 08 24
    Saturday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08

    2 remote broadcasts, the earlier being "Your Saturday Date With The Duke" on ABC
    Duke Ellington
    and
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, K.Davis
    Titles recorded, in addition to Ellington's spoken commercials for bonds:
    • A Gatherin' In A Clearin'
    • C-Jam Blues
    • Cynthia's In Love
    • Don't Get Around Much Anymore
    • Hollywood Hangover
    • Jack The Bear
    • Magenta Haze
    • Mood Indigo
    • Sophisticated Lady
    • Solitude
    • Moon Mist
    • Rugged Romeo
    • Take The "A" Train (theme)
    • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    • Solid Old Man
    • Stomp, Look And Listen
    • Suburbanite
    • You Don't Love Me No More
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner
    • J.J.'s Radio Logs New York Times
    • Chicago Tribune
    New Desor
    DE4634
    DE4635
    DEMS.djpAdded
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    updated
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    1946 08 25
    Sunday
    4:30-5:00 PM PST
    .Culver City or Los Angeles, Cal.NBC Hollywood StudiosTommy Dorsey Show or Dorsey's Tender Leaf Tea Show, broadcast on local station KFI and the NBC network
    Ellington and Dorsey speak a little, then Duke plays Solitude with a choir backing him up, and Take the "A" Train with Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra
    The recording was reissued as a 16" transcription, the AFRS TOMMY DORSEY SHOW No. 57
    • C. Hällström, personal email, 2013-01-05
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner
    • Radio log, Chicago Tribune and The Columbus Dispatch
    New Desor
    DE4636
    DEMS.CAHAdded
    2011

    2013-01-06
    2015-06-29
    2022-03-09
    1946 08 25
    Sunday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Night club residency - see 1946 08 08
    Final night.

    Remote broadcast
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C. Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer
    Titles recorded:
    • Magenta Haze
    • Take The "A" Train
    • Rugged Romeo
    • Solid Old Man
    • Hollywood Hangover
    • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner
    • Radio logs, Chicago Tribune and Washington Post
    New Desor
    DE4637
    ..djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-29
    1946 08 26
    Monday
    .Los Angeles, Cal..RCA Victor recording session
    20:00 - 24:00
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, K.Davis, Marion Cox
    Titles recorded:
    • Back Home Again In Indiana
    • Blue Is The Night
    • Lover Man
    • Just You, Just Me
    • Beale Street Blues
    New Desor
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    1946 08 27
    Tuesday
    1946 09 02
    Monday
    Los Angeles, Cal.Lincoln Theater
    2300 Central Ave.
    Vaudeville

    Now Playing — In Person
    DUKE ELLINGTON
    AND HIS FAMOUS ORCHESTRA
    Three Chefs – Danny Beck

    • Pacific Press Syndicate wirestory
      The Mississippi Enterprise, Jackson, Miss.
      1946-06-22 p.1
    • Variety 1946-07-10 p.44
    • The California Eagle, Los Angeles, Cal.
      • 1946-08-22 p.14
      • 1946-08-29 p.13
    • Stratemann p.277
    .
    ...djpAdded
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    2022-03-09
    1946 08 28
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Lincoln TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 08 27
    ..DEMSTimner corrections .Added
    2011
    1946 08 28
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Ciro's
    8433 Sunset Blvd.
    Ellington was a guest in a party at Ciro's.

    Harrison Carroll's syndicated column reported that on French singer Charles Trenet's opening night at Ciro's,

    '...Bandleader Duke Ellington, guest in a large party, wound up at a table out on the floor in front of all the stars.'

    . Dorothy Manners syndicated column established the date to be Aug. 28
    • Dorothy Manners, News of the Movies, San Antonio Light, 1946-08-15, p.16
    • Harrison Carroll, "Behind the Scenes in HOLLYWOOD," The Evening Independent, Massillon, Ohio, 1946-09-14, p.4
    ...djpNew
    added
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    updated
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    2022-01-09
    1946 08 29
    Thursday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Lincoln TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 08 27
    ..DEMSTimner corrections .Added
    2011
    1946 08 30
    Friday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Lincoln TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 08 27
    ..DEMSTimner corrections .Added
    2011
    Circa
    1946 08 30
    Friday
    ...Peripheral event
    San Antonio Register reported Cab Calloway headed a syndicate to buy a surplus aircraft carrier to convert into floating dance ballrooms. It was to have bars, restaurants and landing craft for taking patrons to and from shore. The report said Harry James, Benny Goodman and Duke Ellington were charter members of the syndicate.
    San Antonio Register, San Antonio, Tex.
    1946-08-30 p.4.
    ...djpNew
    added
    2022-03-10
    1946 08 31
    Saturday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Lincoln TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 08 27
    Your Saturday Date With The Duke ABC radio remote broadcast ( - see 1945 04 07)
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, K.Davis, Marion Cox

    Titles recorded:
    • Bond commercials spoken by Duke
    • Beale Street Blues
    • Blues On The Double
    • Come Rain Or Come Shine
    • Jumpin' Punkins
    • Just Squeeze Me
    • Memphis Blues
    • Moon Mist
    • My Honey's Lovin' Arms
    • Pretty Woman
    • St. Louis Blues
    • Swamp Fire
    • Take The "A" Train
    • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    • Three Cent Stomp
    • Warm Valley
    • Stratemann p.277
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington, p.79
    New Desor
    DE4639
    DEMSTimner corrections djpAdded
    2011
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    September 1946

    1946 09 01
    Sunday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Lincoln TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 08 27
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 09 02
    Monday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Lincoln TheaterVaudeville - see 1946 08 27
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 09 03
    Tuesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.RCA Hollywood Studio
    1016 N. Sycamore Ave.
    RCA recording session
    Times:
    • Mxs D6-VB-2126 & 2127: 10:30- 13:15
    • Mxs 2128 through 2131: 14:30 to 18:00
    • Mxs 2132 & 2133: 17:15 to 18:00
    RCA Victor's session sheet bears notation "Charge talent cost to French Gramophone Account" against these two masters.
    Mr. Lasker explains

    'There are two sheets for the sessions of 1946 09 03. The first sheet covers msx 2126 & 2127. The second sheet shows the session time 2:30 to 6:00 under mx. 2131, indicating that 2128 through 2131 were recorded during that time. This appears to be a mistake, as under 2133 appears the notation "Time: 5:15 PM to 6:00 PM"; the notation "CHARGE TALENT COST TO FRENCH GRAMMOPHONE ACCOUNT" appears under both 2132-2133. My interpretation is that 2128 through 2131 were recorded from 2:30 to 5:15, while 2132 and 2133 were recorded from 5:15 to 6:00.'


    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Anderson, Baker, Hemphill, Jordan, Nance, Francis Williams, Brown, DeParis, Jones, Hamilton, Hodges, Procope,Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Cox

    Titles recorded:
    • My Honey's Lovin' Arms
    • Memphis Blues
    • I Don't Stand A Ghost Of A Chance With You
    • St Louis Blues
    • Swamp Fire
    • Royal Garden Blues
    • Esquire Swank
    • Midriff
    This was the last Ellington session for his RCA contract - see discussion of the switch to Musicraft above (1946 05 00)

    Leonard Feather:

    '...Ellington made a record date I went to. He had thirteen sides to do to finish up his Victor contract, and I've seldom seen him work so hard. He usually takes a day to get one or two sides finished, but the session I went to he made eight sides in one day.'

    George Hoefer (Down Beat):

    'Some years back [...] Duke was finishing up an RCA Victor recording contract. The contract had called for an album called Duke Ellington Plays the Blues. It had been specified in the contract that the blues to be played were to be familiar standards, such as Royal Garden and the W. C. Handy tunes like St. Louis Blues. Duke had kept putting the project off, remaining unenthusiastic about the idea. When the date came up, the band went into the recording studio without a single arrangement. Duke arranged the dozen sides in the studio. When he finished one chart, the band recorded it while he worked on the next one.'

    • Stratemann, p.277 citing
      • Variety 1945-12-19 p37 and 1946-5-22 p47
      • The Billboard 1946-05-25, p23
    • Leaonard Feather, Sweet and Hot, Modern Screen, 1946-12-00 p.88
    • George Hoefer, "The Hot Box,"
      Down Beat, 1959-12-10, p. 63
      courtesy S. Lasker
    • Emails Lasker-Palmquist
      • 2014-10-14
      • 2014-11-03
      • 2021-11-18
      • 2022-01-04
    .
    New Desor
    DE4640
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    2014-10-14
    2014-11-03
    2015-07-12
    2022-01-04
    2022-01-08
    1946 09 04
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented...djp
    1946 09 05
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 09 06
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 09 07
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented

    Booking in El Paso cancelled - see 1946 08 12 above.

    El Paso Herald-Post:
    'Due to conditions beyond our control, the Southwestern Dance Association regrets to announce the cancellation of the appearance of Duke Ellington on Saturday, September 7th. The following is a telegram from the Orchestra's representative.
    TELEGRAM
    SA 209 56 SER-WUX TDS BEVERLY BILLS
    CALIF 4 2I5P
    RIVERS BOWDEN&NDASH;SOUTHWESTERN
    DANCE ASSOCIATION&NDASH;EL PASO TEXAS
    IN LINE WITH MY PHONE CONVERSATION
    WITH YOU THIS MORNING ELLINGTON
    QUITE ILL AND ADVISES THAT HIS PHYS-
    ICIAN ORDERED HIM TO BED IMME-
    DIATELY CONSEQUENTLY HE WILL NOT
    APPEAR IN EL PASO SATURDAY NIGHT
    UNFORTUNATELY DONT KNOW OF ANY
    OTHER WORTHWHILE NAME AVAILABLE
    SATURDAY NIGHT THIS IS REGRETABLE
    SITUATION BUT JUST CANT BE HELPED
    LETTER FOLLOWS REGARDS
         JACK FLYNN–SEC WM MORRIS AGENCY
    The appearance or HARRY JAMES is announced for September 18th. Those holding tickets for DukeEllington may use their tickets and table reservations for the HARRY JAMES dance at no advance prices.
    The Southwestern Dance Association's secretary will be at the Cortez Drug to gvie refunds on all tickets purchased if the holders desire.
               Southwestern Dance Association'
    El Paso Herald-Post,El Paso, Tex.
    • 1946-09-06 p.14
    • 1946-09-07 p.5
    ...djpNew
    added
    2022-03-10
    1946 09 08
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 09 09
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 09 10
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 09 11
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 09 12
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 09 13
    Friday
    1946 09 18Wichita, KansasRKO Theatre(Unconfirmed)

    .
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 14
    Saturday
    .Wichita, KansasRKO Theatre(Unconfirmed)

    See 1946 09 13
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 15
    Sunday
    .Wichita, KansasRKO Theatre(Unconfirmed)

    See 1946 09 13
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 16
    Monday
    .Wichita, KansasRKO Theatre(Unconfirmed)

    See 1946 09 13


    A concert originally booked this date in Amarillo was cancelled by Ellington due to race issues - see 1946 08 12 above
    ...
    • Stratemann p.277
    • Amarillo Daily News, Amarillo, Tex.
      1946-08-31, p.2
    .Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-03-10
    1946 09 17
    Tuesday
    .Wichita, KansasRKO Theatre(Unconfirmed)

    See 1946 09 13
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 18
    Wednesday
    .Wichita, KansasRKO Theatre(Unconfirmed)

    See 1946 09 13
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 19
    Thursday
    1946 09 21
    Saturday
    Davenport, Iowa.(Unconfirmed)

    .
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 20
    Friday
    .Davenport, Iowa.(Unconfirmed)

    See 1946 09 19
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 21
    Saturday
    .Davenport, Iowa.(Unconfirmed)

    See 1946 09 19
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 22
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 09 22
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y..(Unconfirmed)

    In late September, 1946, Ellington announced the completion of the score and that he was ready to deliver the manuscripts in New York; the first practice sessions were scheduled on or about October 1.
    Email 2013-03-16, Caine to Palmquist, cc Duke-LYM....New
    added 2013-03-17
    1946 09 23
    Monday
    .Louisville Ky..(Unconfirmed)
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 24
    Tuesday
    .St. Louis, Mo.Kiel Auditorium (Opera House).
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 25
    Wednesday
    .Joliet, Ill...
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 26
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 09 27
    Friday
    1946 09 29
    Sunday
    Hartford, Conn.State Theatre.
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 28
    Saturday
    .Hartford, Conn.State Theatresee 1946 09 27
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 29
    Sunday
    .Hartford, Conn.State Theatresee 1946 09 27
    ...Stratemann p.277.Added
    2011
    1946 09 30
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......

    October 1946

    1946 10 01
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 10 02
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 10 03
    Thursday
    1946 10 30New York, N.Y.Aquarium Restaurant
    701 7th Avenue
    Four-week residency, six nights a week, $5,000/week
    • The Billboard announced in August the residency was to start October 10
    • Variety reported the venue was offering Harry James $12,500 a week and Louis Prima was said to be drawing $6,500.
    • MBS broadcast with disc jockey Barry Gray on WOR
      Regular MBS broadcast as well.
    • While this engagement is often denigrated by Ellington scholars, Stratemann says one reason Ellington took the engagement was to be close at hand for the start of rehearsals of "Beggar's Holiday..."
    • Variety reported the Aquarium Restaurant would close Monday evenings and would drop its $1.00 cover charge every night except Saturday and Sunday.





    Peripheral opening night event:
    Variety reported Barry Gray's "Celebrity Night" broadcast on Ellington's opening night was held up by the American Guild of Variety Artists as violating the union's stance against Celebrity Nights. The union wouldn't allow Gray to chat with other performers attending the opening or have them on mic since this would constitute public performances. This was resolved after the Aquarium's operator, Ben Harriman, agreed to make a donation the union's Welfare Fund.
    New Desor
    DE4641
    .
    • Variety 1946-10-09 pp.66, 69
    • Vail I 303 photo
    • WEB photos
    djpAdded
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    1946 10 04
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 05
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    ABC broadcast US Treasury series "Your Saturday Date With the Duke" (last of DETS programs)
    .New Desor
    DE4642
    DEMS..Added
    2011
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    1946 10 06
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 07
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y..NBC broadcast
    "Carnation Contented Hour"
    Ellington (piano) with Percy Faith's orchestra and chorus

    Preview of the Deep South Suite movement "There Was Nobody Looking," to be premiered that fall.
    Stratemann p.277New Desor
    DE4643
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    1946 10 07
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03

    Sjef Hoefsmit, writing in DEMS 06-1-9, suggests there were two broadcasts this date: "Magic Carpet" #131 (AFRS) and "One Night Stand" #764, but these may not have been live. See his extensive discussion in that bulletin.
    ....djpAdded
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    1946 10 08
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 09
    Wednesday
    ...Peripheral event
    Variety reported Ellington was writing the four-part "Deep South Suite" for presentation Nov.21 and 22 at Carnegie Hall, and that A & N Presentations booked the Ellington and the Woody Herman bands for concerts at the Music Hall in Kansas City in November. While Ellington played dances in KC that month, a concert is not yet identified.

    Variety describes the Deep South movements:

    ' the first will tell the story of the "gallant South," the second will contain the ugly rumors and facts, the third will be a piano piece embodying Ellington's own reflections on the matter, and the last section will be a blues patterned after the train whistle tunes lplayed by Negro firemen on Southern railway lines.'

    Variety 1946-10-09 p.66...djpNew
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    1946 10 09
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 10
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 11
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03

    "Guest in the Nest" broadcast
    .New Desor
    DE4644
    DEMS..Added
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    1946 10 12
    Saturday
    11:00 am
    .New York, N.Y.Radio City 11 a.m. EST
    WEAF and NBC network broadcast "Teentimers Club" show #47, transcribed by AFRS for its Teentimers Club #25 record.
    • The show was sponsored by a clothing company and targeted at the bobbysoxer market. Participating stores played their own ads during the breaks. See more about the Teentimer Club broadcasts at 1946 03 16 above.

    • New Desor, Stratemann, Nielsen and Vail I erroneously dated this broadcast as Nov. 16, 1948.
    • New Desor and Vail say it originated from Omaha, Nebr, and Stratemann suggests it may have been from Omaha or Chicago.
    • Ellington's Oct. 12 participation is confirmed through newspaper ads from Oct. 11 and 12, as well as NBC's broadcast and talent report and the show's script, provided by Ted Hudson and Carl Hällström and reproduced in DEMS 00-3 pp.4-6
    • Newspaper ads for the Nov. 16 broadcast confirm Stan Kenton's orchestra had the show that day.
    • Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
      Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, F. Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, de Paris, Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, and Greer, with singing m.c. John Conte.
    • Titles performed by the orchestra, alone or accompanying singers:
      • Somebody Loves Me*
      • Blue Skies*
      • Playoff # 1
      • Just Squeeze Me*
      • September Song9
      • Just You, Just Me
      • When You Wish Upon A Star
      • The Girl That I Marry
      • Playoff # 2
      • Teentimers Tune
      • I'm Not Walking, I'm Dancing
      • The asterisked (*) titles are on the AFRS transcription.
      • The following were also cleared for the broadcast and may have been used during the playoffs:
        • For He's A Jolly Good Fellow
        • Metronome All Out
    • Stratemann p.278
    • Vail I
    • Girvan:  Ellingtonia.com
    • Timner V
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
    • Confirmation that Ellington's orchestra would play Oct. 12:
      • Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, Rochester, N.Y.
        1946-10-11 p.32
      • Daily Dispatch, Moline, Ill.
        1946-10-11 p.36
      • Minneapolis Morning Tribune, Minneapolis, Minn.
        1946-10-12 p.4
      • The Bristol Herald Courier, Bristol, Virginia-Tennessee
        1946-10-12 p.6
      • The Gazette and Daily, York, Penn.
        1946-10-12 p.14
      • The Idaho Daily Statesman, Boise, Idaho
        1946-10-12 p.3
    • Confirmation that Ellington's orchestra did not play Nov.16:
      • The Rock Island Argus, Rock Island, Ill.
        1946-11-15 p.27
      • The Daily Times, Davenport, Iowa
        1946-11-15 p.30
      • Montana Standard, Butte, Mont.
        1946-11-15 p.3
    New Desor
    DE4648
    New Desor small corrections
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    2022-02-10
    1946 10 12
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 13
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 14
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 15
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 16
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 17
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 18
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 19
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 20...Peripheral event
    New recording session "scale" for musicians per International Musician, 1946 11 00:
    For three (3) hours of recording, not
    more than four (4) 10-inch master records,
    each record containing not more than
    3 1/2 minutes of recorded music
    ........................old scale $30.00 new scale $41.25

    Overtime directly following a basic
    recording session of three (3) hours,
    for each one-half hour or fraction thereof
    ........................old scale $10.00 new scale $13.75

    During each half hour or fraction of
    overtime only one (1) 10-or 12-inch side
    of a recording may be completed or made, as
    the case may be.

    Contractor to receive double price.

    Amount for recording each 15-minute electrical
    transcription side
    ........................old scale $18.00 new scale $27.00.

    Leader, double price.

    Steven Lasker:

    'Recording wages wouldn't rise until 1959, much to the dissatisfaction of union members, some of whom brought suit against the union for reasons outlined in a superb essay by Robert A. Groman, The Recording Musician and Union Power: A Case Study of the American Federation of Musicians (free PDF). Inasmuch as the case study was written by a distinguished law professor based on a study he prepared at the request of the U.S. copyright office, it's an objectively authoritative study and highly informative. It touches on a range of interesting topics including the recording bans of 1942-44 and 1948, the music performance trust funds and the role played by union president James Caesar Petrillo.'

    see Steven Lasker's report at 1938 09 15 above...SLNew
    added
    2017-04-13
    updated
    2018-09-27
    1946 10 20
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Hotel AstorThe Billboard carried a story datelined New York, Oct 12 1946, saying that in the New York election, the Independent Citizens' Committee of Arts, Sciences and Professions tied together an entertainment package in support of Senator James M. Mead and former Governor Herbert Lehman. The story named a dozen entertainers who would perform at the dinner at the Hotel Astor including Ellington.

    The New York Times carried a story after the event confirming dancer Paul Draper, Duke Ellington and his orchestra and entertainers, including Judy Holliday and Lew Parker contributed to the rally, "Broadway for Mead."
    • The Billboard 1946-10-19 pp.3-4
    • New York Times 1946-10-21 p.3
    ...djp/Nick FernandezNew
    added 2013-04-30
    updated 2013-05-04
    1946 10 20
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 21
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y..Rehearsals begin for "Beggar's Holiday", initially called "Twilight Alley."
    • Stratemann, p.280
    • Broadway After Dark, New York Sun, 1946-10-26, p.24
    ...djpNew
    added 2013-03-15
    1946 10 21
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 22
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 23
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.WOR Studio #3First of five Musicraft recording sessions
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Baker, Hemphill, Jordan, F. Williams, Nance, Brown, DeParis, Jones, Hamilton, Hodges, Procope, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer

    Titles recorded:
    • Diminuendo In Blue
    • Magenta Haze
    .New Desor
    DE4645
    DEMS

    Note this session is dated 1946 10 26 in DEMS 84-5 p.1
    Stratemann p.277djpAdded
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    1946 10 23
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 24
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 25
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03

    CBS broadcast
    • A Garden In The Rain
    • The Whole World Is Singing My Song
    • Jennie
    • The Things We Did Last Summer
    • Rugged Romeo
    • C-Jam Blues
    • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    .New Desor
    DE4646
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    1946 10 26
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.WOR Studio No.3This entry, from DEMS 84,5, appears to be in error. WOR was the Mutual Broadcasting System flagship station.

    DEMS is about Diminuendo in Blue and Magenta Haze; New Desor shows these were recorded on 1946 10 23.
    .New Desor
    DE4645
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    1946 10 26
    Saturday
    .NBC Network.

    'Duke Ellington features his new tune "Just Squeeze Me" when he and comedian Bert Lahr are guests on the Vaughn Monroe Show at 6:30... '

    "
    The NBC radio network's Vaughn Monroe Show was sponsored by Camel Cigarettes in 1946 and may also have been known as Camel Caravan.
    Mason City Globe-Gazette, Mason City, Iowa
    1946-10-26, p.2
    ...djpNew
    added
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    1946 10 26
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 27
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 28
    Monday
    ...Life event
    A summary of Ellington's current activities:

    'There have been many stories about Duke Ellington's capacity for work, but not even the tallest match the incredible record he is setting these days, and nights.
         Six nights a week Duke leads his band at the Aquarium — which means special work on new arrangements, preparations for nightly broadcasts, and the thousand and one details that take up the time of a successful band leader. During the days, when running a music publishing firm, Ellington participates in the casting, rehearsal and production of his forthcoming Broaway show, “Beggar’s Opera,” which opens within a month. And when not occupied with such mundane things as eating and sleeping, this great artist is putting the finishing touches on the new “Deep South Suite” which he will introduce at his November concert in Carnegie Hall.
         And somewhere along the line Duke found time to record "Swampfire,” which will be released shortly by Victor. Reverse side features a riff tune with one of those typically imaginative Ellington titles, “Squeeze Me But Don’t Tease Me."'

    Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond,Va.
    1946-10-27 p.D-9
    ...djpNew
    added
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    1946 10 28
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 29
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 30
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Aquarium RestaurantSee 1946 10 03
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 10 30
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.."Django Rhinehardt [sic], French guitarist, feted at welcoming cocktail party given by Duke Ellington and William Morris Agency Wednesday (30) after his arrival in the United States by plane from France."

    The Billboard doesn't say where the party was, nor whether it was before or after the regular Aquarium show.
    ....Added
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    updated
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    1946 10 31
    Thursday
    Halloween
    .Atlantic City, N.J...
    .....Added
    2011

    November 1946

    1946 11 01
    Friday
    .Harrisburg, Penn.Chestnut Street HallDance
    Stratemann p.277....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-03-11
    1946 11 02
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 11 03
    Sunday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Memorial AuditoriumConcert
    Stratemann p.277....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-03-11
    1946 11 03
    Sunday
    ...(Unconfirmed)

    Joe Mosbrook's Jazzed in Cleveland reports Reinhardt shared a two-berth compartment with Ellington, while the other band members were in a sleeping car. If true, then Ellington and his entourage left Buffalo at night instead of the next morning.
    Jazzed in Cleveland...djpNew
    added 2013-07-06
    1946 11 04
    Monday
    .Cleveland, OhioHotel Statler
    East 12th and Euclid
    (Unconfirmed)

    Django and Duke shared a suite at the Hotel Statler at East 12th and Euclid. Cleveland Press columnist Milt Widder reported that before they left for the concert, they had dinner in the suite. Django was amazed when Ellington ate his dessert first, but Duke was quoted as saying, "I always eat my desert first."
    Jazzed in Cleveland http:/www.cleveland.oh.us/wmv_news/jazz23.htm/, quoting Reinhardt's biographer Charles Delauney...djpNew
    added 2013-07-06
    1946 11 04
    Monday
    .Cleveland, OhioMusic Hall
    in Public Hall
    East 6th & St. Clair
    1,800 people attended the concert marking Django Reinhardt's American debut. The Cleveland Press headline said "French guitarist steals Duke's concert."
    Time reported "Django was so certain that he was famous in the U.S. that he left his guitar in France: U.S. guitar manufacturers would give him guitars and pay him for playing them. Last week, before he could go on stage in Cleveland's Public Music Hall, he had to go out and borrow a guitar. The concert manager, for one, had never heard of Django Reinhardt, so..."
    The concert programme personnel list includes Hardwick (more likely to have been Procope - see Week of 1946 04 19-25 above), Hodges, Sears, Hamilton, Carney, Brown, Jones, de Paris, Jordan, Anderson, Hemphill, Williams, Nance, Pettiford, Guy, Greer, Ellington and vocalists Hibbler, Davis and Sherrill.
    • Joe Mosbrook: "Jazzed in Cleveland"
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 37 Music Hall, Cleveland, Ohio, 1946
    .
    ...djpAdded
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    1946 11 05
    Tuesday
    .Kitchener, Ont.Auditorium.
    .....Added
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    1946 11 06
    Wednesday
    .Toronto, Ont.Mutual Arena.
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 11 07
    Thursday
    .Toledo, OhioAuditorium.
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 11 08
    Friday
    .Cincinnati, Ohio..
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 11 09
    Saturday
    .Indianapolis, Ind.Murat Theatre.
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 11 10
    Sunday
    3 pm and 8:30 pm
    .Chicago, Ill.Civic Opera HouseTwo concerts
    • First known public performance of Deep South Suite
    • Reinhardt is featured in four selections in the middle of the concerts.
    • Ellington financed the concerts, and grossed $18,200.
    • These concerts, and particularly Air Conditioned Jungle and The Deep South Suite are the focal point of Andrew Berish's A Locomotive Laboratory of Place: Duke Ellington and His Orchestra, an analysis of Ellington's music as influenced by his sidemen, their travels and their diverse origins (17 musicans, 17 different places of birth). Berish introduces this chapter by saying he will

      '...show how the music and the "extramusical" (titles, programs, context) worked together to create new kinds of American places. ... These works also suggest important links with other black artists working in visual arts and literarture who also were preoccupied with representing the black experience of travel, migration and urbanization.'

  • Steven Lasker:

    'We ... have [John] Steiner to thank for recording the concert ... Those lacquers, cut by Steiner, are today housed at the [Library of Congress]. To my recollection they came from a source other than Valburn, I would suppose either Steiner himself or someone Steiner sold the discs to...
      When I was doing a project at the Library of Congress in 1994 or 1995, the lacquers for the concert were already there, and I recall an engineer ... told me he'd recently transferred the lacquers for a CD issue, but had a rough time with one of Django's solo choruses on "Ride Red Ride," so he simply excised it.'

    • Stratemann p.278 citing Variety 1946-11-20 p.58
    • Andrew S. Berish, in Lonesome Roads and Streets of Dreams: Place, Mobility, and Race in Jazz of the 1930s and '40s, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2012, chapter three
    • Email, Lasker-Palmquist 2016-09-15
    New Desor
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    Timner corrections
    djp, slAdded
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    2016-09-19
    1946 11 11
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 11 12
    Tuesday
    .Rochester, Minn.Auditorium.
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 11 13
    Wednesday
    .Minneapolis, Minn.Minneapolis Arena (Minneapolis Auditorium)Django Reinhardt played the Minneapolis Auditorium on November 13 1946 with Duke Ellington's orchestra. This was his only U.S. tour.....Added
    2011
    updated

    2013-02-08
    2014-03-03
    1946 11 13
    Wednesday
    .Minneapolis, Minn.Hotel St. PaulRacial matters
    Mr. Chester's website has an unattributed quote from an anonymous source:

    'In 1946 Duke Ellington came to Minneapolis/St. Paul and played the Minneapolis Auditorium. KSTP radio had its studios on the top of the Hotel St. Paul. He was invited to do an interview there, and he and I and my wife-to-be, a performing artist, drove him to the Hotel St. Paul. We walked into the lobby, and we were going to sit and wait for him and then take him to his hotel afterwards, but we were asked to take the freight elevator. Needless to say, we never made that interview. We drove that night and talked for a long time on the way back to the hotel in Minneapolis. He just brushed that off.'

    ....Added
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    2014-03-03
    2022-03-11
    1946 11 14
    Thursday
    .Des Moines, IowaKRNT Radio TheaterConcert
    1,571 attended, grossing $3,160. The Billboard called this a rental deal handled by A & N Presentations of Kansas City, Mo. and said there was no radio advertising. The Billboard speculated that lower revenues for the Ellington and Herman orchestras compared to Tommy Dorsey and Xavier Cugat's bands may have been hep fans getting too much of the same thing, or to the lack of radio promotion.
    Stratemann, p.278, citing The Billboard 1946-11-30 p.36....Added
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    updated
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    1946 11 15
    Friday
    .Lincoln, Neb...
    .....Added
    2011
    updated
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    1946 11 16
    Saturday
    .Omaha, Neb.Auditorium.
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 11 16
    Saturday
    ...False date for "Teentimers" broadcast - see 1946 10 12.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-03-12
    1946 11 17
    Sunday
    .Kansas City. Mo.Municipal AuditoriumDance
    • "What to see in Kansas City," Maryville Daily Forum 1946-11-14, p.8
    • Stratemann p.278
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-03-12
    1946 11 18
    Monday
    .Kansas City, Mo.."Race dance"Stratemann, p.278, citing The Billboard 1946-11-09 p.16....Added
    2011
    1946 11 19
    Tuesday
    8:30 pm
    1946 11 20Cedar Rapids, IowaColiseum"Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra with Django Reinhardt, Famous French Guitarist in a 2 1/2 Hour Concert Tonight"
    • Ad, Olwein Daily Register, 1946-11-19 p.6
    • Brief society column mention, Journal-Tribune and Williamsburg Shopper Consolidated, 1946-11-28 p.8
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-03-14
    1946 11 20
    Wednesday
    .Cedar Rapids, Iowa.(Unconfirmed)

    Stratemann reports Ellington was in Cedar Rapids for two days, but provides no information about the second day.
    Stratemann p.278....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-03-15
    1946 11 21
    Thursday

    1946 11 23
    Saturday
    New Haven, Conn.Shubert TheaterPeripheral event
    First 4 tryouts of Beggar's Holiday under the name "Twilight Alley."
    ....New
    added 2013-03-15
    2016-01-21
    1946 11 21
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented

    While the band was not involved in Beggar's Holiday, it seems quite likely that Ellington, who wrote the music, and Strayhorn, who orchestrated it, would have been present for at least some of the rehearsals and initial tryouts.
    .
    1946 11 22
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 11 23
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Carnegie Hall
    (Main Hall)
    8:45 p.m., first of two concerts played to a sold-out theatre that seated 2,800.

    Deep South Suite was performed.

    Django Reinhardt was on the bill.

    Stratemann reports on various negative reviews of the concert and comments on the poor P.A. system.
    • Variety 1946-03-06 p.50
    • Stratemann, p.278, citing
      • Variety 1946-11-22 p41
      • Down Beat 1946-12-16 p.2
      • Metronome 1947-01. p.47
    • Detailed review by Harriett Johnson writing in PM, 1946-11-25, p.17
    • Review, Variety 1946-11-27
    New Desor
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    1946 11 24
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Carnegie Hall
    (Main Hall)
    8:45 p.m., second concert of a 2 night "Festival"
    Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 35 Carnegie Hall, New York, New York, November 24, 1946..
    • TDES Nov 2010
    • TDES Jun 2011
    djpAdded
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    1946 11 25
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.WOR Longacre TheatreMusicraft recording session
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Anderson, Francis Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, de Paris, Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer
    Titles recorded:
    • Sultry Sunset
    • Happy Go Lucky Local - Part 2
    • Blue Skies
    • Happy Go Lucky Local - Part 1
    Stratemann p.278New Desor
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    1946 11 25
    Monday
    .Hartford, Conn.. Peripheral event
    Beggar's Holiday tryouts continue. Stratemann says plans to continue tryouts at Newark's Opera House and in Philadelphia appear to have been changed in favour of a week in Hartford.
    Stratemann, p.280 citng The Billboard 1947-01-11 p44...djpNew
    added 2013-03-15
    1946 11 26
    Tuesday
    .Baltimore, Md...
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 11 27
    Wednesday
    .Lynchburg, Va.
    Petersburg, Va.
    Virginia Hall Auditorium
    Virginia State College
    Concert

    Stratemann shows an unidentified engagement in Lynchburg this date, without providing its information source. The Sept. 8, 1946 Richmond Times-Dispatch, on the other hand, has Ellington's orchestra at Virginia State College:

    '...Duke Ellington brings his orchestra to the college November 27, Thanksgiving eve. His appearance will be strictly under concert conditions and will provide an opportunity for his followers to hear the works of this composer and orchestra leader played in the atmosphere of a concert hall. Featured with the orchestra are Harry Carney, Johnny Hodges, Lawrence Brown and Al Hibbler... '


    Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Va.
    • 1946-09-08 p.10-D
    • 1946-09-15 p.10-D
    ....Added
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    updated
    2022-03-12
    1946 11 28
    Thursday
    U.S. Thanksgiving
    .Lynchburg, Va.
    Petersburg, Va.
    .It appears Ellington may have cancelled a Thanksgiving dance date which Stratemann dates a day earlier.
    Variety:

    'Lynchburg Lifts Ban On Whites at Negro DancesLynchburg, Va., Sept. 3.
         City Council has lifted the ban slapped by City Manager R. W. B. Hart on white attendance at Negro dance dates in City Armory. But the Council has decreed a "strict segregation program" for future events.
         Council authorized Hart to draw up an “ironclad contract" guaranteeing Negro and white spectators and dancers would be kept apart in the Armory. At the same time, the Council put its foot down on inter-racial athletic contests.
         Charlie Gilmore, Negro dance promoter, said Duke Ellington had cancelled a Thanksgiving show in Lynchburg because of the Hart ban. Later, a white World War II vets' organization sent a delegation to Council to protest against “one-man ruling" by Hart.'

    Variety 1946-09-04 p.46....New
    Added
    2022-03-12
    1946 11 28
    Thursday
    .Petersburg, Va...
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 11 29
    Friday
    .Philadelphia, Penn. Academy of Music.
    ...Django & Duke's other 1946 USA Tour Venues..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-03-03
    1946 11 30
    Saturday
    .Syracuse, N.Y.Lincoln Auditorium
    Syracuse Central High School
    8:30 p.m.
    DUKE ELLINGTON and HIS ORCHESTRA Repeating His Carnegie Hall Concert.
    Tickets for Row D, right, Seat 34, Row F right Seat 44 and Row C right Seat 30 have been offered in online auctions between 2015 and 2020. They show the promoter was Dave Salmon, Inc. and the tickets were $3.60, being Est. Price $3.00 Federal Tax 60¢. The concert was to be at 8:30 p.m. and it would
    • Announcement, Syracuse Herald-American,
      1946-9-15, p23
    • Tickets as noted
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 36 Lincoln Auditorium, Syracuse, New York, November 30, 1946
    ..CAH clippingdjpAdded
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    December 1946

    1946 12 01
    Sunday
    .Boston, Mass...
    .....Added
    2011
    1946 12 02
    Monday
    .Cranston, R.I.Rhodes-On-The-PawtuxetProbably a dance since the venue is a ballroom.
    .....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-03-15
    1946 12 03
    Tuesday
    1946 12 17?Boston, Mass.Opera House Peripheral event
    The final two weeks of Beggar's Holiday tryouts begin in Boston. After the show returned to New York for restaging, star Libby Holman left the cast and was replaced by Bernice Parks 3 days before the New York opening.
    Stratemann, p.280 citing The Billboard 1947-01-11 p44...djpNew
    added 2013-03-15
    1946 12 03
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 04
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 05
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.WOR Longacre TheatreMusicraft recording session
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Francis Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, de Paris, Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Davis
    Titles recorded:
    • The Beautiful Indians 2. Hiawatha
    • Flippant Flurry
    • Golden Feather
    • The Beautiful Indians 1. Minnehaha
    .New Desor
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    1946 12 06
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 07
    Saturday
    .Detroit, Mich.Masonic Temple Auditorium2 hour concert, advertised for 8:20 p.m. but starting 45 minutes late.
    5,000 fans (Stratemann quotes The Billboard as saying "near-capacity house of 4,400 people," grossing $9,546.

    Band members named in the Dec. 1 ad:
    • William Anderson
    • Harold Baker
    • Lawrence Brown
    • Harry Carney
    • Marion Cox
    • Kay Davis
    • Wilbur De Paris
    • Sonny Greer
    • Freddy Guy
    • James Hamilton
    • Shelton Hemphill
    • Albert Hibbler
    • Johnny Hodges
    • Taft Jordan
    • Ray Nance
    • Oscar Pettiford
    • Russell Procope
    • Al Sears
    • Claude Jones
    • Frances Williams
    • Django Reinhardt was also named.

    Pieces played by the band included
    • Deep South Suite (feature)
    • The Golden Cress
    • Transblucency
    • "A medley"
    Django Reinhart (with 2 encores) played
    • Honeysuckle Rose
    • Just Me, Just You
    • Improvisations No.7

    The printed program reads:
    MASONIC TEMPLE

    IRVING TEICHER
    presents
    The DUKE ELLINGTON Show

    SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 7th, 1946 -- 8:30 P.M.

    PROGRAM

    THE NATIONAL ANTHEM

    1. Overture to a Jam Session at the Aquarium

    Billy Strayhorn
    2. The Mooche

    Duke Ellington
    3. Jumpin PunkinsMercer Ellington
    • Rhythm Section

    4. Mr. Handy's Medley (Big Three)

    • Memphis Blues
    • Beale Street Blues
    • St. Louis Blues
      Vocal by Marion Cox

    W.C. Handy
    5. The Eighth VeilStrayhorn-Ellington
    • Trumpet – – Harold Baker

    6. The Golden FeatherEllington
    • Baritone Sax – – Harry Carney

    7. Flippant FlurryStrayhorn
    • Clarinet – – Jimmy Hamilton

    8. The Golden CressBrown-Ellington
    • Trombone – – Lawrence Brown

    9. A Very Unbooted CharacterEllington
      Trumpets – – Harold Baker and Ray Nance

    10. Sultry SunsetEllington
      Alto Sax – – Johnny Hodges

    11. The Deep South Suite
    • (a) Magnolias Just Dripping with Molasses
    • (b) "Heresay"
    • (c) There Was Nobody Looking
    • (d) Happy Go Lucky Local

    Strayhorn-Ellington
    INTERMISSION

    12. An Ellington Band Theme [-]

    13. The Beautiful Indians
    • (a) Minnehaha--Vocal by Kay Davis
    • (b) Hiawatha
         Tenor Sax--Al Sears Trumpet--Taft Jordan

    Ellington
    14. Al Hibbler--In Songs
    • (a) You Don't Love Me No More
    • (b) Pretty Woman

    Ellington
    15. Django Reinhardt

    16. Duke Ellington at the Piano

    PROGRAM SUBJECT TO CHANGE
    Lasker:

    'The single page printed program for this concert is stuck inside a 20-page program. The songs listed on the single page are also found in the longer program, except Heresay is shown as Hearsay. It's possible (seems likely) that this same concert program was played on multiple occasions, especially since the same set lists appears in program number four [1947 May-June]. Personnel list corresponds to sometime between 1946 07 20 and February 1947.'

    • Detroit Free Press, Detroit, Mich.
      • 1946-11-24 pt.2 p.6
      • 1946-12-01 pt.2 p.9
    • The Windsor Daily Star, Windsor, Ont.
    • Stratemann p.278 citing The Billboard 1946-12-21 p.46
    • Email, S. Lasker-Palmquist, 2016-04-05 with program details
    ...djp slAdded
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    2017-04-25
    2022-01-08
    1946 12 08
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 09
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 10
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 11
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.WOR Longacre TheatreMusicraft recording session
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Francis Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, de Paris, Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Davis
    Titles recorded:
    • Overture to a Jam Session I
    • Overture to a Jam Session II
    • Jam-a-Ditty
    .New Desor
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    1946 12 12
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 13
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 14
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 15
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 16
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 17
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 17
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.. Peripheral event
    Hodges, Carney and Brown participated in a Columbia Records "Metronome All Stars" recording session
    ...Vail I p308 photo.Added
    2011
    1946 12 18
    Wednesday
    ...Musicraft recording session
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Francis Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, de Paris, Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Davis
    Titles recorded:
    • Tulip or Turnip
    • It Shouldn't Happen to a Dream
    .New Desor
    DE4653
    DEMSTimner corrections 4/21+29djp(New)

    Added
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    1946 12 19
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 20
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 21
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 22
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 23
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 24
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Broadway Theatreactivities not documented
    Beggar's Holiday: false date

    Ellington researcher/collector Benny Aasland wrote in DEMS Bulletin 1992/3 that Beggar's Holiday opened Dec. 24, but it actually opened on Dec. 26, with a preview on Dec. 25. See below.
    .92,3-5DEMS
    • Strat279
    ..Added
    2011
    updated
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    1946 12 25
    Wednesday
    Christmas
    ...activities not documented......
    1946 12 25
    Wednesday
    Christmas
    .New York, N.Y.Broadway Theatre
    Broadway at 53 St.
    Peripheral event
    Preview performance of Beggar's Holiday to benefit Paul Robeson's Council on African [sic] Affairs
    Stratemann, p.280...djpNew
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    1946 12 26
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    Peripheral event
    Beggar's Holiday opened at the Broadway.
    Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Va.
    1946-12-29 p.B-7
    ....New
    added
    2022-05-28
    1946 12 27
    Friday
    1947 01 02
    Thursday
    Chicago, Ill.Regal Theatre
    47th & South Parkway
    Vaudeville

    DUKE ELLINGTON and his famous ORCHESTRA
    featuring Johnny Hodges
    Oscar Pettiford - Lawrence Brown
    Harry Carney - Ray Nance - Al Hibbler
    Kay Davis and Marion Cox
    with an ALL-STAR
    HOLIDAY REVUE
    Starring
    APUS & ESTRELLITA - FRED DOUGLAS
    COOK AND BROWN
    SPECIAL NEW YEAR'S EVE SHOW Last Complete Show Starts 11 P.M.

    • Possibly Chicago Defender, Chicago, Ill.
      • 1946-12-18 p.6
    • Chicago Daily Tribune, Chicago, Ill.
      • 1947-01-01 p.46
      • 1947-01-02 p.18
    .
    ...djpAdded
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    1946 12 28
    Saturday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 12 27.....Added
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    1946 12 29
    Sunday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 12 27.....Added
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    1946 12 30
    Monday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 12 27.....Added
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    1946 12 31
    Tuesday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 12 27.....Added
    2011



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    1947


    .
    Date of event Ending date
    (if different)
    City/
    Other place
    Venue Event/People Primary Reference New
    Desor
    reference
    DEMS
    reference
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    references
    Contact
    person
    Date added
    / updated
    1946 - 1947.New York, N.Y.."Carnation Contented Hour"
    .New Desor
    DE9072
    DEMSNDCS 1089.Added
    2011
    1947 00 00
    1950 00 00.U.S.A.In the 2013-01-29 New York Times, Grace Elizabeth Hale, a professor of history and American studies at the University of Virginia, wrote:

    'By the late 1940s, black sales representatives worked the Southern Black Belt and Northern black urban areas, black fashion models appeared in Pepsi ads in black publications, and special point-of-purchase displays appeared in stores patronized by African-Americans. The company hired Duke Ellington as a spokesman.'

    The New York Times obituary for Pepsi-Cola marketing executive Edward F. Boyd says

    'His program also included having celebrities like Duke Ellington and Lionel Hampton give "shout-outs" for Pepsi from the stage.'

    Tanner Colby, Mad Men and Black America:

    'After World War II, seeking a competitive advantage over market leader Coca-Cola, Pepsi's staunchly liberal CEO Walter Mack decided to radically expand his company's marketing efforts in the underserved black community. He hired a team of black sales reps and marketers to blanket the rural Black Belt of the South and the urban enclaves of the North. This team was responsible for hiring some of the first black fashion models used by a major brand. They created the first in-store, point-of-purchase displays targeting black shoppers and hired Duke Ellington to endorse Pepsi from the stage during his shows.'

    ....New
    added
    2013-01-31

    January 1947

    1947 01 00...Personnel change
    Cat Anderson, trumpet, leaves the band. He will return in November, 1950.
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added
    2012-10-10
    1947 01 01
    Wednesday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 12 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 02
    Thursday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1946 12 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 03
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 01 04.Springfield, Ohio..
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 01 05
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 01 06
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 01 07
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Pathé Studios
    105 E. 106th St. (at Park Ave.)

    The Billboard 1946-11-23 p.14 announced RKO Pathé leased its New York studios to Capitol Records for any type of recording except motion picture sound tracks. Capitol was to carry out all its New York recording activities here.
    Capitol Radio Transcription recording session
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, F. Williams, W. Jones, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C. Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer

    Titles recorded:
    • Golden Feather
    • Golden Cress
    • Flippant Flurry
    • Jam-A-Ditty
    • Fugueaditti
    • Happy Go Lucky Local - Parts 1 & 2
    • Overture To A Jam Session
    • Sultry Sunset
    • Stratemann, p.285
    • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2022-01-23
    New Desor
    DE4701
    DEMS.djpAdded
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    2022-01-28
    1947 01 08
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 01 09
    Thursday
    1947 01 15Boston, Mass.Keith's RKO Theatre
    (Stratemann)
    or

    RKO-Boston
    (Billboard 19470118)
    Stage show
    Band plus
    • Peck and Peck ("unusual impressionistic dances)
    • Howell and Bouser ("old-fashioned type song-and-patter team",
      and
    • Fred Douglas ("better at dancing than comedy or magic but he draws laughs")
    The Billboard describes the show as "a model of musical interest, expertness and taste."
    Also:
    • "Marian Cox is a tall, striking gal who sings odd variations on St. Louis Blues
    • "Kay Davis' Minehaha displays a lovely voice and melody."
    • Ray Nance has fun with Just Squeeze Me."
    • "Al Hibbler...as a band singer...has a lot to offer audiences who are tired of crooners and groaners."


    On Jan. 18 The Billboard carried a story datelined Jan. 11 saying the Boston Theater's stage show for the week ending Jan. 8 was by Professor Lamberti, Tommy Dix and Sybil Bowman, and "Nocturne held the screen."..."Current show at the Boston is headed by Duke Ellington and sidemen. On screen is Boston Blackie and the Law."

    (From what I can make out in "Built in Boston, City and Suburb 1800-2000," by Douglass Shand-Tucci, there was a Boston Theatre and an RKO Keith Theatre side by side, and across the street, the B.F.Keith Memorial Theatre. "Vaudeville Old & New, An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers in America, Vol I" lists 14 Keith-Albee theatres in Boston on page 603, none named "Keith's RKO Theatre" so it is not clear which one Ellington appeared in.)
    • The Billboard 1947-01-18 p.35
    • Stratemann p.285 citing
      • Variety 1947-01-15 p.23
      • The Billboard:
        • 1947-01-11 p.35
        • 1947-01-25 p.38
    ....Added
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    updated
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    1947 01 10
    Friday
    .Boston, Mass.Keith's RKO TheatreStage show - see 1947 01 09
    The film was Boston Blackie and the Law
    During one of the performances Boston Pops conductor Arthur Fiedler presented Ellington with his third Esquire 'Gold Award'. This award was for the 'top popular music composer and arranger' of 1946.

    Stratemann places this on Jan. 10 but The Billboard's review of the show, datelined Thursday afternoon, Jan. 9, announced "This week in Boston, Duke Ellington received from Arthur Fiedler..."
    The Billboard 1947-01-18 pp.35, 38...djpAdded
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    1947 01 11
    Saturday
    .Boston, Mass.Keith's RKO TheatreStage show - see 1947 01 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 12
    Sunday
    .Boston, Mass.Keith's RKO TheatreStage show - see 1947 01 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 13
    Monday
    .Boston, Mass.Keith's RKO TheatreStage show - see 1947 01 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 14
    Tuesday
    .Boston, Mass.Keith's RKO TheatreStage show - see 1947 01 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 15
    Wednesday
    .Boston, Mass.Keith's RKO TheatreStage show - see 1947 01 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 16
    Thursday
    1947 01 22
    Wednesday
    Baltimore, Md.Royal TheatreVaudeville

    The Afro-American review named Kay Davis, Al Sears, Marian Cox, Ray Nance, Al Hibbler, and songs Just You, Happy Go Lucky Local, Mood Indigo, Sophisticated Lady, Minnehaha, Hiawatha, St. Louis Blues, Just Squeeze Me.

    The accompanying acts were Howell and Bowser, Freddie Douglas, and Peck and Peck.
    The Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
    1947-01-21
    ..VARphotodjpAdded
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    1947 01 17
    Friday
    .Baltimore, Md.Royal TheatreVaudeville - see 1947 01 16.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 18
    Saturday
    .Baltimore, Md.Royal TheatreVaudeville - see 1947 01 16.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 19
    Sunday
    .Baltimore, Md.Royal TheatreVaudeville - see 1947 01 16.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 20
    Monday
    .Baltimore, Md.Royal TheatreVaudeville - see 1947 01 16.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 21
    Tuesday
    .Baltimore, Md.Royal TheatreVaudeville - see 1947 01 16.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 22
    Wednesday
    .Baltimore, Md.Royal TheatreVaudeville - see 1947 01 16.....Added
    2011
    1947 01 23
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 01 24
    Friday
    ...Business event
    Al Sears assigned his rights to The Beautiful Indians - Hiawatha to Tempo Music Inc.

    The contract was signed by Sears, Ellington and Daniel James
    Tempo Music Inc. - Al Sears contract...djpNew
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    1947 01 24
    Friday
    1947 01 30
    Thursday
    Detroit, Mich.Paradise Theater
    (formerly Orchestra Hall)
    2500 seats
    3711 Woodward at Parsons
    Vaudeville
    DUKE ELLINGTON IN PERSON AND ORCHESTRA! PLUS HUGE REVUE

    Advertisements name Johnny Hodges, Harry Carney, Al Hibbler & Marion Cox. Accompanying acts: Howell & Bowser, Freddy Douglas. The film was Rio Grande Raiders.
    • Detroit Free Press, Detroit, Mich.
      • 1947-01-19 pt.1 p.6
      • 1947-01-20 p.10
      • 1947-01-22 p.17
      • 1947-01-23 pp.9, 14
      • 1947-01-24 p.17
      • 1947-01-25 pp.11, 12, 15
      • 1947-01-27 p.10
      • 1947-01-28 pp.9, 10
      • 1947-01-29 pp.15, 16
      • 1947-01-30 p.14
    • Stratemann, p.285
    ...djpAdded
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    1947 01 25
    Saturday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1947 01 24

    Detroit Free Press:

    'Direct from the stage of the Paradise Theater, at 4:30 p.m. Saturday over Station CKLW a jazz concert will be broadcast by Duke Ellington and his orchestra for the benefit of the 1947 March of Dimes.
         Featured will be Johnny Hodges, Marion Cox, Al Hibbler, Kay Davis, Harry Carney, Oscar Pettiford and Ray Nance.'

    .....Added
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    updated
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    1947 01 26
    Sunday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1947 01 24.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-29
    1947 01 27
    Monday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1947 01 24.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-29
    1947 01 28
    Tuesday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1947 01 24

    Amateur night.
    .....Added
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    updated
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    1947 01 29
    Wednesday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1947 01 24.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-29
    1947 01 30
    Thursday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterVaudeville - see 1947 01 24.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-29
    1947 01 31
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......

    February 1947

    1947 02 01
    Saturday
    .Gary, Ind...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 02 02...Personnel change
    "Dud" Bascomb, trumpet, joins the band
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-10
    1947 02 02
    Sunday
    .Chicago, Ill.Civic Opera House
    20 North W[illegible]
    Recorded concert 8:30 p.m.
    Tickets $1.20 $1.80 $2.40 $3.00 $3.60 tax included

    'DOWNBEAT presents
    "AMERICA'S GENIUS OF JAZZ"
    WITH HIS FAMOUS ORCHESTRA
    IN CONCERT
    One Evening Only
    Direct from Carnegie Hall N.Y.
    DUKE ELLINGTON
    Winner of National Poll "Sweet and Swing"
    GET SET FOR AN AMAZING MUSICAL TREAT
    JOHNNY HODGES, HARRY CARNEY , LAWRENCE BROWN, RAY NANCE, AL SEARS, WILLIAM ANDERSON, TAFT JORDAN, HAROLD BAKER, KAY DAVIS, MARION COX, others.'


    Personnel: Hemphill, Jordan, Bascomb, F. Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, De Paris, C.Jones, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler, Davis, Cox

    Songs recorded:
    • Happy Go Lucky Local
    • Beggar's Holiday Medley:
      • 1. Take Love Easy
      • 2. When I Walk With You
      • 3. Tomorrow Mountain
      • 4. Brown Penny
    • Triple Play
    • Near Mess
    • THE BEAUTIFUL INDIANS:
      • 1. Minnehaha
      • 2. Hiawatha
    Chicago Daily Tribune

    'Chapel Choir and Ellington Give Concerts
    BY ALBERT GOLDBERG
         ...in the evening Duke Ellington and his orchestra played a return engagement at the Civic Opera house.
         ...After an unexplained late start of nearly half an hour, Duke Ellington's concert finally got off to a rather cold and preoccupied beginning but soon the boys were back in form with "Crescendo in Blue," which paled anything in the crescendo line ever imagined by those classical masters of the device, Rossini and Ravel. After that there was the customary parade of the Duke’s music and his boys: Harry Carney and his sax in "Frustration," Oscar Pettiford and his bass in “ Jack the Bear," Lawrence Brown’s trombone in "The Golden Cress." Jimmy Hamilton's clarinet in Billy Strayhorn's “ Flippant Flurry," Johnny Hodges’ sax in "Passion Flower," not to mention the Duke himself at the piano for "Dancers in Love."'

    • Chicago Sunday Tribune, Chicago, Ill.
      1947-01-12 Pt.6 p.10
    • Chicago Defender, Chicago, Ill.
      1947-01-25 p.26
    • Chicago Daily Tribune, Chicago, Ill.
      1947-02-03 p.23
    New Desor
    DE4702
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    1947 02 031947 02 05Columbus, OhioPalace TheatreTheatre engagement.....Added
    2011>
    1947 02 04
    Tuesday
    .Columbus, OhioPalace TheatreTheatre engagement - see 1947 02 03.....Added
    2011>
    1947 02 05
    Wednesday
    .Columbus, OhioPalace TheatreTheatre engagement - see 1947 02 03.....Added
    2011>
    1947 02 06
    Thursday
    .Pittsburgh, Penn.Savoy Ballroom.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 02 07
    Friday
    1947 02 13
    Thursday
    Philadelphia, Penn.Stanley Warner
    Earle Theater
    11th and Market

    Theatre information:
    Vaudeville
    Showtimes advertised Feb.8:
    12:30, 3:30, 6:30, 9:20
    Theatre ad
    Earle Theater ad
    Click to Enlarge

    'DOORS OPEN 10 A.M.
    LAST COMPLETE SHOW 9:30 P.M.
    On Stage
    IN PERSON! America's Foremost Modern Composer
    Duke ELLINGTON
    AND HIS WORLD FAMOUS
    ORCHESTRA
    VICTOR
    RECORDING
    ARTISTS
    Featuring
    JOHNNY HODGES
    HarryCARNEY - LawrenceBROWN
    Oscar PETTIFORD
    Ray NANCE - Al HIBBLER
    Kay DAVIS
    Marion COX
    Plus!
    FRED DOUGLAS
    HOWELL
    AND BOWSER
    PECK & PECK'

    The Philadelphia Inquirer:

    'The Duke Headlines Earle Show
         Duke Ellington got a rousing welcome yesterday from an audience which filled the Earle by the time the first show started forty minutes late, as the cast had missed a train. The Duke's band blared practically continuously, sometimes drowning out the acts with "background" music, but on its own and with the specialists the band made Its usual hit.
         Ellington took a turn at the keyboard in a new number , "Happy Go Lucky Local," with intriguing harmonies. Also heard were Kay Davis, pianist, [sic] in "Indian Suite."[sic] Al Sears in "Hawaiian" and Ray Nance in "Don’t Tease Me But Squeeze Me." Al Hibbler wound things up with a vocal medley.
         Peck and Peck were jumpin' ail over the joint in comedy, dancing and pugilistic pantomime. Freddy Douglas tap-danced , and the other supporting act was that of Howell and Bowser in song and instrumental funny business.
         On the screen, "Blind Spot" is a murder mystery...
          SAMUEL L. SINGER '


    Sometime during this engagement, Ellington was interviewed by an unnamed interviewer for a broadcast on a show named "Hot Corner." No details are known, but it was apparently during this interview that Ellington said Carney played a mezzo clarinet in Saddest Tale.
    • The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Penn.
      • 1947-02-06 p.25
      • 1947-02-08 p.18
      • 1947-02-10 p.20
      • 1947-02-11 p.27
      • 1947-02-12 p.33
      • 1947-02-13 p.12
    • The Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
      • 1947-02-15 p.3
    • The Billboard
      1946-12-21 p.30
    • Variety
      1946-12-25 p.38
    New Desor
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    1947 02 08
    Saturday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.Earle TheaterVaudeville - 4 shows - see 1947 02 07.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 09
    Sunday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.Earle TheaterVaudeville - 4 shows - see 1947 02 07.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 10
    Monday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.Earle TheaterVaudeville - 4 shows - see 1947 02 07.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 11
    Tuesday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.Earle TheaterVaudeville - 4 shows - see 1947 02 07.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 12
    Wednesday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.Earle TheaterVaudeville - 4 shows - see 1947 02 07.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 13
    Thursday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.Earle TheaterVaudeville - 4 shows - see 1947 02 07.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 14
    Friday
    Valentine's Day
    1947 02 20Harlem
    Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    Vaudeville

    Marv Goldberg's list of Apollo Theatre shows includes Ellington, Howell & Bowser, Peck & Peck, Al Hibbler and Freddie Douglas
    ...djpAdded
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    1947 02 15
    Saturday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    Theatre engagement - see 1947 02 14.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 16
    Sunday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    Theatre engagement - see 1947 02 14.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 17
    Monday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    Theatre engagement - see 1947 02 14.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 18
    Tuesday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    Theatre engagement - see 1947 02 14.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 19
    Wednesday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    Theatre engagement - see 1947 02 14.....Added
    2011
    1947 02 20
    Thursday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    Theatre engagement - see 1947 02 14.....Added
    2011
    Circa
    1947 02 21
    Friday
    Circa
    1947 02 27
    Thursday
    Washington, D.C..At some time after Joe Nanton died, Ellington was interviewed by then-WWDC broadcaster Willis Conover. This brief interview likely took place in Washington, D.C., where WWDC and Conover were located.

    It can tentatively be dated as during Ellington's February 1947 Howard Theatre engagement, Ellington's first known visit to Washington after Nanton's death, which Conover mentions.
    The interview and an Ellington recording ("Blue Abandon") are included in a 13 minute 41 second record digitized by University of North Texas Digital Library.

    After playing Ellington's Blue Abandon, Conover described it as

    '...one of the numbers Duke Ellington cut a few months ago out on the West Coast... '
    (emphasis added)


    It is also possible the interview was during one of the two later 1947 appearances Ellington made in Washington. While Conover played records by Sinatra and Miller that were recorded some years earlier, he also included Stan Kenton's Lover. Steven Lasker:

    'Kenton recorded Lover for Capitol transcriptions 6/7/46, but this version was never issued per Tom Lord. Kenton recorded Lover for Capitol Records on 3/31/47.'


    If Conover played the later version, the interview would have to have been later in the year, but it would seem that Nanton's death would be old news by Ellington's next appearance in Washington nearly 11 months after his passing.
    E-mail, Lasker-Palmquist...SL/djpNew
    added
    2019-05-26
    1947 02 21
    Friday
    1947 02 27Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Theatre show

    Ellington is interviewed from the theatre, for radio, by Emerson Parker
    .New Desor
    DE4704
    ...Added
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    1947 02 22
    Saturday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Theatre show
    -see 1947 02 21
    ....Added
    2011
    1947 02 23
    Sunday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Theatre show - see 1947 02 21....Added
    2011
    1947 02 24
    Monday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Theatre show - see 1947 02 21....Added
    2011
    1947 02 25
    Tuesday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Theatre show - see 1947 02 21....Added
    2011
    1947 02 26
    Wednesday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Theatre show - see 1947 02 21....Added
    2011
    1947 02 27
    Thursday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Theatre show - see 1947 02 21....Added
    2011
    1947 02 28
    Friday
    .Baltimore, Md..Shown in Stratemann, with no details.
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011

    March 1947

    1947 03 01
    Saturday
    .Lancaster, Penn.McCaskey High School Auditorium"Two & One-Half Hour Concert", 8:45 p.m..
    • Lancaster, Pa., New Era, Lancaster, Penn.
      1947-02-11 p.4
    • Stratemann, p.285
    ...djpAdded
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    1947 03 02
    Sunday
    circa
    1947-04-22
    ..
    Stratemann:

    'When an anticipated engagement at the Compoamor Hotel, Havana, Cuba fell through, the Ellington band went on a two month tour of the South and Midwest instead.'

    The Variety story said the deal was to have paid $10,000 weekly plus transportation both ways from Miami, and was to open March 22. While the hotel originally wanted Ellington for two weeks, since -Cuba was Catholic Ellington would have been closed Easter Sunday.
    • Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Va.
      1947-02-16 p.10-D
    • Stratemann p.285 citing Variety 1947-02-26 p.43
    ...djpNew
    added
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    1947 03 02
    Sunday
    .Richmond, Va.MosqueConcert, 2:30 p.m., sponsored by The Exchange Club of Petersburg. Proceeds to go to the club's funds for its Youth Program.
    Reserved white and colored seats $1.88 $2.50 $3.13 $3.75 inc. all tax.

    Richmond Times-Dispatch:

    'Ellngton Features Soloists In Jazz Classics at Mosque
         By Edith Lindeman
         A moderate-sized crowd braved the weather yesterday afternoon to make an enthusiastic audience for Duke Ellington and his band...
         The word "concert" can apply more aptly to Ellington's group than to many another band organization. His program includes practically no currant popular tunes, but is made up of examples of Ellington's genius as a composer of pure jazz in its most elaborate and refined forms. He is one of the few who are not content to reproduce the works of others, nor to arrange those compositions to suit the technique of his organization... Also, he has achieved another admirable (we think) distinction in that his music clings to a melody, elaborates it but does not distort it out of all semblance to the original theme.
         A good part of yesterday's program was given over to bringing his top-flight soloists to the fore. Harry Carney's baritone sax was put through its paces with "Frustration"; Oscar Pettifoid and his string bass took over "Jack the Bear"; Lawrence Brown, with great purity of tone, gave "The Golden Cress" expert treatment with his trombone; Jimmy Hamilton and his clarinet tripped through the tricky and ticklesome passages of "Flippant Flurry"; Taft Jordan and Johnny Hodges on the alto sax, made "Passion Flcwer" wail and mourn, and Ray Nance, who doubles on violin and trumpet, made his vio)in sing through "Moon Mist."
         Highlight of the first portion of the concert, however, was the blues section from Ellington's "Black, Brown and Beige." Sung by Kay Davis, with Al Sears on the tenor sax, there was haunting beauty and full-bodied melody in the mournful strain. As a balance, Ellington took to the piano in a virtual jazz concerto based on "Frankie and Johnny," with the band going rowdy or symphonic as occasion demanded,
         Three vocalists were featured yesterday. Marion Cox took the vocals for a medley that included the three famous blues numbers of W. C Handy. Kay Davis, whose voice is operatic in strength and timbre, was heard in the Minnehaha section of "The Beautiful Indians,"' and as one of the quartet featured in "Transblucencty." Kay’s voice is used as an instrument in these numbers. Her exquisite tones are blended with trombones or saxophones with up effect that points up the continual effort of Ellington to experiment in musical fields. And one of the day's chief favorites was Albert Hihbler, the blind singer, who took over the microphone for numers ranging from the rowdy "Fat and Forty, to the beautifully-delivered "Flamingo.”'

    • Richmond Times-Dispatch, Richmond, Va.
      • 1947-02-09 p.D-13
      • 1947-02-16 p.10-D
      • 1947-02-26 p.9
      • 1947-03-01 p.5
      • 1947-03-02 p.12-D
      • 1947-03-03 p.13
    • Stratemann, p.285
    ...djp.Added
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    1947 03 03
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 03 04
    Tuesday
    .Norfolk, Va...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 05
    Wednesday
    .Danville, Va.
    • Stratemann doesn't name a venue
    • Vail says Armory Drillroom
    • Götting has "North Thea" citing CAHmail
    I have been unable to find any mention of this engagement in the Danville Bee. The "North Thea" venue is wrong - the theatre did not open until August 25, 1947.
    • Stratemann, p.285
    • Vail I
    • The Bee, Danville 1947-08-26. p.2
    ...CAHmailAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-11-09
    1947 03 06
    Thursday
    .Raleigh, N.C...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 07
    Friday
    .Columbia S.C.
    or
    Columbus, Ga.
    ..
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 08
    Saturday
    .Macon, Ga...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 09
    Sunday
    .Atlanta, Ga...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 10
    Monday
    ...Peripheral event
    The Esquire Fashion Parade transcribed radio programme which aired this date in Wisconsin on WLCO Monday at 7:30 p.m. included a brief interview with Ellington by Esquire Magazine's fashion editor O.E.Sheffler. Other guests were crooners Vic Damone and Chu-Chu Martinez, and the show's announcer was Bob Sherry.
    • The Ellington episode was accessible for listening or downloading at https://pastdaily.com/2019/02/17/duke-ellington-esquire-1947-past-daily/ but as of 2022-07-02 that link is dead.
    • Esquire Fashion Parade was a 15-minute Electric Transcription series recorded in New York that first aired in September 1946. The transcriptions were to be used by men's wear and department stores in 25 major cities. These stores appear to have sponsored the weekly broadcasts on local radio stations to advertise their product.
    • The Ellington episode was aired on various dates the week of March 10.
    • It seems likely Ellington's interview was pre-recorded when he was in New York, sometime before the end of February, unless he was interviewed elsewhere.
    • Broadcasting Telecasting 1946-07-01 p.16
    • Advertising Age, 1946-07-08 p.48
    • Local ads (sampling only)
      • The Janesville (Wis) Daily Gazette, Janesville, Wisc.
        1947-03-10 p.4
      • The Owensboro, Ky. Messenger, Owensboro, Ky.,
        19417-03-12 p.5
      • The Progress-Bulletin, Pomona, Cal.,
        1947-03-15 s.1 p.8
    .
    ...djpNew
    added
    2022-06-14
    Updated
    2022-07-03
    1947 03 10
    Monday
    .Chattanooga, Tenn.AuditoriumConcert & Dance "for colored"
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 11
    Tuesday
    .Knoxville, Tenn.Chilhowie Park PavilionSegregated concert 8:30 followed by a dance, seating for 2,000 with balcony reserved for white.

    The Knoxville News-Sentinel announced Duke Elilngton and his orchestra would broadcast from Chilhowee Park at 11:30 p.m. on WROL.
    • Cavalcade Section,
      Knoxville Journal, Knoxville, Tenn.
      1947-03-02 s.D p.7
    • The Knoxville News-Sentinel, Knoxville, Tenn.
      1947-03-07 p.3
    • Stratemann, p.285
    ..djpAdded
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    updated
    2022-06-06
    2022-06-07
    1947 03 12
    Wednesday
    .Charlotte, N.C...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 13
    Thursday
    .Durham, N.C...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 14
    Friday
    .Kinston, N.C...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 15
    Saturday
    .Greensboro, N.C.Richard B. Harrison Auditorium
    A. & T. College
    Concert sponsored by the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity in its drive to raise funds to buiild a memorial honouring A. and T. veterans of World War II on campus.

    The California Eagle reported about 1,100 attended.
    Concert programme:
    • Music:
      • National Anthem
      • Caravan
      • In A Mellow Tone
      • Solid, Old Man
      • Excerpts from "Black, Brown and Beige"
      • Rugged Romeo
      • Sono
      • Air Conditioned Jungle
      • Circe
      • Excerpts from "Perfume Suite"
      • Bugle Break Extended
      • Take the A Train
      • Tonal Group
        a. Fugueditti b. Rhapsoditti c. Jamaditti
      • Magenta Haze
      • Group
        a. Diminuendo in Blue b. Transblucency c. Crescendo in Blue
      • Bassist and Me
      • Suburbanite
      • Songs featuring Albert Hibbler
      • Riffin' Drill
    • Personnel:
      • Hardwick (unlikely - see Week of 1946 04 19-25 above)
      • Hodges
      • Sears
      • Hamilton
      • Carney
      • Brown
      • C.Jones
      • de Paris
      • Jordan
      • W.Anderson
      • Hemphill
      • F.Williams
      • Nance
      • Pettiford
      • Guy
      • Greer
      • Ellington
      • Hibbler
      • Davis
      • Sherrill
    Titles named in reviews in the local newspapers:
    • Bluetopia
    • The Mooche
    • Overture to a Jam Session
    • Group of W.C. Handy numbers including St. Louis Blues
    • Black from Black, Brown and Beige
    • My Little Brown Book
    • Flamingo
    • Summertime
    • Don't Take Your Love From Me
    • Greensboro, N.C. Record, Greensboro, N.C.
      • 1947-03-15 p.6
      • 1947-03-16 s.B p.1
    • Greensboro Daily News, Greensboro, N.C.
      • 1947-03-15 p.7
      • 1947-03-16 s.4 p.7
    • The California Eagle, Los Angeles, Cal.
      • 1947-03-27 p.20
    • Stratemann, p.285
    • Concert programme
      SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 39 Harrison Auditorium, A and T College, Greensboro, North Carolina, March 15, 1947
    ...djpAdded
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    2022-06-07
    2022-06-09
    2022-06-11
    2022-07-24
    1947 03 16
    Sunday
    .Atlanta, Ga...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 17
    Monday
    St. Patrick's Day
    .Charleston, S.C...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 18
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 03 19
    Wednesday
    .Wilmington, N.C...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 20
    Thursday
    .Maxton, N.C...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 21
    Friday
    .Greenville, S.C...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 22
    Saturday
    .Tuskegee, Ala...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 23
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 03 24
    Monday
    .Lakeland, Fla...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 25
    Tuesday
    .Orlando, Fla...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 26
    Wednesday
    .Palatka, Fla..Down Beat reported Ellington told them about the dance at Palatka.

    Hibbler was singing Don't Take Your Love From Me when something sounding like a couple of shots were heard. The band kept playing and Hibbler kept singing, until more shots rang out. The audience scattered and the band fled to the dressing rooms, abandoning the blind Hibbler, who kept singing. The article concludes by saying a dancer was killed and a second was paralyzed for life.
    • Stratemann, p.285
    • "Even Bullets Can't Keep Hibbler From Singing,"
      Down Beat 1947 06 04
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-03-24
    1947 03 27
    Thursday
    .St Petersburg, Fla.Joyland
    Sixth Ave. at 22nd St. S.
    Evening Independent:

    'Duke Ellington and his orchestra, who have played in famous theaters and clubs throughout the country, as well as over coast-to-coast broadcasts, will fill an engagement at Joyland, Sixth avenue and 22nd street south, tomorrow. '

    • Evening Independent, St. Petersburg, Fla.
      1947-03-26 courtesy A. Perez Gasco
    • Stratemann, p.285
    ...Agustěn Perez Gasco aug11Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-06-10
    1947 03 28
    Friday
    .West Palm Beach, Fla...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 29
    Saturday
    .Orlando, Fla.ColiseumDance 9:30 to 1:30
    Duke Ellington and his World Famous Orchestra
    Advance tickets $2.80 Tax Inc.

    The March 29 Star ad showed there would be a broadcast from the Coliseum.
    • Orlando Morning Sentinel, Orlando, Fla.
      • 1947-03-22 p.18
      • 1947-03-25 p.7
      • 1947-03-28 p.12
    • The Orlando Star, Orlando, Fla.
      • 1947-03-28 pp.4, 11
      • 1947-03-29 p.5
      • 1947-03-31 p.9
    • Stratemann, p.285
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-06-10
    1947 03 30
    Sunday
    .Miami, Fla...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 03 31
    Monday
    .Tampa, Fla...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011

    April 1947

    1947 04 01
    Tuesday
    .Fort Myers, Fla.McCollum HallDance, 10 - 2 P.M.[sic]
    Tickets $3.25 advance, $3.75 night of dance
    Reserved tables $5.00
    • Fort Myers News-Press, Fort Myers, Fla.
      • 1947-03-25 p.2
      • 1947-03-26 p.6
      • 1947-03-30 p.7
      • 1947-03-31 p.4
      • 1947-04-01 p.2
    • Tampa Sunday Tribune, Tampa, Fla.
      • 1947-03-30 p.23-C
    • Stratemann, p.285
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
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    1947 04 02
    Wednesday
    .Tampa, Fla.Centro Espanol Ball Room
    16th St. at E. Broadway
    Centro Espanol Bll Room ad
    Centro Espanol Bll Room ad
    Click to Enlarge
    Centro Espanol Club dance, 9 till 1 a.m.
    Tickets - advance $2.20, Door $2.50
    The gig was originally scheduled for April 1.
    • The Tampa Daily Times, Tampa, Fla.
      • 1947-03-29 p.6
    • Tampa Morning Tribune, Tampa, Fla.
      • 1947-03-20 p.11
      • 1947-03-28 p.19
      • 1947-03-29 p.7
    • Tampa Sunday Tribune, Tampa, Fla.
      • 1947-03-30 p.24-C
    • Stratemann, p.285
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-25
    2022-06-10
    1947 04 03
    Thursday
    .Jacksonville, Fla...
    Stratemann, p.285....Added
    2011
    1947 04 04
    Friday
    .Johnson City, Tenn.Big Burley WarehouseKingsport Times:

    'Announcement was made Thursday that the dance featuring Duke Ellington's orchestra, which was to have been held at Big Burley Warehouse in Johnson City Friday evening has been cancelled due to a conflict of dates for Ellington's band.
         The orchestra will play for the dance scheduled for Saturday night at the Kingsport Civic Auditorium, however, officials of the Junior Chamber of Commerce, sponsors of the dance, said. '

    Kingsport Times, Kingsport, Tenn.
    1947-04-03 p.13
    ....New
    added
    2022-05-28
    1947 04 04
    Friday
    .Savannah, Ga...
    Stratemann, p.286....Added
    2011
    1947 04 05
    Saturday
    .Kingsport, Tenn.Kingsport Civic AuditoriumDance 9 p.m. sponsored by Junior Chamber of Commerce.
    "Positively only 1000 couples to be admitted"
    • Kingsport Times, Kingsport, Tenn.
      • 1947-04-02 p.9
      • 1947-04-03 pp.3, 9
      • 1947-04-04 p.8
    • Stratemann, p.286
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-25
    1947 04 06
    Sunday
    .Nashville, Tenn.Paradise BallroomThe Nashville Tennessean:

    'Duke Ellington, composer and arranger, will present music for dancing tonight at 9 o'clock at the Paradise Ballroom for Negroes only. Featured players will be Johnny Hodges, on alto saxophone; Oscar Pettiford, string bass; and Lawrence Brown, trombone.
         Ellington and Billy Strayhorn furnish arrangements for the aggregation which are said to be a forecast of the trends of popular music for the next 10 years. '

    Concert and dance engagement for blacks only, 9 p.m..
    • The Nashville Tennessean, Nashville, Tenn.
      • 1947-04-04 p.20
      • 1947-04-06 p.24-A
    • Stratemann, p.286
    • Email Richard Bambach-Palmquist 2022-05-24
    ...RB, djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-25
    1947 04 07
    Monday
    .St. Louis, Mo.Kiel AuditoriumCancelled dance

    Stratemann and Vail show a one-nighter in St. Louis. The band arrived and set up but the promotor didn't show up and the band did not play.
    • St. Louis Star-Times:

      'Phone Can't Ring, Duke Doesn't Jive, 'Cats' Don't Dance
      Silence and closed doors greeted several hundred teen-agers who went to Kiel Auditorium last night expecting to dance to the jive of Duke Ellington and his band. The reason: there wasn't any dance.
           Harry Boyer, auditorium manager, said the dance was canceled because of failure of the promoters, the Antonello & Nixon Presentations of Kansas City, to arrive to handle arrangements.
           John Antonello, one of the partners, reached here this morning, Boyer said, and explained that he "just couldn't make it last night” and was unable to notify the band because of the telephone strike. The city lost no money, Boyer said, because Antonello paid the $550 charges for rental and other costs.
           Auditorium attendants had "set up" for the band and the musicians arrived on time. But there were no promoters, no tickets and no ticket sellers, so the doors were not even opened. Musicians and teen-agers finally departed, grumbling. '

    • St. Louis Post-Dispatch:

      'SOMEONE FORGOT ABOUT TICKETS, SO DANCE IS OFF
           Several hundred bobby-soxers, teenagers and jitterbugs ...were turned away from a scheduled dance at Kiel Auditorium last night, because the promoters apparently neglected to have tickets printed.
           The crowd of both Negro and white Ellington followers started arriving at the Convention Hall about 8:30 p.m. The band ... set up their instruments on stage, and everything was ready. But no tickets or ticket sellers appeared and the box office windows remained closed.
           By 9:30 p.m., a half hour after the dance was scheduled to begin, the musicians had put their instruments back in the cases, and the crowd, with the exception of a few devotees, reluctantly wandered away. Louis Wagner, auditor for the auditorium said Antonelli & Nixon Presentations of Kansas City had promoted the dance and that John Antonelli, one of the partners, had telegraphed last week that he was unable to get tickets.
           "He apparently couldn't get ticket sellers, either," Wagner said. The auditor's faith in the promoters' ability to pay the cost of rent and labor for the dance was justified. A check for $525, for payment in full, arrived this morning.
           Al Celly [sic], manager of the orchestra, did not react so calmly to the cancellation. He said if necessary, "I'll sue for our guarantee and also for damages." With a fair show of disgust he walked away and was heard to say something about there being easier ways to make a living.'

    • United Press:

      '...neither tickets nor ticket sellers appeared at the box office.
           Louis Wagner, Municipal Auditorium auditor, said the Kansas City promoters had informed him they were unable to get tickets. The band, which had set up its instruments, returned them to their cases a half hour after the performance was scheduled to begin.'

    • St. Louis Post-Dispatch, St. Louis, Mo.
      1947-04-08 p.3A
    • St. Louis Star-Times,, St. Louis, Mo.
      1947-04-08 p.11
    • United Press wirestory
      Memphis Press-Scimitar, Memphis, Tenn.
      1947-04-09 p.14
    • Stratemann, p.286
    • Vail I
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-27
    1947 04 08
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 04 09
    Wednesday
    .Des Moines, IowaTromar Ballroom.
    Stratemann, p.286....Added
    2011
    1947 04 10
    Thursday
    .St. Paul, Minn.Prom ballroom
    University of Minnesota
    Formal senior prom, 9 p.m.
    Guests expectd: Governor & Mrs. Luther W. Youngdahl, Mary and Mrs. Hubert H. Humphrey, Dr. and Mrs. J. I. Merrill.
    Stratemann, p.286....Added
    2011
    updated
    1947 04 11
    Friday
    .Chicago, Ill.Grand ballroom
    Stevens Hotel
    First Annual Senior Costume Ball 9 p.m. to 1 a.m.
    Tickets $5.50

    'SENIOR BALL
         Breaking away from the tradition that every ball must have a queen, the seniors sponsored a prom this year, in which every girl could be a queen . . . or a slave girl, Lena the Hyena, a witch, or even the Dragon Lady. It was also the first ball where a male could reign as king or serve as clown. For this year the senior class presented the First Annual Senior Costume Ball. The dance was held in the grand ballroom of the Stevens Hotel on April 11.
         The couples waltzed, tangoed, sambaed, mazurkaed, fox-trotted, and went through other sundry gyrations to the tuneful tempo of Duke Ellington and his famous orchestra. The dance itself was reminiscent of the Mardi Gras festivals and the Beaux Arts Balls which have been held in Chicago in the past.'

    .
    • Daily Northwestern, Evanston, Ill.
      • 1947-03-06 p.2
      • 1947-03-06 p.1
    • Syllabus
      Northwestern University Yearbook, Evanston, Ill.
      1947 p.164
    • Stratemann, p.286
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-28
    1947 04 12
    Saturday
    .Anderson, Ind.Green Lantern BallroomDance
    9 to 1
    Admission $2 plus tax.
    • The Indianapolis Star, Indianapolis, Ind.
      1947-04-06 p.35
    • The Palladium-Item and Sun-Telegram, Richmond, Ind.
      • 1947-04-10 p.11
      • 1947-04-11 p.11
    • Stratemann, p.286
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-28
    1947 04 13
    Sunday
    .Chicago, Ill.Savoy Ballroom
    South Parkway at 47th Street
    Dancing
    Early bird prices until 8:30 p.m.
    • Chicago Defender, Chicago, Ill.
      1947-04-12 p.27
    • Stratemann, p.286
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-05-28
    1947 04 14
    Monday
    .Detroit, Mich...
    Stratemann, p.286....Added
    2011
    1947 04 15
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 04 16
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 04 17
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 04 18
    Friday
    .Louisburg Lewisburg, Penn.Davis Gymnasium
    Bucknell University
    Semi-formal Senior ball, 9 p,m. to 2 a.m.
    Sunbury Daily Item:

    'Crown New York Girl
         Queen Of B.U. Ball
         More than 1,000 persons, many of them, from off-campus, crowded Davis Gymnasium at Bucknell University Friday night and early today to hear Duke Ellington and his famous orchestra and to see Miss Clara Corell, of New York City, crowned as queen of the senior hall. The Duke himself made the selection of the New York girl from 12 senior girls. Miss Corell had on a strap!ess white lace dress. She was escorted by William Hoveler of Havertown, one of Bucknell's star basketball players.
         Jiss Corell was escorted to her throne by Ellington and after she was seated was duly crowned and handed her scepter. Then Duke’s orchestra played a special number for her and her court.
         The gym was decorated in keeping with the spring circus season. Gay streamers floated from the ceiling, there were simulated elephants along the walls and the chaperones were in a corrall [sic]. The dance attracted many persons from Lewisburg and other surrounding towns.
         John Watolak. of Pittsburgh, was chairman of the ball committee, assisted by Miss Jean McKern[illegible] of [illegible], N.Y.'

    • Sunbury Daily Item, Sunbury, Penn.
      • 1947-04-17 p.13
      • 1947-04-19 p.5
    • The Morning Press, Bloomsburg, Penn.
      • 1947-04-17 p.6
    • The Morning News, Danville, Penn.
      • 1947-04-18 p.3
    • Stratemann, p.286
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2022-06-10
    1947 04 19
    Saturday
    ...Personnel change
    Sonny Greer hospitalized, drummer Ed McConney subs
    Stratemann p.286 citing Down Beat, 1947-05-07...djpNew
    added 2012-11-14
    1947 04 19
    Saturday
    .Ithaca, N.Y.Bailey Hall
    Cornell University
    Concert 8:30 p.m. for the Cornell Rhythm Club.
    • Prices $1.20 $1.60 $2.00 including federal tax.
    • The April 15 and 19 announcements said the audience would be at capacity but the April 18 ad said there were tickets left.
    • The concert was to be aired for 2 hours on WVBR beginning at 8:25 p.m.
    • Professor John M. Kuypers of Cornell Music Department presened Elilngton and the band wiht a Rhythm Club plaque commemorating their "outstanding service to Amercian music."
    • The concert programme lists:
      • The National Anthem
      • Blutopia
      • Moon Mist
      • Diminuendo in Blue
      • Crescendo in Blue
      • Frustration
      • Jack the Bear
      • The Golden Cress
      • Flippant Flurry
      • Chaugogagog Maushaugagog Chaubunagungamaug
      • Passion Flower
      • Jamaditty
    • This compares to what was played and recorded:
      • Blutopia
      • Overture To A Jam Session
      • The Mooche
      • Diminuendo In Blue
      • Crescendo In Blue
      • Frustration
      • Rugged Romeo
      • Flippant Flurry
      • Golden Cress
      • Jam-A-Ditty
      • Passion Flower
      • The Blues
      • Dancers In Love
      • Frankie And Johnny
      • Metronome All Out
      • Things Ain't what They Used To Be
      • Take The "A" Train
      • Beale Street Blues
      • Memphis Blues
      • St. Louis Blues
      • Minnehaha
      • Transblucency
      • Hiawatha
      • My Little Brown Book
      • Don't Take Your Love From Me
      • Summertime
      • I'm Just A Lucky So And So
      • Flamingo
      • Medley:
        In A Sentimental Mood / Mood Indigo / I'm Beginning To See The Light / Sophisticated Lady / Caravan / Solitude / I Let A Song Go Out of My Heart and Don't Get Around Much Anymore
      • Just Squeeze Me
      • Ring Dem Bells

    Anticipatory events:
    • April 3:
      George Ivey discusses the music of Ellington, Willard Straight Music and Art Room.
    • April 16:
      Barry Ulanov to address a joint meeting of the Rhythm Club and NAACP as a preview to the concert.
    • Cornell Daily Sun, Ithaca, N.Y.
      • 1947-03-28 pp.1, 10
      • 1947-04-03 pp.2, 5
      • 1947-04-15 pp.7, 8
      • 1947-04-16 p.3
      • 1947-04-17 p.1
      • 1947-04-18 pp.2, 6, 7.
      • 1947-04-18 p.3
      • 1947-04-19 p.3
      • 1947-04-22 p.12
    • Concert programme
    • Stratemann, p.286
    • Timner and Timner corrections -4/21
    New Desor
    DE4705
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-14
    2022-06-12
    1947 04 20
    Sunday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Memorial Auditorium.
    Stratemann, p.286....Added
    2011
    1947 04 21
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.CBSSidemen's activities not documented

    Ellington was a guest on the CBS radio network's The Jack Smith Show.

    The Latrobe Bulletin:

    'Duke Ellington, renowned bandleader-composer, headlined the week's array of guest stars on the "Jack Smith Show" when he displayed his keyboard artistry last night.'

    The broadcast aired at 7:15 local time on the east coast and Ohio, at 6:15 in most of the midwest, at 8:15 on the west coast and at 10:15 in Wisconsin. The latter airings suggest the show was recorded for rebroadcast. If the recording still exists, it is not shown in New Desor, Nielsen, or Timner discographies.
    • St. Louis Post-Dispatch, St. Louis, Mo.
      1947-04-20 p.5-1
    • Asbury Park Evening Press (The Evening News), Asbury Park, N.J.
      1947-04-21 p.9
    • Brooklyn Eagle, Brooklyn, N.Y.
      1947-04-21 p.17
    • Dayton Herald, Dayton, Ohio
      1947-04-21 p.24
    • Minneapolis Morning Tribune, Minneapolis, Minn.
      1947-04-21 p.16
    • The Commercial Appeal, Memphis, Tenn.
      1947-04-21 p.13
    • Memphis Press-Scimitar, Memphis,Tenn.
      1947-04-21 p.13
    • Hollywood Citizen-News, Hollywood, Cal.
      1947-04-21 p.24
    • The Wisconsin State Journal, Madison, Wisc.
      1947-04-21 p.15
    • The Latrobe Bulletin, Latrobe, Penn.
      1947-04-22 p.12
    ...djpNew
    added
    2022-05-27.
    1947 04 22
    Tuesday
    .Newburgh, N.Y...
    Stratemann, p.286....Added
    2011
    1947 04 00...Personnel change
    Al Hibbler leaves the band before or during the upcoming Paramount run, but will return in August

    Singer Chester Crumper joins the band
    • New Desor vol.2
    • Stratemann p.286 citing Variety 1947-04-30 p.56
    djpNew
    added 2012-10-23
    1947 04 23
    Wednesday
    1947 05 19New York, N.Y.Paramount TheatreStage show - six shows daily
    Ellington's male vocalist during this engagement was Chester Crumpler.

    Ed McConney subbed for Greer, who was in Chicago suffering from pneumonia.

    Supporting acts:
    • Buck & Bubbles
    • Coke & Poke
    • Golden Gate Quartet
    • Calcutta

    Stratemann reports the show took in $315,000 (First week, $100,000; second, $85,000; third $70,000; final week, $60,000).
    • The Billboard
      1947-03-10, p.44
    • The California Eagle, Los Angeles, Cal.
      1947-04-17 p.18
    • Pittsburgh Courier 1947-03-19,p.15
    • Stratemann, p.286 citing
      The Billboard 1947-05-31 p.30
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-05-17
    2022-06-15
    1947 04 24
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 04 25
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 04 26
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 04 27
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 04 28
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 04 29
    Tuesday
    Ellington's birthday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 04 30
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14

    May 1947

    1947 05 00...Personnel change
    Marion Cox leaves the band , although she will record with the band in 1950 and 1955
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-11
    1947 05 00...Personnel change
    Trombonist Tyree Glenn joins the band. He will stay until March 1950, and would occasionally play in the band in later years. He died a few days before Ellington, and for a while, his body, that of Paul Gonsalves, and that of Duke Ellington laid in the same funeral parlour in 1974.
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added
    2012-10-12
    updated
    2021-06-02
    1947 05 01
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 02
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 03
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 04
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.City Center Casino
    133 W.55th St.
    A four-day "carnival-bazar" sponsored by the National Council of American Soviet Friendship ...opened with a variety concert starring Anita Alvarez, John Buckmaster and Duke Ellington. The concert was followed by an auction sale and the official opening of merchandise booths,exhibits and an art show..."...djpNew
    added 2012-11-14
    1947 05 04
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 05
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 06
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 07
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 08
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 09
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 09
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Golden Gate Ballroom
    142nd Street & Lenox Avenue
    (Unconfirmed)

    FEPC benefit dance "N.Y. Council for a Permanent FEPC presents FEPC Benefit Dance

    Erskine Hawkins and His Band were to provide the music, with entertainment provided by Duke Ellington, Ralph Cooper, Dave Finian's Rainbow" Wayne, Willie Bryant, Al Jones, Jimmy Daniels, John Mason, and Larry "Call Me Mister" Winters.
    New York Age
    • Announcement 1947-10-03, p.4
    • Announcement and ad, 1947-05-10 p.4
    ...djpNew
    added 2013-06-01
    1947 05 10
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 10
    Saturday
    8:35–9:30 pm
    .New York, N.Y..WNEW broadcast
    Ellington, Taft Jordan, Ray Nance, Lawrence Brown, Johnny Hodges, Al Sears, Harry Carney, Oscar Pettiford and Sonny Greer appeared on "Saturday Night Swing Session" in a"Twentieth Anniversary Salute to Duke Ellington"

    .
    • The broadcast, described as "Swing Session, observing Duke Ellington's Twentieth Anniversary in Show Business," included Jack Teagarden, Skitch Henderson, Billy Strayhorn and possibly Buddy Rich as guest artists.
    • Four recordings from this broadcast were used in the All Services V-Disc transcriptions 795A and 795B
    • Without citing a source, Vail reports "WNEW presents an all day tribute to Duke Ellington," but it is confirmed in the Daily News:

      'Hail the Duke! . . Duke Ellington's twentiety anniversary in the big time will be celebrated by WNEW today with an all-day tribute. Theatre and radio celebrities and newspapermen will eulogize the great colored composer and orchestra leader. Art Ford's "Milkman's Matinee," Martin Block, "Juke Box Jury" and the "Saturday Swing Session" will be among the features participating. On the latter program, at 8:35 P.M., Ellington himself will perform, assisted by such jazz stalwarts as Johnny Hodges, Lawrence Brown, Jerry [sic] Carney, Ray Nance and Oscar Pettiford. Also, such big names as Carmen Miranda, Paul Whiteman, Hazel Scott, Kitty Kallen, Louis Prima, Cab Calloway, Buddy Rich and many others will be on hand. Yes sir, it looks like a big day for the Duke! '

    • S. Lasker in DEMS 09/3-24:

      " ...host Art Ford asked [Bill 'Bojangles'] Robinson and Ellington, who were both present, "I understand you two made a record years ago. Is that right?"

      Ellington's reply -- "Well, oh, yes!"-- was nearly drowned by Robinson's: "Well I'd like to say one thing. I'm very proud to be with Duke, I'll tell you why. The first tap dancing record that was ever made in America ... was made by Duke Ellington and Bill Robinson and I'm proud to say that I made the first dancing record with the master."

      "Thank you very much," responded Ellington."

    • The Robinson-Ellington session was 1929 09 13.
    • The proper name for this 1947 WNEW series is Saturday Night Swing Session, although Stratemann calls this episode Saturday Night Swing Show. The naming error seems to be normal; the Daily News named this episode “Swing Session: Tribute to Duke Ellington,” “WNEW Swing Session” and “Saturday Swing Session” all on the same page.
    • The 1947 WNEW series "Saturday Night Swing Session" should not be confused with the Columbia Broadcasting System series in the 1930s called Saturday Night Swing Club - see 1936 06 13 above.
    • Daily News, New York, N.Y. 1947-05-10 p.17
    • Stratemann, p.286 citing Down Beat 1947-05-21 and Rarities LP RAR-59
    • The Dooji Collection - V Discs
    • Vail I
    • New York Times radio log, 1947-05-10
    • Email Lasker/Palmquist 2021-03-31
    New Desor
    DE4706
    DEMSTimner corrections -4/17.Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-06-01
    2014-03-05
    2015-05-17
    2021-04-01
    1947 05 11
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 12
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 12
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Main Hall
    Carnegie Hall
    Peripheral Event
    8:30 p.m. Carnegie Pop Concert: Jazz at the Philharmonic
    presented by Norman Granz Carnegie "Pop concerts"
    Billy Strayhorn, Oscar Pettiford and Harry Carney were named in an ad for this concert and are listed in the Carnegie Hall database. Under Selections not listed and Selections not included in program, the database shows duke Ellington and C-Jam Blues. There is nothing to indicate Ellington participated.
    ...djpNew
    added
    2019-03-17
    1947 05 13
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 14
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 15
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 16
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 17
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 18
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 19
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1947-04-23.....Added
    2011
    updated 2012-11-14
    1947 05 19
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.."Carnation Hour"
    .New Desor
    DE4707
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    1947 05 19
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 05 20
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 05 21
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 05 22
    Thursday
    .Worcester, Mass...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 05 23
    Friday
    .Boston, Mass. (Ma)South State ArmoryBenefit dance, United Negro College Fund

    Admission $1.80 including tax, or $1.50 in advance
    .....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-06-01
    1947 05 24
    Saturday
    .Salem, Mass...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 05 25
    Sunday
    .Shrewsbury, Mass...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 05 26
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 05 27
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 05 28
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 05 29
    Thursday
    .Shrewsbury, Mass.Sun Valley
    formerly Bal-a-lair
    Jct Routes 9 and 20

    'Tonight!
    The World's Greatest Dance Orchestra
    Duke Ellington '

    The Lowell Sun, Lowell, Mass.
    1947-05-29 p.15
    courtesy Wayne Clutton, Scott MacNeil
    ...Wayne Clutton, email 2020-06-12New
    added
    2020-06-16
    1947 05 30
    Friday
    .Providence, R.I...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 05 31
    Saturday
    Saturday
    .Lewiston, Ma.Dancetime
    Maine State Fair Grounds
    Duke Ellington and his World Famous Orchestra

    Admission $1.50
    Ad, Portland (Maine) Press Herald, 1947-05-31, p.6....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-03-18

    June 1947

    1947 06 00...Personnel changes
    Wilbur de Paris, trombone, and Taft Jordan, trumpet, leave the band
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-23
    1947 06 01
    Sunday
    .New London, Conn.Danceland.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 02
    Monday
    .Fitchburg, Mass...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 03
    Tuesday
    .Manchester, N.H..Dance
    .New Desor
    DE9023
    DEMSNDCS 1029.Added
    2011
    1947 06 04
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 06 05
    Thursday
    .Baltimore, Md...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 06
    Friday
    .Rochester, N.Y...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 07
    Saturday
    .Sampson, N.Y.Sampson CollegeDance

    "Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Shafer and Mr. and Mrs. Fay Lunkenheimer attended the dance at Sampson College last Saturday night, at which Duke Ellington's band played."
    The Red Creek Herald, Red Creek, N.Y., 1947-06-12, p.5....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-04-16
    1947 06 08
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 06 09
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Pathé Studios
    105 E. 106th St. (at Park Ave.)
    Capitol Radio Transcription recording session

    Duke Ellington and his orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Bascomb, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, de Paris, Claude Jones, Tyree Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Greer. (New Desor lists Kay Davis and Chester Crumpler as well and Nielsen has Kay Davis and Al Hibbler. None appear to have sung in this session.)

    Titles recorded:
    • Beale Street Blues
    • Memphis Blues
    • St. Louis Blues
    • Swamp Fire
    • How High The Moon
    • Blue Lou
    • Non-Violent Integration (Who Struck John?)
    • Violet Blue
    • Royal Garden Blues
    • Jumpin' Punkins
  • Lambert: Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide
    pp.130, 131, 143
  • Girvan & Dyson:   Ellingtonia.com
  • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
  • Timner V
  • Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington pp.87,88
  • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2022-01-23
  • New Desor
    DE4708
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2022-01-28
    1947 06 10
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Pathé Studios
    105 E. 106th St. (at Park Ave.)
    Capitol Radio Transcription recording session

    Duke Ellington and his orchestra
    Hemphill, Jordan, Bascomb, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, de Paris, Claude Jones, Tyree Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Crumpler. (New Desor and Nielsen list Kay Davis but she doesn't appear to have sung in this session.)

    Titles recorded:
    • Frustration
    • Blue Is The Night
    • Jump For Joy
    • Far Away Blues
    • Azalea
    • Orchids For Madame
    • Frisky
    • Park At 106th
    New Desor
    DE4709
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2022-01-28
    1947 06 11
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 06 12
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 06 13
    Friday
    .Washington, D.C.Watergate.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 14
    Saturday
    .Pittsburgh, Penn.Syria MosqueConcert
    Pittsburgh Press music critic Ralph Lewando's glowing review gave some of the song titles:
    • Diminuendo in Blue
    • Crescendo in Blue
    • Bluetopia
    • Moon Mist
    • Black, Brown and Beige
    • Rockin' in Rhythm
    • Chaucogagaug Maushaugagog Chaubunagungamaug
    • Flippant Flurry
    Mr.Lewando said the variety, climaxes and taperings off of tonal volume in Diminuendo in Blue and Crescendo in Blue sent the audience into spasms of delight.

    Soloists mentioned: Hodges, Jordan, Brown, Carney, Hamilton

    Singers mentioned: Nance, Davis, Chester Crumpler

    Billy Strayhorn may have been present. His teacher, Max Adkins attended the concert.

    Ticket prices: $3.60 $3.00, $2.40 $1.80 $1.60
    • The Pittsburgh Press
      • Preview, 1947-06-08 p.52
      • Ads, 1947-06-08, p.46, 1947-06-10 p.16 & 1947-06-13 p.30
      • Review "Duke adds Jet Power to Jazz," 1947-06-16, p.14
    • Vail I
    .
    ..Stratemann p.287djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2013-06-14
    1947 06 15
    Sunday
    .Indianapolis, Ind...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 16
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 06 17
    Tuesday
    .Springfield, Ill...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 18
    Wednesday
    .Joliet, Ill...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 19
    Thursday
    .South Bend, Ind...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 20
    Friday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 06 21
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 06 21.Edelweiss, Ind...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 22
    Sunday
    .St. Louis, Mo...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 23
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 06 24
    Tuesday
    1947 06 25Oklahoma City, Okla...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 25
    Wednesday
    .Oklahoma City, Okla...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 06 26
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 06 27
    Friday
    1947 07 10
    Thursday
    Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    Stratemann has this engagement ending July 10 but Vail says there was a broadcast on closing night, July 11. The latest recorded broadcast in New Desor is July 9.Stratemann, p.287
    Vail I
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2013-01-05
    1947 06 28
    Saturday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 06 29
    Sunday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 06 30
    Monday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27.....Added
    2011

    July 1947

    1947 07 01
    Tuesday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27
    radio broadcast recorded
    .New Desor
    DE4710
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    1947 07 02
    Wednesday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 03
    Thursday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 04
    Friday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27
    Broadcast recorded
    .New Desor
    DE4711
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2020-05-07
    1947 07 05
    Saturday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 06
    Sunday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 07
    Monday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 08
    Tuesday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27
    Broadcast recorded
    .New Desor
    DE4712
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    1947 07 09
    Wednesday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27
    Broadcast recorded
    .New Desor
    DE4713
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    1947 07 10
    Thursday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    see 1947 06 27.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 11
    Friday
    .Denver, Col.El Patio Ballroom
    Lakeside Park
    (Unconfirmed)

    see 1947 06 27

    Vail shows a closing night broadcast July 11 but Stratemann has the date running only to July 10. The latest recorded broadcast shown in New Desor is July 9.
    .....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-01-05
    1947 07 12
    Saturday
    1947 07 19Salt Lake City, Ut.Rainbow Rendezvous.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 07 13
    Sunday
    .Salt Lake City, Ut.Rainbow Rendezvoussee 1947 07 12.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 14
    Monday
    .Salt Lake City, Ut.Rainbow Rendezvoussee 1947 07 12.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 15
    Tuesday
    .Salt Lake City, Ut.Rainbow Rendezvoussee 1947 07 12.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 16
    Wednesday
    .Salt Lake City, Ut.Rainbow Rendezvoussee 1947 07 12.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 17
    Thursday
    .Salt Lake City, Ut.Rainbow Rendezvoussee 1947 07 12.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 18
    Friday
    .Salt Lake City, Ut.Rainbow Rendezvoussee 1947 07 12.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 19
    Saturday
    .Salt Lake City, Ut.Rainbow Rendezvoussee 1947 07 12.....Added
    2011
    1947 07 20
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 07 21
    Monday
    .San Francisco, Cal.Opera House.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 07 22
    Thursday
    ... Peripheral event
    Look magazine ran a lengthy review of Ellington's life and accomplishments.
    ...djpNew
    added
    2014-02-15
    updated
    2022-04-08
    1947 07 22
    Tuesday
    .San Francisco, Cal.War Memorial Opera HouseThis entry is based solely on a file folder label listed in the Smithsonian finding aid shown to the right and should not be taken as confirmed as yet.Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 40 War Memorial Opera House, San Francisco, California, July 22, 1947...djpNew
    2016-01-23
    1947 07 23
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 07 24
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 07 25
    Friday
    1947 08 07
    Thursday
    Hollywood, Cal.Ciro's
    8433 Sunset Blvd.
    Two week club date on Sunset Strip, with "numerous broadcasts"
    The July 25 broadcast was transcribed for the AFRS series Spotlight Bands no. 1044/47

    It appears Ellington's orchestra appeared along with a house band, the Don Alfredo Rhumba Band.
    Stratemann p.287 citing The Billboard 1947-08-09 p.37New Desor
    DE4714
    DEMS.Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-01-05
    1947 07 26
    Saturday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 07 27
    Sunday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 07 28
    Monday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 07 29
    Tuesday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 07 30
    Wednesday
    ...Date of Duke Ellington's Columbia Records recording contract. Steven Lasker:

    'The file sheet for Columbia mx. HCO-2531 (Ellington's "Hy'a Sue," recorded 8/14/47) bears the notation "Contract dated July 30, 1947."'


    Webmaster comment:
    Cambridge Companion says Ellington signed with Columbia in June. Lasker believes CC's information came from Lawrence:

    'Per A.H. Lawrence, "Duke Ellington and His World," page 417 ("Chronology"): June 1947: [Ellington] Leaves Musicraft; signs with Columbia in the fall after John Hammond leaves the label."
    (The real story: Hammond was, according to his autobiography, discharged from the Army on 1/20/46, and immediately returned to his home and his duties at Columbia Records in New York. In June 1946, he joined the board of Keynote Records, which infuriated his supervisor at Columbia, Ted Wallerstein. Hammond relates he had no choice but to resign from Columbia. Ellington, meanwhile, had signed with Musicraft the second week of May 1946.)'

    Until I see an executed copy of the contract, I believe Lasker's information is to be preferred, since his research is based on actual business records of the record company, whereas the Cambridge Companion chronology relies on Lawrence.
    • Email Lasker-Palmquist
      2014-10-14
      2019-01-26
    • Cambridge Companion, p.xvi
    ...slNew
    added
    2014-10-14
    2015-06-04
    2019-01-27
    1947 07 30
    Wednesday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    The July 30 broadcast was transcribed for the AFRS series Spotlight Bands no. 1083
    .New Desor
    DE4715
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-01-05
    1947 07 31
    Thursday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    .....Added
    2011

    August 1947

    1947 08 00...Personnel changes
    Chester Crumper leaves the band
    Al Hibbler rejoins the band
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added
    2012-10-11
    2012-10-23
    1947 08 01
    Friday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    A remote broadcast was transcribed for AFRS Spotlight Bands no. 1077 & 1080
    .New Desor
    DE4716
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-23
    1947 08 02
    Saturday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 08 03
    Sunday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    ..DEMS..Added
    2011
    1947 08 04
    Monday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 08 05
    Tuesday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    Remote broadcast
    .New Desor
    DE9049
    DEMSNDCS 1074.Added
    2011
    1947 08 06
    Wednesday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    Remote broadcast
    .New Desor
    DE9050
    .NDCS 1074.Added
    2011
    1947 08 07
    Thursday
    .Hollywood, Cal.Ciro'sClub date - see 1947 07 25
    Remote broadcast
    .New Desor
    DE9051
    .NDCS 1074.Added
    2011
    1947 08 08
    Friday
    .San Diego, Cal.Pacific Square BallroomDance for whites. Due to racial conflicts in San Diego, this was the first time in eight years that a black band was hired to play for white dancers. The contract was to pay Ellington 60% of the gate, with a $2,000 guarantee.
    Chula Vista Star:

    'Misses Carol Santiago, Elizabeth and Virginia Gonzales, spent the evening of August 14 [sic] at Pacific Square dancing to the music of Duke Ellington and his orchestra.'

    Chula Vista Star, Chula Vista, Cal.
    1947-08-22 p.7-A
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-11-06
    2022-01-09
    1947 08 09
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented
    It is possible that Ellington and his orchestra would have played a dance for African-Americans, as they often did the day after a dance for whites, but August 9 is mere speculation. I am not aware of any evidence of such a dance on this date.
    ......
    1947 08 10.Oakland, Cal...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 08 10
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 08 11
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 08 12
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 08 13
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 08 14
    Thursday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Columbia studio
    6624 Romaine St.
    Hollywood
    Columbia recording session,
    20:25 to 23:50

    Personnel
    Nance, F. Williams, Hemphill, Bascomb, Baker, C. Jones, Brown, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer.

    Steven Lasker:

    'Not mentioned in files: Strayhorn replaces Ellington on all versions of Change My Ways and Put Yourself in My Place, Baby '


    Titles recorded:
    • H'ya Sue
    • Lady Of The Lavender Mist (Too Weary To Worry)
    • Women, Women, Women
    • Maybe I Should Change My Ways
    • Email Lasker/Palmquist:
      • 2014-10-14 re session time
      • 2021-07-27 re venue address
      • 2021-07-28 re personnel
    New Desor
    DE4717
    DEMSTimner corrections -4/17.Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2021-07-28
    2021-07-30
    2021-08-05
    1947 08 15
    Friday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 08 16
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 08 17
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 08 18
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 08 19
    Tuesday
    .Eugene, Ore.Willamette ParkDuke Ellington and his famous Orhestra
    Dancing 9 to 1
    Admission $2.00 including tax

    August 29 Graves record store ad:

    THE DUKE IS CANNED!
    Graves have Duke Ellington Records for those who missed him at the "Park" last night – And... still more records for those who heard him!

    Duke Ellington
    Record #461
    Happy Go Lucky
    Local
    Parts 1 and 2
    NOW RECORDING
    EXCLUSIVELY ON
    Musicraft
    RECORDS
    New York - Hollywood'

    Register-Guard, Eugene, Ore.
    • 1947-08-17 p.24
    • 1947-08-20 p.5
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-01-07
    2022-01-08
    1947 08 20
    Wednesday
    .Albany, Ore.CottonwoodsDancing, 9 to 1, Admission $2.00 including taxAlbany Democrat-Herald, Albany, Ore.
    1947-08-19 p.5
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2022-01-08
    1947 08 21
    Thursday
    .Tacoma, Wash...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 08 22
    Friday
    .Douglas, B.C.
    (now Surrey, B.C.)
    Peace Arch border crossing.CBC commentator Susan Fletcher, learning Ellington would not have time in Vancouver to be interviewed for her Flicks and Flashes national radio programme, drove to Peace Arch and "pushed a microphone in front of him as he went through the Customs. The interview was conducted with a background of car horns and assorted crowd sounds, all of which made the assignment just a bit tough!"


    Upon entering Canada, Ellington and his orchestra filed a manifest for members of theatrical organizaions, shows, etc. (form IMM 60). It shows the port of entry and exit was Blaine, Washington, they were arriving from Seattle and were staying until the next day. Personnel listed were:
    NAME P.O. ADDRESS
    IN FULL
    BIRTHPLACENEXT OF KIN, RELATIONSHIP
    DUKE
    ELLINGTON
    935 St. Nicholas Ave.,
    New York
    Washington D.C. -
    RAYMOND
    NANCE
    270 Convent Ave.,
    New York
    Florence, S.C. Mrs. Richard Kennedy, wife
    FRANCIS
    WILLIAMS
    312 West 112th St.,
    New York
    Pittsburgh, Pa.Mrs. Francis Williams, wife
    SHELTON
    HEMPHILL
    289 Lenox Ave.,
    New York
    Birmingham, Ala.Mrs. Shelton Hemphill, wife
    CLAUDE
    JONES
    535 Convent Ave.,
    New York
    Wheeling, W.Va.Mrs. Claude Jones, wife
    LAWRENCE
    BROWN
    270 St. Nicolas Ave.,
    New York
    Lawrence, Kans.Mrs. Lawrence Brown, wife
    RUSSEL
    PROCOPE
    870 St. Nicolas Ave.,
    New York
    N.Y.C.Mrs. Russell Procope, wife
    HARRY
    CARNEY
    450 West 147 St.,
    New York
    Boston, Mass.Mrs. Harry Carney, wife
    ALBERT
    SEARS
    441 West 151 St.,
    New York
    Macomb, Ill.Mrs. Albert Sears, wife
    JAMES
    HAMILTON
    565 West 150 St.,
    New York
    Hamer, S.Car.Mrs. James Hamilton, wife
    JOHN
    HODGE
    1893 7 Ave.,
    New York
    Cambridge, Mass.Mrs. John Hodge, wife
    WILLIAM
    GREER
    601 East 164 St.,
    New York
    Long Branch, N.J.Mrs. Wm Greer, wife
    FRED
    GUY
    940 St. Nicolas Ave.,
    New York
    Burenville, Va.Mrs. Fred Guy, wife
    FORD
    PETTIFORD
    65 Tiemann Place,
    New York
    Burenville, Va.Mrs. Oscar Pettiford, wife
    K.
    DAVIS
    Palace Hotel,
    New York
    New York, N.Y.Dr. S. E. Mac Donald, father
    ALBERT
    HIBBLER
    2040 E 7th Ave.,
    New York
    Chicago, Ill.Mrs. Lowry, mother
    WILLIAM
    STRAYHORN
    545 Eddington Ave.,
    New York
    Dayton OhioMrs. Wm. Strayhorn, wife
    THOMAS
    WHALEY
    356 West 116 St.,
    New York
    Boston, Mass.Mrs. Thomas Whaley, wife
    JOHN
    CELLEY
    248 West 71st St.,
    New York
    New York, N.Y.Mr. C. Chapman, uncle
    HAROLD
    BAKER
    1619 Broadway,
    New York
    St. Louis, Mo.Mrs. Harold Baker, wife
    DUD
    BASCOMB
    1619 Broadway,
    New York
    New York City, N.Y.Mrs. Dud Bascomb, wife
    MURRAY
    ROSENBAUM
    3713 74th St.,
    New York
    Jackson Heights, N.Y. Mrs.M.Rosenbaum, wife
    TYREE
    GLENN
    1190 Linton Ave.,
    New York
    New York, N.Y.Mrs. T.Glenn, wife

    Imported instruments:
                            Duke Ellington Orchestra
    List of personnel's instruments
    INSTRUMENT MAKE NUMBER
    R NANCE Trumpet Olds 1159
    Violin
    F WILLIAMS Trumpet Bach 4629
    S HEMPHILL Trumpet Conn 371601
    D BASCOMB Trumpet Buescher 238299
    H BAKER Trumpet King (Liberty Model) 226731
    C JONES Trombone King, Bach 405 Bell
    481 Slide
    L BROWN Trombone King 2-B Liberty Model 241362
    T GLENN Valve Trombone Reynolds 906
    Slide Trombone King 208400
    Vibraharps consisting
    of 4 pieces
    R PROCOPE Clarinet Selmer K7 469
    Alto Sax Buescher 283640
    H CARNEY Baritone Sax - Bass Clarinet Selmer - Conn KT114 279566
    Clarinet Selmer B255646-L
    A SEARS Tenor Sax Conn M-246310
    Clarinet Conn No Number
    J HAMILTON Tenor Sax Selmer M275746
    Clarinet Buffet 22299
    J HODGE Alto Sax Conn 300409
    Clarinet Selmer 4309
    F GUY Guitar Stromberg 499
    O PETTIFORD Bass Violin
    S GREER Drums Consisting, of
    6 pieces

    2 cases consisting of music stands
    15 music books
    1 case of mutes
    1 case of irons
    Steven Lasker:
    'A separate sheet lists additional personnel and their instruments; it isn't dated but the personnel corresponds to the period from 1947 12 19 (when Killian joins) to mid-Jan 49 (when Sears leaves):
    Hemphill - trumpet - King #276654
    Killian -- trumpet - Calicchio 1174
    cornet - Buescher 316883
    Sears -- tenor sax - Buescher - 319775 - B11
    Jones -- trombone - Conn 343328 slide
    -- " [illegible]
    '
    ...djpNew
    added
    2012-10-29
    updated
    2016-07-01
    1947 08 22
    Friday
    .Lower Mainland, B.C.en routeThe Province newspaper's Frank Mulcahy interviewed Ellington on the chartered bus as it travelled from Peace Arch to Malkin Bowl in Stanley Park. The paper printed his account of the interview and concert the next day. The interview concerned Ellington's feelings about racial prejuduce and about music. According to the intro, the discussion carried on right up to the arrival at Malkin Bowl."Racial Prejudice Everywhere, Says Ellington"   Vancouver Daily Province 1947-08-23 p.9...djpNew
    added 2013-01-05
    1947 08 22
    Friday
    8:30 pm
    .Vancouver, B.C.Malkin Bowl,
    Stanley Park
    Three hour outdoor concert in the Malkin Bowl amphitheatre. Arrangements were made to move the concert indoors if the weather was bad. The concert was advertised in the Daily Province as "Exactly as presented recently in Carnegie Hall, New York" and as "Exactly the same program as the orchestra will present next week in Hollywood Bowl."
    Tickets:
    • "special chairs" $2.50
    • all other seats $2.00


    Stratemann says Down Beat showed Ellington in Seattle on Aug. 22
    • Announcement, Vancouver Daily Province 1947-08-21 p.6
    • Advertisements, Vancouver Daily Province
      • 1947-08-21 p.8
      • 1947-08-22 p.8
    • Review, Vancouver Daily Province 1947-08-23
    ..Stratemann, p.287, citing Variety 1947-08-13 p.40djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2013-01-05
    1947 08 23
    Saturday
    .Portland, Ore...
    Timner corrections -4/17+20....Added
    2011
    1947 08 23
    Saturday
    .Olympia, Wash.Olympia ArmoryVeterans United Productions presents DUKE ELLINGTON and his famous ORCHESTRA.

    'DANCE–Duke Ellington and his band will play for dancing this Saturday night in Olympia Armory. The Duke will bring to Olympia some of the musicians who have been with his organization from five to ten years. Dancing will start at nine o'clock. '

    The Daily Olympian, Olympia, Wash.
    • 1947-08-21 p.2
    • 1947-08-22 p.7
    ..djp.New
    Added
    2022-01-08
    1947 08 24
    Sunday
    .Portland, Ore.Public auditoriumConcert, 8:30 p.m.

    BURTON McELROY
    Presents That Great
    Hollywood Bowl Concert Orchestra
    DUKE ELLINGTON
    and His World-Famous Orchestra
    SUNDAY Aug.24 AUDITORIUM
    CONCERT &NDASH; ONE NIGHT ONLY &NDASH; 8:30 P.M.
    TICKETS NOW J.K. GILL CO., AT 8681
    $1, $1.50, $2, $3., inc. tax

    Hilmar Grondahl, Music Editor

    'Edward Kennedy Ellington, generally known as "Duke," aroused something just short of a frenzy of enjoyment at the public auditorium Sunday night when he sent his band through 29 programed [sic] numbers of jazz in his own vastly familiar style. Most of the works were of his own composing, Strayhorn and W.C. Handy being the only two to set the leader-composer's name aside completely on the page... '

    Grondahl's review named Carney, Hodges, Brown, Hamilton, Greer and Kay Davis, and songs Air Conditioned Jungle, Transblucenation [sic], and the spriritual and blues sections of Black, Brown and Beige.
    Timner V:

    'A tape of dubious authenticity is circulating among collectors of a concert at the Civic Auditorium, Portland, OR, dated to 24 Aug 1947. The title selections are almost identical with those of the concert at the Hollywood Bowl, Los Angeles, CA.'

    • The Oregonian and The Sunday Oregonian, Portland, Ore.
      • 1947-08-10 p.11
      • 1947-08-17 p.11
      • 1947-08-21 p.13
      • 1947-08-22 p.19
      • 1947-08-23 p.9
      • 1947-08-24 p.11
      • 1947-08-25 p.9
    • Timner: V, p.114
    • Timner corrections-4/17+20
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2022-01-07
    2022-01-09
    1947 08 25
    Monday
    ..Meadowbrook Gardensactivities not documented
    Vail, Vol.I reported Duke was a guest on Tommy Dorsey's Tender Leaf Tea radio show at the Meadowbrook Gardens in Culver City.
    This appears to be in error - see 1946 08 25
    Vail I...djpNew
    added 2013-01-05
    1947 08 26
    Tuesday
    2 to 3 pm
    .Victoria, B.C.Fletcher's record store
    1130 Douglas St.
    Duke made a personal appearance to sign records for buyers.Ad, Victoria Daily Colonist 1947-08-26, p.19.
    ..New
    added 2013-01-05
    1947 08 26
    Tuesday
    9 pm to 1 am
    .Victoria, B.C.Bay Street ArmouryConcert and dance
    Special amplifying system
    Seating arrangement on balcony

    Tickets -
    advance, $1.75;
    at the door, $2.10

    An unidentified reporter tried to interview Ellington before the performance, but didn't get very far. His report concludes "a reporter shuffled out at this point with no interview."
    Victoria Daily Colonist, Victoria, B.C.
    • 1947-08-16 p.18
    • 1947-08-23 p.18
    • 1947-08-26 p.18
    • 1947-08-27, p.3
    ...djpNew
    added
    2013-01-05
    updated
    2022-01-08
    1947 08 27
    Wednesday
    .Seattle, Wash..Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
    Dance 8:30 to 12, admission $1.60 plus taxes.
    • The Seattle Times, Seattle, Wash.
      • 1947-08-24 p.36
      • 1947-08-26 p.20
      • 1947-08-27 p.23
    • Stratemann p.287 citing
      Variety 1947-08-13, p.40
    • Vail I
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-01-05
    2022-01-07
    1947 08 28
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 08 29
    Friday
    ...activities not documented

    Initially announced date of the Capitola Ballroom engagement which appears to have happened the next day.
    .....New
    added
    2022-01-07
    1947 08 30
    Saturday
    .Capitola, Cal.Capitola Ballroom.It appears Ellington and his orchestra played at the Capitola Ballroom on August 29 or 30. It was initially announced and advertised for Friday, August 29, but the Saturday August 30 plug said it was "tonight," even though the same ad appeared both August 29 and 30 saying Friday.
    • In a webpublished article dated 2022-01-01, Deborah Osterberg wrote

      '      Built in 1935 ...The Capitola Ballroom featured dancing every Wednesday and Saturday nights.
           ...In 1947, the Capitola Ballroom scored a coup when they were able to get Duke Ellington after one of his other bookings was cancelled. This was the second time the Duke performed at Capitola. Back in 1938, the famed orchestra leader played “… to one of the largest crowds in the history of the dance hall.”...'

    • Ms Osterberg did not mention Ellington's 1941 appearance here (see 1941 06 21.)
    • When did the orchestra play here in 1947?
      • Santa Cruz Sentinel-News 1947-08-22 p.5:

        '...Ellington...will play a one-night stand at the Capitola ballroom Friday, August 29, it was announced Wednesday.
             ...Merle C. Severns of the Capitola ballroom said he "got a break" in securing the Ellington band, which is able to appear here because another booking was cancelled. Ellington will be in Portland August 28 and will play his one-night stand at Capitola on his way south to Santa Barbara.
             ...Ellington's band played at Capitola about 1938 to one of the largest crowds in the history of the dance hall. His last appearance in the county was at the Watsonville civic auditorium in 1945.'

      • Santa Cruz Sentinel-News, 1947-08-29 p.2 and 1947-08-30 p.5 (identical ads):

        DUKE
        Ellington
        and his famous
        ORCHESTRA
        at
        CAPITOLA
        BALLROOM
        appearing
        FRIDAY NITE
        ONLY
        9-1

      • Santa Cruz Sentinel-News 1947-08-30 p.6:

        'For the second time in about nine years Santa Cruzans will have the opportunity tonight to hear the music of Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington...
             Ellington, his 16-piece band and two vocalists, will play a one-night stand at the Capitola ballroom from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m. Last time the Duke played here was about 1938, also at Capitola... '

      • Santa Cruz Sentinel-News 1947-09-19 p.2D (photo caption):

        'Duke Ellington, who played a one-night stand at Capitola September 5, has been an international favorite pianist and band leader for nearly 29 years. He is expected to be in great demand on KSCO request platter programs.'

        The orchestra was in Arizona September 5.
    • Did the orchestra play here in or around 1938?
      The orchestra was advertised here for June 21, 1941 but searching California newspapers in three commercial online newspaper archives from 1937 through 1939 turns up no mention of Ellington at the Capitola Ballroom as at 2022-01-08. Ms Osterberg may have been relying on the 1947 reports.
    ...KG, djpNew
    added
    2022-01-08
    1947 08 31
    Sunday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood Bowl.
    Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 41 Hollywood Bowl, Hollywood, California, August 31, 1947New Desor
    DE4718
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2016-01-23

    September 1947

    1947 09 00...Personnel change
    Singer Dolores Parker (born 1919 or 1920, died 2018-12-17 at 99 years of age) joins the band.

    While obituaries suggest she was with Ellington until 1956, she only worked with Ellington for a few months, her last documented appearance being February 1948.
    ...djpNew
    added
    2012-10-23
    2019-01-09
    1947 09 --.Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook..New Desor
    DE4720
    ...Added
    2011
    1947 09 01
    Monday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Columbia studio
    6624 Romaine St.
    Hollywood
    Columbia recording session,
    20:30 to 23:30

    Personnel
    Nance, F. Williams, Hemphill, Bascomb, Baker, C. Jones, Brown, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer

    Steven Lasker:

    'Not mentioned in files: Strayhorn replaces Ellington on all versions of Change My Ways and Put Yourself in My Place, Baby '


    Titles recorded:
    • It's Monday Every Day
    • Golden Cress
    • Put Yourself In My Place Baby
    • Email Lasker/Palmquist
      • 2014-10-14 re session time
      • 2021-07-27 re venue address
      • 2021-07-28 re personnel
    New Desor
    DE4719
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2021-07-28
    2021-07-30
    2021-08-05
    1947 09 02
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 03
    Wednesday
    8:30 pm
    .Tucson, Ariz.Tucson High School StadiumConcert sponsored by R. Paul Willett
    Chester Crumpler was announced as the male vocalist in the advance publicity, but the review says Al Hibbler sang.

    Ellington did not play the piano, saying the atmospheric conditions made the piano so out of tune it was impossible to "get the horns and piano together." A piano tuner had been hired but didn't show.

    Personnel named:
    • Hibbler
    • Nance
    • Davis
    • Glenn
    • Hodges
    • Greer
    • Baker
    • Brown
    • Sears
    The review named these titles:
    • Take the A Train
    • Summertime
    • I've Got It Bad and That Ain't Good
    • I Guess I'm Just a Lucky So-and-So
    • It's Monday Every Day
    • The Blues from BB&B
    • The Mooch
    • W.C. Handy Big Three:
      • Beale Street Blues
      • Memphis Blues
      • St. Louis Blues
    • Air Conditioned Jungle
    • The Beautiful Indians
    • Tucson Daily Citizen, Tucson, Ariz.
      • Publicity, 1947-08-23 p.5
      • Publicity 1947-08-28 p.13
      • Notes to Junior Optimists wishing to attend
        • 1947-09-02 p.2
        • 1947-09-03
      • Review 1947-09-04 p.4
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301 Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 42, Tucson Senior High School, September 3, 1947
    ...djpNew
    added 2013-05-17
    2016-01-23
    2017-01-02
    1947 09 04
    Thursday
    .Tucson, Ariz.West Congress StreetDance: "The Ellington outfit will appear at a dance on West Congress Street this evening under a different sponsorship"Tucson Daily Citizen, Tucson, Ariz.
    1947-09-04 p.4
    ...djpNew
    added 2013-05-17
    1947 09 05
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 06
    Saturday
    .Phoenix, Ariz.Isaac Men's Park
    35th Ave. and Christy Rd.
    (Christy Rd. is now McDowell Road)
    Concert, 8:30 p.m. presented by Exclusive Enterprises. Admission $2.25 and $2.75; reserved seats $3.30, tax included on all prices.
    (Isaac Park is now the location Isaac Middle School)
    • The Arizona Republic, Phoenix, Ariz. 1947-08-29 p.21
    • Location researched by R. Bambach (email Bambach-Palmquist 2017-01-05)
    ...djpNew
    added
    2017-01-02
    1947 09 07
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 08
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 09
    Tuesday
    1947 09 15Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar Theater
    -capacity 2,400
    Variety show - Duke Ellington and his orchestra, Mantan Moreland with Haywood Jones and Martina D'Arcy, and Jessye Scott (song and dance)

    Picture: Too Many Winners.

    Prices 55 to 98 cents
    Four shows daily
    Review of Sept.10 show in The Billboard, 1947-09-20 p.52...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2013-05-17
    1947 09 10
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVariety show - see 1947 09 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 11
    Thursday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVariety show - see 1947 09 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 12
    Friday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVariety show - see 1947 09 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 13
    Saturday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVariety show - see 1947 09 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 14
    Sunday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVariety show - see 1947 09 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 15
    Monday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Million Dollar TheaterVariety show - see 1947 09 09.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 10
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 11
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 12
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 13
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 14
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 15
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 16
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 17
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 18
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 19
    Friday
    1947 09 21Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W.Washington Blvd.
    First of 3 three-day weekend spots.

    Guarantee $2,500/weekend or 70% of all admissions over $3,000.

    "Ellington and his orchestra will play at the Meadowbrook every Friday, Saturday and Sunday, with a Sunday concert from 8:30 tp 9:30 preceding the regular dancing."

    Tickets were $1.00 plus tax.
    • Stratemann p.288 citing Variety 1937-08-20, p.45
    • Plug: "Duke Ellington Will Open Fri. Nite at Meadowbrook," California Eagle, 1947-09-18
      • Ads, California Eagle 1947-09-27 p.18
      • 1947-10-02 p.22
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2013-07-11
    2017-01-02
    1947 09 20
    Saturday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    see 1947 09 19.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 21
    Sunday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    see 1947 09 19.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 22
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 23
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 24
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 25
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 09 26
    Friday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Second three-day weekend gig - see 1947 09 19.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 27
    Saturday
    .Vancouver, B.C.. Peripheral event
    Ivie Anderson interview by Bill Hill on Vancouver radio station CKMO

  • Ivy [sic] Anderson played The Cave Supper Club in Vancouver with other acts, from Sept. 22 to Oct. 4. The last advertisement was Oct. 2, saying she would play until Saturday.
    • The Vancouver Sun, Vancouver, B.C.
      • 1947-09-20
      • 1947-09-22
      • 1947-09-26
      • 1947-09-29
      • 1947-10-02
    • The Vancouver Daily Province,Vancouver, B.C.
      • 1947-09-22
      • 1947-09-23
      • 1947-09-25
    .DEMS
    01,2-16/2
    .Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-05-17
    2022-01-08
    1947 09 27
    Saturday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    see 1947 09 19
    The California Eagle ad announces Ellington and his Famous Orchestra every Fri., Sat., & Sun. with an added attraction, Hal Schaffer's Trio, and a concert and dance every Sunday Night.
    California Eagle 1947-09-27 p.18...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2017-01-02
    1947 09 28
    Sunday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    see 1947 09 19.....Added
    2011
    1947 09 29
    Monday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Columbia studio
    6624 Romaine St.
    Hollywood
    Columbia recording session,
    22:00 - 01:00

    Personnel:
    Nance, F. Williams, Hemphill, Bascomb, Baker, C. Jones, Brown, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Dolores Parker, Woody Herman

    Steven Lasker:

    'Not mentioned in files: Strayhorn replaces Ellington on all versions of Change My Ways and Put Yourself in My Place, Baby '


    Titles recorded
    • Put Yourself In My Place, Baby
    • Cowboy Rhumba
    • The Wildest Gal In Town
    • I Fell And Broke My Heart
    • Antidisestablishmentarianismist
    • Email Lasker/Palmquist
      • 2014-10-14 re session time
      • 2021-07-27 re venue address
      • 2021-07-28 re personnel
    New Desor
    DE4721
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2021-07-28
    2021-07-30
    2021-08-05
    1947 09 30
    Tuesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Columbia studio
    6624 Romaine St.
    Hollywood
    Columbia recording session,
    13:15-16:15

    Personnel:
    Nance, F. Williams, Hemphill, Bascomb, Baker, C. Jones, Brown, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Hibbler

    Titles recorded:
    • Antidisestablishmentarianismist
    • Don't Be So Mean To Baby
    • Email Lasker/Palmquist
      • 2014-10-14 re session time
      • 2021-07-27 re venue address
      • 2021-07-29 re personnel
    New Desor
    DE4722
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2021-07-28
    2021-07-30

    October 1947

    1947 10 01
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Columbia studio
    6624 Romaine St.
    Hollywood
    Columbia recording session,
    20:20 - 01:10

    Personnel:
    Nance, F. Williams, Hemphill, Bascomb, Baker, C. Jones, Brown, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Parker

    Steven Lasker:

    'Not mentioned in files: Strayhorn replaces Ellington on all versions of Change My Ways and Put Yourself in My Place, Baby '


    Titles recorded:
    • It's Mad, Mad, Mad
    • You Gotta Crawl Before You Walk
    • Maybe I Should Change My Ways
    • Email Lasker/Palmquist
      • 2014-10-14 re session time
      • 2021-07-27 re venue address
      • 2021-07-28 re personnel
    New Desor
    DE4723
    DEMSTimner corrections -4/29.Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2021-07-28
    2021-07-30
    2021-08-05
    1947 10 02
    Thursday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Columbia studio
    6624 Romaine St.
    Hollywood
    Columbia recording session,
    17:15 - 20:15 pm.

    Personnel:
    Nance, F. Williams, Hemphill, Bascomb, Baker, C. Jones, Brown, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer, Davis, Parker

    Titles recorded:
    • Kitty
    • Brown Penny
    • Email Lasker/Palmquist
      • 2014-10-14 re session time
      • 2021-07-28 re venue address
      • 2021-07-29 re personnel
    New Desor
    DE4724
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2021-07-28
    2021-07-30
    1947 10 03
    Friday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    Third 3 day weekend gig - According to Stratemann, the contract was for three 3-day weekends, but it only shows the band playing at the Meadowbrook on Oct. 4 and 5 on this third appearance. Publicity and ads in the California Eagle, however, say Friday, Saturday and Sunday.
    The California Eagle ad 1947-10-02 says this is the final weekend, and shows all three days.
    California Eagle, 1947-10-02 p.22....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-07-11
    2017-01-02
    1947 10 04
    Saturday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    See 1947 09 19 and 1947 10 03.New Desor
    DE4725
    ...Added
    2011
    1947 10 05
    Sunday
    .Culver City, Cal.Meadowbrook Gardens Café
    8781 W. Washington Blvd.
    See 1947 09 19 and 1947 10 03
    .New Desor
    DE4726
    ...Added
    2011
    1947 10 06
    Monday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Columbia studio
    6624 Romaine St.
    Hollywood
    Columbia recording session,
    20:30 - 00:30

    Personnel:
    Nance, F. Williams, Hemphill, Bascomb, Baker, C. Jones, Brown, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Strayhorn, Guy, Pettiford, Greer

    Steven Lasker:

    'Not mentioned in files: Strayhorn replaces Ellington on all versions of Change My Ways and Put Yourself in My Place, Baby '


    Titles recorded:
    • Maybe I Should Change My Ways
    • Boogie Bop Blues
    • Sultry Serenade
    • Email Lasker/Palmquist
      • 2014-10-14 re session time
      • 2021-07-27 re venue address
      • 2021-07-28 re personnel
      • 2021-12-23
    New Desor
    DE4727
    NDCS 1104
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2021-07-28
    2021-07-30
    2021-08-05
    2021-12-28
    1947 10 07
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 10 08
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 10 09
    Thursday
    .El Paso, TexasEl Paso ColiseumDance 8:30 - 12:30
    "Duke Ellington will bring his band to El Paso Thursday for a dance at the Coliseum from 8:30 p.m.to 12:30. Special bus service will be provided from San Jacinto Plaza. A large audience of spectators is expected. A special section will be set aside for Negroes..."
    Ad and announcement, El Paso Herald-Post, El Paso, Texas, 1947-10-04, p.6....djp Added
    2011
    updated 2012-08-06
    1947 10 10
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 10 11
    Saturday
    1947 10 12
    Sunday
    Fort Worth, TexasTexas Christian UniversityCollege prom
    Stratemann:

    'the Ellington band created a precedent as the first black orchestra to play for the white crowd at this location. '

    Stratemann p.288 citing Variety 1947-10-01 p.46.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-07-11
    1947 10 12
    Sunday
    .Fort Worth, TexasTexas Christian Universitysee 1947 10 11
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 13
    Monday
    .Dallas, Texas..
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 14
    Tuesday
    .Hot Spring, Ark...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 15
    Wednesday
    .Joplin, Mo.Ozark Music Company

    'ELLINGTON'S RECORDS GIVEN JOPLIN WOMAN
    An album of phonograph records which may become a collector's item was presented by Duke Ellington, the famous Negro band leader, to Mrs. Mary Virginia Ebersole, 325 North Gray avenue, as the No. 1 prize in a contest Wednesday night.
      Mrs. Ebersole won the album by naming the "mystery record" played over the Joplin Musicale system, which furnishes many local restaurants with phonograph music over leased wires.
      Because the record she named, "St. Louis Blues," was played by Ellington, Jack Pierson, manager of the Ozark Music Company, arranged for Ellington to appear in person to present the award to Mrs. Ebersole.'

    Joplin Globe, Joplin, Mo., 1947-10-19 p.B 5...djp.New
    added
    2017-01-02
    1947 10 15
    Wednesday
    9 PM-1 AM
    .Joplin, Mo.Holiday InnOne hour concert followed by 3 hours of dancing. Publicity says the band travels in its own railcars, and it was through the cooperation of the Frisco railroad that the Duke was routed through Joplin.
    • Joplin Globe, Joplin, Mo.
      • Identical ads:
        • 1947-09-30 p.9
        • 1947-10-01 p.6
        • 1947-10-02
        • 1947-10-04
        • 1947-10-10 9.B9
        • 1947-10-11 p.7
      • Publicity 1947-10-12, pC-5
    • Joplin News-Herald, Joplin, Mo. 1947-10-10 p.4B
    ...djp.Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-07-11
    2017-01-02
    1947 10 16
    Thursday
    .St Joseph, Mo.City auditorium

    'Edward Kennedy Ellington, better known as the Duke, a genius of modern American music, will bring his famous orchestra to St. Joseph's city auditorium Thursday night. The duke has been around the music, theater and show business for a long, long time.'

    .
    The Chillicothe Constitution-Tribune, Chillicothe, Mo, 1947-10-14 p.6.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2017-01-02
    1947 10 17
    Friday
    .Kansas City, Kan.Memorial HallDuke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
    "Don't Miss the Seasan's [sic] Music Treat"
    Admission, Advance $1.25 (Feb. and State Taxes Inc.)
    The Plaindealer, Kansas City, Kans.,
  • 1947-10-
  • 1947-10-17 p.5
  • .
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2017-01-02
    1947 10 18
    Saturday
    ... Peripheral event
    American Federation of Musicians president James C. Petrillo announced a recording ban effective December 31, spurring record companies to lay down as many records as possible before the ban. Columbia ran virtually around the clock, with 2 or 3 sessions a day.
    Stratemann, p.288...djpNew
    added 2012-11-03
    1947 10 18
    Saturday
    .Topeka, Kan...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 19
    Sunday
    .St. Louis, Mo.Kiel Auditorium
    • Concert, 8:15 p.m.
    • 3,200 attended.
    • The reviewer complained that much of the program was repeated from 18 months earlier.
    • Titles named:
      • The Mooch
      • Memphis Blues
      • Happy-Go-Lucky Local
      • Diminuendo in Blue-Transblucency-Crescendo in Blue
      • Suddenly It Jumped
      • Golden Feather
      • Golden Cress
      • Air Conditioned Jungle
      • Frankie and Johnny
      • Dancers in Love
      • Solitude
      • Sophisticated Lady
      • I Let a Song Go Out of My Heart
      • Don't Get Around Much Anymore
      • Summertime
    • Musicians named in the review:
      • Ellington
      • Tyree Glenn
      • Kay Davis
      • Harold Baker
      • Harry Carney
      • Lawrence Brown
      • Jimmy Hamilton
      • Al Hibbler
    • St. Louis Post-Dispatch, St. Louis, Mo.
      • 1947-10-14 p.5D
      • 1947-10-15 p.5D
      • 1947-10-16 p.7D
      • 1947-10-20 p.3B
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301 Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 43 Kiel Auditorium, St. Louis, Missouri, October 19, 1947
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2016-01-23
    2017-01-02
    1947 10 20
    Monday
    .Davenport, IowaSt. Ambrose CollegeActivities of the sidemen are not documented, and Ellington's event is not confirmed.
    • Stratemann, citing Down Beat 1947-11-19:

      'On this occasion, Ellington had his first academic degree bestowed upon him, an Honorary Doctorate of Music.'

    • Dr. Wolfram Knauer of Jazzinstitut Darmstadt found no mention of this in Down Beat's 1947-11-19 edition, but found a brief report in the 1947-10-22 edition:

      'Duke Is Doctor
        Davenport, Iowa—Duke Ellington received a doctorate of music two days ago at St. Ambrose college. The presentation was made by Monseignor Burke.'

    • The 1947-10-31 edition of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reported:

      'Duke Ellington received the honorary degree of doctor of music at St. Ambrose College, Davenport, Ia., recently, in honor of his contributions to American music.'

    • Chronicler Art Pilkington listed Ellington's honorary degrees in DEMS Bulletin 1994/2, commenting:

      '1947 20 Oct St. Ambrose College, Davenport, IA - Day by Day, page 286 lists this award as the first such degree, but the College has no record of the event per letter to A. Pilkington, dated 6 January, 1993.'

    • Vail I does not mention the honour, but without naming a source, places Ellington at the college the next morning:

      'Tuesday 21 October 1947
      In the morning, Duke Ellington gives a lecture at St. Ambrose College in Davenport, Iowa. In the evening, Duke Ellington and his Orchestra play a one-nighter at the Rock Island Armory in Rock Island, Illinois.'

    • Ellington did not list a degree from St. Ambrose at pages 476 and 478 of his autobiography, Music is My Mistress, which has 15 other honorary degrees that had been bestowed upon him by 1973.
    • The Smithsonian Institution's DUKE ELLINGTON COLLECTION, 1927-1988, #301 Container List Series 13: Awards, 1939-1982 does not mention a degree from St. Ambrose.
    • In reply to a 2016 request to recheck official College records, archived student newspapers and the 1947-1948 yearbook to see if they mention Ellington, Ms Onnica Marquez, Archivist, St. Ambrose University, wrote:

      'I do not have commencement programs for 1947. It looks like John J. Donovan received an honorary degree that year.
        Commencement would have occurred in the Spring in the 40s. During this time, there were no winter or fall ceremonies. I do not have any evidence indicating that Duke Ellington received an honorary degree from the university.
       I went through the student newspapers. Count Bassie [sic] performed for homecoming. There is an article about that. There is no mention of Duke Ellington in the newspaper the weeks before the given dates or after.
        St. Ambrose students frequently attended event at the Coliseum, so I am sure Duke Ellington had fans here on campus. I think if he had received an honorary degree, given a lecture or anything else, it would have been well known... I'm not saying he didn't, but I am saying I do not have proof available.'

    Webmaster comment:
    Further research is needed. This is a problematic entry - we have two contemporary reports saying Ellington received the degree, and there must have been some reason for that.
    • Stratemann p.288 incorrectly citing Down Beat 1947-11-19
    • Down Beat 1947-10-22 p.4, courtesy Dr. W. Knauer, Jazzinstitut Darmstadt (email 2016-04-05)
    • Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Pittsburgh, Penn., Oct. 31, 1947 p.13
    • MIMM pp. 476-478
    • The Smithsonian Institution's DUKE ELLINGTON COLLECTION, 1927-1988, #301 Container List Series 13: Awards, 1939-1982
    • Email, Ms Onnica Marquez, Archivist, St. Ambrose University, 2016-04-04
    .
    .DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2016-03-28
    2016-04-08
    1947 10 21
    Tuesday
    .Davenport, IowaLeClaire Gymnasium
    St. Ambrose College
    Ellington gave a short lecture and piano recital in the morning (stories make no mention of a degree being bestowed upon him). The Ambrosian News and the Democrat Leader reported the gymnasium was crowded and implied the entire student body attended. Ellington spoke for a few minutes then played, apparently without accompaniment. Titles reported were
    • Perfume Suite
    • Mood Indigo
    • Sophisticated Lady
    • Solitude
    • Body and Soul
    • Take the "A" Train
    The Ambrosian News reported Ellington was rushed from the Moline Airport with Monsignor Burke and the Mayor of Davenport amid the screams of police sirens. Cheers greeted the Duke as he strode across the gym, wearing a gray pinstripe suit, red and white polka dot tie, and a likable smile. When he finished playing, the audience shouted for more, and he played some encores. Eventually he raised a hand and said:This is the end.
    • Vail I
    • The Democrat and Leader, Davenport, Iowa, 1947-10-21, p.9
    • The Daily Times, Davenport, Iowa, 1947-10-21, p.8
    • The Ambrosian News, St. Ambrose College, Davenport, Iowa 1947-10-24 p.4
    • The clippings were provided by
      • O. Marquez, Library Archivist, St. Ambrose University Library
      • K. Reinhardt, Special Collections Librarian, Richardson-Sloane Special Collections Center, Davenport Public Library
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2016-04-08
    2016-04-18
    1947 10 21
    Tuesday
    .Rock Island, Ill.Rock Island Armory

    'Tuesday
    Oct. 21
    The Musical Scoop of 1947
    Direct from Hollywood
    Winner "Downbeat" polls "Sweet" and "Hot"
    DUKE
    ELLINGTON
    and his famous ORCHESTRA
    DANCE
    The Easy Way With "The Duke"
    Sound engineers installing special RCA Sound Equipment
    ROCK ISLAND ARMORY
    $1.25 PER PERSON - plus tax'



    Rock Island, Illinois, is in the Mississippi River between Davenport, Iowa and Moline, Illinois, part of the Quad Cities metropolitan area.
    • Stratemann p.288
    • Vail I
    .
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2016-04-08
    1947 10 22
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1947 10 23
    Thursday
    .Hayland, Mich...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 241947 10 30
    Thursday
    Detroit, Mich.Paradise Theater
    3711 Woodward Ave.
    Vaudeville - Duke Ellington's all-star band, feturing Johnny Hodges, Al Hibler [sic], Delores [sic] Parker. Also Butter Beans, Susie, Bodbby and Foster Johnson.

    The Free Press music critic J. Dorsey Callaghan, wrote about Duke being interviewed by three young men from the staff of the Highland Park High School newspaper in his dressing room. His story didn't review the show nor does he say night this was.
    Detroit Free Press, Detroit, Mich.
    • 1947-10-23 p.18
    • 1947-10-26 s,B p.6
    • 1947-10-30 p.16
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2017-01-02
    1947 10 25
    Saturday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterSee 1947 10 24.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 26
    Sunday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterSee 1947 10 24.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 27
    Monday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterSee 1947 10 24.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 28
    Tuesday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterSee 1947 10 24.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 29
    Wednesday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterSee 1947 10 24.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 30
    Thursday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheaterSee 1947 10 24.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 10 31
    Friday
    Halloween
    .Ottawa, Ont.AuditoriumCivil Service Association of Ottawa 40th Anniversary Party

    Dancing to
    DUKE ELLINGTON and His Band
    plus
    5 Vaudeville Acts
    Direct from New York
    Public Sale
    Tickets 75c per person at Lindsay's, Sparks St.

    The Ottawa Journal, Ottawa, Ont.,
    • 1947-10-23 p.11
    • 1947-10-28 p.21
    • 1947-10-31 p.25
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2017-01-03

    November 1947

    1947 11 01
    Saturday
    .Montréal, P.Q.ColiseumConcert/dance
    The Montréal Gazette's favourable review describes an extremely relaxed atmosphere, with people wandering on and off the bandstand in this very large barn-like structure with the acoustics of a boiler factory.
    Montréal Gazette, Montréal,. P.Q...
    Stratemann p.288.Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-03
    2017-01-03
    1947 11 02
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 11 03
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 11 04
    Tuesday
    .Akron, Ohio..
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 11 05
    Wednesday
    .Cincinnati, Ohio..
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 11 06
    Thursday
    .Toledo, Ohio..
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 11 07
    Friday
    .West Lafayette, Ind.Union Ballroom
    Purdue University
    Military Ball

    Ellington's orchestra played the military ball in the ballroom(s?), and Henry Busse's orchestra played in the Faculty Lounge.

    Ellington was interviewed for the Purdue Exponent by Rick Reikowsky:

    'The great Duke was shivering as he walked into the North Ballroom, just before the Military Ball last night. He was dressed meticulously, as he usually is, and was wearing a tan camel's hair coat, a light felt hat, and he brilliant blue and white silk scarf.
      The Duke his famous for many things and I asked him about these. He is as easy to talk to as a good friend. Very modestly he attributed his success to the fact that his band has been playing together for so long, that it is imbued with his type of music; almost second nature... '

    • The Purdue Exponent, Purdue University, courtesy D. T. Burrows, Graduate Assistant, Archives and Special Collections, Department of History, Purdue University (2016-07-14):
      • 1947-11-06 p.2
      • 1947-11-07 p.1
      • 1947-11-08 p.1
    • Stratemann p.288
    • Vail I
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2016-07-15
    1947 11 08
    Saturday
    .Louisville, Ky...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 11 09
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 11 10
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y..Columbia recording session,
    14:30 - 17:30
    • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2014-10-14 re session time
    New Desor
    DE4728
    DEMSNDCS 1018.Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    1947 11 11
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y..Columbia recording session,
    15:00 - 18:30
    • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2014-10-14 re session time
    .
    New Desor
    DE4729
    DEMSTimner corrections .Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    1947 11 12
    Wednesday
    .Baltimore,, Md...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 11 13
    Thursday
    .Stamford. Conn...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 11 14
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y..Columbia recording session,
    14:30 to 18:00
    • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2014-10-14 re session time
    New Desor
    DE4730
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    1947 11 15
    Saturday
    ... Peripheral event
    In a story datelined New York, Nov. 15, The Billboard reported radio station WMCA was hiring name band leaders such as Tommy Dorsey and Ellington as disc jockeys, and had signed Ellington.

    Rather than trying to invest in developing new names jockeys, the station used recognized band leaders, planning to recover its $200,000 annual costs with commercials and syndication. The article says the contracts were mostly for five years with Ellington reportedly being paid $1,500/week plus a quarter interest in the gross syndication proceeds.

    Ellington's first show, due to be broadcast Dec. 29, was already sold. WMCA would write, produce and package the program, selling it to other stations for a station's one-time national evening or daytime gross hourly rate, depending on whether the show was aired during the evening or the day.
    The Billboard 1947-11-22 pp.10-11...djpNew
    added 2013-05-17
    1947 11 16
    Sunday
    .Washington, D.C...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 11 17
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 11 18...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 11 18
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y..Columbia recording session,
    14:30 to 17:00
    • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2014-10-14 re session time
    New Desor
    DE4731
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2020-05-06
    1947 11 19
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 11 20
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y..Columbia recording session,
    14:30 to 18:00
    • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2014-10-14 re session time
    New Desor
    DE4732
    DEMS Timner corrections .Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2020-05-06
    1947 11 21
    Friday
    .Newark, N.J.Terrace Ballroom
    Mosque Theatre Bldg.
    1620 Broad St.
    Dancing, 9 p.m. to 2 a.m., sponsored by The 14 Pals Social Club.

    Tickets - tables paid in advance $2.00 tax included, $2,50 at door. It isn't clear what the rest of the pricing is, but it seems to be $4.00 for a table for four and $7.00 for a table for eight.
    New York Amsterdam News, New York, N.Y. 1947-11-15 p.25...djp.Added
    2011
    updated
    2017-01-02
    1947 11 22
    Saturday
    .Haverford, Penn.College.
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 11 22
    Saturday
    ... Peripheral event
    In a story datelined New York Nov. 22, The Billboard said MGM Records reported signing Billy Strayhorn to a recording contract under which he would be conductor, writer and pianist. It isn't clear if he was to work with Buddy Rich, who the story also reported was signed by MGM.
    The Billboard 29 Nov 1947 p.19....New
    added 2013-04-30
    1947 11 23
    Sunday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Memorial AuditoriumDancing from ten to two
    Buffalo Courier-Express Pictorial, Buffalo, N.Y., 1947-11-23 p.30....Added
    2011
    updated
    2017-01-03
    1947 11 24
    Monday
    1947 12 07
    Sunday
    Covington, Ky.Lookout House
    • Night club residency, advertised as two weeks only
    • Two floor shows nightly, 8:30 p.m. and 1 a.m.
    • Dancers the Rimmer Sisters and comedians Myers and Walker were part of the show.
    • While Stratemann has the residency ending Dec. 7, Ellington was 400 miles away that night.
    • Covington is a suburb of Cincinnati.
    • The Nov.25 publicity says the entire dining room has been booked for several nights during Ellington's visit tothe Lookout House
    • Ellington was reported to be cutting some records to be used in his disc-jockey show.
    • Personnel named in the Nov. 25 plug: Parker, Nance, Davis, Hodges, Hibbler
    • The Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati, Ohio
      • 1947-11-22 p.11-A
      • 1947-11-23 p.46
      • 1947-11-25 p.6-C
      • 1947-11-30 p.6 s.3
      • 1947-12-04 p.5-B
      • 1947-12-07 p.58
    • Stratemann, p.289, citing Down Beat 1947-11-19

    New Desor
    DE9013
    NDCS 1022
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2017-01-02
    2020-05-06
    1947 11 25
    Tuesday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 11 26
    Wednesday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 11 27
    Thursday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 11 28
    Friday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 11 29
    Saturday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 11 30
    Sunday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011

    December 1947

    1947 12 00... Peripheral event
    In a story datelined New York, Nov. 22, The Billboard, Nov. 29 1947, p.38, reported Mercer Ellington's orchestra would play for dancing and back up the show at the new Club Ebony when it opened in December. The tunes were reportedly written by Ellington and Buster Harding.
    ....djpNew
    added 2013-04-30
    circa
    1947 12 22
    ...Personnel change
    Junior Raglin, bass, rejoins the band, likely in time for the band for their Columbia recording session of 1947 12 22.
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-25
    1947 12 01.Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 12 01
    Monday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 12 02
    Tuesday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 12 03
    Wednesday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 12 04
    Thursday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 12 05
    Friday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 12 06
    Saturday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24-note this conflicts with the Danville engagement below......Added
    2011
    1947 12 06
    Saturday
    .Cincinnati, Ohio.Broadcast - "King Cole Trio Time"
    This does not conflict with the Lookhouse since Covington is a suburb of Cincinnati, just across the Ohio River.
    .New Desor
    DE4733
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-11-06
    2020-05-06
    1947 12 06
    Saturday
    .Danville, Va.North Theater
    and/or
    City Armory
    False date.
    Webmaster comment:
    Götting shows an appearance here at the "North Thea" citing "CAH mail," but I have been unable to find any mention of it in the Danville Bee. The Dec. 6 edition, however, does carry an ad for Ellington appearing Dec. 16 - see below. Since a Dec. 6 appearance conflicts with the Covington job and Danville is hundreds of miles away, it appears the Dec. 6 entry was a mistake.
    • Stratemann, p.285
    • Vail I
    • The Bee, Danville 1947-08-26. p.2
    ...CAHmailAdded
    2011
    updated
    2012-08-06
    2014-11-09
    1947 12 07
    Sunday
    .Covington, Ky.Lookout Housesee 1947 11 24.....Added
    2011
    1947 12 08
    Monday
    .Nashville, Tenn.Agricultural and Industrial State College

    'Duke Ellington and his famous orchestra will present a program Monday, Dec. 8 at 8:15 p.m. at Ryman auditorium sponsored by the Lyceum committee of State college. Only 700 seats are being off[ered] for sale to the public since [omitted] faculty members and students of [omitted] college. '


    • The Nashville Tennessean, Nashville, Tenn.
      1947-11-10 p.30-A
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 44 Tennessee A and I State College, December 8, 1947
    ...djpAdded
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    2017-01-03
    2019-05-26
    1947 12 09
    Tuesday
    .Knoxville, Tenn...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 12 10
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 12 11
    Thursday
    .Columbia, S.C..Concerts 3:00 and 8:30pm
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 12 12
    Friday
    .Augusta, Ga...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 12 13
    Saturday
    .Birmingham, Ala...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 12 14
    Sunday
    .Atlanta, Ga.City AuditoriumConcert

    Pittsburgh Courier photo captions

    'DUKE'S CANARIES – When Duke Ellington gave a concert in Atlanta, Ga., recently, his audience was electrified with the talents of Delores Packer singing "St. Louis Blues" and Kay Davis' ethereal voice blending with the orchestra on "Transblucency." Again, Duke proves his infallibility in selecting artists who fit his musical format.

    GATE CITY ACCLAIMS DUKE – When Duke Ellington and his incomparable orchestra played a concert at Atlanta's City Auditorium, a crowd of 3,000 Negro and white music lovers gave him a might ovation. The welcoming group includes, left to right: Duke Ellington, Mrs. E.M.Groves, choir director, J. Neal Montgomery, promoter, and Mrs. Lucille McAllister Scott of the Atlanta Daily World.'


    Pittsburgh Courier,Pittsburgh,Penn. 1948-01-03 pp.14,19...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2016-09-27
    1947 12 15
    Monday
    .Raleigh, N.C...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 12 16
    Tuesday
    .Danville, Va.City Armory Drill HallDancing, limited to 500 tickets; advertised 9 'til 1, admissions $2.00, Advance $1.75, white spectators $1.50 tax included.
    The Bee, Danville, Va.
    • 1947-11-17 p.8
    • 1947-12-06 p.10
    • 1947-12-15 p.7
    • 1947-12-06 p.10
    • 1947-12-16 p.2
    ...djpAdded
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    updated
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    2017-01-02
    1947 12 17
    Wednesday
    .Asheville, N.C...
    .....Added
    2011
    1947 12 18
    Thursday
    ...Personnel change
    "Dud" Bascomb leaves the band
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-10
    1947 12 18
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 12 19
    Friday
    ...Personnel change
    Trumpeter Al Killian, born 1916, joins the band, taking Cat Anderson's role as a high note man.
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-23
    updated
    2014-11-10
    1947 12 19
    Friday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 12 20
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 12 21
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    circa
    1947 12 22
    Monday
    ...Personnel change
    Junior Raglin, bass, rejoins the band, likely in time for the band for their Columbia recording session of 1947 12 22.
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-25
    1947 12 22
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Liederkranz Hall,
    111 East 58th Street
    Columbia recording session
    14:30 to 17:30
    According to http://depanorama.net/47.htm at the time of writing, this session was in Liederkranz Hall. Other discographies I have consulted do not show the studio.

    Steven Lasker:

    'Columbia's recording ledger doesn't tell us this session was recorded in Liederkranz Hall (which is very likely; 799 Seventh Ave. is the other possibility).'


    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jones, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Raglin, Greer, Parker, K.Davis. New Desor shows Hibbler was present too, but since he didn't do these vocals, it isn't clear why he would have been, and he is known to have been away from New York only two days later (see 1947 12 24).
    Titles recorded:
    • I Could Get A Man
    • On A Turquoise Cloud
    New Desor
    DE4734
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    2014-11-09
    2018-02-20
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    1947 12 23
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 12 24
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Liederkranz Hall,
    111 East 58th Street
    Columbia recording session
    14:00-18:00
    According to http://depanorama.net/47.htm at the time of writing, this session was in Liederkranz Hall. Other discographies I have consulted do not show the studio.

    Steven Lasker:

    'Columbia's recording ledger doesn't tell us this session was recorded in Liederkranz Hall (which is very likely; 799 Seventh Ave. is the other possibility).'


    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Al Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, C.Jones, Tyree Glenn(tb,vib); Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Raglin, Greer, Elayne Jones(tympani), possibly Davis. New Desor p.153 says the personnel are the same as the Dec. 22 session, with tympanist Elayne Jones added, but she is excluded from New Desor Correction Sheet 1069, the 1954 Wax Works, Nielsen and MacHare. Lambert says Greer played tympani here.

    It isn't clear if Kay Davis was present. By saying the personnel is the same as Dec. 22, NDCS 1069 indicates she was as does Jepsen, but there's no apparent reason for her to have been present. Nielsen, Wax Works and Jepsen have Hibbler but not Davis. Timner V has neither and says Hibbler's vocal was dubbed later.

    Hibbler was not present because he was on the west coast, so his I Like the Sunrise vocal was dubbed later - see Stratemann p.289.
    Steven Lasker advises the ledger sheet (not card) lists instrumentation but not personnel....18 men: 5 trumpets; 3 trombones; 5 saxophones; piano; two basses; guitar; drums; with tympani added on XCO 40789.
    Titles recorded:

    LIBERIAN SUITE
    • I Like The Sunrise
    • Dance No. 1
    • Dance No. 2
    • Dance No. 3
    • Dance No. 4
    • Dance No. 5
    Liberian Suite was commissioned by the government of Liberia to celebrate the country's centennial.
    New Desor
    DE4735
    NDCS1069
    DEMS 1069.Added
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    2014-11-10
    2018-02-20
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    1947 12 25
    Thursday
    Christmas
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 12 26
    Friday
    ... Peripheral event
    A winter storm paralyzed New York and New England this day, leaving 26 inches of snow on the ground by afternoon.
    • Stratemann p.289
    • Weather coverage, Brooklyn Daily Eagle
      • 1947-12-26 p.1
      • 1947-12-27 p.3
    ...djpNew
    added 2014-11-11
    1947 12 26
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Savoy Plaza HotelThe National Committee for the Celebration of the 100th Anniversary of Liberia gave a luncheon honouring Ellington.Stratemann p.289 citing Variety 1947-12-24 p.40.....Added
    2011
    1947 12 26
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Nola studiosRehearsal for the evening concert.Stratemann p.289....Added
    2011
    1947 12 26
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Carnegie Hall
    (Main Hall)
    Concert, 8:15 p.m., including the première performance of The Liberian Suite, commissioned by the Liberian government to celebrate that country's centennial.
    Due to the snow, the sidemen's luggage didn't arrive, so they played in street clothes. The instruments had to be carried by hand from the rehearsal hall. The concert started an hour late, at 9:05, and was played to a half empty house. Since most of the tickets were sold in advance, Ellington did not suffer a financial loss. Variety estimated he grossed between $8,500 and $10,000 over the two nights.
    The concert included a performance by Warren Norword (flute), Elaine Jones (F Horn) and Paul Rudolf (piano), the first three students to complete an advanced course at Juilliard on scholarships provided by Ellington. This segment was called "Entrance of Youth" by PM and they played Strayhorn's All Heart, accompanied by the band without Duke.
    The concert was recorded:
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jones, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Raglin, Greer, Hibbler, Parker, K.Davis, guests Norword, E.Jones and Rudolf.
    Titles recorded:
    • Star Spangled Banner
    • Snibor (The New Look)
    • Blue Serge
    • Midriff
    • Triple Play
    • He Makes Me Believe He's Mine
    • Harlem Air-Shaft
    • Mella Brava
    • Kickapoo Joy Juice
    • On A Turquoise Cloud
    • Medley:
      • Wanderlust
      • Junior Hop
      • Jeep's Blues
      • Dooji Wooji
      • Jeep Is Jumpin'
      • Mood To Be Wooed
    • Juke Bop Boogie (Basso Profundo or Boogie Bop Blue?)
    • New York City Blues
    • The Clothed Woman
    • All Heart
    • LIBERIAN SUITE
      • I Like The Sunrise
      • Dance No. 1
      • Dance No. 2
      • Dance No. 3
      • Dance No. 4
      • Dance No. 5
    • Medley:
      • East St. Louis Toodle-O
      • Echoes Of Harlem
      • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    • Stomp, Look And Listen
    • Bakiff
    • Rockin' In Rhythm
    • On The Sunny Side Of The Street
    • It's Monday Every Day
    • Lover Come Back To Me
    • Don't Take Your Love From Me
    • It Don't Mean A Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)
    • Medley
      • Do Nothin' Till You Hear From Me
      • In A Sentimental Mood
      • Mood Indigo
      • I'm Beginning To See The Light
      • Sophisticated Lady
      • Caravan
      • Solitude
      • I Let A Song Go Out of My Heart / Don't Get Around Much Anymore
    Steven Lasker reports the set list in the printed program varies slightly from what's listed in DESOR.
    Lambert:

    'The Clothéd Woman paints a musical portrait of a sophisticated, experienced and dignified woman and contains a little "depth psychology" in the form of a ragtime middle section. The inspiration of this piece is clearly close to that of The Perfume Suite, and there are also similarities in the musical idiom. The Clothéd Woman is one of Ellington's most successful compositions, with a harmonic usage which is very modern in conception, but so apposite to the musical content that it never sounds in any way bizarre or modish. The conception and execution of the piano part are of great mastery. In contrast to the outer sections, which approach atonality, the central ragtime section is harmonically very static. The Clothéd Woman is an extremely imaginative piece in which hints of melodic shapes and harmonic directions are conveyed in a most subtle manner. It was performed at the November [sic} 1947 Carnegie Hall concerts and that version...is performed with the full band and is longer than the Columbia. The Columbia alternative take ... is also longer and contains a fascinating development of the ragtime middle section... '

    Stefano Zenni:

    '...the middle section is a paraphrase of the third strain of Morning Air by Willie The Lion Smith. This opens the wider question about the meaning of the tune, the choice of the title etc. Why a "clothed woman"? Why this strange flashback back to the 20s in the middle of "modern", a disguised blues?...'

    • Announcement re Miss Jones, Keeping Posted column, San Antonio Register, San Antonio, Texas, 194-09-12 p.7
    • Photo and caption, PM, 1947-12-22, p.17
    • Stratemann p.289 citing
      • Variety
        • 1947-12-31 p.42
        • 1948-01-07 p.217
      • Down Beat 1948-01-14
    • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
    • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
    • Timner
    • Benny Aasland:
      The Wax Works of Duke Ellington, 1954
    • E. Lambert:
      Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide
      , pp.146-147
    • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
    • Email, Lasker-Palmquist 2016-04-05
    • Carnegie Hall database
    • Email, Stefano Zenni, Duke-LYM discussion list, 2019-01-01
    • The printed programme with "Notes on the Program" by Leonard Feather is in SI-NMAH DEC301 Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 10, folder 45 Carnegie Hall, New York, New York, December 26, 1947
    New Desor
    DE4736
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    2014-11-10
    2015-12-03
    2016-01-23
    2017-01-02
    2017-04-25
    2019-03-17
    2019-07-27
    2020-05-07
    1947 12 27
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Carnegie Hall
    (Main Hall)
    Concert, 8:15 p.m.
    This 3 hour recorded concert included the trio from Julliard again.
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jones, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Pettiford, Raglin, Greer, Hibbler, Parker, K.Davis, guests Norword, E.Jones and Rudolf.
    Titles recorded:
    • Star Spangled Banner
    • Snibor (The New Look)
    • Blue Serge
    • Midriff
    • Triple Play
    • He Makes Me Believe He's Mine
    • Harlem Air-Shaft
    • Mella Brava
    • Kickapoo Joy Juice
    • On A Turquoise Cloud
    • Medley:
      • Wanderlust
      • Junior Hop
      • Jeep's Blues
      • Squaty Roo
      • Jeep Is Jumpin'
      • Mood To Be Wooed
    • Juke Bop Boogie
    • New York City Blues
    • The Clothed Woman
    • All Heart
    • LIBERIAN SUITE
      • I Like The Sunrise
      • Dance No. 1
      • Dance No. 2
      • Dance No. 3
      • Dance No. 5
      • Dance No. 5
    • Medley:
      • East St. Louis Toodle-O
      • Echoes Of Harlem
      • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    • Stomp, Look And Listen
    • Bakiff
    • Rockin' In Rhythm
    • On The Sunny Side Of The Street
    • Cotton Tail
    • It's Monday Every Day
    • Lover Come Back To Me
    • Don't Take Your Love From Me
    • It Don't Mean A Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)
    • Medley:
      • Do Nothin' Till You Hear From Me
      • In A Sentimental Mood
      • Mood Indigo
      • I'm Beginning To See The Light
      • Sophisticated Lady
      • Caravan
      • Solitude
      • I Let A Song Go Out of My Heart / Don't Get Around Much Anymore
    • Tulip Or Turnip
    • Blue Skies (Trumpets No End)
    New Desor
    DE4737
    DEMSStratemann p.289djpAdded
    2011
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    2014-11-10
    2015-12-03
    2019-03-17
    2020-05-07
    1947 12 28
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1947 12 29
    Monday
    Midnight
    .New York, N.Y.WMCA Studios
    1657 Broadway
    WMCA broadcast

    Duke and 8 sidemen appeared on the radio at midnight for the Paradise Wine "Dial The Duke" show
    In a story datelined New York, Nov. 22, The Billboard reported WMCA's new transcribed Duke Ellington disk jockey show would kick off December 29 and play from 9 to 10 am Monday to Friday and from midnight to 1 a.m. seven days a week. The entire nighttime version was already bought by Paradise Wine Corporation, and three sponsors each had purchased 15 minutes of the morning show. Bob Bach, formerly with The Billboard, was to take over writing and disc selection duties.

    The Pittsburgh Courier reported the contract was for five years. It said the Dec. 29 midnight broadcast would be a one hour live show, to be repeated later. The other programs would be by transcription so as not to interrupt Duke's personal appearances.
    Duke Ellington Group
    Killian, Nance, Brown, Glenn, Hamilton, Hodges, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Raglin, Greer, Buddy Rich, K.Davis.

    Titles recorded:
    • Take The "A" Train (theme)
    • C-Jam Blues
    • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    • Transblucency
    • On The Sunny Side Of The Street
    • The Billboard, Nov. 29 1947, p.7
    • Pittsburgh Courier 1947-11-22, p.17
    New Desor
    DE4738
    DEMS. CAHoct05; djpAdded
    2011
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    2013-04-30
    2014-02-28
    2014-11-11
    2020-05-07
    1947 12 30
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y..Columbia recording session,
    14:20 - 17:00
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Killian, Baker, Brown, Glenn, Hamilton, Hodges, Sears, Carney, Ellington, Raglin, Greer, Parker
    Titles recorded:
    • A Woman And A Man
    • The Clothed Woman
    • New York City Blues
    • Let's Go Blues
  • Email Lasker-Palmquist 2014-10-14 re session time
  • Girvan:   Ellingtonia.com
  • MacHare:   A Duke Ellington Panorama
  • Dooji Collection record labels
  • Timner
  • Benny Aasland:
    The Wax Works of Duke Ellington, 1954
  • E. Lambert:
    Duke Ellington, A Listener's Guide
    , p.147
  • Jorgen Grunnet Jepsen, Discography of Duke Ellington, Vol.3 1947-59
  • Ole J. Nielsen, Jazz Records 1942-80, A discography: Vol. Six, Duke Ellington
  • New Desor
    DE4739
    DEMSTimner corrections.Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-10-15
    2020-05-07
    1947 12 30
    Tuesday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.Academy of MusicEvening concert.
    ...Stratemann p. 291.Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-04-12
    1947 12 31
    Wednesday
    .Boston, Mass.Symphony HallConcert
    .....Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-11-11



    Back to Navigation List

    1948


    Date of event Ending date
    (if different)
    City/
    Other place
    Venue Event/People Primary Reference New
    Desor
    reference
    DEMS
    reference
    Other
    references
    Contact
    person
    Date added
    / updated

    January 1948

    1948 01 01
    Thursday
    ... Peripheral event
    The 1948 recording ban by the American Federation of Musicians noted at 1947 10 18 above came into effect at midnight December 31, spurring record companies to lay down as many records as possible in late 1947 before the ban.
    • December 1 1947 UP wirestory:

      '...The present contract ... expires Jan. 1 and under the Taft-Hartley law, no provision can be made in the new contract for royalties to be paid into the union fund on each record as is being done at present. But all records made before the Jan. 1 deadline will be subject to union royalties...'

    • Recording resumed in mid-December 1948.
    • E. R. Pinta:

      'The deciding factor for the recording ban was a finding that the AFM welfare fund, paid for by royalties from record companies, was in violation of the Taft-Hartley Labor Act. Major record companies affected by the ban included Capitol, Columbia, Decca, M-G-M, Mercury, and RCA Victor, but the ban affected contracts with over 770 recording and transcription companies. It ended when the U.S. secretary of labor and attorney general held that a modified version of the fund did not violate Taft-Hartley.'

    ...sl/djpNew
    added
    2012-11-03
    updated
    2021-04-21
    1948 01 00...Personnel changes
    Bassist Junior Raglin leaves the band.
    Except The Billboard said:

    'Bassist Oscar Pettiford out of Duke's ork, with Junior Raglin returning to the crew as replacement.'

    • New Desor vol.2
    • The Billboard 1948-01-17 p.18
    ...djpNew
    added 2012-10-23
    1948 01 01
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 02
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 03
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 04
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 05
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 06
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 07
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 08
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 09
    Friday
    8:30 pm
    .Cincinnati, OhioTaft AuditoriumConcert
    "Big Music Festival
    25 Musicians and Entertainers
    ...featuring Liberian Suite Commissioned by the Government of Liberia for its Centennial, plus Many of the Favorite Numbers"

    Ticket prices $3.60, $3.00, $2,40, $1.80, $1.20
    The Cincinnati Enquirer review titled ELLINGTONIA confirmed the following titles were played:
    • Blue Serge
    • Harlem Airshaft
    • I Like the Sunrise
    • Jeep's Blues
    • Liberian Suite
    • Mella Brava
    • Mood to be Wooed
    • New Look
    • Midriff
    • New York City Blues
    • On A Turquoise Cloud
    • The Clothed Woman
    • The Jeep Is Jumpin'
    • Triple Play
    • Wanderlust
    Personnel named in the review:
    • Kay Davis
    • Al Hibbler
    • Dolores Parker
    • Johnny Hodges
    • Lawrence Brown
    • Harold Baker
    • Strayhorn and Mercer Ellington were mentioned as writers, but it isn't clear if they performed
    • Hamilton (Ohio) Journal
    • Ads,
      • 1948-01-02, p.8
      • 1948-01-05, p.4
      • 1948-01-09, p.8
    • The Cincinnati Enquirer, Cincinnati, Ohio
      • Ads and plugs
        • 1947-12-07 p.4
        • 1948-01-04 pp.45,46
        • 1948-01-07 p.4-B
        • 1948-01-08 p.5-B
        • 1948-01-09 p.5-B
      • Review, 1948-01-10 p.12-B
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in the SI-NMAH DEC301 Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 14, folder 39 Taft Theatre, Cincinnati, Ohio, January 9
    ...djpNew
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    2016-02-12
    2017-01-03
    1948 01 10
    Saturday
    .Detroit, Mich.Masonic AuditoriumDetroit Free Press

    'Duke Ellington will present a program of his own compositions when he brings his orchestra to Masonic Temple on Saturday night.
         Among them will be "New York City Blues"; "Liberian Suite"; "On a Torquoise [sic] Cloud," and "Rocking in Rhythm." Al Hibbler will sing a medley of Ellington songs.'

    .
    Detroit Free Press, Detroit, Mich.
    1948-01-04 s.B p.7
    ..Vail I.Added
    2011
    updated
    2021-06-03
    1948 01 11
    Sunday
    .Chicago, Ill.Civic Opera House
    20 N. Wacker
    Two concerts, 3pm and 8:30 pm
    • Chicago Defender, Chicago, Ill.
      1948-01-10 p.27
    • Stratemann p.291 citing
      Down Beat 1948-01-28
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2021-06-03
    1948 01 12
    Monday
    1948 01 14Columbus, OhioPalace Theatre.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 01 13
    Tuesday
    .Columbus, OhioPalace TheatreSee 1948 01 12
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 01 14
    Wednesday
    .Columbus, OhioPalace TheatreSee 1948 01 12
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 01 15
    Thursday
    .Fort Wayne, Ind.Quimby AuditoriumConcert
    Program details, courtesy S. Lasker:
    4-page printed program, back cover is blank
    Front cover:
    DAN HARBAECKER

    PRESENTS

    Duke Ellington

    QUIMBY AUDITORIUM
    Fort Wayne,
    Indiana

    THURSDAY, JANUARY 15

    Unnumbered page 2:
    DUKE ELLINGTON CONCERT
    PROGRAM
    1948

    THE NATIONAL ANTHEM

    Part I
    1. Opening Selection
    a. The New Look
    b. Blue Serge
    c. Midriff
    Strayhorn, Mercer Ellington
    2. Triple PlayStrayhorn
    3. Introducing Delores Parker Duke Ellington, John Latouche
    4. Harlem AirshaftEllington
    5. Mella BravaEllington
    6. Kikapoo JoysEllington
    7. On a Turquoise CloudLawrence Brown, Ellington
    8. Johnny Hodges Medley.
    9. Basso Mo ThundoEllington
    10. New York City BluesEllington
    11. The Clothed WomanEllington
    12. Liberian SuiteEllington
    INTERMISSION

    Unnumbered page 3:
    Part II
    13. An Ellington ThemeEllington
    14. Stomp, Look and Glisten [sic]Ellington
    14. [sic] BakiffJuan Tizol, Ellington
    15. Rocking in Rhythm [sic]Harry Carney, Ellington
    16. On the Sunny Side of The StreetJimmy McHugh,
    Dorothy Fields
    17. Songs by Al Hibbler.
    18. Duke Ellington at the Piano.

    Email, Lasker-Palmquist 2018-10-01...C.Hällström oct09Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-09
    2019-03-17
    1948 01 16
    Friday
    .Indianapolis, Ind.English Auditorium

    'Duke Ellington and his star-studded band will play a concert January 16 in English's Theater.
         The band personnel will include Taft Jordan,trumpeter; Al Sears,tenor saxophone; Oscar Pettiford, bass; Al Hibbler, blind vocalist; Jimmy Hamilton, clarinet, and Kay Davis, vocalist. And of course the Duke's right-hand man for musical arrangements and a deft piano style, Billy Strayhorn.'

    .Tickets: $1.20 $1.80 $2.40 $3.00 $3.50

    The program was listed in the January 16 publicity as:

    Opening SelectionsStrayhorn, Mercer Ellington
    a. The New Look
    b. Blue Serge
    c. Midriff
    Triple PlayStrayhorn
    Introducing Dolores ParkerEllington LaTouche
    Harlem AirshaftEllington
    Mella BravaEllington
    Kikapoo JoysEllington
    On a Turquoise CloudBrown, Ellington
    Johnny Hodges Medley 
    Basso Mo ThunderEllington
    New York City BluesEllington
    The Clothed WomanEllington
    Liberian Suite Ellington
    INTERMISSION
    An Ellington ThemeEllington
    Stomp, Look and GlistenEllington
    BakiffTizol, Ellington
    Rocking in RhythmCarney, Ellington
    On the Sunny Side of the StreetMcHugh, Fields
    Songs by Albert Hibbler
    Duke Ellington at the Piano
    The Indianapolis News, Indianapolis, Ind.
    • 1948-01-09 p.9
    • 1948-01-12 p.10
    • 1948-01-16 p.25
    ..Vail IdjpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2021-06-03
    1948 01 17
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 18
    Sunday
    8:30 pm
    .Burlington, IowaMemorial AuditoriumConcert "exactly as presented in Carnegie Hall, New York"
    Announcement and ad, Burlington, Iowa, Hawk-Eye Gazette 1948-01-17,p.3..Vail IA.Neegard oct09Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-02
    1948 01 19
    Monday
    8 pm
    .Lawrence, Ks.Hoch Auditorium
    University of Kansas
    "Carnegie Hall Concert"Ad, Lawrence Daily Journal-World, Lawrence, Ks.
    1948-01-07, p.3
    ...djpNew
    added
    2012-11-07
    1948 01 20
    Tuesday
    .Ames, IowaMemorial Union Hall.
    Special to the Nonpareil, Council Bluffs, Iowa, Nonpareil, 1948-01-16, p.19..Vail I.Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-05
    1948 01 21
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 22
    Thursday
    .Madison, Wisc.Orpheum Theatre.
    ...Vail I.Added
    2011
    1948 01 23
    Friday
    .Urbana-Champaign, Ill.Illini Union Faculty Lounge
    University of Illinois
    Peripheral event
    Marshall Stearns, described as the former editor of Down Beat, gave a lecture "Ellington and Development of Jazz" at 4 p.m. as part of the university's Star Course.
    • The Daily Illini, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Ill.,
      • 1948-01-21 p.2
      • 1948-01-23
    • Vail I
    ...djpNew
    added 2015-07-05
    1948 01 23
    Friday
    1948 01 24Urbana, Ill.Auditorium
    University of Illinois
    8 p.m. concert, admission $1.80

    First of two Ellington concerts on campus this weekend, rescheduled from Jan. 15.
    Alan Zachary in Daily Illini:

    'Ray Nance..."waltzed " away with the honors at last night's excellent Star Course performance by the Duke and his brilliant instrumentalists.
      ...the concert provided three hours of the best popular entertainment presented in the Twin Cities this year.
      Nance's ability on the violin and as a "scat" singer was vividly illustrated by what were probably the most unique performances of the evening.
      In ..."Liberian Suite" Nance displayed virtuosity and tone equal to that of many famous violinists. The impressionistic "Bakiff" by Juan Tizol and Ellington was also interpreted with feeling.
      Nance's vocal on "What Am I To You" was the reward Ellington gave the audience when the orchestra was called back for final encore.
      As master of ceremonies, Ellington was extraordinarily talented. He said during intermission that "it was a sensitive audience" and that he was "pleased with the response."
      ...Kay Davis, using her voice as one of a group of instruments, introduced one of Ellington's musical experiments... '

    Mr. Zachary goes on to discuss performances by Hibbler, Hodges, Brown and Greer, and named Liberian Suite, Bakiff, What Am I to You, Indian Love Call, Monday Every Day, Lover Come Back To Me, Summertime, Basso Mo Thundo, On the Sunny Side of the Street, Sophisticated Lady, Do Nothin' Till You Hear from Me, I'm Beginning to See the Light, Mood Indigo.

    Shorty Baker and Tyree Glenn were also present since they were photographed for the Illini.
    Marshall Stearns' Down Beat review:

    'After a three-week shakedown on the road, the new Ellington concert program has crescendoed into a thing of beauty...For two nights in a row the concert sold out to frantically enthusiastic audiences...
      Changes in the program...have been slight but important. A few numbers have come and gone, but the big switch consists of cuts here and there where the going was dull and above all, individual modifications by the soloists and sections to fit their own styles and tastes...
      ... the first part of the concert program consists of new stuff, arranged in order of maximum contrast and featuring Duke's Liberian Suite ...
      The second part of the concert contains better-known material with a flag-waver towards the end which turns the audience into the aisles...Starting mildly enough with a vocal by Al Hibbler on It Don't Mean A Thing, the band gradually works up a momentum which rocks the countryside. Even the squarest get hep. For it's the band at its best, erupting with that fundamental, unchanging ingredient of all great jazz. The stuff has been there for nearly twenty years, and it's still mellow!'

    The venue is the University of Illinois rather than the University of Chicago as reported in Stratemann. While the former had a satellite campus for first and second year courses at the Navy Pier in Chicago, there was no University of Chicago at the time.
    • Stratemann, p.292, citing Marshall Stearns in Down Beat, 1948-02-25
    • Brief mention, Waterloo Daily Courier, 1948-01-28, p.3
    • Vail I, with a copy of the Down Beat review by Stearns
    • The Daily Illini, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana
      • Ads and publicity,
        • 1947-11-21 p.1
        • 1948-01-13 p.4
        • 1948-01-15 p.1
        • 1948-01-21 p.2
        • 1948-01-23 pp.1,2,4
      • Alan Zachary review, 1948-01-24 pp.1,2
      • Photo 1948-01-27 p.1
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-02
    2015-07-05
    1948 01 24
    Sunday
    .Urbana, Ill.Auditorium
    University of Illinois
    Second concert on campus, 9:30 p.m., scheduled late to avoid conflicting with a basketball game. Admission $1.80 See review at 1948 01 22 above.
    See 1948 01 23.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-02
    2015-07-05
    1948 01 25
    Sunday
    .Chicago, Ill.New Savoy BallroomDance
    Stratemann, p.292 citing Chicago Defender 1948-01-21 p.27.....Added
    2011
    1948 01 26
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 27
    Tuesday
    8:15 pm
    .Cedar Rapids, IowaColiseum
    (Likely Veteran's Memorial Coliseum)
    .
    Brief mention, Waterloo Daily Courier, 1948-01-28, p.3

    • Ad, unspecified source, from A.Neegard's research Oct.2009
    • Ad, Iowa City Press-Citizen 1948-01-20, p8 & 1948-01-24, p.10
    ...A.Neegard oct09Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-05
    1948 01 28
    Wednesday
    .Freeport, Ill.Consistory Auditorium
    Shrine Temple
    activities not documented
    The Journal-Standard 1948-01-12 announced the band would play the Consistory on January 28, but it appears the event was cancelled. The paper's 1949-09-15 edition announces two concerts on Oct. 4 at this venue, saying it will be the first local appearance of the popular musician and his organization...
    Announcements, The Journal-Standard, Freeport, Ill.
    • 1948-01-12 p.2
    • 1948-09-15 p.2
    ...djpNew
    added 2014-04-14
    1948 01 29
    Thursday
    .Cedar Falls, IowaIowa State Teachers College(Unconfirmed)

    Concert

    Sonny Greer absent, Oliver Coleman of Chicago subbed.
    • Announcement, Waterloo Daily Courier 1948-01-16 p9
    • Brief mention, Waterloo Daily Courier, 1948-01-28, p.3
    ...A.Neegard 09Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-05
    1948 01 30
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 01 31
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......

    February 1948

    1948 02 01
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 02 02
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 02 03
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 02 04
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 02 05
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 02 06
    Friday
    1948 02 11Louisville, Ky.National TheatreStage show
    Appearance with impersonator George Kirby and dancers Peck & Peck.
    Stratemann p.292 citing Variety 1948-11-02 p.48.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-03
    1948 02 07
    Saturday
    .Louisville, Ky.National Theatresee 1948 02 06.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 08
    Sunday
    .Louisville, Ky.National Theatresee 1948 02 06.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 09
    Monday
    .Louisville, Ky.National Theatresee 1948 02 06.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 10
    Tuesday
    .Louisville, Ky.National Theatresee 1948 02 06.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 11
    Wednesday
    .Louisville, Ky.National Theatresee 1948 02 06.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 11
    Wednesday
    .Akron, OhioArmory(Unconfirmed)

    Presumably a dance.

    Note this conflicts with the Louisville show.
    .....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-04-04
    1948 02 12
    Thursday
    1948 02 18
    Wednesday
    Cleveland, OhioPalace TheaterStage show
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 02 13
    Friday
    .Cleveland, OhioPalace Theatersee 1948 02 12
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 02 14
    Saturday
    Valentine's Day
    .Cleveland, OhioPalace Theatersee 1948 02 12
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 02 15
    Sunday
    .Cleveland, OhioPalace Theatersee 1948 02 12
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 02 16
    Monday
    .Cleveland, OhioPalace Theatersee 1948 02 12
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 02 17
    Tuesday
    .Cleveland, OhioPalace Theatersee 1948 02 12
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 02 18
    Wednesday
    .Cleveland, OhioPalace Theatersee 1948 02 12
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 02 19
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 02 00...Personnel changes
    Singer Dolores Parker leaves the band.
    While she is named in the ad for the Regal Theatre appearance, she may have gone earlier, since these ads are usually based on publicity material sent some time before an engagement.
    ....djpNew
    added
    2012-10-23
    updated
    2019-01-09
    1948 02 20
    Friday
    1948 02 26
    Thursday
    Chicago, Ill.Regal Theatre
    47th at South Parkway
    Vaudeville

    'IN PERSON
    ON STAGE
    America's
    Genius
    of Jazz
    DUKE ELLINGTON
    and his famous ORCHESTRA
    Featuring
    Johnny Hodges
    RAY NANCE - Harry Carney, Lawrence Brown,
    Junior Raglin
    AL HIBBLER - KAY DAVIS - DOLORES PARKER
    Extra Added Attraction!
    MANTON MORELAND & HEYWOOD JONES
    PECK and PECK - GEORGE KIRBY
    Plus Action Thriller On Screen...'

    • Ad, Chicago Defender 1948-02-21 p.26
    • Stratemann p.292
    • Vail I
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-07-06
    1948 02 21
    Saturday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1948 02 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 22
    Sunday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1948 02 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 23
    Monday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1948 02 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 24
    Tuesday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1948 02 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 25
    Wednesday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1948 02 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 26
    Thursday
    .Chicago, Ill.Regal TheatreVaudeville - see 1948 02 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 02 27
    Friday
    1948 03 04
    Thursday
    Milwaukee, Wisc.Riverside Theater.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 02 28
    Saturday
    .Milwaukee, Wisc.Riverside TheaterSee 1948 02 27
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 02 29
    Sunday
    .Milwaukee, Wisc.Riverside TheaterSee 1948 02 27
    .....Added
    2011

    March 1948

    1948 03 01
    Monday
    .Milwaukee, Wisc.Riverside TheaterSee 1948 02 27
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 02
    Tuesday
    .Milwaukee, Wisc.Riverside TheaterSee 1948 02 27
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 03
    Wednesday
    .Milwaukee, Wisc.Riverside TheaterSee 1948 02 27
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 04
    Thursday
    .Milwaukee, Wisc.Riverside TheaterSee 1948 02 27
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 05
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 03 06
    Saturday
    .Gary, Ind.Miramar Ballroom.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 03 07
    Sunday
    2:30 pm
    .Bunker Hill Air Base, Ind.Show PalaceConcert 2:30 p.m.
    Tickets: $1.50, $2.00 & $2.50 plus tax
    Sponsored by Logansport Beta Sigma Phi sorority, profits to benefit its charity fund.

    The publicity says "The Duke Ellington concert is considered one of the nation's great musical attractions. The same concert broke all records at Carnegie Hall in New York and the Chicago Civic Opera House."

    "Mr. and Mrs. James Hall and Beulah attended the Duke Ellington show at the Bunker Hill Air Base Show Palace Sunday afternoon."
    Bunker Hill Air Base is now Grissom Reserve Air Force Base on Hwy 31 between Peru and Kokomo.
    Logansport Pharos-Tribune
    Ads
    1948-01-26,p.3
    1948-03-01
    1948-03-05 p.6
    1948-03-28,p.8
    Publicity
    1948-02-26,p.14
    1948-03-05,p.6
    Society note
    1948-03-09,p.7
    Kokomo Tribune
    Ads
    1948-03-03, p.10
    1948-03-05,p.7
    Publicity
    1948-03-04,p.16
    ...djpNew
    added
    2012-11-06
    updated 2013-08-17
    2020-06-17
    1948 03 08
    Monday
    1948 03 14
    Sunday
    Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville.
    3 shows nightly, 7:30, 10:30 and 1:30, no admission, cover or entertainment charges except Saturday
    Full course dinners $1.50 up.
    Monday was advertised as "Ladies Night - Spend only what you like."
    Buffalo Courier Express, 1948-03-07 p.5-D:

    '...The famous maestro is beginning his 1948 tour of principal American cities which will take him to Hollywood for picture work.
      "We are extremely fortunate in having been successful in securing the Duke, his orchestra and revue featuring a variety of top ranking vaudeville acts..." said Harry Altman, Casino show producer, and Harry Wallens, co-owner.
      ...This weeks program also will feature Mary Allen and her Three Gentlemen of Syncopation, Lenny Page, master-of-ceremonies, Jack Fairchild and John Arnt, piano and organ duo, and other acts.'

    The Thursday and Saturday ads said "Packing Crowds In."
    Palmquist comment:
    While I did not find a webpage devoted to the venue, several describe it, including one with a vintage postcard describing it as "America's Most Beautiful RESTAURANT-THEATRE." Opened in 1945 across from Shea's Buffalo theatre, the main floor was for dining, with a stage at one end, and gambling was in the basement. It was equipped for radio remote broadcasts.
    • Stratemann, p.292
    • Buffalo Courier-Express, Buffalo, N.Y.:
      • Publicity, 1948-03-07, p.5-D
      • Ads
        • 1948-02-15, p.7
        • 1948-03-02, p.16
        • 1948-03-03, p.18
        • 1948-03-04 p.24
        • 1948-03-05, p.8
        • 1948-03-06, p.8
        • 1948-03-07, p.5-B
        • 1948-03-08, pp.1, 16
        • 1948-03-09, p.6
        • 1948-03-10, p.6
        • 1948-03-11, pp.1, 10
        • 1948-03-13, p.20
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-12
    2015-04-14
    2020-06-17
    1948 03 09
    Tuesday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - see 1948 03 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 10
    Wednesday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - see 1948 03 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 11
    Thursday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - see 1948 03 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 12
    Friday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - see 1948 03 08
    .....Added
    2011
    c.
    1948 03 12
    Friday
    .

    'Billy Strayhorn, arranger for the Duke Ellington ork, is currently appearing as accompanist with Herb Jeffries doing a stint at the Club Bengad in Dee Cee...'

    .Peripheral Event
    San Antonio Register, San Antonio, Texas
    1948-03-12 p.7
    ..
    .New
    added
    2020-06-17
    1948 03 13
    Saturday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - see 1948 03 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 14
    Sunday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - see 1948 03 08
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 15
    Monday
    1948 03 17
    Wednesday
    St. Patrick's Day
    Youngstown, OhioPalace TheaterTheatre show
    Stratemann, p.292.....Added
    2011
    1948 03 16
    Tuesday
    .Youngstown, OhioPalace Theatersee 1948 03 15
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 17
    Wednesday
    St. Patrick's Day
    .Youngstown, OhioPalace Theatersee 1948 03 15
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 18
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 03 19
    Friday
    1948 03 21
    Sunday
    Hartford, Conn.State Theater.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 20
    Saturday
    .Hartford, Conn.State Theater.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 21
    Sunday
    .Hartford, Conn.State Theater.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 03 22
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 03 23
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 03 24
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 03 25
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 03 26
    Friday
    1948 04 01
    Thursday
    Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Stage show.....Added
    2011
    1948 03 27
    Saturday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Stage show - see 1948 03 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 03 28
    Sunday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Stage show - see 1948 03 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 03 29
    Monday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Stage show - see 1948 03 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 03 30
    Tuesday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Stage show - see 1948 03 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 03 31
    Wednesday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Stage show - see 1948 03 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 00 00...Personnel change
    Oscar Pettiford leaves the band in the spring of 1948
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-23

    April 1948

    1948 04 01
    Thursday
    .Washington, D.C.Howard Theatre
    620 T St.
    Stage show - see 1948 03 26.....Added
    2011
    1948 04 02
    Friday
    .En routeTrainEllington collapsed on the train between Washington and New York and was taken to hospital on arrival in New York.Stratemann, p.292...djpNew
    added 2012-11-12
    1948 04 02
    Friday
    1948 04 08
    Thursday
    Harlem
    Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    Guest conductor used, and Stratemann says Strayhorn subbed on piano.

    Variety 1948-04-07 named the piano sub as Una Mae Carlisle and the 1948-04-10 The Billboard said the opening day subs were Teddy Wilson and Mary Lou Williams

    Marv Goldberg's list of Apollo Theatre shows includes Ellington, Al Hibbler, Johnny Hodges, Kay Davis, George Kirby, Mantan Moreland, Kitty Murray, and Peck & Peck
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-12
    2019-11-02
    1948 04 03
    Saturday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 04 02
    Guest conductor used, Strayhorn subbed on piano
    Stratemann, p.292....Added
    2011
    1948 04 03
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Carnegie Hall
    (Main Hall)
    Peripheral event

    Concert, 11:30 P.M.
    The Pittsburgh Courier Charities Fund, Inc. presented its annual Midnite Jazz Concert, featuring winners of The Courier's Popularity Poll. A portion of the concert was broadcast on the MBS network, with an estimated audience of 19,000,000. Named in the New York Age ad:
    • Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    • Count Basie
    • Billy Eckstine
    • Billy [sic] Holliday
    • Mary Lou Williams
    • Johnny Hodges
    • Fred Robbins
    • Dan Burley
    • Lucky Millender and Band
    • Illinois Jacquet
    • Sarah Vaughn
    • The Charioteers
    • Oscar Moore
    • Leo Parker
    • Bull Moose Jackson
    • Ed Sullivan
    • Wilberforce Collegians
    • "and other selected artists"

    Ellington's orchestra placed first in the Pittsburgh Courier's annual poll and opened the concert. It led off its set with C-Jam Blues. Ellington was still in hospital, and Strayhorn led the band in his stead. Hodges, also a winner, performed a medley.

    Ticket prices, tax included, were $5.00, $3.60, $2.40 and $1.80, with tickets sold at the Carnegie Hall box office and the offices of the Amsterdam News on Eighth Avenue and in Brooklyn and at the New York Courier office.

    Poll results
    • Top band - Duke Ellington and his famous orchestra
    • Top band leader - Ellington
    • top arranger - Ellington
    • top alto sax - Johnny Hodges
    • member of all-star band - Lawrence Brown
    • Harry Carney placed second for baritone saxophone
    Carnegie Hall's performance history database shows 2,000 attended the concert.
    ...djpNew
    added
    2015-03-16
    updated
    2015-12-03
    2016-09-25
    2019-03-17
    1948 04 04
    Sunday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 04 02
    Strayhorn subbed as conductor and Mary Lou Williams subbed on piano
    Stratemann, p.292....Added
    2011
    1948 04 05
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Harkness Pavilion
    Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center
    Duke has an operation on his kidney to remove a cyst...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 04 05
    Monday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 04 02 and 1948 04 04
    Strayhorn subbed as conductor and Mary Lou Williams subbed on piano
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 04 06
    Tuesday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 04 02 and 1948 04 04
    Strayhorn subbed as conductor and Mary Lou Williams subbed on piano
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 04 07
    Wednesday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 04 02 and 1948 04 04
    Strayhorn subbed as conductor and Mary Lou Williams subbed on piano
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 04 08
    Thursday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 04 02 and 1948 04 04
    Strayhorn subbed as conductor and Mary Lou Williams subbed on piano
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 04 09
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 04 10
    Saturday
    .Syracuse, N.Y.Civic Theater
    572 S.Salina St.
    Activities not documented

    A scheduled concert in Syracuse was "cancelled on account of serious illness of Duke Ellington."
    The Post-Standard, Syracuse, N.Y.
    ...djp Added
    2011
    updated 2012-08-06
    2015-03-16
    2020-06-17
    1948 04 11
    Sunday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Memorial AuditoriumConcert without Duke
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 04 12
    Monday
    .Pittsburgh, Penn.
    Savoy Ballroom
    (Unconfirmed)

    Stratemann, p.292, suggests this was cancelled. Götting's TDWAW, citing Vail, says "no Duke"
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-06-30
    1948 04 13
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Carnegie Hall
    (Main Hall)
    Benefit concert for the Booker T. Washington Memorial Fund, 8:30 p.m.

    Stratemann, p.292, suggests this was cancelled, but this is incorrect.

    John Howland, Ellington Uptown, University of Michigan Press, 2009, p. 253, relied on the concert program in mistakenly saying Duke was the MC and the Ellington band played one number.

    This is consistent with Vail,which says the orchestra,led by Strayhorn, played without Ellington.

    In a column headed Two Swell Joes In A Soft Shoe Number, Zanesville Times-Recorder columnist Earl Wilson reviews the concert and says Arthur Godfrey emceed it and introduced Ellington's band.
      Zanesville Times Recorder
      • Announcement, 1948-04-06, p.4
      • Review 1948-04-19, p.4
    • Vail I
    • Ellington Uptown p.253
    • NMAH Duke Ellington Collection, 1927-1988, #301, Container List Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, Domestic Tours, 1937-1974, Box 11, Folder 1
    ..p
    .Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-14
    2014-07-20
    2015-03-16
    2015-12-03
    1948 04 14
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 04 15
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 04 16
    Friday
    .Sandusky, OhioJunior High School(Unconfirmed)

    SA concert at the junior high school seems likely to have been cancelled. Stratemann, p. 292, says further bookings for the band were cancelled, and the band did not resume its schedule until the Paramount engagement
    • The Sandusky Register-Star-News 1948-03-06, p.10
    • Stratemann p.292
    ...djpNew
    added 2012-11-12
    1948 04 17
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 04 18
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 04 19
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 04 20
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 04 21
    Wednesday
    1948 05 18New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatre4 stage shows daily and 5 on weekends.
    With a show limited to 35 minutes that included Ella Fitzgerald (acc. by Hank Jones), the Four Step Brothers dance act and impersonator George Kirby, Ellington could only perform three numbers each time. The theatre grossed $381,000 over the four week run of this show.
    Stratemann, p.292 citing
    • Variety 1948-04-28 p.54
    • The Billboard 1948-05-01, p.42
    • Down Beat 1948-05-19
    • The Billboard 1948-06-05 p.37
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-12
    1948 04 22
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 04 23
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 04 24
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 04 25
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 04 25
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Birdland
    or
    Ebony Club
    Stratemann, p.306 has a photo showing a smiling Ellington sitting at a cocktail lounge table gazing at singer Ella Fitzgerald, with clarinet players Stan Hasselgard and Benny Goodman sitting at another table in the background. Stratemann's caption says the date is probably April 25 and he identifies the venue as Birdland, the occasion being Ella's birthday.

    Vail has the same photo on his April 1948 page, but says it is at the Ebony Club..
    Stratemann 306 photo (DE-Ella)
    = Vail I 331 photo (DE-Ella)
    ....Added
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    updated
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    1948 04 26
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 04 27
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 04 28
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 04 29
    Thursday
    Ellington's birthday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 04 30
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011

    May 1948

    1948 05 01
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 02
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 02
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Rainbow RoomDuke attended Bing Crosby's birthday party
    Photo, Vail I p.332....Added
    2011
    updated
    2020-05-07
    1948 05 03
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 04
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 05
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 06
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 07
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 08
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 09
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 10
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 11
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 12
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 13
    Thursday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 14
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 15
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 16
    Sunday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 17
    Monday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 18
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Paramount Theatresee 1948 04 21..... 2011
    1948 05 19
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 20
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 21
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.
    or
    Salem, N.H.
    Carnegie Hall
    or
    Canobie Lake Park
    activities not documented

    Ellington may have appeared at either location; it seems more likely he appeared in New York.
    • In early May, The Lowell Sun carried ads for the May 7 opening of the Canobie Lake Park in Salem, N.H. saying "Coming Fri. May 21st – Duke Ellington." No ads specifically for an Ellington appearance at Canobie Lake closer to the event date have been located to confirm the event.
    • Daily News:

      'Waller Tribute
           Mildred Bailey, Duke Ellington, Maxine Sullivan and The Deep River Boys will join tonight's Carnegie Pops Concert honoring the music of Thomas "Fats" Waller. Proceeds will go to establish Waller music scholarships in local schools.'

      An ad on the same page for The Carnegie Pop Concerts TONIGHT AT 8:30 SALUTE TO 'FATS' WALLER has a list of guest artists which includes Bailey and Deep River Boys, but does not include Ellington.
    • The Baltimore Afro-American:

      'Mildred Bailey, Duke Ellington, Maxine Sullivan and the Deep River Boys appeared on the "Fats" Waller Memorial Saturday [sic] night at Carnegie Hall.'

    • The Carnegie Hall archives have the concert May 21 (Friday) and names those who the New York Times review said appeared. Ellington is not listed.
    • The Lowell Sun, Lowell, Mass.
      • 1948-05-06 p.38
      • 1948-05-07 p.19
      • courtesy Wayne Clutton/Scott MacNeil
    • Daily News, New York, N.Y.
        1948-05-21 p.71
    • The Baltimore Afro-American, Baltimore, Md.
      • 1948-05-29 s.2 p.5
    • Carnegie Hall Performance History Search
    ...W.CluttonNew
    added
    2020-06-21
    1948 05 22
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 23
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 24
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 25
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 26
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 27
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 28
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 29
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 30
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 05 31
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......

    June 1948

    1948 06 01
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 06 02
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 06 03
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 06 04
    Friday
    .New York, N.Y.Pine Room
    Warwick Hotel
    Ellington hosted a cocktail party for the English pressStratemann p.292 citing The Billboard 1948-06-05 p.20....Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-11-02
    1948 06 05
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 06 06
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 06 07
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 06 08
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 06 09
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 06 10
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 06 00... Peripheral event
    While Ellington was overseas, Harry Carney had his only extended vacation in his first 25 years with Ellington (1927-1962), holidaying with his family at Old Orchard Beach, Maine.

    Stratemann (p.293) reports the rest of the band was either on paid vacation or had had short paying gigs.
    ..DEMS.djpNew
    added
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    1948 06 11
    Friday
    1948 06 19
    Saturday
    New York, N.Y.R.M.S. MediaEllington, with manager Al Celley, possibly with barber Fernandez or Hernandez, and music publisher John (Jack) Robbins, embarked on the Cunard White Star passenger liner R.M.S. Media for a tour of Great Britain as a cabaret act.
    Ellington, Celley and Robbins are on the passenger list, but Fernandez/Hernandez is not. It appears Kay Davis and Ray Nance

    Newbrook:

    "...The more I look into it, the more I read into it, I become quite convinced in my mind that Duke really regarded this visit as a holiday, a paid holiday, and very nice too. And that's reinforced by some notes I found. I actually did find in the archive the two copies of Down Beat which relate to his Paris trip which was the well-known 68 Hours Without Sleep by Ernest Bornemann. He actually asked Duke outright, did he like being over here with this small unit better than the big band. And Duke said, 'No, I was sick. They took a cyst out of my kidney and I wanted to take a rest.'"


    Peter Newbrook to Kay Davis: ...And I'd like to ask Kay if she has any memories of the actual opening of the show at the Palladium.

    Ms Davis:I don't really have any strong memories of anything. It was 50 years ago, right. But, I remember Pearl on the plane going over. We flew. Duke went on the ship, but we flew over. I think Ray flew, too.

    Newbrook: Ray did too, yes.

    Gloria Nance questions this.

    Ellington seems to contradict this in MIMM:

    "Jack and I used to play gin rummy all night, and at five o'clock every morning they would put on a crew of five to serve us breakfast, just Jack and me. After we had had our breakfast, I would go into the salon to sit at the piano and warm up my left hand,...I had to have my exercise. I would play and play until one by one the other passengers came in. We had a ball all the way over. Besides Kay Davis and Ray Nance, I had Hermandez, my barber, with me."

    Mrs. Nance said Ellington used this trip to entice Ray back into the band.

    Other passengers on the ship included Rev. and Mrs. Arthur Gregson (returning to England for a holiday) and Dr. Emory Ross, secretary of the Africa Committee of the Foreign Missions Conference.
    • Panel discussion, Peter Newbrook, Kay Davis, Gloria Nance, Jack Fallon, Malcolm Mitchell and Tony Crombie, "The British Tour, 1948," Blue Light 15/1 (Spring 2008)
    • Personals, Portville, N.Y. Review, 1948-05-27, p.5
    • New York Age, 1948-06-19
    • Down Beat 1948 08 25 p.6
    • Duke Ellington, MIMM p.188
    • Photograph, Duke on gangway of the R.M.S.Media at Pier 54
    • Forms A 195 and A 196
      In-coming Passengers
      R.M.S. Media
      Port of Arrival: Liverpool
      Date of Arrival 19th June 1948
    ...R.Boyes emails May 2013Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-05-23
    2013-09-15
    2021-08-21
    1948 06 12
    Saturday
    .Atlantic OceanRMS MediaAt sea, bound for England
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 06 13
    Sunday
    .Atlantic OceanRMS MediaAt sea, bound for England
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 06 14
    Monday
    .Atlantic OceanRMS MediaAt sea, bound for England
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 06 15
    Tuesday
    .Atlantic OceanRMS MediaAt sea, bound for England
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 06 16
    Wednesday
    .Atlantic OceanRMS MediaAt sea, bound for England
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 06 17
    Thursday
    .Atlantic OceanRMS MediaAt sea, bound for England
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 06 18
    Friday
    .Atlantic OceanRMS MediaAt sea, bound for England
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 06 19
    Saturday
    .Liverpool and London, England.Disembarking in Liverpool, Ellington travelled the same day to London, where a very tired and "browned off" Duke arrived late on the Saturday.
    • Stratemann p.292
    • Down Beat 1948-07-28 p. 2
    .DEMS..Added
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    1948 06 001948 07 00Braintree, Essex, UKDance home(Unconfirmed)

    At some time during his time in England, Ellington visited the home of Stanley Dance's parents. (Stanley Dance was born in Braintree.)

    Photos show Ellington with Stanley Dance, by himself and with Helen Dance.
    • Three photos credited to Stanley Dance in Peter Gammond, Duke Ellington - His Life And Music, 1959, p.128
    • Vail I carries one of the photos
    ...djpNew
    added 2013-05-19
    1948 06 20
    Sunday
    .London, UKPalladium(Unconfirmed)

    This day's activities are not documented but the wording in Down Beat seems to suggest this day was spent rehearsing "the rest of the big supporting bill."
    Down Beat 1948-07-28 p. 2...djpNew.jpg>
    added 2013-05-19
    1948 06 21
    Monday
    1948 07 03London, EnglandPalladiumConcert - show in 2 parts - Ellington, Nance and Davis appeared in the second half, backed by the local "Skyrockets Orchestra."

    Stratemann p.292 says the Nicholas Brothers appeared near the end of the first half, and that Pearl Bailey was also in the show.

    Stratemann says Ellington was paid $10,000/week for the Palladium engagement.

    Opening night was panned by the critics.
    • Stratemann p.292
    • Stuart S. Allen: "London Largo. A Weary Duke Errs By Not Rehearsing with Ork," Down Beat 1948-07-28 p.2
    .DEMS..Added
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    updated
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    1948 06 22
    Tuesday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 06 23
    Wednesday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 06 24
    Thursday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 06 25
    Friday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 06 26
    Saturday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 06 27
    Sunday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 06 28
    Monday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 06 29
    Tuesday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 06 30
    Wednesday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011

    July 1948

    1948 00 00...Personnel change
    Hal Singer, tenor sax, joins the band in the summer of 1948 and leaves in the fall.
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-25
    1948 07 01
    Thursday
    .London, England. Peripheral event
    Ray Nance played in a Ray Ellington Quartet recording session (Ray Ellington was a pseudonym for English musician Reggie Pitts.)
    ..DEMS.djpAdded
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    1948 07 01
    Thursday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 07 02
    Friday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 07 03
    Saturday
    .London, EnglandPalladiumsee 1948 06 21.....Added
    2011
    1948 07 04
    Sunday
    .Southampton, EnglandGuildhallConcert tour
    After leaving the Palladium, Ellington, Nance and Davis toured Britain with a two hour show, accompanied by a British trio: Malcolm Mitchell, guitar; Jack Fallon, bass; Tony Crombie, drums.

    They travelled by coach (bus). Mitchell said Ellington wrote out Take the "A" Train for him on the coach from London to Southampton. Crombie said there were about 40 people in the entourage, and Nance travelled with a big box of records weighing about 200 pounds, a record player, two instruments and a wardrobe.
    • Stratemann p.292
    • Panel discussion - see 1948 06 11
    .DEMS.djpAdded
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    1948 07 05
    Monday
    1948 07 09Bournemouth, EnglandWinter Gardens
    Handbill for the Winter Gardens performances
    Handbill
    Click to Enlarge

    DUKE ELLINGTON
    with
    FAMOUS SUPPORTING ARTISTS in
    THE ELLINGTON REVUE
    USUAL POPULAR PRICES 2/6, 4/-, 5/- and 6/*
    Special seats at 8/6


    First of four performances

    The event was advertised for Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday evenings at 8 p.m., but not for Thursday.
  • Handbill (eBay listing, courtesy S.Lasker 2021-01-23)
  • Stratemann p.292
  • ...djpAdded
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    1948 07 06
    Tuesday
    .Bournemouth, EnglandWinter GardensTHE ELLINGTON REVUE 8 p.m.
    - see 1948 07 04
    ....djpAdded
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    1948 07 07
    Wednesday
    .Bournemouth, EnglandWinter GardensTHE ELLINGTON REVUE 8 p.m.
    -see 1948 07 04
    ....djpAdded
    2011
    1948 07 08
    Thursday
    ..activities not documented
    While Ellington and his performers probably remained in Bournemouth, no concert was scheduled this evening

    ....djpAdded
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    updated
    2021-01-24
    1948 07 09
    Friday
    .Bournemouth, EnglandWinter GardensTHE ELLINGTON REVUE 8 p.m.
    -see 1948 07 04
    ....djpAdded
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    1948 07 10
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 07 11
    Sunday
    .Blackpool, EnglandNew Opera HouseConcert, see 1948 07 04Stratemann p.292...djpAdded
    2011
    updated 2012-11-13
    1948 07 12
    Monday
    .Edinburgh, ScotlandUsher HallConcert, see 1948 07 04

    After the show, Ellington, Mitchell, Fallon and Crombie attended a private party; host's name not documented.
    • Vail I
    • Panel discussion - see 1948 06 11
    ...djpNew
    added 2013-05-19
    1948 07 13
    Tuesday
    .Glasgow, ScotlandSt. Andrew's HallConcert, see 1948 07 04Stratemann p.292...djpAdded
    2011
    updated 2012-11-13
    1948 07 14
    Wednesday
    .Newcastle-on-Tyne, EnglandCity HallConcert, see 1948 07 04Stratemann p.292...djpAdded
    2011
    updated 2012-11-13
    1948 07 15
    Thursday
    .Leicester, EnglandDeMontfort HallConcert, see 1948 07 04Stratemann p.292...djpAdded
    2011
    updated 2012-11-13
    1948 07 16
    Friday
    .Nottingham, EnglandAlbert Hall Methodist MissionUnscheduled day off
    A concert planned for this "temperance hall" was cancelled when the minister refused to allow it.
    Rev. Frank T. Copplestone...said: "We felt it seemed hardly the standard of concert we like to have in the hall – which, after all, is our church...We aim to let the hall be used for civic and social functions and high-class concerts.'

    The group therefor had the day off.
    • David Bradbury Duke Ellington Life & Times, Haus Publishing, 2005, p.73
    • Stratemann p.292
    • Vail I
    • Panel discussion - see 1948 06 11
    ...djpNew
    added 2013-05-23
    1948 07 17
    Saturday
    .Sheffield, EnglandCity HallConcert, see 1948 07 04Stratemann p.292...djpAdded
    2011
    updated 2012-11-13
    1948 07 18
    Sunday
    .Buxton, England.Matinée, see 1948 07 04R. Boyes...djpNew
    added 2013-05-23
    1948 07 18
    Sunday
    .Manchester, EnglandKing's Hall
    Belle Vue Zoological Gardens
    Concert, see 1948 07 04Stratemann p.292...djpAdded
    2011
    updated 2013-05-23
    1948 07 19
    Monday
    .
    • London, England
    • Paris, France
    • Victoria Station
    • The Golden Arrow boat train
    • Unnamed ferry
    • La Flèche d'Or boat train
    • La Gare du Nord
    • Claridge's hotel
    • Moune's club
    • Club Saint Germain-de-Près
    • Club Lido
    • Claridge's
    Stratemann and Vail report Ellington and his five companions (Davis, Nance, Mitchell, Fallon and Crombie) journeyed from England to France.

    The Baltimore Afro-American printed photos of Ellington being kissed by a fan as he stepped off the Golden Arrow boat train at Gare du Nord and posing with a snare drum, surrounded by musicians playing soprano sax, cornet or trumpet, trombone and string bass, with a crowd behind him.

    Assuming the schedule did not change significantly between 1948 and 1949, the train would have left Victoria Station, London at 10:30 a.m. GMT. The party would have taken a special ferry to Calais, transferred to the service's French train, La Flèche d'Or, and arrived in Paris at Gare du Nord at 5:30 p.m. GMT+1 or 4:30 p.m. GMT, a six hour trip.

    Ellington's Associated Press guest column describes his arrival:

    '...During the Channel crossing to France, Kay Davis, Ray Nance and I voiced our fears that nothing could equal our reception in Britain. When we stepped from the train at the Gare du Nord in Paris those fears were swept away at once. Two bands, one jazz and one be-bop ... were on hand to spark the welcome by a cheering, clamoring throng that filled the streets as far as the eye could reach. Never have I been kissed so much in so short a time.'

    Although Ellington's description of their arrival says they played at the Salle Pleyel "that night," that first concert was the next night.

    Ernest Borneman described Duke's arrival in Down Beat. He says the MGM newsreel truck, the Radio Diffusion recording van and photographers from practically every paper in the city were present. The people waiting for Duke included "Strayhorn's pal" Aaron Bridges and singer Honey Johnson.

    Arriving with Duke were Kay, Ray and the English trio, publisher Jack Robbins, songwriter Kermit Gould, manager Al Celley, barber Hernandez and half a dozen hangers-on. Leaving the station, they were met by Claude Bolling's seven-piece band, "a fanfare of New Orleans jazz." He reports Duke sat down and played snare drum with Bolling's band (as shown in the Baltimore Afro-American photos). Promoter Jules Borking organized their transfer in a cavalcade of honking cars and taxis to Claridge's hotel on the Champs-Elysées.

    The hotel suite, on the first floor of the hotel facing the street would be too noisy For Ellington to sleep during the day, it only had four rooms, and Duke thought the bathtub was too small. A connecting suite was taken, "just in time to welcome the first influx of visitors, musicians, musicians' wives, pressmen, photographers, autograph hounds and curiosity seekers."

    Rex Stewart's wife and a friend came; Stewart was then touring Germany. Borneman's interview with Ellington was interrupted by Al Celley who told Duke to go to bed for an hour before having dinner and going to a party.

    Duke slept some two hours, and they left the hotel at 11 p.m., stopping first at a club in the Latin Quarter run by someone named Moune who Bridges wanted to meet.

    Promoter Borkin, irate, arrived with staff from Club Saint Germain-de-Près to take Duke to the party. Borkin's car stalled, so they were about two hours late getting to the club. The club had hired forty policemen to keep order, and is was too noisy for Boris Vian's orchestra to be heard. Among the people there named by Borneman were Timme Rosenkrantz, Inez Cavanaugh, composer Georges Auric, and actress Simone Signoret ... Returning to Duke's hotel before daybreak, the group stopped at Club Lido, where Jack Robbins and Kay Davis danced. The morning edition of Combat was brought in, already describing the Club Saint Germain party. Someone from the Paris Herald Tribune took Ellington off to the bar, and somebody else bought drinks for everyone.

    After Club Lido closed, the group returned to Claridge's for sandwiches and coffee. Although Ellington was ready to sleep, Borneman had to work.
    • Stratemann p.293
    • Vail I
    • Baltimore Afro-American 1948-07-31 p.6 courtesy Franz Hoffman clippings files at RainerJazz, the Jazz Archive Site
    • Duke Ellington, Broadway column, Associated Press 1948-08-26
    • Ernest Borneman, The Duke in Paris–Part I, Diary—68 Hours Without Sleep, Down Beat 1948-08-25 pp.6-7
    .
    ..VAR photo
    Webphotos+
    djpAdded
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    1948 07 20
    Tuesday
    .Paris, FranceClaridge'sBy the time Borneman finished work at 5:30, Ellington had been up for a few hours to make Swiss and Belgian radio broadcasts promoting his concerts in Zurich and Brussels. Inez Cavanaugh had assumed the role of secretary, and the phone rang often, while reporters and photographers kept moving things around. Visiting French musicians sat in awe.

    The concert was to start at 9 o'clock, but Duke was still in the hotel at 8:50 p.m.
    Ernest Borneman, Diary—68 Hours Without Sleep, The Duke in Paris–Part II, Down Beat 1948-09-08 p.6... djpNew
    added 2015-07-13
    1948 07 20
    Tuesday
    1948 07 21Paris, FranceSalle PleyelConcert - scheduled to start 9 p.m.; actual curtain 9:25.
    Ellington:

    'That night [recte the next night], at the Salle Pleyel, following the regular two hour concert by the six in our troup [sic] we were forced (very happily) to do almost 40 minutes of encores.'

    Borneman says Al Celley controlled the lighting, that the audience, expecting the full band, was at first disappointed to see just the trio of Fallon, Mitchell and Crumbie but Duke captured the audience within 20 minutes. The trio played better during their first three numbers than with Duke. Borneman names some of the titles played, including [truncated] -long to You, Things Ain't What They Used to Be, Dancers in Love, a medley (I Let A Song Go Out of My Heart, Sophisticated Lady, Solitude, etc.), Squeeze Me but Don't Tease Me, Just A-Settin' and a-Rockin', then Duke played Take the A-Train and left the stage, returning quickly for a series of encores - Mood Indigo, C-Jam Blues, Body and Soul, Turnip or Tulip [sic] and Honeysuckle Rose.

    Songs listed in the concert program included Caravan, The Clothed Woman, Moon Mist, Ragtime in A Major, Creole Love Call, The Blues from Black, Brown and Beige, Transblucency, Frankie and Johnny, Jump with the Trio, Black and Tan Fantasy, Things Ain't What They Used To Be, Dancers in Love, Piano Medley, Just Sqeenze Me But Please Don't Tease Me/Just a-Settin' [sic] and a-Rockin', Take the "A" Train.
    • Stratemann p.293
    • Vail I
    • Duke Ellington, Broadway column, Associated Press 1948-08-26
    • Ernest Borneman, Diary—68 Hours Without Sleep, The Duke in Paris–Part II, Down Beat 1948-09-08 p.6
    • Concert Programme, DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 1, folder 9 Salle Pleyel, Paris, France, July 20-21, 1948, Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History
    • Photo F. Billard, Duke Ellington, Seuil, 1994
    ...djpAdded
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    1948 07 20
    Tuesday
    .Paris, FranceClub Saint Germain-de-PrèsBorneman reported that after the concert, everybody returned to Club Saint Germain-de-Près to listen to Vian's orchestra, drink, and talk about everything except music.

    Ellington:

    'One of our dressing room visitors after the concert was Django Rheinhardt... Django insisted that we attend a party in our honor at the famed Club St. Germaine, haunt of the Existentialists. That was certainly one of my most unique parties. Food could not be had even for the asking, but only the champagne flowed more rapidly than the extremely animated conversation...'

    Expatriate American writer Richard Wright's chronicle:

    Wright attends a reception honoring Duke Ellington at the Club St. Germain des Prés , where Wright is seated at the head table and Ellington and others squeeze in to see Wright.'

    Borneman left at 4 a.m. to walk home and write his report on the first two nights.
    • Vail I
    • Ernest Borneman, Diary—68 Hours Without Sleep, The Duke in Paris–Part II, Down Beat 1948-09-08 p.6
    • Duke Ellington, Broadway column, Associated Press 1948-08-26
    • Toru Kiuchi, Yoshinobu Hakutani, Richard Wright: A Documented Chronology, 1908-1960, McFarland & Company, Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, 2013, p.246, citing newspaper and other sources found in other books
    ..Photo F. Billard, Duke Ellington, Seuil, 1994djpAdded
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    2015-07-14
    1948 07 21
    Wednesday
    .Paris, FranceSalons Gallimard
    5, rue Sebastien Bottin
    Borneman received an invitation early in the day to a cocktail party in Ellington's honour held by the Présence Africaine magazine at 5:30 precisely which "turns out to be 7:15 p.m. vaguely." Duke, welcomed by African drummers and dancers, played a bit while Honey Johnson sang.

    Richard Wright, a Présence Africaine board member, attended to welcome Louis Armstrong and Ellington.

    Ellington left at 8:15 to return to his hotel for a snack before the evening concert.
    • Vail I
    • Ernest Borneman, Diary—68 Hours Without Sleep, The Duke in Paris–Part II, Down Beat 1948-09-08 p.6
    • Richard Wright: A Documented Chronology, 1908-1960 (ibid.), p.246
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-07-13
    2015-07-14
    1948 07 21
    Wednesday
    .Paris, FranceSalle PleyelConcert

    The programme was changed, so Kay Davis opened with Creole Love Call sung off-stage. Other than saying the programme built from there and was "even better" than the night before, Borneman gives no details.

    By midnight everybody was back at Claridges.
    Ernest Borneman, Diary—68 Hours Without Sleep, The Duke in Paris–Part II, Down Beat 1948-09-08 p.6...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-07-13
    1948 07 21
    Wednesday
    .Paris, France
    • Claridge's hotel
    • Carrèrés
    • Florence
    • Cloche d'Or
    • Claridge's
    Ellington missed a news conference scheduled for 11 p.m. at his hotel. By the time he and his group arrived, the reporters were gone. Some people remained - Jack Robbins, Timme Rosenkrantz, and Inez Cavanaugh - and musicians and their friends began to arrive. By 1:30 a.m. the "house is so full that everybody decides to move out again."

    The group went to Carrèrés where, after an hour or so, a lady asked Duke to play Transblucency. He obliged even though Kay Davis wasn't there.

    About 3 in the morning, Duke decided to go to a place called Florence to meet trumpeter Arthur Briggs. There, when French trumpeter Jackie Vermont asked Duke what he thought of bebop, Duke replied,

    'I don't think I want to consider it as a technique. All I can say its that it's part of the emancipation of the American Negro.'

    An unnamed expatriate American entertainer with an interest in some Paris nightclubs insulted Duke, saying he liked to be surrounded by white people. This was followed by dead silence, and Duke left.

    On his way out the cloakroom girl asked for his autograph; since he didn't have a piece of paper, he signed a thousand franc note for her.

    The Ellington party then had onion soup at Cloche d'Or between 5 and 6 a.m. and chatted until Ellington returned to his hotel to pack.
    Ernest Borneman, Diary—68 Hours Without Sleep, The Duke in Paris–Part II, Down Beat 1948-09-08 p.6...djpNew
    added 2015-07-14
    1948 07 22
    Thursday
    .Paris to BrusselsTrainEllington and his party left Paris for Brussels by train at 9:30 a.m.

    Borneman wrote Ellington was to play one night in Brussels, then a night in Antwerp, another in Brussels, one in Zurich and one in Geneva, before returning home via Paris.
    Ernest Borneman, Diary—68 Hours Without Sleep, The Duke in Paris–Part II, Down Beat 1948-09-08 p.6....Added 2015-07-14
    1948 07 22
    Thursday
    .Bruxelles, La Belgique
    aka
    Brussel, België
    Hotel MétropoleEllington and Kay Davis attended an afternoon press reception opened by a Jacques Loar, who is unknown to M Debroe. (This may be the Belgian actor and film director listed in IMDB.)

    During the press conference, Ellington answered questions about Existentialism and be-bop.
    • De Nieuwe Gids, Amsterdam, 1948-07-23, courtesy Véronique Wese, Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België by email 2015-07-17
    • Email, Debroe-Palmquist 2015-07-18
    ..KG photodjpAdded
    2015-07-17
    2015-07-18
    1948 07 22
    Thursday
    .Bruxelles, La Belgique
    aka
    Brussel, België
    Palais des Beaux-Arts,
    aka
    Paleis voor Schone Kunsten
    8:15 p.m.
    First of two Brussels concerts

    Tickets were sold at La Maison Bleu, a record store at 34, Zuidestraat.

    Palmquist comments:
    • Belgian researcher Georges Debroe provided the times and dates of these concerts, and said the French papers also advertised another Paris concert for August 1. It clearly didn't take place date since Ellington and party embarked from Cherbourg on July 30.
    • Playlist written by a fan at one of the Brussels concerts, in order (courtesy M Debroe):
      • Rockin' in Rhythm
      • Caravan
      • The Clothed Woman
      • Black and Tan Fantasy
      • ?
      • Creole Love Call
      • Transblucency
      • ?
      • Frankie & Johnnie i?? Intermission i?? Jumping with The Trio
      • Ragtime in A Major
      • Blues
      • ?
      • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
      • Dancers In Love
      • Medley:I Let A Song Go Out Of My Heart-Sophisticated Lady-?-Don't Get Around Much Anymore-Solitude
      • Just A-Settin and A-Rockin'
      • Take the "A" Train
      • Mood Indigo
      • C Jam Blues
      • Body And Soul
      • ?
    • Stratemann p.293
    • Vail I
    • Email, Debroe-Palmquist
      • 2015-07-15
      • 2015-07-18
    • Email, Véronique Wese, Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België, clippings from De Nieuwe Gids, Amsterdam
      • 1948-07-18
      • 1948-07-19
      • 1948-07-23
      • 1948-07-25
    ..KG photodjpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-07-15
    2015-07-18
    1948 07 23
    Friday
    .Antwerp, BelgiumZoologieConcert, 8:15 p.m.
    • Stratemann p.293
    • Vail I
    • Email Debroe-Palmquist 2015-07-15
    • Email, Véronique Wese, Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België, clippings from Nieuwe Gids, Amsterdam
      • 1948-07-18
      • 1948-07-19
      • 1948-07-23
      • 1948-07-25
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH Archives Center, DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 1, folder 10 Paris, France, July 23, 1948
    ...GD,djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-07-14
    2015-12-30
    1948 07 24
    Saturday
    .Bruxelles, La Belgique
    aka
    Brussel, België
    Palais des Beaux-Arts8:15 p.m.
    Second of two Brussels concerts
    • Stratemann p.293
    • Vail I
    • Email, Debroe-Palmquist
      • 2015-07-15
      • 2015-07-18
    • Email, Véronique Wese, Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België, clippings from Nieuwe Gids, Amsterdam
      • 1948-07-18
      • 1948-07-19
      • 1948-07-23
      • 1948-07-25
    ...GD, djp2015-07-15
    1948 07 25
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 07 26
    Monday
    .Zurich, SwitzerlandUrban (Bellevueplatz)Afternoon concert, 17:30
    • Stratemann p.293
    • Vail I
    • Email from Y.Maag-Palmquist 2015-07-16 citing Tagblatt der Stadt Zi??rich 1948-07-26
      Palmquist's note: The Swiss regulate training in information and documentation - see www.ausbildung-id.ch/ - Y. Maag holds the designation Fachmann I+D in Ausbildung, and is based in Zentralbibliothek Zi??rich
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-07-16
    1948 07 27
    Tuesday
    .Geneva, SwitzerlandVictoria Hall
    Sautier-Jaeger
    Fusterie 12
    Concert ..Vail I 336photodjpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-07-14
    1948 07 28
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 07 29
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 07 30
    Friday
    1948 08 04Cherbourg. France
    at sea, Atlantic Ocean
    R.M.S. Queen ElizabethEllington (age 49) and Al Celley (age 39) embarked for New York, travelling in first class. Willis R. Nance, 5845 Indiana, Chicago, age 34, Kathryn Davis, age 27, 666 St. Nicholas Ave., New York, and Gerado [sic} Hermandez [sic} , age 47, 874 Kelly St., Bronx, New York, travelled cabin class. Presumably the latter was the man described as Ellington's barber, Hernandez.

    (The ship carried 2,240 passengers.)
    U.S. Treasury Department Form I-416, List of In-Bound Passengers (United States Citizens and Nationals), departing Cherbourg 30th July 1948....djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-06-25
    2015-07-14
    1948 07 31
    Saturday
    .at seaR.M.S. Queen Elizabethsailing home
    .....Added
    2011

    August 1948

    1948 08 01
    Sunday
    .at seaR.M.S. Queen Elizabethsailing home
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 08 02
    Monday
    .at seaR.M.S. Queen Elizabethsailing home
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 08 03
    Tuesday
    .at seaR.M.S. Queen Elizabethsailing home
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 08 04
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.R.M.S. Queen ElizabethArrival in New York
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 08 05
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 06
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 07
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 08
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 09
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 10
    Tuesday
    .New York, N.Y.Apollo CaféHodges, Hamilton, Glenn, Strayhorn, Raglin and Greer played one week here during Ellington's absence, had a week off, then played here another 2 weeks. On August 10 they gave Ellington a welcome home party at the café.
    Stratemann, p.293 citing
    • New York Age 1948-08-07 p.25
    • The Billboard 1948-07-10 p.18
    ..Vail I .Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-06-30
    1948 08 10
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 11
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 12
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 13
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 14
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented

    Peripheral event
    The Billboard:

    'Goodman To Control Duke's Platter Show
      NEW YORK, Aug.14.– Harry S. Goodman has acquired complete control of the Duke Ellington disk show. The previous deal between a Goodman and WMCA, New York, specified that Goodwin would handle sales. Goodwin now will supervise production, too. Joseph Gottlieb, formerly with WMCA, is now doing production and writing chores on the show, working under Goodman. All current station pacts on the Ellington show will remain in force.
      Contrary to reports, WMCA will continue the Ellington program, at least until the end of the year when the pact expires. The station, however, will drop the Tommy Dorsey disk show in September.
      Heretofore, the Ellington show has been sold only to stations. The new plan will pitch it to stations, agencies and sponsors.
      Ellington, on his recent trip abroad, arranged with British artists for the use of their disks on his program here. In the meantime, Ellington has recorded sessions with Peggy Lee, and Goodman has lined up Billie Holiday, Count Basie and Dick Haymes for future dates.'

    The Billboard, New York, N.Y.
    1948-08-21 p.8
    ...djpNew
    added
    2019-12-15
    1948 08 15
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 16
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 17
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 18
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 19
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 20
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 21
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 22
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 23
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 08 24
    Tuesday
    ...The Billboard 1948-08-21 p.21 reported the band would depart this day for a three week tour of Canada and the eastern United States....djpUpdated
    2019-12-15
    1948 08 25
    Wednesday
    .Verdun, P.Q.Verdun Auditorium
    (air-conditioned)
    Dancing, 9 p.m. till closing.
    One night only
    Duke Ellington
    America's Foremost Modern
    Composer
    and
    His World Famous Orchestra
    featuring
    Johnny Hodges, Alto-Sax, Ray Nance, Violin-Trumpet-Vocal,
    Harry Carney, Baritone-Sax, Lawrence Brown, Trombone,
    Junior Raglin, Bass, Al Hibbler, Vocal,
    Kay Davis, Vocal

    Tickets - advance $1.50, same day $1.75 (tax included)

    The Gazette:

    'Heat Did Not Stop Ellington Fans
      In spite of the heat, a goodly number of Jive Hounds turned out last night to hear Duke Ellington at the Verdun Auditorium. Most of the fans did not bother to dance, but just stood around the bandstand and watched the good Duke put the orchestra through its paces.
      After every "hot lick" the crowd edged a few feet nearer the band and emitted shrill whistles and various other sounds signifying complete approbation.
      Johnny Hodges pleased his audience no end with his alto saxophone. Billed as America's number one sax man, he turned out some very smooth fingering for the edification of the crowd.'

    The Gazette, Montreal, P.Q.
    • 1948-08-16 p.6
    • 1948-08-18 p.6
    • 1948-08-21 p.22
    • 1948-08-24 p.6
    • 1948-08-26 p.6
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2019-12-15
    1948 08 26
    Thursday
    .Lake Bomoseen, Vt.The Casino.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 08 27
    Friday
    .BurlingtonBay Pavilion.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 08 28
    Saturday
    .LewistonFairgrounds.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 08 29
    Sunday
    .New London, Conn.Danceland.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 08 30
    Monday
    .Fitchburg, Mass.Whalon Park.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 08 31
    Tuesday
    .Alton Bay, N.H.Pavilion.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011

    September 1948

    1948 09 00.New York, N.Y..Personnel change
    Wendell Marshall (1920-2002), bass, joined the band sometime in September.
    Matthias Heyman:

    'On August 12, 1942, Wendell Marshall, Jimmie Blanton's first cousin (on his mother's side), received a letter with an offer from Lionel Hampton to join his band, although he had hardly been playing professionally for a few months (in his home town, St. Louis). He joined Hampton in Los Angeles shortly before the band opened at the Casa Mañana on August 20.

    His Aunt Gertrude, Jimmie Blanton's mother, was still in Los Angeles to make final arrangements for Jimmie's remains to be sent home, and offered his bass to Marshall.

    Marshall stayed with Hampton only for a few months before his military service,* but kept Blanton's bass as his personal instrument for the remainder of his professional career. When he joined Ellington in September 1948 (after playing briefly with Mercer's band) he not only brought a bit of Blanton back into the band through kinship, but also with Jimmie's instrument.

    P.S.: No interview of Marshall has a more concrete date than September, although he did say that he joined the band at a time when Raglin was still with them, but was ill. He doesn't say they played alongside each other (like Blanton and Raglin did), but it is likely that he observed Raglin a bit 'to get a feel of the band,' as happened before with Blanton and Raglin (although Blanton and Raglin did play side by side).'

  • In 1955 he told Nat Hentoff he went to Lincoln University, after leaving Hampton, and was inducted into the army in 1943. After 37 months in the army, he worked with Stuff Smith and formed his own group. In New York in 1947, he joined Mercer Ellington's band in New York. During a layoff, Mercer put him into Duke's orchestra, where he stayed until January 1955.

  • Palmquist comments:
    • New Desor has Marshall in the band from Sept.1948 to January 1955, with a month out of the band in early 1953.
    • Stratemann has him replacing Raglin in New York, which would have to be by Sept. 8 or in early November - he was recorded in Schenectady on Nov.6.
    • New Desor has Raglin leaving the band in January 1948, and Pettiford leaving in the spring of 1948, so I'm not sure which one Wendell Marshall replaced.
    • Stratemann also has Ben Webster rejoining on Nov. 11, writing that Marshall and Butter Jackson simultaneously replaced Raglin and Claude Jones.
    • New Desor vol.2
    • Email, M.Heymann-Palmquist 2014-11-11, citing:
      • Metronome, Oct. 1942, p.7 "Blanton's Bass with Hampton"
      • "Down Beat 1942-09-01 p.2 "New Hamp Bass is First Cousin of Blanton"
      • Down Beat 1955-03-23 p.6, Nat Hentoff, "Marshall, Bass On Own After 6 Years With Duke"
      • Radio interview Phil Schaap - Caroline Blanton 1993-10-05 (Blanton's 75th Birthday Special)
      • Radio interview Phil Schaap - Wendell Marshall 2000-10-24 (Marshall's 80th Birthday Special)
    • Obituary, The Independent (by Steve Voce)
    • Jazz Times obituary
    • The Telegraph obituary
    ...MH/djpNew
    added 2012-10-23
    Updated
    2014-11-20
    2016-10-03
    1948 09 01
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 02
    Thursday
    .Newport, Vt.International Club.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 09 03
    Friday
    .Marshfield, Mass.Fieldston Sea Gate.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 09 04
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 05
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 06
    Monday
    .Hartford, Conn.Auditorium.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 09 07
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 08
    Wednesday
    .New York, N.Y.Madison Square Gardens.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 09 09
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 10
    Friday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 11
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 12
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 13
    Monday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 14
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 15
    Wednesday
    .Cumberland, Md.Maryland Theater(Unconfirmed)

    "Duke Ellington, genius of modern American music, brings his world famous orchestra to the stage of the Maryland Theatre, for one day only, Wednesday, Sept.15. Featured with the Ellington band of 16 will be Ray Nance, Al Hibbler, Kay Davis,vocal; Johnny Hodge [sic], Harry Carney, Junior Raglin,and Lawrence Brown,novelties."
    Stage show 1:40, 4:05, 7:05 and 9:30

    Adults 12 to 5 All Seats 60 cents Inc.Tax 5 to Close 80 cents Inc.Tax Children Under 12 Yrs. 20 cents Inc.Tax

    Gallery open 11:45 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. COLORED ONLY
    Gallery seats - 12 to 5 50 cents - 5 to Close 60 cents - Children 20 cents
    Ad and publicity photo, Cumberland Sunday Times 1948-09-12, p.25...djpNew
    added 2012-11-09
    1948 09 16
    Thursday
    1948 09 18Reading, Penn.Rajah Theatre.
    Stratemann p.293, citing Variety 1948-09-15p52....Added
    2011
    1948 09 17
    Friday
    .Reading, Penn.Rajah Theatresee 1948 09 16
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 09 18
    Saturday
    .Reading, Penn.Rajah Theatresee 1948 09 16
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 09 19
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 20
    Monday
    .Mexico, N.Y.Oswego Theater

    'ONE DAY ONLY
    IN PERSON
    ON OUR STAGE
    DUKE ELLINGTON &
    HIS ORCHESTRA'



    .
    Ad, The Mexico Independent, Mexico N.Y.,
    1948-09-16
    ...djpNew
    added 2012-08-18
    updated
    2016-10-03
    1948 09 21
    Tuesday
    1948 09 22
    Wednesday
    Batavia, N.Y.Mancuso TheatreStage show, 2 big days, at 3:21, 5:42, 8:03, 10:24..Vail I djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2012-09-12
    2013-06-15
    2016-10-03
    1948 09 22
    Wednesday
    .
    Wednesday
    Batavia, N.Y.Mancuso Theatresee 1948 09 21
    ...Vail I djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2012-09-12
    1948 09 23
    Thursday
    .UniontownMelody Rink.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 09 24
    Friday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 25
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented
    ......
    1948 09 26
    Sunday
    .Indianapolis, Ind.Murat Theater.
  • NMAH Duke Ellington Collection, 1927-1988, #301, Container List Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, Domestic Tours, 1937-1974, Box 11, Folder 1
  • ....Added
    2011
    1948 09 27
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 09 28
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 09 29
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 09 30
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......

    October 1948

    1948 10 00...Personnel change
    Trombonist Claude B. Jones leaves the band
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-23
    1948 10 01
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 10 02
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 10 03
    Sunday
    .Chicago, Ill.Pershing Ballroom.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 10 04
    Monday
    .Freeport, Ill.Consistory Auditorium
    Shrine Temple
    (Unconfirmed)

    Journal-Standard 1948-09-15 p.2:

    "Duke Ellington's Band Here For 2 Shows Oct. 4, Consistory Auditorium

    Duke Ellington's orchestra and company of entertainers will present two shows in Consistory auditorium on Monday evening, Oct. 4, beginning at 7:15 and 9:15.
     It will be the first local appearance of the popular musician and his organization of 30 persons, many of whom have been with him for years. The reserved seat sale at Collier's music store will begin next week."

    The ads on Sept. 29 and Oct. 1 were for concerts at 7:00 and 9:15, and announced a price correction. The Oct. 4 ad was for one concert at 8:15 pm. No followup reviews were found, but the archive had missing editions and missing pages.
    Journal-Standard, Freeport, Ill.
    • Announcements:
      • 1948-09-15 p.2
      • 1948-09-21 p.7
      • 1948-09-27 p.7
    • Ads
      • 1948-09-29,p.2
      • 1948-10-01, p.12
      • 1948-10-04 p.12
    ...djpNew
    added 2014-04-14
    1948 10 05
    Tuesday
    .Spring Green, Wisc.Rainbow Gardens
    (Unconfirmed)
    .
    ad, LaCrosse (Wisc.) Tribune, 1948-10-03,p.14....New
    added 2012-08-06
    1948 10 06
    Wednesday
    .Winona, Minn.ArmoryDance sponsored by the Junior Chamber of Commerce
    (Unconfirmed)
    ad, LaCrosse (Wisc.) Tribune, 1948-10-03,p.14....New
    added 2012-08-06
    1948 10 07
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 10 08
    Friday
    1948 10 09
    Saturday
    Aberdeen, S.D..

    Overview


    Ellington and his orchestra played a concert Friday night and a dance Saturday night for the Northern State Teachers College Gypsy Days homecoming weekend. They seem to have had a very good experience here (see the following events).

    In January, the campus paper published a Gypsy Day Report, showing the concert took in $1,320.39 at a cost of $2,524.77, but the dance took in $3,462.12 at a cost of $2,784.66
    DEMS 02/3-08/1:
    • 'I am wondering why the middle (slow) section of The Tattooed Bride is called Aberdeen. A most odd title for Duke to have used, relating to a famous old city on the East Coast of Scotland. And if this section is titled, do the other two fast sections one on each side of Aberdeen also have their own titles?'
      --Frank Dutton
    • 'I think I can answer the question of the city Duke referred to as Aberdeen when he called for the number from The Tattooed Bride. It was Aberdeen, South Dakota.
        In late October, l948 Duke had a 5 or 6 day event in Aberdeen,1 when he likely could have been preparing numbers for his Carnegie Hall concert, set for November 13, 1948. Duke and the band came to Washington, DC on November 12 for a 10-day gig. I had a chat with Sonny Greer, and he told about the fine time they had in Aberdeen, the hometown of my wife Rhoda. Sonny told me about the big mansion they stayed in, and the fine piano they had in the building. The band left Washington on the morning of November 11,3 and 2 days later played at Carnegie Hall where the band did its first public performance of The Tattooed Bride.'
      --Jack Towers
    • 'The Tattooed Bride has 3 movements: Kitchen Stove, Omaha and Aberdeen.'
      --Annie Kuebler
    ' Notes:
    1. Only 2 days are documented in Aberdeen. With undocumented days before and after the college events, Ellington may have been here for up to four days. Towers dated this as the last part of October, but this only the beginning of the second week of the month. The campus newspaper covered Ellington's activities on the Gypsy Days weekend, but does not make any mention of Ellington in Aberdeen later in the month.
    2. Ellington opened in Washington Oct. 22.
    3. When Ellington and his orchestra left Washington is not yet documented, but it is reported to have made a broadcast from Schenectady on Nov.5
    • The Exponent, Northern State Teachers College, Aberdeen, S.C.
      • 1948-10-08 p.1
      • 1948-10-22 p.4
      • 1949-01-14 p.2
    • Huronite & Daily Plainsman:
      • Publicity, 1948-10-03
      • Ad 1948-10-07
    • Stratemann p.293 citing DownBeat 1948-07-28
    • Vail I
    • Emails, R. Bambach-Palmquist Sept.2016
    .DEMS.djp2016-10-03
    updated
    2020-05-07
    1948 10 08
    Friday
    .Aberdeen, S.D.Banquet room
    Sherman Hotel

    'A dinner was held in honor of Duke Ellington and his orchestra in the Sherman Hotel banquet room, before the Ellington concert on Friday evening... Dr. N. E. Steele, NSTC president, and Howard Bassingwaite, representing the Aberdeen Chamber of Commerce, gave Mr. Ellington informal welcomes to Aberdeen. Approximately fifteen guests were present.

      Mr. Ellington, in a talk before the group, discussed his present tour itinerary, his own compositions, and his orchestra. He disclosed that he was to go directly to Harvard University following Gypsy Day after which he would give a concert at Carnegie Hall... '

    See overview at 1948 10 08 above...djpNew
    added
    2016-10-03
    1948 10 08
    Friday
    1948 10 09
    Saturday
    Aberdeen, S.D.Aberdeen Civic ArenaConcert 9:30 p.m.
    Ticket prices including tax: $2.04 and $1.74


    • '...The ... high school football game ... Friday night will precede the Ellington concert, presented by Duke Ellington and his famous orchestra at the Aberdeen Civic Arena. After the concert cheerleaders from the college will beat in a pop fest ... A special feature of the pop fest will be Duke Ellington's arrangement of the college songs, "Our Gypsy Queen" and "Alma Mater"...
        On Saturday morning the Gypsy Queen will be introduced and entertained at coronation ceremonies... and the annual Gypsy parade is scheduled to leave the campus at 11:00 a.m...

        The Gypsy Queen will be honored at a luncheon ..., after which the homecoming football game will begin at Simmons Field at 2:15... Following the football game, students, alumni and friends of the college will attend the barbecued elk dinner at the Lincoln dining hall.
        Concluding the events of the day, Duke Ellington and his orchestra will play for the homecoming dance at the Civic Arena, Saturday night, October 9.'
    See overview at 1948 10 08 above..Sjef dec09
    AGP 2013-02-12
    djp
    Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-02-12
    2016-09-26
    2016-10-03
    1948 10 09
    Saturday
    .Aberdeen, S.D.Parade route
    Stadium
    Lincoln dining hall
    Daytime activities
    • 11 a.m. Parade (possibly only Ellington)
    • 2:15 p.m. Football game (whole band)
    • 5:30 p.m. Barbecue (whole band)

    'The entire Ellington orchestra attended the Gypsy Day football game and the elk barbecue which followed. Duke rode in an open convertible in the homecoming parade, Saturday morning...'

    See overview at 1948 10 08 above...djpNew
    added
    2016-10-03
    1948 10 09
    Saturday
    9 pm
    .Aberdeen, S.D.Aberdeen Civic ArenaNorthern State Teachers College "Gypsy Dance"
    See overview at 1948 10 08 above.DEMS.AGP 2013-02-12Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-02-12
    2016-09-26
    2016-10-03
    2020-05-07
    1948 10 09
    Saturday
    .Aberdeen, S.D.Banquet room
    Sherman Hotel

    'After the dance that evening, he [Ellington] played the piano in the Sherman banquet room for all those who wanted to listen until after four o'clock the next morning.'

    The Exponent, Northern State Teachers College, Aberdeen, S.D., 1948-10-22 p.4...djpNew
    added
    2016-10-03
    1948 10 10
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 10 11.Omaha, Neb.Dreamland.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 10 12
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 10 13
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 10 14
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 10 15
    Friday
    1948 10 21
    Thursday
    Detroit, Mich.Paradise Theatre.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 10 16
    Saturday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheatreStage show - see 1948 10 15
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 10 17
    Sunday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheatreStage show - see 1948 10 15
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 10 18
    Monday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheatreStage show - see 1948 10 15
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 10 19
    Tuesday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheatreStage show - see 1948 10 15
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 10 20
    Wednesday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheatreStage show - see 1948 10 15
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 10 21
    Thursday
    .Detroit, Mich.Paradise TheatreStage show - see 1948 10 15
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 10 22
    Friday
    ...Personnel changes
    • Trombonist Quentin "Butter" Jackson joins the band
    • Ben Webster, tenor sax, effectively rejoined the band when it opened at Duke Ellington's Club. While New Desor dates his return as Nov. 11, Grimmer's narrative puts him with the band every night during that residency, and has him leaving with the band.

      Frank Büchmann-Møller tells us Webster was supposed to join a sextet in the midwest in early October, but instead joined another group in Washington for more money. After meeting Duke there, he "sat in a few nights," and "went back in the band," which paid better than he was getting with his own group. "Ben started immediately and was already in the saxophone group at the orchestra's next booking ... in Schenectady..."
    • New Desor vol.2
    • Mac Grimmer: "Club Ellington," Ellingtonia, Newsletter of The Duke Ellington Society, June 2004. citing Bill Crow, "From Birdland to Broadway: Scenes from a Jazz Life"
    • Frank Büchmann-Møller, Someone to Watch Over Me, The Life and Music of Ben Webster, University of Michigan Press, 2006, pp.129-130
    ...djpNew
    added 2012-10-25
    updated
    2016-09-26
    1948 10 22
    Friday
    Circa
    1948 10 31
    Sunday
    Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Club
    (Club Ellington per Stratemann and Grimmer)
    Ninth and V Streets N.W.
    Ten day night club residency in the new Duke Ellington's Club.
    • Ellingtonia (June 2004) reported the opening night was Nov. 1, a Monday. An ad in Vail says the club was closed Mondays. Variety's review reports Oct. 22, a Friday, and the Afro-American refers to "last Friday night. Variety reported opening night drew a good though not capacity crowd and said Ellington would be at the club for 10 days.1,3,4
    • The club was managed by Charles Nelson and co-owners were Benjamin Bass, Herb Sachs and Ellington. Ed Sullivan reported Duke was half-owner.3,6,7
    • Duke reportedly announced the club would be the band's base in Washington.1. It was a large hall, with balcony seating for those who didn't want to order at the tables on the main floor.4
    • A wide burgundy carpet ran from the entry to the bandstand, across the bandstand and up the wall to the ceiling.
    • Kay Davis sang from a balcony on the side above the piano. Greer had his usual elaborate percussion setup.1
    • The hall was near the Howard Theatre and Griffiths Stadium.1 Variety referred to the district as Harlem Place and commented that the venue catered to a mixed clientele.4
    • Variety reported the loudspeakers were not working well on opening night so Davis' music was partly lost to those sitting away from the band.4 This may be because she sang without a microphone.1
    • Admission was $1.80
    • There was to be a radio feed several times during this engagement.4,6
    • The club did not have a liquor licence but the media reported "set-ups" and food were reasonably priced.6
    • The club closed at 2 a.m. Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, 3 a.m. Saturday and 4 a.m. Sunday.3
    • Ellingtonia (June 2004) reported the club folded after New Years Day but it was already reported to be closed by Dec.15.1,5
    • Stratemann says Ellington's engagement ended Nov. 2,2 but Billy Eckstine and Hal Singer were to open that night.3. Since the club was dark on Monday, it is more likely Ellington's last night was October 31.
    • Variety reported the band numbered 18 on opening night with 2 vocalists.4. Personnel identified in the media and advertisements:3
      • Hodges
      • Sears
      • Carney
      • Jordan (Taft left the band in 1947, yet his name is in an ad3)
      • Greer
      • Nance
      • Brown
      • Pettiford
      • Hibbler
      • Davis
    • Ben Webster lived nearby and sat in every night, using Al Sears' tenor the first night. He would rejoin the band when it left Washington. Jack Towers was also present every night.1


    • Webmaster comment:
      I am grateful for Richard Bambach's research and discussion related to this engagement.
    • 1.Mac Grimmer: "Club Ellington," Ellingtonia, Newsletter of The Duke Ellington Society, June 2004. citing Bill Crow, "From Birdland to Broadway: Scenes from a Jazz Life"
    • 2.Stratemann, p.293
    • 3.Vail I with reproduced, unidentified ads and review
    • 4.Variety 1948-10-27 p.44 (courtesy Richard Bambach)
    • 5.Danton Walker, Gossip of the Nation, The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, Penn. 1948-12-15 p.45
    • 6.Baltimore Afro-American 1948-10-30, p.B10 (national edition)
    • 7.Ed Sullivan, Gossip of the Nation, The Philadelphia Inquirer, 1948-11-06 p.11
    • 8.Nick Fernandez email 2012-01-18
    • Emails, R.Bambach-Palmquist, Sept. 2016
    .DEMS
    03,3-25
    ..Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-02-12
    2016-10-17
    2020-05-07
    1948 10 23
    Saturday
    .Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Clubsee 1948 10 22.....Added
    2011
    1948 10 24
    Sunday
    .Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Clubsee 1948 10 22.....Added
    2011
    1948 10 25
    Monday
    .Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Clubsee 1948 10 22.....Added
    2011
    1948 10 26
    Tuesday
    .Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Clubsee 1948 10 22.....Added
    2011
    1948 10 27
    Wednesday
    .Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Clubsee 1948 10 22.....Added
    2011
    1948 10 28
    Thursday
    .Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Clubsee 1948 10 22.....Added
    2011
    1948 10 29
    Friday
    .Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Clubsee 1948 10 22.....Added
    2011
    1948 10 30
    Saturday
    .Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Clubsee 1948 10 22.....Added
    2011
    1948 10 31
    Sunday
    Halloween
    .Washington, D.C.Duke Ellington's Clubsee 1948 10 22.....Added
    2011

    November 1948

    1948 11 01
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 02
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 03
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 04
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented

    Dorothy Kilgallen's Nov. 1 column reported Ellington was to enter Medical Center this day for a complete going-over.

    The Nov.18 Oregonian reported he was taking time out in Johns-Hopkins with a recurrance [sic] of a stomach complaint.
    • Dorothy Kilgallen in The Lowell Sun, Lowell, Mass., 1948-11-01 p.25
    • The Oregonian, Portland, Ore., 1948-11-18 p.7
    ...djpNew
    added
    2016-09-26
    1948 11 05
    Friday
    .Schenectady, N.Y..activities not documented

    Carl Hällström in DEMS 03,3-25:

    'The NBC Artist card index for Duke Ellington shows a broadcast from Schenectady on 5Nov48. Ole Nielsen p99 and Klaus Stratemann p293 show a Union College dance & NBC broadcast in the same city at 6Nov. So who's right?'

    A short survey of radio schedules for Nov. 5 shows Ellington as follows (an asterisk shows the broadcasts explicitly marked as network broadcasts):
      * The Times-Picayune, New Orleans  WSMB-FM 11:30 pm - midnight
    Council Bluffs (Iowa) Non-Pareil WOW 11:30 pm - midnight
    * Morning Advocate, Baton Rouge WJBO 11:00 pm - 11:30 pm
    Chester (PA) Times WFIL 11:15 pm - midnight
    ("Duke Ellington Show")
    Washington Post WWDC 8:00 pm - 8:30 pm
    New York Times WMCA 9:00 am - 10:00 am
    (after news)
    The variation in broadcast times within one time-zone seems to indicate these were part of a series of pre-recorded transcriptions. In 1947 Ellington signed a five-year contract to produce five transcription radio shows a week. Radio stations had to broadcast a new transcription each day. The Billboard announced in August 1948 that WMCA would carry it at least until the end of the year. The show did not necessarily use Ellington recordings; The Billboard announced Ellington used other artists: while in England, he arranged to use British artists' recordings and had recorded Peggy Lee, with Billie Holiday, Count Basie and Dick Haymes "lined up" for future dates.
    The Billboard
    • 1947-11-22 pp.10-11
    • 1947-12-27 p.9
    • 1948-08-21 p.8
    .DEMS
    03,3-25
    ..Added
    2011
    updated
    2016-10-17
    2020-05-07
    1948 11 06
    Saturday
    .Schenectady, N.Y.Union CollegeNBC broadcast
    Sound file: Duke Ellington Remote from Union CollegeNew Desor
    DE4801
    DEMS
    03,3-25
    .djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2020-05-07
    1948 11 07
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 08
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 09
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 10
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 11
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 12
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 13
    Saturday
    .New York, N.Y.Carnegie Hall
    (Main Hall)
    Concert, 8:30 p.m.
    The Carnegie Hall history database shows
    • Presenter : William Morris Agency, Inc.
    • Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    • John Stafford Smith (1750-1836) The Star Spangled Banner
    • Duke Ellington, Three Cent Stomp
    • Duke Ellington, Lady Of The Lavender Mists
    • Duke Ellington, Suddenly It Jumped
    • Duke Ellington, Reminiscing In Tempo (1935)
    • Mercer Ellington, She Wouldn't Be Moved:
      Wendell Marshall, Double Bass
    • Billy Strayhorn, Symphomaniac (1948; Arr. Ellington, Duke):
      • Symphonic Or Bust
      • How You Sound
    • Duke Ellington, My Friend:
      Al Sears, Tenor Saxophone
    • Duke Ellington, Tootin' Through The Roof:
      Al Killian, Trumpet; Ray Nance, Trumpet; Shelton Hemphill, Trumpet; Harold Baker, Trumpet; Francis Williams, Trumpet
    • Duke Ellington, Creole Love Call (1927; Arr. Miley, Bubber (Co-Composer)):
      Ray Nance, Trumpet; Kay Davis, Vocalist
    • Jimmy McHugh, Don't Blame Me:
      Ray Nance, Trumpet; Kay Davis, Vocalist; Duke Ellington, Piano
    • Billy Strayhorn,Paradise (1948):
      Harry Carney, Baritone Saxophone
    • Duke Ellington, The Tattoed Bride
    • Billy Strayhorn, Manhattan Murals (As Seen From Strayhorn's "Take the "A" Train")
    • Billy Strayhorn, Lush Life:
      Kay Davis, Vocalist; Billy Strayhorn, Piano
    • Duke Ellington, Hi Ya Sue
    • Duke Ellington, Fantazm:
      Harry Carney, Bass Clarinet; Lawrence Brown, Trombone
    • Duke Ellington, Y' Oughta:
      Al Killian, Trumpet
    • Billy Strayhorn, Brown Betty (1948):
      Johnny Hodges, Alto Saxophone
    • Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904), Humoresque:
      Ray Nance, Violin; Harold Baker, Trumpet; Jimmy Hamilton, Clarinet; Harry Carney, Baritone Saxophone; Al Killian, Trumpet
    • Morgan Lewis, How High The Moon (1940):
      Ben Webster, Tenor Saxophone
    • Duke Ellington, Cottontail (1940):
      Ben Webster, Tenor Saxophone; Ray Nance, Trumpet; Harry Carney, Baritone Saxophone; Duke Ellington, Piano
    • Peggy Lee, Don't Be So Mean To Baby:
      Al Hibbler, Vocalist
    • Sigmund Romberg, The New Moon: Lover, Come Back To Me (1928):
      Al Hibbler, Vocalist; Al Killian, Trumpet
    • Oscar Rasbach, Trees (1922):
      Al Hibbler, Vocalist; Ray Nance, Violin
    • Sydney Robin, It's Monday Every Day:
      Al Hibbler, Vocalist; Lawrence Brown, Trombone
    • Duke Ellington, Selection
    • Peter Braham,Limehouse Blues (1922):
      Tyree Glenn, Vibraphone
    • Duke Ellington, Just A-Sittin' And A-Rockin'
    • Mary Lou Williams, Trumpets No End
    • Mercer Ellington, Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    • Soloists not assigned to specific works:
      • Tyree Glenn, Trombone
      • Quentin Jackson, Trombone
      • Sonny Greer, Drums
      • Fred Guy, Guitar
    • NMAH Duke Ellington Collection, 1927-1988, #301, Container List, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, Domestic Tours, 1937-1974, Box 11, Folder 1
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 11, folder 3 Carnegie Hall, New York, New York, November 13, 1948
    • Carnegie Hall history database
    New Desor
    DE4802
    DEMSPhotos
    • F. Billard, Duke Ellington, Seuil, 1994, p.149
    • Vail I p.340
    • Harvey G. Cohen, Duke Ellington's America, University of Chicago Press, 2010
    djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2015-12-03
    2016-01-23
    2020-05-07
    1948 11 14
    Sunday
    .Camden, N.J.Armory.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 11 15
    Monday
    ...Date of contract B2534 between Blue Note Cafe by Frank Holzfeind, Duke Ellington Inc. and William Morris Agency to provide 15 musicians and 2 vocalists led by Duke Ellington to perform six days weekly, not to exceed 38 hours per week, for 2 weeks beginning March 14, 1949, with Tuesdays off.
    Blue Note Memories by Dan Caine is a wonderful history of the Blue Note, its founder Frank Holzfeind and key employee Betty Smith.
    ...djpNew
    added
    2012-10-31
    updated
    2016-02-28
    1948 11 16
    Tuesday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.Broadwood HotelDescribed as a fiasco by The Billboard in an article titled "Philly Concert Season Flop," the band played to only 900 in the 4,000 capacity ballroom.
    The Billboard, 1948-12-04, p.18.....Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-04-06
    1948 11 17
    Wednesday
    ...See 1948 12 10
    ..DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2020-05-07
    1948 11 18
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 19
    Friday
    .Newark, N.J.Terrace Ballroom.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 11 20
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 21
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 22
    Monday
    1948 11 27Philadelphia, Penn.The Click.
    .New Desor
    DE4803
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2020-05-07
    1948 11 23
    Tuesday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.The Clicksee 1948 11 22
    .New Desor
    DE4804
    ...Added
    2011
    1948 11 24
    Wednesday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.The Clicksee 1948 11 22
    .New Desor
    DE4805
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2020-05-07
    1948 11 25
    Thursday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.The Clicksee 1948 11 22
    .New Desor
    DE4805
    ...Added
    2011
    1948 11 26
    Friday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.The Clicksee 1948 11 22
    .New Desor
    DE4806
    ...Added
    2011
    1948 11 27
    Saturday
    .Philadelphia, Penn.The Click.
    .New Desor
    DE4807
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2020-05-07
    1948 11 28
    Sunday
    8:30 p.m.
    .White Plains, N.Y.Westchester County CenterDance.
    This venue is listed as Westchester County Center in Stratemann and Vail I, but as George Washington Carver Community Center, Westchester County in the Smithsonian Duke Ellington collection business records file listing.
    • Stratemann p.293 citing Amsterdam News 1948-11-20 p.4
    • NMAH Duke Ellington Collection, 1927-1988, #301, Container List, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, Domestic Tours, 1937-1974, Box 11, Folder 1
    • Additional documentation is likely to be found in SI-NMAH DEC301, Series 2: Performances and Programs, 1933-1974, box 11, folder 4 George Washington Carver Community Center, Westchester County, New York, November 28, 1948
    ...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-07-20
    2016-01-23
    1948 11 29
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 11 30
    Tuesday
    .Oil City, Penn. Hasson Heights Recreation Center(Unconfirmed)

    Dance, sponsored by Friendship League of America, Inc.

    Ticket prices -
    advance $1.85
    door $2.20
    • Friendship League ad, Oil City Derrick, 1948-11-24
    • Ad, The Blizzard 1948-11-23, p.4
    • Friendship League ad, Titusville Herald, 1948-11-25
    • Swanson's store ad, Titusville Herald, 1948-11-27
    • Swanson's store ad, Titusville Herald, 1948-11-30
    ...AGP 2013-02-13New
    added 2013-02-13

    December 1948

    1948 12 00.Philadelphia, Penn. .Undated AFRS Radio Transcription recording session for 16 inch AFRS record "Here's to Veterans" (never issued)

    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, Francis Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington, Guy, Marshall, Greer, Hibbler, Davis

    Titles recorded:
    • Take The "A" Train
    • C-Jam Blues
    • Brown Betty
    • Blue Skies
    .New Desor
    DE4809
    ...Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-02-12
    1948 12 01
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 02
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 03
    Friday
    .Wilberforce, OhioJones Auditorium
    Wilberforce University
    .
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    updated
    2016-12-17
    1948 12 04
    Saturday
    .Cleveland, OhioMusic Hall.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1948 12 05
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 06
    Monday
    ..Peripheral Event
    Columbia CL 6024, "Mood Ellington" is released. This was the first release of an Ellington recording on 331/3 rpm microgroove.
    Edward Wallerstein, The Development Of The LP, courtesy S.Lasker 2018-10-08...New
    added
    2018-10-08
    1948 12 06
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 07
    Tuesday/td>
    .Pittsburgh, Penn.Syria Mosque.
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 12 08
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 09
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 10
    Friday
    .Ithaca, N.Y.Cornell University.
    .New Desor
    DE4808
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2020-05-07
    1948 12 11
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 12
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 13
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 14
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 14
    Tuesday
    ... Peripheral event
    The 1948 recording ban by the American Federation of Musicians ended Tuesday December 14.
    • 'New York, Dec. 13 (AP)– The government tonight gave James C. Petrillo a legal O.K. on his musicians union welfare fund, opening the way for immediate resumption of record making by AFL musicians.
           A five year contract, agreed to last October, will be signed tomorrow between the phonograf [sic] record companies and the AFL-American Federation of Musicians headed by Petrillo...
           Three of the big four record companies...planned to record new numbers to put in dealers' hands for the Christmas trade. Decca officials said they were in no particular rush... '
    • The royalties were to be from 1 to 2.5 cents a record depending on selling price. The money was to be paid to a single trustee not employed by the union, getting around the Taft-Harley law, and would be used to hire unemployed instrumentatlists to perform free concerts.
    • An AP wirestory Dec. 13 said phonograph record companies alerted artists to stand by Monday for a formal end of the ban, expected Tuesday.
    • The contract was signed Tuesday, and recording activities started immediately.
    • An AP wirestory in the Dec.15 Daytona Beach Morning Journal reported musicians flocked into studios on both coasts "last night;" the same story mutatis mutandis in December 14 papers said "tonight."
    AP wirestories ...sl/djpNew
    added
    2021-04-21
    1948 12 15
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 16
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 17
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 18
    Saturday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 19
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 20
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 21
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 22
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 23
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1948 12 24
    Friday
    1948 12 30Harlem
    Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    ONE WEEK ONLY BEGINNING FRIDAY, DEC.24TH
    AMERICA'S FOREMOST MODERN COMPOSER
    DUKE
    ELLINGTON
    his BAND and REVIEW
    "THE HOT SOPHISTICATE"
    TIMMIE ROGERS
    AL HIBBLER      HAROLD and LOLA

    Jesse Cornell & Lawrence-Kay Davis
    Wed. Nite AMATEURS Sat. MIDNITE SHOW
    and wishes you A Merry Xmas and A happy New Year
    (Rogers was a comedian, Harriett and Lola were snake dancers, and Jesse, Cornell and Lawerence were a dance team)
    New York Age, New York, N.Y. 1948-12-25 p.16...djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2017-10-12
    1948 12 25
    Saturday
    Christmas
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 12 24
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 12 26
    Sunday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 12 24
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 12 27
    Monday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 12 24
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 12 28
    Tuesday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 12 24
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 12 29
    Wednesday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    See 1948 12 24

    WMCA broadcst (Cotton Tail and Dancers in Love)
    .New Desor
    DE4810
    ...Added
    2011
    updated
    2013-02-12
    1948 12 30
    Thursday
    .Harlem, Manhattan
    New York, N.Y.
    Apollo Theatre
    253 W. 125th St.
    see 1948 12 24
    .....Added
    2011
    1948 12 31
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......



    Back to Navigation List

    1949


    Date of event Ending date
    (if different)
    City/
    Other place
    Venue Event/People Primary Reference New
    Desor
    reference
    DEMS
    reference
    Other
    references
    Contact
    person
    Date added
    / updated
    1949 00 00
    ...Harry Carney and Duke Ellington began travelling together by car after Harry bought one sometime in 1949.

    Carney in 1961:

    'After riding on the bus for so long, and having to stop and go when someone gave the word, I decided if I had a car I might have a little more freedom. I was tired of being cooped up in a bus... I've always been car crazy, so in 1949 I got a car.
      At first, it was my intention to make short hops in and around New York, and in the Eastern area. Then I found I was enjoying it so much, and Duke was riding with me almost every day. That was how it started, until I found I was jumping all over the country... if the weather was bad or if there was a big snow, I'd leave the car here rather than risk being unable to make a night.
      On most hops, I manage to get into a hotel around noon. We leave after the job and we like to go two hundred miles at least without stopping. Duke always says "Let's get some miles under our belt before we stop... he has a wonderful knowledge of route and road numbers. He remembers them...
      [in] the Mid-West, the average hop is about four hundred miles. Sometimes we may go two hundred and fifty, at other times five or six hundred. Duke sleeps occasionally , but not as a rule...He sits in the front and he does a lot of thinking. He'll pull out a piece of paper and make notes. We do very little talking, but if he thinks I'm getting weary he'll make conversation so that I don't fall asleep.
      The thing we enjoy most, after leaving a job, is breakfast... We may both be hungry, but still it's necessary to put this first two hundred miles under our belt. When we go in for breakfast, we look forward to a good meal. It gives me energy. We know most of the good eating spots that are open that time of morning...
      When we check into a hotel, I go to bed until about 6:30. Most of the jobs run from 9 to 1 A.M...I hate to finish a job and go straight to bed. I usually stay out to two or three in the morning. It's curious how when we play more than a week in one place a kind of boredom sets in. That's one thing about traveling [sic], it always gives you something to look forward to, even if it's no more than going to another town to see the people there you know...'

    Harry Carney as quoted by Stanley Dance, The World of Duke Ellington, Da Capo Press, 1970. pp.79-80...djpNew
    added 2014-08-08

    January 1949

    1949 01 00...Personnel change
    Fred Guy, guitar, left the band in mid January. Ellington did not replace him.
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-12
    1949 01 01
    Saturday
    .Scranton, Penn.Masonic Temple"There will be a four-hour dance and show commencing at 8 p.m."Times-Leader, The Evening News, Wilkes-Barre, Penn.
    1948-12-31 pp.11,15
    ...djpNew
    added
    2017-10-12
    1949 01 02
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 03
    Monday
    1949 01 09Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville, advertised as
    • DUKE ELLINGTON And Entire Sepia Revue
    • DUKE ELLINGTON His Band & Big Show
    • DUKE ELLINGTON His 1949 Band! and Big Revue Featuring Stump & Stumpy, Harold & Lake, The 3 Rockets, Enid Williams...
    • DUKE ELLINGTON WITH HIS BIG ORCHESTRA And ALL STAR Revue
    • DUKE ELLINGTON HIS ENTIRE ORCHESTRA And Big All-Star Show!
    3 shows nightly, 7:30, 10:30 and 1:30. The Dec.26 ad said no admission, cover or entertainment charges except Saturday and holidays, the other ads don't mention these charges.
    • Ads, Buffalo Courier-Express:
      • 1948-12-26, p.6-C
      • 1948-12-30, p.6
      • 1949-01-01, p.4
      • 1949-01-01, p.18
      • 1949-01-04, p.6
      • 1949-01-05, p.6
      • 1949-01-06, p.8
      • 1949-01-07, p.6
      • 1949-01-08, p.6
    • Stratemann p.294
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2015-04-14
    1949 01 04
    Tuesday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - 3 shows - see 1949 01 03.....Added
    2011
    1949 01 05
    Wednesday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - 3 shows - see 1949 01 03.....Added
    2011
    1949 01 06
    Thursday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - 3 shows - see 1949 01 03.....Added
    2011
    1949 01 07
    Friday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - 3 shows - see 1949 01 03.....Added
    2011
    1949 01 08
    Saturday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - 3 shows - see 1949 01 03.....Added
    2011
    1949 01 09
    Sunday
    .Buffalo, N.Y.Town CasinoVaudeville - 3 shows - see 1949 01 03.....Added
    2011
    1949 01 10
    Monday
    .Detroit, Mich.Graystone Ballroom.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1949 01 11
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 12
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 13
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 14
    Friday
    .West Lafayette, Ind.Union Ballrooms [sic]
    Purdue University.
    Cary Club Formal dance
    Programme: Page 1

    The Men of Cary Club
    present their
    ANNUAL
    DINNER-DANCE
    January Fourteenth
    Nineteen Hundred Forty-Nine
    Cary Club
    UNION BALLROOMS 6:30 P.M. to 12:00 P.M.

    Programme: Page 3

    PRESENTING
    THE MUSIC OF
    DUKE ELLINGTON


    • Autographed programme, courtesy of Ian Bradley
      Email, Bradley-Palmquist 2019-01-22
    • Photo of Ellington signing his autograph for students, The 1949 Debris, yearbook, Purdue University, West Lafayette.
    ...IBNew
    added
    2019-01-23
    updated
    2019-02-23
    1949 01 15
    Saturday
    .Peoria, Ill.Labor Temple Ballroom.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1949 01 16
    Sunday
    .Chicago, Ill.Civic Opera House.
    .....Added
    2011
    1949 01 00...Personnel change
    Al Sears, tenor sax, leaves the band in mid-January
    New Desor vol.2...djpNew
    added 2012-10-25
    1949 01 17
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 18
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 19
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 20
    Thursday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 21
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 22
    Saturday
    .Boulder, Col.University of Colorado.
    ...Vail I .Added
    2011
    1949 01 23
    Sunday
    .Bridgeport, Conn.. Peripheral event
    Singer Al Hibbler married Jeanette McAden. According to the New York Age, "Duke Ellington, playing an engagement in Denver, Colo. phoned his regrets on being unable to attend..."
    • New York Age
      • 1949-01-29 p.11
      • 1949-01-22 p.5
      • 1949-02-05, p.10
    • Amsterdam News, New York, 1949-01-29. p.25
    djp,N.Fernandes.New
    added 2013-04-09
    1949 01 23
    Sunday
    ...activities not documented possibly in Denver (see 'peripheral event' for this day).
    1949 01 24
    Monday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 25
    Tuesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 26
    Wednesday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 27
    Thursday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Shrine AuditoriumConcert
    "DUKE ELLINGTON will have his world famed 20 piece band tonight at the Shrine Auditorium for a concert of the composer's own works. Featured artists will include Johnny Hodges, Harry Carney, Lawrence Brown, Ray Nance, Jimmy Hamilton, and Kay Davis."

    GETTIN' THE NEWS FROM G. G.!
    There'll be a flock on hand to see the greatest of all "Duke Ellington" and his 20-piece band at the Shrine tonight, when Gene Norman presented his "Just Jazz""
    • California Eagle, 1949-01-27, p.16
    • Stratemann, p.294 citing Variety 1949-02-02, p.37
    ....Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-08-17
    1949 01 27
    Thursday
    ... Peripheral event

    DUKE ELLINGTON ONLY SEPIA ARTIST ON MICROGROOVES
    NEW YORK (CNS)-Duke Ellington is the sole Negro artist on Columbia's new microgroove records, better known as LPs (long playing) for an entire symphony which can be played from one side with only a special attachment to your phonograph. This Ellington number is called "Mood Ellington" and is complete on two sides with many of the Duke's more famous melodies.

    California Eagle, 1949-01-27, p.16...djpNew
    added 2012-08-17
    1949 01 28
    Friday
    ...activities not documented......
    1949 01 29
    Saturday
    .Long Beach, Cal.Municipal Auditorium2 1/2 hour concert
    Tickets priced from $1.20 to $3.60
    Herb Smith review:

    '...a program lasting two and one-half hours.
      Some of the soloists were Ray Nance, Kay Davis, Al Hibler [sic], Ben Webster, Jimmy Hamilton, Lawrence Brown, Johnny Hodges, Junior Raglin and Harry Carney.
      The medley of famous Ellington compostions with their originator at the pinao was very impressive and took us back some 10 or 12 years. "Creole Love Call" and "Reminiscing in Tempo," along with "Tattooed Bride" and "Manhattan Mural" were unusually well received. The last named featured a musical ride on the "A" train through Manhattan, seen through the eyes of a mellow tenor saxohone solo by Webster, and ending with a disappearance into the tunnel as described by Hamilton [sic] on the baritone sax.'

    Ads, publicity and review, Long Beach Press Telegram
    • 1949-01-12, p.B-7
    • 1949-01-25
    • 1949-01-27
    • 1949-01-29
    • 1949-01-30
    • 1949-01-31
    ...AGPNew
    added
    2013-02-12
    updated
    2017-10-12
    1949 01 31
    Monday
    4:30 pm
    .Oakland, Cal.Capwell's Record Shop
    4th Floor
    Ellington made a personal appearance at Capwell's "to sign your Columbia platters".Ad, Oakland Tribune, 1949-01-30...AGPNew
    added 2013-02-12
    1949 01 30
    Sunday
    .San Francisco, Cal.Opera House.
    .....Added
    2011
    1949 01 31
    Monday
    .Oakland, Cal.Auditorium"Duke Ellington attracted 5,500 people to an Auditorium dance."
    Oakland Tribune, 1949-02-06, p.27...djp?Added
    2011
    updated
    2012-08-20

    February 1949

    1949 02 01
    Tuesday
    1949 02 20
    Sunday
    Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood Empire
    Vine St. above Sunset Blvd.
    Nightclub residency
    • Ellington was paid $3,500/week plus a percentage of the cover charge and bar sales.
    • There were regular ABC network remote broadcasts over KABC Hollywood, and "a great many" of the broadcasts were transcribed (recorded) by AFRS for the Jubilee and Just Jazz records.
    • Lena Horne and Lennie Hayton attended the opening.

    California Eagle:

    "Edward Kennedy Ellington, the Duke, who has nearly 2,000 compositions during his musical career, is playing his most famous works to crowds of enthusiastic patrons nightly at the Hollywood Empire, Vine Street above Sunset Boulevard. Johnny Hodges, Harry Carney, Al Killian, Jimmy Hamilton, Tyree Glenn, Hal Baker, Ray Nance, Wendell Marshall, and Sonny Greer, who are rated top instrumentalists in the nation, are featured in the Ellngtonia for dancing and listening.
      Beautiful, curvaceous Kay Davis turns soprano for "Creole Love Call" and "On An Azure [sic] Cloud," an amazing transition from her smooth contralto. Al Hibller [sic] includes his great "Trees," "Lover Come Back to Me," "Little Brown Book," and "Don't Be So Mean to Baby" in every show.
      Billy Strayhorn. whose "Take the "A" Train" and more recent "Lush Life" are Ellington standards, takes over the piano once each evening.
      Duke and his boys are on hand Sundays 4 to 7 p.m. for jam sessions. The Empire is closed Mondays"

    Pittsburgh Courier:

    'The Duke Still Packs 'Em In
      LOS ANGELES - Duke Ellington... and his world-famous Orchestra are now drawing crowds lightly, except Mondays, to Hollywood Empire...
      Johnny Hodges, Harry Carney, Al Killian, Jimmy Hamilton, Tyree Glenn, Hal Baker, Ray Nance, Wendell Marshall, and Sonny Greer, are instrumental evidence why the Duke's orchestra is establishing the Empire as Hollywood's most popular spot.

    KAY DAVIS GREAT
      Luscious Kay Davis and Al Hibler [sic] share vocal honors. Miss Davis' most spectacular numbers being "Creole Love Call" and "On an Azure Cloud." [sic] In these, her voice replaces a clarinet solo. Hibler [sic] includes his great number [sic] "Trees," "Lover Come Back to Me" and "Don't Be So Mean to Baby," in every show.
      Billy Strayhorn whose composition, "Take the A Train," and his recent "Lush Life," takes over the piano once each evening for the entertainment of dancing and listening patrons. Jam sessions are held from 4 to 7 P.M. every Sunday. '

    • "It's a Good Deal at the Empire With Duke's Crew," California Eagle 1949-02-10 p.16
    • The Pittsburgh Courier, Pittsburgh, Penn. 1949-02-12 p.20
    • Stratemann p.294
    • The Bakersfield Californian, Bakersfield, Cal. 1949-02-05 p.12
    .DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2017-10-12
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 00.Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireUndated network remote broadcast over ABC/KABC Hollywood, transcribed (recorded) by AFRS for the Jubilee or Just Jazz records

    Notice to reader - since the dates are unknown, the undated sessions are simply listed in the order they appear in New Desor. The dated sessions appear in chronological order.
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington,Marshall, Greer, Davis, Hibbler
    Titles recorded:
    • Caravan
    • Brown Betty
    • Main Stem
    • Y'oughta
    • Solitude
    • Stomp, Look And Listen
    New Desor
    DE4901
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 00.Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireUndated network remote broadcast over ABC/KABC Hollywood, transcribed (recorded) by AFRS for the Jubilee or Just Jazz records
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington,Marshall, Greer, Davis, Hibbler
    Titles recorded:
    • H'ya Sue
    • C-Jam Blues
    • Passion Flower
    • Clementine
    • Just a-Sittin' and a-Rockin'
    • One O'Clock Jump
    New Desor
    DE4903
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 00.Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireUndated network remote broadcast over ABC/KABC Hollywood, transcribed (recorded) by AFRS for the Jubilee or Just Jazz records
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington, Marshall, Greer, Davis, Hibbler
    Titles recorded:
    • H'ya Sue
    • He Makes Me Believe He's Mine
    • Stomp, Look And Listen
    • Brown Betty
    • St. Louis Blues
    • Humoresque
    Ellingtonia.comNew Desor
    DE4906
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 00.Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood Empire.Undated ABC network remote broadcast over KABC Hollywood, transcribed (recorded) by AFRS for the Jubilee or Just Jazz records
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington, Marshall, Greer, Hibbler, Davis
    Titles recorded:
    • The Tattooed Bride
    • Just Squeeze Me
    • Body And Soul
    • Do Nothin' Till You Hear From Me
    • Rockin' In Rhythm
    Ellingtonia.comNew Desor
    DE4907
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 00.Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireUndated network remote broadcast over ABC/KABC Hollywood, transcribed (recorded) by AFRS for the Jubilee or Just Jazz records
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Al Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington, Wendell Marshall, Greer, Hibbler
    Titles recorded:
    • Unbooted Character
    • Paradise
    • How You Sound
    • It's Monday Every Day
    • Caravan
    • Cotton Tail
    New Desor
    DE4908
    DEMS..Added
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 00.Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireUndated network remote broadcast over ABC/KABC Hollywood, transcribed (recorded) by AFRS for the Jubilee or Just Jazz records
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington, Marshall, Greer
    Titles recorded:
    • Beale Street Blues
    • Tootin' Through The Roof
    • Harlem Air-Shaft
    • Blue Lou
    • Three Cent Stomp
    • C-Jam Blues
    • On The Sunny Side Of The Street
    • Cotton Tail
    • Things Ain't What They Used To Be
    Ellingtonia.com New Desor
    DE4909
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 02
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01.....Added
    2011
    1949 02 03
    Thursday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01.....Added
    2011
    1949 02 04
    Friday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01.....Added
    2011
    1949 02 05
    Saturday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01.....Added
    2011
    1949 02 06
    Sunday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01

    Afternoon jam session
    Evening performance
    ABC network radio remote over KABC (Hollywood) and recorded by AFRS.
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington,Marshall, Greer, Davis, Hibbler
    Titles recorded:
    • How High the Moon
    • Lover Man
    • Rockin' in Rhythm
    • Just Squeeze Me
    • How You Sound
    New Desor
    DE4902
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 07
    Monday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood Empireactivities not documented - day off
    The club was closed on Mondays
    .....Added
    2011
    1949 02 08
    Tuesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01.....Added
    2011
    1949 02 09
    Wednesday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01

    ABC network/KABC Hollywood remote broadcast recorded by AFRS
    Duke Ellington and His Famous Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington, Marshall, Greer, Davis, Hibbler
    Titles recorded:
    • Take The "A" Train (theme)
    • The Tattooed Bride
    • Rockin' In Rhythm
    • Do Nothin' Till You Hear From Me
    • How You Sound
    The AFRS record opens with audience noise and an announcer named Leo introducing the show as

    'another half-hour in Just Jazz, a concert in musical rhythm known as jazz... '

    He introduces Just Jazz announcer Gene Norman, who does another introduction. Norman says they're broadcasting from the Empire but says

    '...We've arranged to have the Duke and his men start the show as they would an original broadcast...'

    Norman introduces a third announcer, Lode Cook [phonetic spelling] who also says the show is from the Hollywood Empire. After the Take the A Train opening, Cook asks Ellington to describe the first programmed number, The Tattooed Bride. Duke describes it as an extended work of the season that "we've played all along the line in our concerts" and talks about the four notes arising from the letter W which "we" attempt to rhapsodize for 10 minutes (this recording is 11 minutes, 12 seconds). When it ends, an announcer (Norman?) says that accounts for Part 1. Norman (?) then introduces

    '...a change of pace and tempo with, well, a guy [sic] you all know, if you like jazz, we're happy to present Lady Day, Miss Billie Holiday...'

    Holiday sings Miss Brown to You and Lover Man, Oh Where Can You Be? backed by an unnamed rhythm section. Lou Cook next introduces the Ellington orchestra again. Norman's voice-over series promotional announcements are heard during the first part of the "How You Sound," which is faded out before it ends.

    The front and back record labels on YouTube show
    • "SERIES. END-83"
    • "PROGRAM No." (blank)
    • "Prog. Time 29:15"
    Side 2 has handwritten notations "444" and "2/1/50"suggesting the broadcast was prepared/aired several months after the Empire performance. According to Mackenzie, END was the letter code for

    'ENtertainment, using Domestic Network broadcast material, in whole or in part...
      Generally speaking, series in the old H listing would become EN, but it hasn't always worked out this way. The Just Jazz series, H-83 was considered an AFRS-produced series, although network material was used and edited. Under the new system, it would have been reasonable to assume that the new code allocation would be EN-83, but it seems that because network material was used, it was changed to END-83...'

    This seems to suggest Holiday's songs were not recorded from the same show Ellington played at the Hollywood Empire on Feb. 9, and that her recordings and Norman's announcements were added during the AFRS editing process. A sampling of newspaper radio logs from various cities schedule Ellington for 15 minutes, starting on the quarter hour or half hour. Since Tattooed Bride and its related announcements take nearly 15 minutes, it seems possible the network broadcast 30 minutes of Ellington, with stations picking up the first or last half of the show as they wished.
    New Desor
    DE4904
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2018-01-06
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 10
    Thursday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01

    ABC network/KABC Hollywood remote broadcast recorded by AFRS
    Duke Ellington and His Orchestra
    Hemphill, Killian, F.Williams, Baker, Nance, Brown, Jackson, Glenn, Hamilton, Procope, Hodges, Sears, Webster, Carney, Ellington,Marshall, Greer, Davis, Hibbler
    Titles recorded:
    • Solid Old Man
    • Singin' In The Rain
    • Three Cent Stomp
    • Tulip Or Turnip
    • Take The "A" Train
    New Desor
    DE4905
    DEMS.djpAdded
    2011
    updated
    2014-04-07
    2020-05-07
    1949 02 11
    Friday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01.....Added
    2011
    1949 02 12
    Saturday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01.....Added
    2011
    1949 02 13
    Sunday
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood EmpireNightclub residency - see 1949 02 01

    Afternoon jam session and evening performance
    .....Added
    2011
    1949 02 14
    Monday
    Valentine's Day
    .Los Angeles, Cal.Hollywood Empireactivities not documented - day off
    The club was closed on Mondays
    ....